Results

West Bancorporation Inc.

08/11/2020 | Press release | Distributed by Public on 08/11/2020 16:21

Form 10-Q

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q/A (Amendment No. 1)

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2020

or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________ to __________

Commission File Number: 0-49677

WEST BANCORPORATION, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

Iowa 42-1230603
(State of Incorporation) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

1601 22nd Street, West Des Moines, Iowa

50266
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (515)222-2300

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, no par value WTBA The Nasdaq Global Select Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

Yes No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of 'large accelerated filer,' 'accelerated filer,' 'smaller reporting company,' and 'emerging growth company' in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes No

As of August 10, 2020, there were 16,469,272 shares of common stock, no par value, outstanding.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

This amendment is being filed to furnish Exhibit 101, Interactive Data File (Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, for the quarterly period ended June 30, 2020, furnished in iXBRL (Inline eXtensible Business Reporting Language)), which had been inadvertently omitted from the original filing. For the convenience of the reader, this report on Form 10-Q/A refiles in its entirety our Form 10-Q. Additionally, this filing includes updated CEO and CFO certifications filed as Exhibits 31.1, 31.2, 32.1, 32.2. No other changes have been made to the original filing.

WEST BANCORPORATION, INC.

INDEX

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Consolidated Balance Sheet

(unaudited)

(in thousands, except share and per share data) June 30, 2020 December 31, 2019
ASSETS
Cash and due from banks $ 54,175 $ 37,808
Federal funds sold 62,494 15,482
Cash and cash equivalents 116,669 53,290
Investment securities available for sale, at fair value 342,017 398,578
Federal Home Loan Bank stock, at cost 12,307 12,491
Loans 2,199,688 1,941,663
Allowance for loan losses (21,363) (17,235)
Loans, net 2,178,325 1,924,428
Premises and equipment, net 28,655 29,680
Accrued interest receivable 8,467 7,134
Bank-owned life insurance 35,187 34,893
Deferred tax assets, net 10,122 5,361
Other assets 8,574 7,836
Total assets $ 2,740,323 $ 2,473,691
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
LIABILITIES
Deposits:
Noninterest-bearing demand $ 590,487 $ 380,079
Interest-bearing demand 378,931 346,307
Savings 1,081,743 996,836
Time of $250 or more 61,456 81,871
Other time 143,092 209,663
Total deposits 2,255,709 2,014,756
Federal funds purchased 5,755 2,660
Subordinated notes, net 20,445 20,438
Federal Home Loan Bank advances, net 179,869 179,365
Long-term debt 22,867 22,925
Accrued expenses and other liabilities 46,991 21,727
Total liabilities 2,531,636 2,261,871
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (NOTE 8)
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; authorized 50,000,000 shares; no shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019

- -

Common stock, no par value; authorized 50,000,000 shares; 16,469,272

and 16,379,752 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2020

and December 31, 2019, respectively

3,000 3,000
Additional paid-in capital 27,632 27,260
Retained earnings 193,981 184,821
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (15,926) (3,261)
Total stockholders' equity 208,687 211,820
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 2,740,323 $ 2,473,691

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Consolidated Statements of Income

(unaudited)

Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
(in thousands, except per share data) 2020 2019 2020 2019
Interest income:
Loans, including fees $ 22,332 $ 21,108 $ 44,643 $ 41,496
Investment securities:
Taxable 1,994 2,632 4,377 4,960
Tax-exempt 319 485 616 1,322
Federal funds sold 12 110 241 208
Total interest income 24,657 24,335 49,877 47,986
Interest expense:
Deposits 2,351 6,670 7,397 12,634
Federal funds purchased 3 115 19 202
Subordinated notes 253 256 508 508
Federal Home Loan Bank advances 1,204 1,093 2,513 2,366
Long-term debt 99 163 229 349
Total interest expense 3,910 8,297 10,666 16,059
Net interest income 20,747 16,038 39,211 31,927
Provision for loan losses 3,000 - 4,000 -

Net interest income after provision for loan losses

17,747 16,038 35,211 31,927
Noninterest income:
Service charges on deposit accounts 531 600 1,134 1,211
Debit card usage fees 391 434 773 809
Trust services 461 481 924 964
Increase in cash value of bank-owned life insurance 136 162 294 314
Loan swap fees 3 - 589 -
Realized investment securities gains (losses), net (69) 23 (75) (65)
Other income 322 299 656 885
Total noninterest income 1,775 1,999 4,295 4,118
Noninterest expense:
Salaries and employee benefits 5,318 5,424 10,602 10,884
Occupancy 1,349 1,344 2,709 2,577
Data processing 596 716 1,268 1,396
FDIC insurance 292 185 529 404
Professional fees 200 209 439 443
Director fees 194 258 428 509
Other expenses 1,468 1,614 3,105 3,081
Total noninterest expense 9,417 9,750 19,080 19,294
Income before income taxes 10,105 8,287 20,426 16,751
Income taxes 2,136 1,629 4,368 3,194
Net income $ 7,969 $ 6,658 $ 16,058 $ 13,557
Basic earnings per common share $ 0.48 $ 0.41 $ 0.98 $ 0.83
Diluted earnings per common share $ 0.48 $ 0.41 $ 0.97 $ 0.83

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

(unaudited)

Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
(in thousands) 2020 2019 2020 2019
Net income $ 7,969 $ 6,658 $ 16,058 $ 13,557
Other comprehensive income (loss):

Unrealized gains on investment securities:

Unrealized holding gains arising during the period

5,622 7,050 5,814 11,967

Plus: reclassification adjustment for net (gains) losses realized in net income

69 (23) 75 65
Income tax expense (1,423) (1,757) (1,472) (3,008)

Other comprehensive income on investment securities

4,268 5,270 4,417 9,024

Unrealized gains (losses) on derivatives:

Unrealized holding losses arising during the period

(2,910) (4,729) (24,168) (7,170)

Plus: reclassification adjustment for net (gains) losses on derivatives realized in net income

1,038 (114) 1,363 (251)

Plus: reclassification adjustment for amortization of derivative termination costs

15 24 31 47
Income tax benefit 463 1,203 5,692 1,841

Other comprehensive loss on derivatives

(1,394) (3,616) (17,082) (5,533)
Total other comprehensive income (loss) 2,874 1,654 (12,665) 3,491
Comprehensive income $ 10,843 $ 8,312 $ 3,393 $ 17,048

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity

(unaudited)

(in thousands, except share and per share data)
Three Months Ended June 30, 2020
Accumulated
Additional Other
Preferred Common Stock Paid-In Retained Comprehensive
Stock Shares Amount Capital Earnings Income (Loss) Total
Balance, March 31, 2020 $ - 16,447,272 $ 3,000 $ 27,023 $ 189,470 $ (18,800) $ 200,693

Net income

- - - - 7,969 - 7,969

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

- - - - - 2,874 2,874

Cash dividends declared, $0.21 per common share

- - - - (3,458) - (3,458)

Stock-based compensation costs

- - - 609 - - 609

Issuance of common stock upon vesting of restricted stock units, net of shares withheld for payroll taxes

- 22,000 - - - - -
Balance, June 30, 2020 $ - 16,469,272 $ 3,000 $ 27,632 $ 193,981 $ (15,926) $ 208,687
Three Months Ended June 30, 2019
Accumulated
Additional Other
Preferred Common Stock Paid-In Retained Comprehensive
Stock Shares Amount Capital Earnings Income (Loss) Total
Balance, March 31, 2019 $ - 16,357,752 $ 3,000 $ 24,898 $ 173,349 $ (4,977) $ 196,270

Net income

- - - - 6,658 - 6,658

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

- - - - - 1,654 1,654

Cash dividends declared, $0.21 per common share

- - - - (3,440) - (3,440)

Stock-based compensation costs

- - - 793 - - 793

Issuance of common stock upon vesting of restricted stock units, net of shares withheld for payroll taxes

- 22,000 - - - - -
Balance, June 30, 2019 $ - 16,379,752 $ 3,000 $ 25,691 $ 176,567 $ (3,323) $ 201,935
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity

(unaudited)

(in thousands, except share and per share data)
Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
Accumulated
Additional Other
Preferred Common Stock Paid-In Retained Comprehensive
Stock Shares Amount Capital Earnings Loss Total
Balance, December 31, 2019 $ - 16,379,752 $ 3,000 $ 27,260 $ 184,821 $ (3,261) $ 211,820

Net income

- - - - 16,058 - 16,058

Other comprehensive loss,

net of tax

- - - - - (12,665) (12,665)

Cash dividends declared, $0.42 per common share

- - - - (6,898) (6,898)

Stock-based compensation costs

- - - 1,121 - - 1,121

Issuance of common stock upon vesting of restricted stock units, net of shares withheld for payroll taxes

- 89,520 - (749) - - (749)
Balance, June 30, 2020 $ - 16,469,272 $ 3,000 $ 27,632 $ 193,981 $ (15,926) $ 208,687
Six Months Ended June 30, 2019
Accumulated
Additional Other
Preferred Common Stock Paid-In Retained Comprehensive
Stock Shares Amount Capital Earnings Income (Loss) Total
Balance, December 31, 2018 $ - 16,295,494 $ 3,000 $ 25,128 $ 169,709 $ (6,814) $ 191,023

Net income

- - - - 13,557 - 13,557

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

- - - - - 3,491 3,491

Cash dividends declared, $0.41 per common share

- - - - (6,699) - (6,699)

Stock-based compensation costs

- - - 1,424 - - 1,424

Issuance of common stock upon vesting of restricted stock units, net of shares withheld for payroll taxes

- 84,258 - (861) - - (861)
Balance, June 30, 2019 $ - 16,379,752 $ 3,000 $ 25,691 $ 176,567 $ (3,323) $ 201,935

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(unaudited)

Six Months Ended June 30,
(in thousands) 2020 2019
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
Net income $ 16,058 $ 13,557
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Provision for loan losses 4,000 -
Net amortization and accretion 1,269 2,026
Investment securities losses, net 75 65
Stock-based compensation 1,121 1,424
Increase in cash value of bank-owned life insurance (294) (314)
Gain on sale of premises - (307)
Depreciation 753 698
(Benefit) provision for deferred income taxes (540) 450
Change in assets and liabilities:
Increase in accrued interest receivable (1,333) (306)
Increase in other assets (119) (689)
Increase in accrued expenses and other liabilities 2,540 9
Net cash provided by operating activities 23,530 16,613
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
Proceeds from sales of securities available for sale 78,581 145,342
Proceeds from maturities and calls of securities available for sale 32,814 19,403
Purchases of securities available for sale (49,748) (98,784)
Purchases of Federal Home Loan Bank stock (6,853) (22,378)
Proceeds from redemption of Federal Home Loan Bank stock 7,037 23,589
Net increase in loans (257,897) (70,840)
Proceeds from sale of premises - 604
Purchases of premises and equipment (428) (394)
Net cash used in investing activities (196,494) (3,458)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
Net increase in deposits 240,953 71,258
Net increase (decrease) in federal funds purchased 3,095 (17,705)
Net decrease in Federal Home Loan Bank advances - (10,000)
Principal payments on long-term debt (58) (4,058)
Common stock dividends paid (6,898) (6,699)
Restricted stock units withheld for payroll taxes (749) (861)
Net cash provided by financing activities 236,343 31,935
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents 63,379 45,090
Cash and Cash Equivalents:
Beginning 53,290 47,474
Ending $ 116,669 $ 92,564
Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information:
Cash payments for:
Interest $ 11,377 $ 15,647
Income taxes 1,020 1,560
Supplemental Disclosure of Noncash Investing Activities:
Establishment of lease liability and right-of-use asset $ - $ 10,435

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

1. Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared by West Bancorporation, Inc. (the Company) pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. Although management believes that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented understandable, it is suggested that these interim consolidated financial statements be read in conjunction with the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 filed with the SEC on February 27, 2020. In the opinion of management, the accompanying consolidated financial statements of the Company contain all adjustments necessary to fairly present its financial position as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, net income, comprehensive income and changes in stockholders' equity for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, and cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019. The results for these interim periods may not be indicative of results for the entire year or for any other period.

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) established by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB). References to GAAP issued by the FASB in these footnotes are to the FASB Accounting Standards Codification™, sometimes referred to as the Codification or ASC. In preparing the consolidated financial statements, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses for the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Material estimates that are particularly susceptible to significant change in the near term are the fair value of financial instruments and the allowance for loan losses.

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, West Bank and West Bank's special purpose subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. In accordance with GAAP, West Bancorporation Capital Trust I is recorded on the books of the Company using the equity method of accounting and is not consolidated.

Current accounting developments: In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326). The amendments in this update require a financial asset (or a group of financial assets) measured at amortized cost basis to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected. The allowance for credit losses is a valuation account that is deducted from the amortized cost basis of the financial assets to present the net carrying value at the amount expected to be collected on the financial assets. Under the update, the income statement will reflect the measurement of credit losses for newly recognized financial assets, as well as the expected increases or decreases of expected credit losses that have taken place during the period. The measurement of expected credit losses is based on relevant information about past events, including historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectibility of the reported amount of financial assets. An entity must use judgment in determining the relevant information and estimation methods that are appropriate in its circumstances. The allowance for credit losses for purchased financial assets with a more-than-insignificant amount of credit deterioration since origination that are measured at amortized cost basis is determined in a similar manner to other financial assets measured at amortized cost basis; however, the initial allowance for credit losses is added to the purchase price rather than being reported as a credit loss expense. Only subsequent changes in the allowance for credit losses are recorded as a credit loss expense for these assets. Off-balance-sheet arrangements such as commitments to extend credit, guarantees, and standby letters of credit that are not considered derivatives under ASC 815 and are not unconditionally cancellable are also within the scope of this update. Credit losses relating to available for sale debt securities should be recorded through an allowance for credit losses.

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-10, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326). This update amends the effective date of ASU No. 2016-13 for certain entities, including smaller reporting companies until fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal periods. Early adoption is permitted. The one-time determination date for identifying as a smaller reporting company was November 15, 2019. The Company met the definition of a smaller reporting company as of this date and plans to adopt the standard with the amended effective date. The Company does not plan to early adopt this standard, but continues to work through implementation. The Company continues collecting and retaining loan and credit data and evaluating various loss estimation models. While we currently cannot reasonably estimate the impact of adopting this standard, we expect the impact will be influenced by the composition, characteristics and quality of our loan and securities portfolios, as well as the general economic conditions and forecasts as of the adoption date.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. The amendments in this update modify the disclosure requirements for fair value measurements by removing, modifying, or adding certain disclosures. The update is effective for interim and annual periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted for the removed disclosures and delayed adoption until the fiscal year 2020 permitted for the new disclosures. The removed and modified disclosures will be adopted on a retrospective basis, and the new disclosures will be adopted on a prospective basis. The adoption did not have a material effect on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

In April 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-04, Codification Improvements to Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (ASC 326), Derivatives and Hedging (ASC 815), and Financial Instruments (ASC 825). The amendments in the ASU improve the Codification by eliminating inconsistencies and providing clarifications. The amended guidance in this ASU related to the credit losses will be effective for the Company for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the ASU on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting. The amendments in this update provide optional guidance for a limited period of time to ease the potential burden in accounting for (or recognizing the effects of) reference rate reform on financial reporting. It provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying generally accepted accounting principles to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions affected by reference rate reform if certain criteria are met. The amendments in this update are effective for all entities as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the reference rate reform on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

2. Earnings per Common Share

Basic earnings per common share are computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted earnings per common share reflect the potential dilution that could occur if the Company's outstanding restricted stock units were vested. The dilutive effect was computed using the treasury stock method, which assumes all stock-based awards were exercised and the hypothetical proceeds from exercise were used by the Company to purchase common stock at the average market price during the period. The incremental shares, to the extent they would have been dilutive, were included in the denominator of the diluted earnings per common share calculation. The calculations of earnings per common share and diluted earnings per common share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 are presented in the following table.

Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
(in thousands, except per share data) 2020 2019 2020 2019
Net income $ 7,969 $ 6,658 $ 16,058 $ 13,557
Weighted average common shares outstanding 16,464 16,374 16,424 16,337

Weighted average effect of restricted stock units outstanding

42 63 55 76
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding 16,506 16,437 16,479 16,413
Basic earnings per common share $ 0.48 $ 0.41 $ 0.98 $ 0.83
Diluted earnings per common share $ 0.48 $ 0.41 $ 0.97 $ 0.83

Number of anti-dilutive common stock equivalents excluded from diluted earnings per share computation

249 166 267 195

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

3. Investment Securities

The following tables show the amortized cost, gross unrealized gains and losses, and fair value of investment securities, by investment security type as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

June 30, 2020
Amortized
Cost
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
Gross
Unrealized
(Losses)
Fair
Value
Securities available for sale:
State and political subdivisions $ 53,284 $ 2,264 $ - $ 55,548

Collateralized mortgage obligations (1)

160,855 6,433 (149) 167,139

Mortgage-backed securities (1)

52,185 1,125 (41) 53,269

Asset-backed securities (2)

15,247 62 (12) 15,297
Collateralized loan obligations 52,848 81 (2,465) 50,464
Corporate notes and other investments 300 - - 300
$ 334,719 $ 9,965 $ (2,667) $ 342,017
December 31, 2019
Amortized
Cost
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
Gross
Unrealized
(Losses)
Fair
Value
Securities available for sale:
State and political subdivisions $ 45,442 $ 1,736 $ - $ 47,178

Collateralized mortgage obligations (1)

180,899 1,651 (629) 181,921

Mortgage-backed securities (1)

73,038 225 (233) 73,030

Asset-backed securities (2)

17,551 66 (17) 17,600
Collateralized loan obligations 64,939 21 (128) 64,832
Corporate notes and other investments 15,300 - (1,283) 14,017
$ 397,169 $ 3,699 $ (2,290) $ 398,578

(1)All collateralized mortgage obligations and mortgage-backed securities consist of residential mortgage pass-through securities and real estate mortgage investment conduits guaranteed by FNMA, FHLMC or GNMA, and commercial mortgage pass-through securities guaranteed by the SBA.

(2)Pass-through asset-backed securities guaranteed by the SBA, representing participating interests in pools of commercial working capital and equipment loans.

Investment securities with an amortized cost of approximately $220,704 and $148,257 as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, were pledged to secure access to the Federal Reserve discount window, for public fund deposits, and for other purposes as required or permitted by law or regulation.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The amortized cost and fair value of investment securities available for sale as of June 30, 2020, by contractual maturity, are shown below. Certain securities have call features that allow the issuer to call the securities prior to maturity. Expected maturities may differ from contractual maturities for collateralized mortgage obligations, mortgage-backed securities and asset-backed securities because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties. Therefore, collateralized mortgage obligations, mortgage-backed securities and asset-backed securities are not included in the maturity categories within the following maturity summary.

June 30, 2020
Amortized Cost Fair Value
Due after one year through five years $ 19,944 $ 19,311
Due after five years through ten years 34,354 32,613
Due after ten years 52,134 54,388
106,432 106,312

Collateralized mortgage obligations, mortgage-backed securities and asset-backed securities

228,287 235,705
$ 334,719 $ 342,017

The details of the sales of investment securities available for sale for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 are summarized in the following table.

Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2020 2019 2020 2019
Proceeds from sales $ 39,504 $ 83,068 $ 78,581 $ 145,342
Gross gains on sales 556 698 1,455 831
Gross losses on sales 625 675 1,530 896

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The following tables show the fair value and gross unrealized losses, aggregated by investment type and length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous loss position, as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

June 30, 2020
Less than 12 months 12 months or longer Total
Fair
Value
Gross
Unrealized
(Losses)
Fair
Value
Gross
Unrealized
(Losses)
Fair
Value
Gross
Unrealized
(Losses)
Securities available for sale:
Collateralized mortgage obligations $ - $ - $ 17,670 $ (149) $ 17,670 $ (149)
Mortgage-backed securities - - 4,356 (41) 4,356 (41)
Asset-backed securities 6,831 (12) - - 6,831 (12)
Collateralized loan obligations 26,164 (1,695) 14,225 (770) 40,389 (2,465)
$ 32,995 $ (1,707) $ 36,251 $ (960) $ 69,246 $ (2,667)
December 31, 2019
Less than 12 months 12 months or longer Total
Fair
Value
Gross
Unrealized
(Losses)
Fair
Value
Gross
Unrealized
(Losses)
Fair
Value
Gross
Unrealized
(Losses)
Securities available for sale:
Collateralized mortgage obligations $ 54,521 $ (335) $ 35,546 $ (294) $ 90,067 $ (629)
Mortgage-backed securities 45,132 (174) 4,687 (59) 49,819 (233)
Asset-backed securities 3,641 (4) 7,075 (13) 10,716 (17)
Collateralized loan obligations 42,823 (128) - - 42,823 (128)
Corporate notes and other investments 4,499 (501) 9,518 (782) 14,017 (1,283)
$ 150,616 $ (1,142) $ 56,826 $ (1,148) $ 207,442 $ (2,290)

As of June 30, 2020, securities available for sale with unrealized losses included three collateralized mortgage obligation securities, one mortgage-backed security, two asset-backed securities and seven collateralized loan obligation securities. Collateralized loan obligations are debt securities backed by pools of senior secured commercial loans to a diverse group of companies across a broad spectrum of industries. At June 30, 2020, the Company only owned collateralized loan obligations that were AAA or AA rated. The Company believed the unrealized losses on securities available for sale as of June 30, 2020 were due to market conditions rather than reduced estimated cash flows. At June 30, 2020, the Company did not intend to sell these securities, did not anticipate that these securities will be required to be sold before anticipated recovery, and expected full principal and interest to be collected. Therefore, the Company did not consider these securities to have other than temporary impairment as of June 30, 2020.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

4. Loans and Allowance for Loan Losses

Loans consisted of the following segments as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

June 30, 2020 December 31, 2019
Commercial $ 619,726 $ 431,044
Real estate:
Construction, land and land development 302,911 264,193
1-4 family residential first mortgages 56,551 54,475
Home equity 10,288 12,380
Commercial 1,212,145 1,175,024
Consumer and other 6,060 6,787
2,207,681 1,943,903
Net unamortized fees and costs (7,993) (2,240)
$ 2,199,688 $ 1,941,663

Included in commercial loans at June 30, 2020, were $223,435 of loans originated in the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), which was established by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (CARES Act), enacted on March 27, 2020, in response to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The PPP is administered by the Small Business Administration (SBA). PPP loans may be forgiven by the SBA and are 100 percent guaranteed by the SBA. Therefore, no allowance for loan losses is allocated to PPP loans.

Real estate loans of approximately $980,000 and $910,000 were pledged as security for Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB) advances as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

Loans are stated at the principal amounts outstanding, net of unamortized loan fees and costs, with interest income recognized on the interest method based upon the terms of the loan. Loan origination fees, net of certain direct origination costs, are deferred and recognized as an adjustment of the related loan yield using the interest method. Loans are reported by the portfolio segments identified above and are analyzed by management on this basis. All loan policies identified below apply to all segments of the loan portfolio.

Delinquencies are determined based on the payment terms of the individual loan agreements. The accrual of interest on past due and other impaired loans is generally discontinued at 90 days past due or when, in the opinion of management, the borrower may be unable to make all payments pursuant to contractual terms. Unless considered collectible, all interest accrued but not collected for loans that are placed on nonaccrual or charged off is reversed against interest income, if accrued in the current year, or charged to the allowance for loan losses, if accrued in the prior year. Generally, all payments received while a loan is on nonaccrual status are applied to the principal balance of the loan. Loans are returned to accrual status when all principal and interest amounts contractually due are brought current and future payments are reasonably assured.

A loan is classified as a troubled debt restructured (TDR) loan when the Company separately concludes that a borrower is experiencing financial difficulties and a concession is granted that would not otherwise be considered. Concessions may include a restructuring of the loan terms to alleviate the burden of the borrower's cash requirements, such as an extension of the payment terms beyond the original maturity date or a change in the interest rate charged. TDR loans with extended payment terms are accounted for as impaired until performance is established. A change to the interest rate would change the classification of a loan to a TDR loan if the restructured loan yields a rate that is below a market rate for that of a new loan with comparable risk. TDR loans with below-market rates are considered impaired until fully collected. TDR loans may also be reported as nonaccrual or 90 days past due if they are not performing per the restructured terms.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

On March 22, 2020, federal banking regulators issued an interagency statement that included guidance on their approach for the accounting of loan modifications in light of the economic impact of COVID-19. The guidance interprets current accounting standards and indicates that a lender can conclude that a borrower is not experiencing financial difficulty if short-term modifications are made in response to COVID-19, such as payment deferrals, fee waivers, extensions of repayment terms, or other delays in payment that are insignificant related to the loans in which the borrower is less than 30 days past due on its contractual payments at the time a modification program is implemented. The agencies confirmed in working with the staff of the FASB that short-term modifications made on a good faith basis in response to COVID-19 to borrowers who were current prior to any relief are not TDRs. At June 30, 2020, COVID-19 related loan modifications totaled approximately $553,000. The modifications primarily included a delay of principal and/or interest payments for two to six months. These loans continue to accrue interest and are evaluated for past due status based on the revised payment terms.

Based upon its ongoing assessment of credit quality within the loan portfolio, the Company maintains a Watch List, which includes loans classified as Doubtful, Substandard and Watch according to the Company's classification criteria. These loans involve the anticipated potential for payment defaults or collateral inadequacies. A loan on the Watch List is considered impaired when management believes it is probable the Company will be unable to collect all contractual principal and interest payments due in accordance with the terms of the loan agreement. Impaired loans are measured based on the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan's effective interest rate or, as a practical expedient, at the loan's observable market price or the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent. The amount of impairment, if any, and any subsequent changes are included in the allowance for loan losses.

TDR loans totaled $0 and $4 as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, and were included in the nonaccrual category. There were no loan modifications considered to be TDR that occurred during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019. No TDR loans that were modified within the twelve months preceding June 30, 2020 and 2019 have subsequently had a payment default. A TDR loan is considered to have a payment default when it is past due 30 days or more. COVID-19 related loan modifications are not reported as TDRs.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The following table summarizes the recorded investment in impaired loans by segment, broken down by loans with no related allowance for loan losses and loans with a related allowance and the amount of that allowance as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

June 30, 2020 December 31, 2019
Recorded Investment Unpaid Principal Balance Related Allowance Recorded Investment Unpaid Principal Balance Related Allowance
With no related allowance recorded:
Commercial $ - $ - $ - $ 91 $ 91 $ -
Real estate:
Construction, land and land development - - - - - -
1-4 family residential first mortgages 390 390 - 411 411 -
Home equity - - - 31 31 -
Commercial - - - 5 5 -
Consumer and other - - - - - -
390 390 - 538 538 -
With an allowance recorded:
Commercial - - - - - -
Real estate:
Construction, land and land development - - - - - -
1-4 family residential first mortgages - - - - - -
Home equity - - - - - -
Commercial - - - - - -
Consumer and other - - - - - -
- - - - - -
Total:
Commercial - - - 91 91 -
Real estate:
Construction, land and land development - - - - - -
1-4 family residential first mortgages 390 390 - 411 411 -
Home equity - - - 31 31 -
Commercial - - - 5 5 -
Consumer and other - - - - - -
$ 390 $ 390 $ - $ 538 $ 538 $ -

The balance of impaired loans at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 was composed of one and six different borrowers, respectively. The Company has no commitments to advance additional funds on any of the impaired loans.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The following table summarizes the average recorded investment and interest income recognized on impaired loans by segment for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2020 2019 2020 2019
Average Recorded Investment Interest Income Recognized Average Recorded Investment Interest Income Recognized Average Recorded Investment Interest Income Recognized Average Recorded Investment Interest Income Recognized
With no related allowance recorded:
Commercial $ 67 $ 2 $ 906 $ - $ 77 $ 2 $ 946 $ -
Real estate:

Construction, land and land development

- - - - - - - -

1-4 family residential first mortgages

394 3 40 6 399 3 67 6
Home equity - - 30 2 5 - 34 2
Commercial - 5 598 - 1 10 616 -
Consumer and other - - - - - - - -
461 10 1,574 8 482 15 1,663 8
With an allowance recorded:
Commercial - - 11 - - - 6 -
Real estate:

Construction, land and land development

- - - - - - - -

1-4 family residential first mortgages

- - - - - - - -
Home equity - - - - - - - -
Commercial - - 93 - - - 52 -
Consumer and other - - - - - - - -
- - 104 - - - 58 -
Total:
Commercial 67 2 917 - 77 2 952 -
Real estate:

Construction, land and land development

- - - - - - - -

1-4 family residential first mortgages

394 3 40 6 399 3 67 6
Home equity - - 30 2 5 - 34 2
Commercial - 5 691 - 1 10 668 -
Consumer and other - - - - - - - -
$ 461 $ 10 $ 1,678 $ 8 $ 482 $ 15 $ 1,721 $ 8

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The following tables provide an analysis of the payment status of the recorded investment in loans as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

June 30, 2020
30-59
Days Past
Due
60-89
Days Past
Due
90 Days
or More
Past Due
Total
Past Due
Current Nonaccrual Loans Total Loans
Commercial $ - $ - $ - $ - $ 619,726 $ - $ 619,726
Real estate:
Construction, land and
land development - - - - 302,911 - 302,911
1-4 family residential
first mortgages 15 - - 15 56,146 390 56,551
Home equity - - - - 10,288 - 10,288
Commercial - - - - 1,212,145 - 1,212,145
Consumer and other - - - - 6,060 - 6,060
Total $ 15 $ - $ - $ 15 $ 2,207,276 $ 390 $ 2,207,681
December 31, 2019
30-59
Days Past
Due
60-89
Days Past
Due
90 Days
or More
Past Due
Total
Past Due
Current Nonaccrual Loans Total
Loans
Commercial $ - $ - $ - $ - $ 430,953 $ 91 $ 431,044
Real estate:
Construction, land and
land development - - - - 264,193 - 264,193
1-4 family residential
first mortgages 76 - - 76 53,988 411 54,475
Home equity - - - - 12,349 31 12,380
Commercial - 152 - 152 1,174,867 5 1,175,024
Consumer and other - - - - 6,787 - 6,787
Total $ 76 $ 152 $ - $ 228 $ 1,943,137 $ 538 $ 1,943,903

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The following tables present the recorded investment in loans by credit quality indicator and loan segment as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

June 30, 2020
Pass Watch Substandard Doubtful Total
Commercial $ 615,796 $ 992 $ 2,938 $ - $ 619,726
Real estate:
Construction, land and land development 302,851 60 - - 302,911
1-4 family residential first mortgages 55,557 356 638 - 56,551
Home equity 10,130 158 - - 10,288
Commercial 1,184,429 26,819 897 - 1,212,145
Consumer and other 6,060 - - - 6,060
Total $ 2,174,823 $ 28,385 $ 4,473 $ - $ 2,207,681
December 31, 2019
Pass Watch Substandard Doubtful Total
Commercial $ 410,070 $ 18,680 $ 2,294 $ - $ 431,044
Real estate:
Construction, land and land development 264,132 61 - - 264,193
1-4 family residential first mortgages 52,168 1,841 466 - 54,475
Home equity 12,349 - 31 - 12,380
Commercial 1,146,472 28,475 77 - 1,175,024
Consumer and other 6,787 - - - 6,787
Total $ 1,891,978 $ 49,057 $ 2,868 $ - $ 1,943,903

All loans are subject to the assessment of a credit quality indicator. Risk ratings are assigned for each loan at the time of approval, and they change as circumstances dictate during the term of the loan. The Company utilizes a 9-point risk rating scale as shown below, with ratings 1 - 5 included in the Pass column, rating 6 included in the Watch column, ratings 7 - 8 included in the Substandard column and rating 9 included in the Doubtful column. All loans classified as impaired that are included in the specific evaluation of the allowance for loan losses are included in the Substandard column along with all other loans with ratings of 7 - 8.

Risk rating 1: The loan is secured by cash equivalent collateral.

Risk rating 2: The loan is secured by properly margined marketable securities, bonds or cash surrender value of life insurance.

Risk rating 3: The borrower is in strong financial condition and has strong debt service capacity. The loan is performing as agreed, and the financial characteristics and trends of the borrower exceed industry statistics.

Risk rating 4: The borrower's financial condition is satisfactory and stable. The borrower has satisfactory debt service capacity, and the loan is well secured. The loan is performing as agreed, and the financial characteristics and trends fall in line with industry statistics.

Risk rating 5: The borrower's financial condition is less than satisfactory. The loan is still generally paying as agreed, but strained cash flows may cause some slowness in payments. The collateral values adequately preclude loss on the loan. Financial characteristics and trends lag industry statistics. There may be noncompliance with loan covenants.

Risk rating 6: The borrower's financial condition is deficient. Payment delinquencies may be more common. Collateral values still protect from loss, but margins are narrow. The loan may be reliant on secondary sources of repayment, including liquidation of collateral and guarantor support.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

Risk rating 7: The loan is inadequately protected by the current sound worth and paying capacity of the obligor or of the collateral pledged, if any. Well-defined weaknesses exist that jeopardize the liquidation of the debt. The Company is inadequately protected by the valuation or paying capacity of the collateral pledged. If deficiencies are not corrected, there is a distinct possibility that a loss will be sustained.

Risk rating 8: All the characteristics of rating 7 exist with the added condition that the loan is past due more than 90 days or there is reason to believe the Company will not receive its principal and interest according to the terms of the loan agreement.

Risk rating 9: All the weaknesses inherent in risk ratings 7 and 8 exist with the added condition that collection or liquidation, on the basis of currently known facts, conditions and values, is highly questionable and improbable. A loan reaching this category would most likely be charged off.

Credit quality indicators for all loans and the Company's risk rating process are dynamic and updated on a continuous basis. Risk ratings are updated as circumstances that could affect the repayment of an individual loan are brought to management's attention through an established monitoring process. Individual bankers initiate changes as appropriate for ratings 1 through 5, and changes for ratings 6 through 9 are initiated via communications with management. The likelihood of loss increases as the risk rating increases and is generally preceded by a loan appearing on the Watch List, which consists of all loans with a risk rating of 6 or worse. Written action plans with firm target dates for resolution of identified problems are maintained and reviewed on a quarterly basis for all segments of loans included on the Watch List.

In addition to the Company's internal credit monitoring practices and procedures, an outsourced independent credit review function is in place to further assess assigned internal risk classifications and monitor compliance with internal lending policies and procedures.

In all portfolio segments, the primary risks are that a borrower's income stream diminishes to the point that the borrower is not able to make scheduled principal and interest payments and any collateral securing the loan declines in value. The risk of declining collateral values is present for most types of loans.

Commercial loans consist primarily of loans to businesses for various purposes, including revolving lines to finance current operations, inventory and accounts receivable, and capital expenditure loans to finance equipment and other fixed assets. These loans generally have short maturities, have either adjustable or fixed interest rates, and are either unsecured or secured by inventory, accounts receivable and/or fixed assets. For commercial loans, the primary source of repayment is from the operation of the business.

Real estate loans include various types of loans for which the Company holds real property as collateral, and consist of loans on commercial properties and single and multifamily residences. Real estate loans are typically structured to mature or reprice every five to ten years with payments based on amortization periods up to 30 years. The majority of construction loans are to contractors and developers for construction of commercial buildings or residential real estate. These loans typically have maturities of up to 24 months. The Company's loan policy includes minimum appraisal and other credit guidelines.

Consumer loans include loans extended to individuals for household, family and other personal expenditures not secured by real estate. The majority of the Company's consumer lending is for vehicles, consolidation of personal debts and household improvements. The repayment source for consumer loans, including 1-4 family residential and home equity loans, is typically wages.

The allowance for loan losses is established through a provision for loan losses charged to expense. The allowance is an amount that management believes will be adequate to absorb probable losses on existing loans based on an evaluation of the collectability of loans and prior loss experience. This evaluation also takes into consideration such factors as changes in the nature and volume of the loan portfolio, overall portfolio quality, the review of specific problem loans, and the current economic conditions that may affect the borrower's ability to pay. Loans are charged-off against the allowance for loan losses when management believes that collectability of the principal is unlikely. While management uses the best information available to make its evaluations, future adjustments to the allowance may be necessary if there are significant changes in economic conditions or the other factors relied upon.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The allowance for loan losses consists of specific and general components. The specific component relates to loans that meet the definition of impaired. The general component covers the remaining loans and is based on historical loss experience adjusted for qualitative factors such as delinquency trends, loan growth, economic elements and local market conditions. These same policies are applied to all segments of loans. In addition, regulatory agencies, as an integral part of their examination processes, periodically review the Company's allowance for loan losses, and may require the Company to make additions to the allowance based on their judgment about information available to them at the time of their examinations.

The following tables detail the changes in the allowance for loan losses by segment for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

Three Months Ended June 30, 2020
Real Estate
Commercial Construction and Land 1-4 Family Residential Home Equity Commercial Consumer and Other Total
Beginning balance $ 4,131 $ 2,595 $ 247 $ 127 $ 11,154 $ 78 $ 18,332
Charge-offs - - - - - - -
Recoveries 21 - 1 1 3 5 31

Provision (1)

166 705 83 - 2,048 (2) 3,000
Ending balance $ 4,318 $ 3,300 $ 331 $ 128 $ 13,205 $ 81 $ 21,363
Three Months Ended June 30, 2019
Real Estate
Commercial Construction and Land 1-4 Family Residential Home Equity Commercial Consumer and Other Total
Beginning balance $ 3,528 $ 2,597 $ 236 $ 162 $ 10,129 $ 85 $ 16,737
Charge-offs (55) - - - - - (55)
Recoveries 38 - 6 3 2 6 55

Provision (1)

221 (311) (20) (26) 144 (8) -
Ending balance $ 3,732 $ 2,286 $ 222 $ 139 $ 10,275 $ 83 $ 16,737
Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
Real Estate
Commercial Construction and Land 1-4 Family Residential Home Equity Commercial Consumer and Other Total
Beginning balance $ 3,875 $ 2,375 $ 216 $ 127 $ 10,565 $ 77 $ 17,235
Charge-offs - - - (1) - - (1)
Recoveries 44 - 71 2 6 6 129

Provision (1)

399 925 44 - 2,634 (2) 4,000
Ending balance $ 4,318 $ 3,300 $ 331 $ 128 $ 13,205 $ 81 $ 21,363
Six Months Ended June 30, 2019
Real Estate
Commercial Construction and Land 1-4 Family Residential Home Equity Commercial Consumer and Other Total
Beginning balance $ 3,508 $ 2,384 $ 250 $ 171 $ 10,301 $ 75 $ 16,689
Charge-offs (55) - - - - - (55)
Recoveries 59 - 9 23 6 6 103

Provision (1)

220 (98) (37) (55) (32) 2 -
Ending balance $ 3,732 $ 2,286 $ 222 $ 139 $ 10,275 $ 83 $ 16,737

(1)The negative provisions for the various segments are related to the decline in outstanding balances in each of those portfolio segments during the time periods disclosed and/or improvement in the credit quality factors related to those portfolio segments.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The following tables present a breakdown of the allowance for loan losses disaggregated on the basis of impairment analysis method by segment as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

June 30, 2020
Real Estate
Commercial Construction and Land 1-4 Family Residential Home Equity Commercial Consumer and Other Total
Ending balance:
Individually evaluated for impairment $ - $ - $ - $ - $ - $ - $ -
Collectively evaluated for impairment 4,318 3,300 331 128 13,205 81 21,363
Total $ 4,318 $ 3,300 $ 331 $ 128 $ 13,205 $ 81 $ 21,363
December 31, 2019
Real Estate
Commercial Construction and Land 1-4 Family Residential Home Equity Commercial Consumer and Other Total
Ending balance:
Individually evaluated for impairment $ - $ - $ - $ - $ - $ - $ -
Collectively evaluated for impairment 3,875 2,375 216 127 10,565 77 17,235
Total $ 3,875 $ 2,375 $ 216 $ 127 $ 10,565 $ 77 $ 17,235

The following tables present the recorded investment in loans, exclusive of unamortized fees and costs, disaggregated on the basis of impairment analysis method by segment as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

June 30, 2020
Real Estate
Commercial Construction and Land 1-4 Family Residential Home Equity Commercial Consumer and Other Total
Ending balance:
Individually evaluated for impairment $ - $ - $ 390 $ - $ - $ - $ 390
Collectively evaluated for impairment 619,726 302,911 56,161 10,288 1,212,145 6,060 2,207,291
Total $ 619,726 $ 302,911 $ 56,551 $ 10,288 $ 1,212,145 $ 6,060 $ 2,207,681
December 31, 2019
Real Estate
Commercial Construction and Land 1-4 Family Residential Home Equity Commercial Consumer and Other Total
Ending balance:
Individually evaluated for impairment $ 91 $ - $ 411 $ 31 $ 5 $ - $ 538
Collectively evaluated for impairment 430,953 264,193 54,064 12,349 1,175,019 6,787 1,943,365
Total $ 431,044 $ 264,193 $ 54,475 $ 12,380 $ 1,175,024 $ 6,787 $ 1,943,903

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

5. Derivatives

The Company has entered into various interest rate swap agreements as part of its interest rate risk management strategy. The Company uses interest rate swaps to manage its interest rate risk exposure on certain loans, variable-rate and short-term borrowings, and deposits due to interest rate movements. The notional amounts of the interest rate swaps do not represent amounts exchanged by the counterparties, but rather, the notional amount is used to determine, along with other terms of the derivative, the amounts to be exchanged between the counterparties.

Interest Rate Swaps Designated as a Cash Flow Hedge: As of both June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges with a total notional amount of $335,000. As of June 30, 2020, the Company had swaps with a total notional amount of $150,000 that hedge the interest payments of rolling fixed-rate one- or three-month funding consisting of FHLB advances or brokered deposits, and a forward starting swap with a total notional amount of $25,000, which will hedge the interest payments of rolling one-month funding consisting of FHLB advances or brokered deposits, with a starting date of September 2020. Also as of June 30, 2020, the Company had swaps with a total notional amount of $50,000 that effectively convert variable-rate FHLB advances and junior subordinated notes to fixed-rate debt, and swaps with a total notional amount of $110,000 that hedge the interest payments of certain deposit accounts.

Derivatives Not Designated as Accounting Hedges: To accommodate customer needs, the Company on occasion offers loan level interest rate swaps to its customers and offsets its exposure from such contracts by entering into mirror image swaps with a swap counterparty (back-to-back swap program). The interest rate swaps are free-standing derivatives and are recorded at fair value. The Company enters into a floating-rate loan and a fixed-rate swap with our customer. Simultaneously, the Company enters into an offsetting fixed-rate swap with a swap counterparty. In connection with each swap transaction, the Company agrees to pay interest to the customer on a notional amount at a variable interest rate and receive interest from the customer on the same notional amount at a fixed interest rate. At the same time, the Company agrees to pay a swap counterparty the same fixed interest rate on the same notional amount and receive the same variable interest rate on the same notional amount. These transactions allow the Company's customers to effectively convert variable-rate loans to fixed-rate loans. The customer accommodations and any offsetting swaps are treated as non-hedging derivative instruments which do not qualify for hedge accounting.

The table below identifies the balance sheet category and fair values of the Company's derivative instruments as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

Notional
Amount
Fair Value Balance Sheet
Category
Weighted Average Floating Rate Weighted Average Fixed Rate Weighted Average Maturity - Years
Cash flow hedges:
June 30, 2020
Interest rate swaps $ 310,000 $ (27,401) Other Liabilities 0.54 % 2.25 % 5.2

Forward-starting interest rate swaps(1)

25,000 (1,130) Other Liabilities - 1.63 % 3.2
December 31, 2019
Interest rate swaps $ 215,000 $ (5,786) Other Liabilities 1.84 % 2.26 % 5.5
Interest rate swaps 70,000 403 Other Assets 2.62 % 2.37 % 5.2

Forward-starting interest rate swaps(1)

50,000 (343) Other Liabilities - 1.74 % 6.1
Non-hedging derivatives:
June 30, 2020
Interest rate swaps - counterparty $ 32,296 $ 1,022 Other Assets 2.75 % 3.36 % 9.8
Interest rate swaps - loan customer 32,296 (1,022) Other Liabilities 2.75 % 3.36 % 9.8

(1)The fixed rate for forward-starting swaps represents the fixed rate to be paid beginning on the scheduled start dates of the swaps. No interest payments were required related to these swaps in 2019 or 2020.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The following table identifies the pre-tax gains or losses recognized on the Company's derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

Reclassified from AOCI into Income
Amount of Pre-tax Gain (Loss) Recognized in OCI
Amount of Gain (Loss)
Six Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2020 2019 Category 2020 2019
Interest rate swaps $ (24,168) $ (7,170) Interest Expense $ (1,394) $ 204

The Company estimates there will be approximately $5,290 reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI) to interest expense through the 12 months ending June 30, 2021 related to cash flow hedges.

The Company is exposed to credit risk in the event of nonperformance by interest rate swap counterparties, which is minimized by collateral-pledging provisions in the agreements. Derivative contracts with swap counterparties are executed with a Credit Support Annex, which is a bilateral ratings-sensitive agreement that requires collateral postings at established credit threshold levels. These agreements protect the interests of the Company and its counterparties should either party suffer a credit rating deterioration. As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company pledged $29,990 and $6,570, respectively, of collateral to the counterparties in the form of cash on deposit with third parties. The interest rate swap product with the borrower is cross collateralized with the underlying loan and therefore there is no posted cash collateral under swap contracts with customers.

6. Income Taxes

Net deferred tax assets consisted of the following as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

June 30, 2020 December 31, 2019
Deferred tax assets:
Allowance for loan losses $ 5,341 $ 4,309
Net unrealized losses on interest rate swaps 7,133 1,441
Lease liabilities 2,100 2,275
Accrued expenses 238 297
Restricted stock unit compensation 458 832
State net operating loss carryforward 1,159 1,114
Capital loss carryforward 3 3
Other 42 53
16,474 10,324
Deferred tax liabilities:
Right-of-use assets 2,043 2,218
Net deferred loan fees and costs 242 218
Net unrealized gains on securities available for sale 1,824 352
Premises and equipment 841 839
Other 240 219
5,190 3,846
Net deferred tax assets before valuation allowance 11,284 6,478
Valuation allowance (1,162) (1,117)
Net deferred tax assets $ 10,122 $ 5,361

The Company has recorded a valuation allowance against the tax effect of capital loss and state net operating loss carryforwards, as management believes it is more likely than not that these carryforwards will expire without being utilized. The state net operating loss carryforwards expire in 2020 and thereafter. The capital loss carryforward expires in 2022.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

On March 27, 2020, the President signed the CARES Act into law. The CARES Act includes several significant provisions for corporations including increasing the amount of deductible interest under section 163(j), allowing companies to carryback certain net operating losses, and increasing the amount of net operating loss that corporations can use to offset income. These changes did not have a significant impact on the Company's income taxes.

7. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The following table summarizes the changes in the balances of each component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

Unrealized Unrealized Accumulated
Gains Gains Other
(Losses) on (Losses) on Comprehensive
Securities Derivatives Income (Loss)
Balance, December 31, 2019 $ 1,057 $ (4,318) $ (3,261)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications 4,361 (18,126) (13,765)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income 56 1,044 1,100
Net current period other comprehensive income (loss) 4,417 (17,082) (12,665)
Balance, June 30, 2020 $ 5,474 $ (21,400) $ (15,926)
Balance, December 31, 2018 $ (8,123) $ 1,309 $ (6,814)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications 8,975 (5,378) 3,597
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income 49 (155) (106)
Net current period other comprehensive income (loss) 9,024 (5,533) 3,491
Balance, June 30, 2019 $ 901 $ (4,224) $ (3,323)

8. Commitments and Contingencies

Financial instruments with off-balance-sheet risk: The Company is party to financial instruments with off-balance-sheet risk in the normal course of business to meet the financing needs of its customers. These financial instruments include commitments to extend credit and standby letters of credit. These instruments involve, to varying degrees, elements of credit risk in excess of the amount recognized in the consolidated balance sheets. The Company's exposure to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by the other party to the financial instrument for commitments to extend credit and standby letters of credit is represented by the contractual amount of those instruments. The Company uses the same credit policies in making commitments and conditional obligations that it uses for on-balance-sheet instruments. The Company's commitments consisted of the following approximate amounts as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

June 30, 2020 December 31, 2019
Commitments to extend credit $ 725,152 $ 672,117
Standby letters of credit 15,450 8,029
$ 740,602 $ 680,146

West Bank previously executed Mortgage Partnership Finance (MPF) Master Commitments (Commitments) with the FHLB of Des Moines to deliver residential mortgage loans and to guarantee the payment of any realized losses that exceed the FHLB's first loss account for mortgages delivered under the Commitments. West Bank receives credit enhancement fees from the FHLB for providing this guarantee and continuing to assist with managing the credit risk of the MPF Program residential mortgage loans. The outstanding balance of mortgage loans sold under the MPF Program was $53,493 and $63,409 at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

Contractual commitments: The Company had remaining commitments to invest in qualified affordable housing projects totaling $3,785 and $2,042 as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

Contingencies: Neither the Company nor West Bank is a party, and no property of these entities is subject, to any material pending legal proceedings, other than ordinary routine litigation incidental to West Bank's business. The Company does not know of any proceeding contemplated by a governmental authority against the Company or West Bank.

9. Fair Value Measurements

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants in the market in which the reporting entity transacts business. The Company's balance sheet contains investment securities available for sale and derivative instruments that are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. The three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosure of fair value is as follows:

Level 1 uses quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2 uses observable market-based inputs or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data.

Level 3 uses unobservable inputs that are not corroborated by market data.

The Company's policy is to recognize transfers between levels at the end of each reporting period, if applicable. There were no transfers between levels of the fair value hierarchy during the six months ended June 30, 2020.

The following is a description of valuation methodologies used for financial assets and liabilities recorded at fair value on a recurring basis.

Investment securities available for sale:When available, quoted market prices are used to determine the fair value of investment securities (Level 1). If quoted market prices are not available, the Company determines fair value based on various sources and may apply matrix pricing with observable prices for similar bonds where a price for the identical bond is not observable (Level 2). The fair values of these securities are determined by pricing models that consider observable market data such as interest rate volatilities, LIBOR yield curve, credit spreads, prices from market makers and live trading systems. For the corporate bond portfolio, the Company has elected to use a matrix pricing model as a practical expedient to individual quoted market prices.

Management obtains the fair value of investment securities at the end of each reporting period via a third-party pricing service. Management reviewed the valuation process used by the third party and believed the process was valid. On a quarterly basis, management corroborates the fair values of a randomly selected sample of investment securities by obtaining pricing from an independent financial market data vendor and comparing the two sets of fair values. Any significant variances are reviewed and investigated. For a sample of securities, prices are further validated by management by obtaining details of the inputs used by the pricing service. Those inputs were independently tested, and management concluded the fair values were consistent with GAAP requirements and the investment securities were properly classified in the fair value hierarchy.

Derivative instruments:The Company's derivative instruments consist of interest rate swaps accounted for as cash flow hedges, as well as interest rate swaps which are accounted for as non-hedging derivatives. The Company's derivative positions are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy and are valued using models generally accepted in the financial services industry and that use actively quoted or observable market input values from external market data providers and/or non-binding broker-dealer quotations. The fair value of the derivatives is determined using discounted cash flow models. These models' key assumptions include the contractual terms of the respective contract along with significant observable inputs, including interest rates, yield curves, nonperformance risk and volatility.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The following tables present the balances of financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis by level as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

June 30, 2020
Total Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Financial assets:
Investment securities available for sale:
State and political subdivisions $ 55,548 $ - $ 55,548 $ -
Collateralized mortgage obligations 167,139 - 167,139 -
Mortgage-backed securities 53,269 - 53,269 -
Asset-backed securities 15,297 - 15,297 -
Collateralized loan obligations 50,464 - 50,464 -
Corporate notes and other investments 300 - 300 -
Derivative instruments, interest rate swaps 1,022 - 1,022 -
Financial liabilities:
Derivative instruments, interest rate swaps $ 29,553 $ - $ 29,553 $ -
December 31, 2019
Total Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Financial assets:
Investment securities available for sale:
State and political subdivisions $ 47,178 $ - $ 47,178 $ -
Collateralized mortgage obligations 181,921 - 181,921 -
Mortgage-backed securities 73,030 - 73,030 -
Asset-backed securities 17,600 - 17,600 -
Collateralized loan obligations 64,832 - 64,832 -
Corporate notes and other investments 14,017 - 14,017 -
Derivative instruments, interest rate swaps 403 - 403 -
Financial liabilities:
Derivative instrument, interest rate swap $ 6,129 $ - $ 6,129 $ -

Certain assets are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. That is, they are subject to fair value adjustments in certain circumstances (for example, when there is evidence of impairment). As of both June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, there were no impaired loans that had a fair value adjustment. Impaired loans are classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy and are evaluated and valued at the lower of cost or fair value when the loan is identified as impaired. Fair value is measured based on the value of the collateral securing these loans. The types of collateral vary widely and could include accounts receivables, inventory, a variety of equipment and real estate. Evaluations of the underlying assets are completed for each impaired loan with a specific reserve. Collateral evaluations are reviewed and discounted as appropriate based on knowledge of the specific type of collateral. In the case of real estate, an independent appraisal may be obtained. Types of discounts considered include aging of receivables, condition of the collateral, potential market for the collateral and estimated disposal costs. These discounts will vary from loan to loan and may be discounted based on management's opinions concerning market developments or the client's business.

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

GAAP requires disclosure of the fair value of financial assets and financial liabilities, including those that are not measured and reported at fair value on a recurring or nonrecurring basis. The following table presents the carrying amounts and approximate fair values of financial assets and liabilities as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

June 30, 2020 December 31, 2019
Fair Value Hierarchy Level Carrying Amount Approximate Fair Value Carrying Amount Approximate Fair Value
Financial assets:
Cash and due from banks Level 1 $ 54,175 $ 54,175 $ 37,808 $ 37,808
Federal funds sold Level 1 62,494 62,494 15,482 15,482
Investment securities available for sale Level 2 342,017 342,017 398,578 398,578
Federal Home Loan Bank stock Level 1 12,307 12,307 12,491 12,491
Loans, net Level 2 2,178,325 2,254,417 1,924,428 1,941,208
Accrued interest receivable Level 1 8,467 8,467 7,134 7,134
Interest rate swaps Level 2 1,022 1,022 403 403
Financial liabilities:
Deposits Level 2 $ 2,255,709 $ 2,256,958 $ 2,014,756 $ 2,015,427
Federal funds purchased Level 1 5,755 5,755 2,660 2,660
Subordinated notes, net Level 2 20,445 13,477 20,438 18,568
Federal Home Loan Bank advances, net Level 2 179,869 179,869 179,365 179,365
Long-term debt Level 2 22,867 22,862 22,925 22,910
Accrued interest payable Level 1 1,359 1,359 2,070 2,070
Interest rate swaps Level 2 29,553 29,553 6,129 6,129
Off-balance-sheet financial instruments:
Commitments to extend credit Level 3 - - - -
Standby letters of credit Level 3 - - - -

10. Risks and Uncertainties

On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of COVID-19 as a global pandemic, which continues to spread throughout the United States and around the world. The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely affected, and continues to adversely affect, economic activity globally, nationally and locally. Actions taken around the world to help mitigate the spread of COVID-19 include restrictions on travel, quarantines in certain areas, and forced closures for certain types of public places, businesses and schools. COVID-19 and actions taken to mitigate the spread of it have had and are expected to continue to have an adverse impact on the economies and financial markets of many countries, including the geographical area in which the Company operates. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, market interest rates have declined significantly, with the 10-year Treasury bond falling below 1.00 percent on March 3, 2020 for the first time. Such events also may adversely affect business and consumer confidence, generally, and the Company and its customers, and their respective suppliers, vendors and processors, may be adversely affected. On March 3, 2020, the Federal Open Market Committee reduced the targeted federal funds interest rate range by 50 basis points to 1.00 - 1.25 percent. This range was further reduced to 0.0 - 0.25 percent on March 16, 2020. On March 27, 2020, the CARES Act was enacted to, among other provisions, provide emergency assistance for individuals, families and businesses affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. These reductions in interest rates and other effects of the COVID-19 pandemic may adversely affect the Company's financial condition and results of operations in future periods. It is unknown how long the adverse conditions associated with the COVID-19 pandemic will last and what the complete financial effect will be to the Company. It is reasonably possible that estimates made in the financial statements could be materially and adversely impacted in the near term as a result of these conditions, including expected credit losses on loans.

West Bancorporation, Inc.

Management's Discussion and Analysis

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

'SAFE HARBOR' CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Certain statements in this report, other than purely historical information, including estimates, projections, statements relating to the Company's business plans, objectives and expected operating results, and the assumptions upon which those statements are based, are 'forward-looking statements' within the meanings of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the 'Exchange Act'). Forward-looking statements may appear throughout this report. These forward-looking statements are generally identified by the words 'believes,' 'expects,' 'intends,' 'anticipates,' 'projects,' 'future,' 'may,' 'should,' 'will,' 'strategy,' 'plan,' 'opportunity,' 'will be,' 'will likely result,' 'will continue' or similar references, or references to estimates, predictions or future events. Such forward-looking statements are based upon certain underlying assumptions, risks and uncertainties. Because of the possibility that the underlying assumptions are incorrect or do not materialize as expected in the future, actual results could differ materially from these forward-looking statements. Risks and uncertainties that may affect future results include: the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including its potential effects on the economic environment, our customers and our operations, as well as any changes to federal, state or local government laws, regulations or orders in connection with the pandemic; interest rate risk; competitive pressures; pricing pressures on loans and deposits; changes in credit and other risks posed by the Company's loan and investment portfolios, including declines in commercial or residential real estate values or changes in the allowance for loan losses dictated by new market conditions, accounting standards (including as a result of the future implementation of the current expected credit loss (CECL) accounting standard) or regulatory requirements; actions of bank and nonbank competitors; changes in local, national and international economic conditions; changes in legal and regulatory requirements, limitations and costs; changes in customers' acceptance of the Company's products and services; cyber-attacks; unexpected outcomes of existing or new litigation involving the Company; the monetary, trade and other regulatory policies of the U.S. government; acts of war or terrorism, widespread disease or pandemics, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, or other adverse external events; and any other risks described in the 'Risk Factors' sections of this and other reports filed by the Company with the SEC. The Company undertakes no obligation to revise or update such forward-looking statements to reflect current or future events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The discussion and analysis of the Company's financial condition and results of operations are based upon the Company's consolidated financial statements that have been prepared in accordance with GAAP. The preparation of the Company's financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and expenses. These estimates are based upon historical experience and on various other assumptions that management believes are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. The estimates and judgments that management believes involve the most complex and subjective estimates and judgments and have the most effect on the Company's reported financial position and results of operations are described as critical accounting policies in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, as filed with the SEC on February 27, 2020. There have been no significant changes in the critical accounting policies or the assumptions and judgments utilized in applying these policies since December 31, 2019.

West Bancorporation, Inc.

Management's Discussion and Analysis

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

This report contains references to financial measures that are not defined in GAAP. Such non-GAAP financial measures include the Company's presentation of net interest income and net interest margin on a fully taxable equivalent (FTE) basis, and the presentation of the efficiency ratio on an adjusted and FTE basis, excluding certain income and expenses. Management believes these non-GAAP financial measures provide useful information to both management and investors to analyze and evaluate the Company's financial performance. These measures are considered standard measures of comparison within the banking industry. Additionally, management believes providing measures on an FTE basis enhances the comparability of income arising from taxable and nontaxable sources. Limitations associated with non-GAAP financial measures include the risks that persons might disagree as to the appropriateness of items included in these measures and that different companies might calculate these measures differently. These non-GAAP disclosures should not be considered an alternative to the Company's GAAP results.

The following table reconciles the non-GAAP financial measures of net interest income and net interest margin on an FTE basis and efficiency ratio on an adjusted and FTE basis to their most directly comparable measures under GAAP.

Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2020 2019 2020 2019

Reconciliation of net interest income and net interest margin on an FTE basis to GAAP:

Net interest income (GAAP) $ 20,747 $ 16,038 $ 39,211 $ 31,927

Tax-equivalent adjustment (1)

194 200 372 472

Net interest income on an FTE basis (non-GAAP)

20,941 16,238 39,583 32,399

Average interest-earning assets

2,572,211 2,224,024 2,496,354 2,206,394

Net interest margin on an FTE basis (non-GAAP)

3.27 % 2.93 % 3.19 % 2.96 %

Reconciliation of efficiency ratio on an FTE basis to GAAP:

Net interest income on an FTE basis (non-GAAP)

$ 20,941 $ 16,238 $ 39,583 $ 32,399

Noninterest income

1,775 1,999 4,295 4,118

Adjustment for realized investment securities (gains) losses, net

69 (23) 75 65

Adjustment for (gain) loss on sale of fixed assets

- - 2 (307)

Adjusted income

22,785 18,214 43,955 36,275

Noninterest expense

9,417 9,750 19,080 19,294

Efficiency ratio on an adjusted and FTE basis (non-GAAP) (2)

41.33 % 53.53 % 43.41 % 53.19 %

(1) Computed on a tax-equivalent basis using a federal income tax rate of 21 percent, adjusted to reflect the effect of the nondeductible interest expense associated with owning tax-exempt securities and loans. Management believes the presentation of this non-GAAP measure provides supplemental useful information for proper understanding of the financial results, as it enhances the comparability of income arising from taxable and nontaxable sources.

(2) The efficiency ratio expresses noninterest expense as a percent of fully taxable equivalent net interest income and noninterest income, excluding specific noninterest income and expenses. Management believes the presentation of this non-GAAP measure provides supplemental useful information for proper understanding of the Company's financial performance. It is a standard measure of comparison within the banking industry.

OVERVIEW

The following discussion describes the consolidated operations and financial condition of the Company, West Bank and West Bank's special purpose subsidiaries (which are invested in new markets tax credit activities). Results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 are compared to the results for the same periods in 2019, and the consolidated financial condition of the Company as of June 30, 2020 is compared to December 31, 2019. The Company conducts business from its main office in West Des Moines, Iowa and through its branch offices in central Iowa, which is generally the greater Des Moines metropolitan area; eastern Iowa, which is the area including and surrounding Iowa City and Coralville; and southern Minnesota, which includes the cities of Rochester, Owatonna, Mankato and St. Cloud.

SIGNIFICANT DEVELOPMENTS

Impact of COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, and efforts to contain it, have had a complex and significant adverse impact on the economy, the banking industry and the Company. The impact on future fiscal periods is subject to a high degree of uncertainty.

Effects on Our Market Areas. Our commercial and consumer banking products and services are offered primarily in Iowa and Minnesota, where individual and governmental responses to the COVID-19 pandemic led to a broad curtailment of economic activity beginning in March 2020. In Iowa and Minnesota, schools closed for the remainder of the school year, most retail establishments, including restaurants and entertainment venues, were ordered to close for varying lengths of time, and non-critical healthcare services were significantly curtailed. Since the initial shut down in March 2020, phased reopening plans began in mid-May subject to public health reopening guidelines and limitations on capacity. During this time, the Bank remained open because banks had been identified as essential services. The Bank continued to serve its customers through its drive-ups and Video Teller Machines and inside its branch offices by appointment only. Our full service branch lobbies have since reopened to walk-in customer activity.

Both states in our market areas have experienced an increase in unemployment levels as a result of the curtailment of business activities since March, rising from an average of 3.1 percent in Iowa in February 2020 to an average of 9.7 percent in May 2020, according to the Iowa Workforce Development, and from an average of 3.6 percent in Minnesota in February 2020 to 8.5 percent in June 2020, according to the Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development.

Policy and Regulatory Developments. Federal, state and local governments and regulatory authorities have enacted and issued a range of policy responses to the COVID-19 pandemic, including the following:

The Federal Reserve decreased the range for the federal funds target rate by 0.5 percent on March 3, 2020, and by another 1.0 percent on March 16, 2020, reaching a current range of 0.0 - 0.25 percent.

On March 27, 2020, President Trump signed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (CARES Act), which established a $2 trillion economic stimulus package, including cash payments to individuals, supplemental unemployment insurance benefits and a $349 billion loan program administered through the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA), referred to as the paycheck protection program (PPP). Under the PPP, small businesses, sole proprietorships, independent contractors and self-employed individuals may apply for loans from existing SBA lenders and other approved regulated lenders that enroll in the program, subject to numerous limitations and eligibility criteria. After the initial $349 billion in funds for the PPP was exhausted, an additional $310 billion in funding for PPP loans was authorized. The Bank is participating as a lender in the PPP. In addition, the CARES Act provides financial institutions the option to temporarily suspend certain requirements under GAAP related to TDRs for a limited period of time to account for the effects of COVID-19. See Note 4 of the financial statements for additional disclosure of TDRs.

On April 7, 2020, federal banking regulators issued a revised Interagency Statement on Loan Modifications and Reporting for Financial Institutions, which, among other things, encouraged financial institutions to work prudently with borrowers who are or may be unable to meet their contractual payment obligations because of the effects of COVID-19, and stated that institutions generally do not need to categorize COVID-19-related modifications as TDRs and that the agencies will not direct supervised institutions to automatically categorize all COVID-19 related loan modifications as TDRs. See Note 4 of the financial statements for additional disclosure of TDRs.

On April 9, 2020, the Federal Reserve announced additional measures aimed at supporting small and mid-sized businesses, as well as state and local governments impacted by COVID-19. The Federal Reserve announced the Main Street Business Lending Program, which establishes two new loan facilities intended to facilitate lending to small and mid-sized businesses: (1) the Main Street New Loan Facility, or MSNLF, and (2) the Main Street Expanded Loan Facility, or MSELF. MSNLF loans are unsecured term loans originated on or after April 8, 2020, while MSELF loans are provided as upsized tranches of existing loans originated before April 8, 2020. The combined size of the program will be up to $600 billion. The program is designed for businesses with up to 10,000 employees or $2.5 billion in 2019 revenues. To obtain a loan, borrowers must confirm that they are seeking financial support because of COVID-19 and that they will not use proceeds from the loan to pay off debt. The Federal Reserve also stated that it would provide additional funding to banks offering PPP loans to struggling small businesses. Lenders participating in the PPP will be able to exclude loans financed by the facility from their leverage ratio. In addition, the Federal Reserve created a Municipal Liquidity Facility to support state and local governments with up to $500 billion in lending, with the Treasury Department backing $35 billion for the facility using funds appropriated by the CARES Act. The facility will make short-term financing available to cities with a population of more than one million or counties with a population of greater than two million. The Federal Reserve expanded both the size and scope of its Primary and Secondary Market Corporate Credit Facilities to support up to $750 billion in credit to corporate debt issuers. This will allow companies that were investment grade before the onset of COVID-19 but then subsequently downgraded after March 22, 2020 to gain access to the facility. Finally, the Federal Reserve announced that its Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility will be scaled up in scope to include the triple A-rated tranche of commercial mortgage-backed securities and newly issued collateralized loan obligations. The size of the facility is $100 billion.

In addition to the policy responses described above, the federal bank regulatory agencies, along with their state counterparts, have issued a stream of guidance in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and have taken a number of unprecedented steps to help banks navigate the pandemic and mitigate its impact. These include, without limitation: requiring banks to focus on business continuity and pandemic planning; adding pandemic scenarios to stress testing; encouraging bank use of capital buffers and reserves in lending programs; permitting certain regulatory reporting extensions; reducing margin requirements on swaps; permitting certain otherwise prohibited investments in investment funds; issuing guidance to encourage banks to work with customers affected by the pandemic and encourage loan workouts; and providing credit under the Community Reinvestment Act ('CRA') for certain pandemic related loans, investments and public service. Moreover, because of the need for social distancing measures, the agencies revamped the manner in which they conducted periodic examinations of their regular institutions, including making greater use of off-site reviews. The Federal Reserve also issued guidance encouraging banking institutions to utilize its discount window for loans and intraday credit extended by its Reserve Banks to help households and businesses impacted by the pandemic and announced numerous funding facilities. The FDIC has also acted to mitigate the deposit insurance assessment effects of participating in the PPP and the Federal Reserve's PPP Liquidity Facility and Money Market Mutual Fund Liquidity Facility.

Effects on Our Business. The COVID-19 pandemic and the specific developments referred to above have had and will continue to have a significant impact on our business. In particular, we anticipate that a significant portion of the Bank's borrowers in the hotel, restaurant and retail industries will continue to endure significant economic distress, which has caused, and may continue to cause, them to draw on their existing lines of credit and adversely affect their ability to repay existing indebtedness, and may adversely impact the value of collateral. These developments, together with economic conditions generally, are also expected to impact our commercial real estate portfolio, particularly with respect to real estate with exposure to these industries, and the value of certain collateral securing our loans. As a result, we anticipate that our financial condition, capital levels and results of operations could be adversely affected, as described in further detail below.

West Bancorporation, Inc.

Management's Discussion and Analysis

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

Our Response. We have taken numerous steps in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, including the following:

We have been actively working with loan customers to evaluate prudent loan modification terms. We have completed COVID-19 related loan modifications on outstanding loan balances of approximately $553,300 as of June 30, 2020. These modifications primarily include a delay of principal and/or interest payments for two to six months. Modifications were made on approximately $45,400 of commercial construction loans, $131,100 of hotel real estate loans, $87,100 of multifamily real estate loans, $66,300 of warehouse real estate loans, $164,100 of other real estate loans and $59,300 of commercial operating loans.

We are a participating lender in the PPP. We have originated over 900 PPP loans with outstanding balances of $223,425 as of June 30, 2020. PPP loans totaling $223,327 have a term of two years and earn interest at 1 percent with no payments due for the first six months. PPP loans totaling $98 have a term of five years and earn interest at 1 percent with no payments due for the first twelve months. We expect PPP borrowers will be actively filing for forgiveness with the SBA during the remainder of 2020.

From mid-March through the end of June 2020, we limited all branch activity to drive-up and appointment only services. We have been promoting our digital banking options through our website, and customers have been encouraged to utilize our online and mobile banking services. Our customer service and retail banking departments have remained fully staffed and available to assist customers through our various digital channels. As we have reopened our lobbies for customer activity, we have implemented various social distancing and cleaning protocols recommended by governmental health departments to ensure the health and safety of our employees and customers. We continue to pay all employees according to their normal work schedule, even if their workload has been altered. No employees have been furloughed or laid off as a result of COVID-19.

We have successfully deployed a modified working strategy, including emphasis on social distancing and remote work as necessary to emphasize the safety of our teams and continuity of our business processes. We do not anticipate significant challenges to our ability to maintain our systems and controls in light of the measures we have taken to prevent the spread of COVID-19. No material operational or internal control challenges or risks have been identified to date.

Liquidity and Capital Strength. We maintain access to multiple sources of liquidity and continually review our sources of liquidity in preparation for any unforeseen funding needs due to COVID-19. The Company has funding available from the FHLB, along with access to federal funds lines with various correspondent banks and access to the brokered certificate of deposit market. In addition, the Company has borrowing capacity at the Federal Reserve discount window and has access to the Paycheck Protection Program Liquidity Facility established by the Federal Reserve. If an extended recession causes large numbers of the Company's deposit customers to withdraw their funds, the Company might become more reliant on volatile or more expensive sources of wholesale funding, which could have an adverse effect on the Company's net interest margin.

The Company's capital ratios continue to exceed the highest required regulatory benchmark levels. We have, in recent years, raised our quarterly dividend in the second quarter of each year. However, due to the uncertainty facing our economy, our Board of Directors kept the dividend at the prior level of $0.21 per share for the dividend paid in the second quarter of 2020 and will keep the dividend at the same level of $0.21 per share for the dividend to be paid in the third quarter of 2020. Our Board of Directors will evaluate the dividend on a quarterly basis based on the effects the COVID-19 pandemic has on the Company and its customers.

Exposure to Stressed Industries. Certain industries are widely expected to be particularly impacted by shutdowns, quarantines and social distancing in response to COVID-19 and efforts to contain it. Those industries include travel, hospitality and entertainment, retail, healthcare services, energy and manufacturing. At June 30, 2020, West Bank's commercial real estate and commercial operating loan exposure to the hotel industry was approximately $161,400, to the retail industry was approximately $93,200, and to the restaurant industry was approximately $24,300. Collectively, at June 30, 2020, those exposures made up approximately 12.7 percent of the total loan portfolio. Because of the significant uncertainties related to the ultimate duration of the COVID-19 pandemic and its potential effects on our clients, and on the national and local economy as a whole, there can be no assurances as to how the crisis may ultimately affect the Company's loan portfolio.

West Bancorporation, Inc.

Management's Discussion and Analysis

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

SUMMARY

Net income for the three months ended June 30, 2020 was $7,969, or $0.48 per diluted common share, compared to $6,658, or $0.41 per diluted common share, for the three months ended June 30, 2019. The Company's annualized return on average assets and return on average equity for the three months ended June 30, 2020 were 1.19 percent and 15.68 percent, respectively, compared to 1.14 percent and 13.49 percent, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2019.

The increase in net income for the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the same period in 2019 was primarily due to an increase in net interest income, partially offset by an increase in the provision for loan losses.

Net interest income for the three months ended June 30, 2020 grew $4,709 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. The increase in net interest income was primarily due to the decrease in interest expense on deposits. During the three months ended June 30, 2020 interest expense on deposits decreased $4,319 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019, primarily due to the Federal Reserve's reductions in the targeted federal funds rate that occurred in March 2020. In response to the economic conditions and reduction in market rates, West Bank significantly lowered its rates in March 2020 in almost all deposit categories. Also contributing to the increase in net interest income was a $379,377 increase in average loans for the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. The Company recorded a provision for loan losses of $3,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2020, compared to no provision for loan losses for the three months ended June 30, 2019 due to the uncertainty surrounding economic conditions as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Noninterest income decreased $224 during the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019, primarily due to realized investment securities losses in the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to realized gains in the three months ended June 30, 2019. Noninterest expense decreased $333 during the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019 primarily due to a decrease in salaries and employee benefits and a decrease in data processing expense.

Net income for the six months ended June 30, 2020 was $16,058, or $0.97 per diluted common share, compared to $13,557, or $0.83 per diluted common share, for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The Company's annualized return on average assets and return on average equity for the six months ended June 30, 2020 were 1.23 percent and 15.61 percent, respectively, compared to 1.18 percent and 13.98 percent, respectively, for the first six months of 2019.

The increase in net income for the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the same period in 2019 was primarily due to increases in net interest income and noninterest income, partially offset by an increase in the provision for loan losses.

Net interest income for the six months ended June 30, 2020 grew $7,284, or 22.8 percent, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019. The impact of increases in the average balance of total interest-earning assets and declines in the rates paid on interest-bearing liabilities exceeded the effect of declines in rates earned on interest-earning assets and increases in the average balance of total interest-bearing liabilities. Average interest-earning assets for the first six months of 2020 were $289,960 higher than the average interest-earning assets for the first six months of 2019. Average interest-bearing liabilities for the six months ended June 30, 2020 were $189,789 higher than the average interest-bearing liabilities for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The Federal Reserve's action to reduce the targeted federal funds rate by a total of 75 basis points in the second half of 2019 and by an additional 150 basis points in March 2020 resulted in decreases in both the yield on interest-earning assets and the rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities for the first six months of 2020 compared to the first six months of 2019. The Company recorded a $4,000 provision for loan losses for the six months ended June 30, 2020, compared to no provision for loan losses for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The provision recorded in 2020 was due to the uncertainty surrounding economic conditions as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and growth in the loan portfolio.

Noninterest income increased $177 during the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, due primarily to loan swap fees earned on back-to-back interest rate swaps. For additional information on these derivatives, refer to Note 5 of the financial statements.

West Bancorporation, Inc.

Management's Discussion and Analysis

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

Total loans outstanding increased $258,025, or 13.3 percent, during the first six months of 2020. Loan growth included $223,435 of PPP loans originated in the second quarter of 2020. The credit quality of the loan portfolio remained strong, as evidenced by the Company's Texas ratio, which was 0.17 percent as of June 30, 2020. We expect the COVID-19 pandemic to have an adverse effect on our loan pipeline and the credit quality of our loan portfolio during the remainder of 2020. Disruption to our customers could result in increased loan delinquencies and defaults and a decline in local loan demand. The duration of the COVID-19 pandemic will have a significant impact on the future credit quality of our loan portfolio. It is not possible to project the impact with any precision at this time. As of June 30, 2020, the allowance for loan losses was 0.97 percent of outstanding loans, compared to 0.89 percent as of December 31, 2019. At June 30, 2020, the allowance for loan losses was 1.08 percent of outstanding loans excluding PPP loans, which are 100 percent guaranteed by the SBA. Management believed the allowance for loan losses at June 30, 2020 was adequate to absorb any losses inherent in the loan portfolio as of that date.

On a quarterly basis, the Company compares three key performance metrics to those of our identified peer group. The peer group was revised in the first quarter of 2020 after evaluating financial institutions that we believe better reflect our business, particularly in terms of market capitalization, asset size and loan portfolio composition. The peer group for 2020 consists of 21 Midwestern, publicly traded financial institutions including Bank First Corporation, Civista Bancshares, Inc., CrossFirst Bankshares, Inc., Equity Bancshares, Inc., Farmers National Banc Corp., Farmers & Merchants Bancorp, Inc., First Business Financial Services, Inc., First Financial Corp., First Mid Bancshares, Inc., German American Bancorp, Inc., Hills Bancorporation, Isabella Bank Corporation, LCNB Corp., Level One Bancorp, Inc., Macatawa Bank Corporation, Mackinac Financial Corporation, Mercantile Bank Corporation, MidWestOne Financial Group, Inc., Nicolet Bankshares, Inc., Peoples Bancorp, Inc., and Southern Missouri Bancorp, Inc. The Company is in the middle of the group in terms of asset size. Our goal is to perform at or near the top of this peer group relative to what we consider to be three key metrics: return on average equity, efficiency ratio and Texas ratio. We believe these measures encompass the factors that define the performance of a community bank. Company and peer results for the key financial performance measures are summarized below.

West Bancorporation, Inc.

Peer Group Range(3)

As of and for the six months ended June 30, 2020 As of and for the three months ended March 31, 2020 As of and for the three months ended March 31, 2020
Return on average equity 15.61% 15.54% -1.53% - 13.04%

Efficiency ratio(1) (2)

43.41% 45.64% 50.13% - 74.01%

Texas ratio(2)

0.17% 0.22% 1.77% - 15.78%

(1) The efficiency ratio is a non-GAAP financial measure. For further information, refer to the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section of this report.

(2) A lower ratio is more desirable.

(3) Latest data available.

At its meeting on July 22, 2020, the Company's Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.21 per common share. The dividend is payable on August 19, 2020, to stockholders of record on August 5, 2020.

West Bancorporation, Inc.

Management's Discussion and Analysis

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following table shows selected financial results and measures for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 compared with the same periods in 2019.

Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2020 2019 Change Change % 2020 2019 Change Change %
Net income $ 7,969 $ 6,658 $ 1,311 19.69 % $ 16,058 $ 13,557 $ 2,501 18.45 %
Average assets 2,700,720 2,332,190 368,530 15.80 % 2,616,175 2,312,602 303,573 13.13 %
Average stockholders' equity 204,387 197,880 6,507 3.29 % 206,896 195,518 11,378 5.82 %
Return on average assets 1.19 % 1.14 % 0.05 % 1.23 % 1.18 % 0.05 %
Return on average equity 15.68 % 13.49 % 2.19 % 15.61 % 13.98 % 1.63 %

Net interest margin (1)

3.27 % 2.93 % 0.34 % 3.19 % 2.96 % 0.23 %

Efficiency ratio (1) (2)

41.33 % 53.53 % (12.20) % 43.41 % 53.19 % (9.78) %
Dividend payout ratio 43.40 % 51.67 % (8.27) % 42.96 % 49.41 % (6.45) %

Average equity to average assets ratio

7.57 % 8.48 % (0.91) % 7.91 % 8.45 % (0.54) %
As of June 30,
2020 2019 Change

Texas ratio (2)

0.17 % 0.72 % (0.55) %
Equity to assets ratio 7.62 % 8.55 % (0.93) %
Tangible common equity ratio 7.62 % 8.55 % (0.93) %

(1) Amounts are presented on an FTE basis. These are non-GAAP financial measures. For further information, refer to the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section of this report.

(2) A lower ratio is more desirable.

Definitions of ratios:

Return on average assets - annualized net income divided by average assets.

Return on average equity - annualized net income divided by average stockholders' equity.

Net interest margin - annualized tax-equivalent net interest income divided by average interest-earning assets.

Efficiency ratio - noninterest expense (excluding other real estate owned expense and write-down of premises) divided by noninterest income (excluding net securities gains (losses) and gains/losses on disposition of premises and equipment) plus tax-equivalent net interest income.

Dividend payout ratio - dividends paid to common stockholders divided by net income.

Average equity to average assets ratio - average equity divided by average assets.

Texas ratio - total nonperforming assets divided by tangible common equity plus the allowance for loan losses.

Equity to assets ratio - equity divided by assets.

Tangible common equity ratio - common equity less intangible assets (none held) divided by tangible assets.

West Bancorporation, Inc.

Management's Discussion and Analysis

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

Net Interest Income

The following tables present average balances and related interest income or interest expense, with the resulting annualized average yield or rate by category of interest-earning assets or interest-bearing liabilities. Interest income and the resulting net interest income are shown on an FTE basis.

Data for the three months ended June 30:
Average Balance Interest Income/Expense Yield/Rate
2020 2019 Change Change-
%
2020 2019 Change Change-
%
2020 2019 Change
Interest-earning assets:

Loans: (1) (2)

Commercial $ 582,605 $ 384,491 $ 198,114 51.53 % $ 5,362 $ 4,923 $ 439 8.92 % 3.70 % 5.14 % (1.44) %

Real estate (3)

1,559,152 1,377,528 181,624 13.18 % 17,022 16,198 824 5.09 % 4.39 % 4.72 % (0.33) %
Consumer and other 6,215 6,576 (361) (5.49) % 66 82 (16) (19.51) % 4.29 % 4.96 % (0.67) %
Total loans 2,147,972 1,768,595 379,377 21.45 % 22,450 21,203 1,247 5.88 % 4.20 % 4.81 % (0.61) %
Investment securities:
Taxable 329,780 370,274 (40,494) (10.94) % 1,994 2,632 (638) (24.24) % 2.42 % 2.84 % (0.42) %

Tax-exempt (3)

45,488 65,976 (20,488) (31.05) % 395 590 (195) (33.05) % 3.46 % 3.58 % (0.12) %
Total investment securities 375,268 436,250 (60,982) (13.98) % 2,389 3,222 (833) (25.85) % 2.55 % 2.95 % (0.40) %
Federal funds sold 48,971 19,179 29,792 155.34 % 12 110 (98) (89.09) % 0.10 % 2.30 % (2.20) %

Total interest-earning assets (3)

$ 2,572,211 $ 2,224,024 $ 348,187 15.66 % 24,851 24,535 316 1.29 % 3.89 % 4.42 % (0.53) %
Interest-bearing liabilities:
Deposits:
Interest-bearing demand,
savings and money
market $ 1,453,322 $ 1,316,525 $ 136,797 10.39 % 1,317 5,218 (3,901) (74.76) % 0.36 % 1.59 % (1.23) %
Time deposits 237,951 262,177 (24,226) (9.24) % 1,034 1,452 (418) (28.79) % 1.75 % 2.22 % (0.47) %
Total deposits 1,691,273 1,578,702 112,571 7.13 % 2,351 6,670 (4,319) (64.75) % 0.56 % 1.69 % (1.13) %
Other borrowed funds 229,847 164,525 65,322 39.70 % 1,559 1,627 (68) (4.18) % 2.73 % 3.97 % (1.24) %
Total interest-bearing
liabilities $ 1,921,120 $ 1,743,227 $ 177,893 10.20 % 3,910 8,297 (4,387) (52.87) % 0.82 % 1.91 % (1.09) %

Tax-equivalent net interest income (FTE) (4)

$ 20,941 $ 16,238 $ 4,703 28.96 %
Net interest spread (FTE) 3.07 % 2.51 % 0.56 %

Net interest margin (FTE) (4)

3.27 % 2.93 % 0.34 %

West Bancorporation, Inc.

Management's Discussion and Analysis

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

Data for the six months ended June 30:
Average Balance Interest Income/Expense Yield/Rate
2020 2019 Change Change-
%
2020 2019 Change Change-
%
2020 2019 Change
Interest-earning assets:

Loans: (1) (2)

Commercial $ 508,963 $ 374,433 $ 134,530 35.93 % $ 10,378 $ 9,540 $ 838 8.78 % 4.10 % 5.14 % (1.04) %

Real estate (3)

1,541,142 1,370,845 170,297 12.42 % 34,350 31,982 2,368 7.40 % 4.48 % 4.70 % (0.22) %
Consumer and other 6,547 6,506 41 0.63 % 146 159 (13) (8.18) % 4.50 % 4.92 % (0.42) %
Total loans 2,056,652 1,751,784 304,868 17.40 % 44,874 41,681 3,193 7.66 % 4.39 % 4.80 % (0.41) %
Investment securities:
Taxable 341,866 345,720 (3,854) (1.11) % 4,377 4,960 (583) (11.75) % 2.56 % 2.87 % (0.31) %

Tax-exempt (3)

43,413 91,223 (47,810) (52.41) % 757 1,609 (852) (52.95) % 3.49 % 3.53 % (0.04) %
Total investment securities 385,279 436,943 (51,664) (11.82) % 5,134 6,569 (1,435) (21.85) % 2.67 % 3.01 % (0.34) %
Federal funds sold 54,423 17,667 36,756 208.05 % 241 208 33 15.87 % 0.89 % 2.37 % (1.48) %

Total interest-earning assets (3)

$ 2,496,354 $ 2,206,394 $ 289,960 13.14 % 50,249 48,458 1,791 3.70 % 4.05 % 4.43 % (0.38) %
Interest-bearing liabilities:
Deposits:
Interest-bearing demand,
savings and money
market $ 1,433,888 $ 1,318,526 $ 115,362 8.75 % 4,953 10,245 (5,292) (51.65) % 0.69 % 1.57 % (0.88) %
Time deposits 249,615 231,055 18,560 8.03 % 2,444 2,389 55 2.30 % 1.97 % 2.09 % (0.12) %
Total deposits 1,683,503 1,549,581 133,922 8.64 % 7,397 12,634 (5,237) (41.45) % 0.88 % 1.64 % (0.76) %
Other borrowed funds 231,167 175,300 55,867 31.87 % 3,269 3,425 (156) (4.55) % 2.84 % 3.94 % (1.10) %
Total interest-bearing
liabilities $ 1,914,670 $ 1,724,881 $ 189,789 11.00 % 10,666 16,059 (5,393) (33.58) % 1.12 % 1.88 % (0.76) %

Net interest income (FTE) (4)

$ 39,583 $ 32,399 $ 7,184 22.17 %
Net interest spread (FTE) 2.93 % 2.55 % 0.38 %

Net interest margin (FTE) (4)

3.19 % 2.96 % 0.23 %

(1)Average loan balances include nonaccrual loans. Interest income recognized on nonaccrual loans has been included.

(2)Interest income on loans includes amortization of loan fees and costs and prepayment penalties collected, which are not material.

(3)Tax-exempt income has been adjusted to a tax-equivalent basis using a federal income tax rate of 21 percent and is adjusted to reflect the effect of the nondeductible interest expense associated with owning tax-exempt investment securities and loans.

(4)Net interest income (FTE) and net interest margin (FTE) are non-GAAP financial measures. For further information, refer to the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section of this report.

The Company's largest component of net income is net interest income, which is the difference between interest earned on interest-earning assets, consisting primarily of loans and investment securities, and interest paid on interest-bearing liabilities, consisting of deposits and borrowings. Fluctuations in net interest income can result from the combination of changes in the average balances of asset and liability categories and changes in interest rates. Interest rates earned and paid are affected by general economic conditions, particularly changes in market interest rates, and by competitive factors, government policies and actions of regulatory authorities. The Federal Reserve decreased the targeted federal funds rate by a total of 75 basis points in the second half of 2019. In addition, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Federal Reserve decreased the targeted federal funds interest rate by a total of 150 basis points in March 2020. These decreases impacted the comparability of net interest income between 2019 and 2020.

West Bancorporation, Inc.

Management's Discussion and Analysis

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

Net interest margin is a measure of the net return on interest-earning assets and is computed by dividing annualized tax-equivalent net interest income by total average interest-earning assets for the period. The net interest margin for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 increased by 34 and 23 basis points, respectively, compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2019. The primary driver of the increase in the net interest margin was a decrease in interest rates paid on deposits and other borrowed funds, partially offset by a decrease in yield on loans and investments. Tax-equivalent net interest income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 increased $4,703 and $7,184, respectively, compared to the same time periods in 2019. The increase in net interest income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 was largely due to a decrease in rates paid on deposits and an increase in average outstanding loans, partially offset by an increase in interest-bearing liabilities and a decrease in yield on loans and investments. Management expects the decrease in the targeted federal funds rate in March 2020 to result in both lower rates paid on deposits and lower yields on loans for the remainder of 2020 compared to 2019.

Tax-equivalent interest income on loans increased $1,247 for the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. For the six months ended June 30, 2020, tax-equivalent interest income on loans increased $3,193, compared to the same period in 2019. The improvement for both time periods was primarily due to the increase in average loan balances outstanding. Average loan balances for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 included $174,774 and $87,387, respectively, of PPP loans. Interest income recognized on PPP loans was $1,073 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, resulting in a yield of 2.47 percent, which includes amortization of origination fees paid by the SBA. While the PPP loans contributed to the increase in average loans and interest income, they negatively impacted the overall yield on loans as can be seen in the significant decline in yield on commercial loans.

The Company continues to focus on expanding existing and entering into new customer relationships while maintaining strong credit quality. The yield on the Company's loan portfolio is affected by the portfolio's loan mix, the interest rate environment, the effects of competition, the level of nonaccrual loans and reversals of previously accrued interest on charged-off loans. The political and economic environments can also influence the volume of new loan originations and the mix of variable-rate versus fixed-rate loans. We anticipate that our interest income will be adversely affected in future periods as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, including the possibility of decreases in the size of our loan portfolio, the duration of PPP loans and the effects of lower interest rates.

The average balance of interest-bearing demand, savings and money market deposits increased for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, primarily due to an increase in average balances of money market and interest bearing demand accounts. The average rate paid on interest-bearing demand, savings and money market deposits for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 decreased 123 and 88 basis points, respectively, compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2019. The average rate paid on time deposits decreased 47 and 12 basis points for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2019. The decreases were primarily due to decreasing interest rates on all deposit products in response to the unprecedented decrease in the targeted federal funds rate in March 2020. The COVID-19 pandemic could result in lower levels of deposits in future periods, which could decrease our average interest-bearing deposits for the remainder of 2020.

The average balance of other borrowed funds increased $65,322 and $55,867, respectively, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, primarily due to an increase in FHLB advances. The rate paid on borrowed funds declined 124 and 110 basis points, respectively, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, primarily due to the maturity of a long-term, high-rate FHLB advance in December 2019 and the reduction of market rates in the second half of 2019 and the first quarter of 2020 on short-term and variable-rate borrowings. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and possible decreases in interest-bearing deposits could result in an increase in borrowed funds in 2020, which we generally expect to be at lower interest rates in comparison to 2019.

As a result of the reductions in the targeted federal funds interest rate, as well as the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, we expect that our net interest income and net interest margin could decrease in future periods.

West Bancorporation, Inc.

Management's Discussion and Analysis

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

Provision for Loan Losses and the Related Allowance for Loan Losses

The provision for loan losses represents charges made to earnings to maintain an adequate allowance for loan losses. The adequacy of the allowance for loan losses is evaluated quarterly by management and reviewed by the Board of Directors. The allowance for loan losses is management's best estimate of probable losses inherent in the loan portfolio as of the balance sheet date. The provision for loan losses was $3,000 and $4,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, compared to no provision for loan losses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019. The increased provision for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, compared to the same time periods in 2019, was due to uncertainty in the economy as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and growth in the loan portfolio. We believe the provision for loan losses could increase in future periods based on our belief that the credit quality of our loan portfolio may decline and loan defaults could increase as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Factors considered in establishing an appropriate allowance include: the borrower's financial condition; the value and adequacy of loan collateral; the condition of the local economy and the borrower's specific industry; the levels and trends of loans by segment; and a review of delinquent and classified loans. In response to COVID-19, the Company has increased its monitoring efforts of certain segments of the loan portfolio that management believes are under increased stress in the current economic conditions, including hotel and entertainment exposures. Ongoing communication with customers regarding revenue and cash flow expectations are used to monitor risks and identify potential new stresses on the loan portfolio. West Bank has not experienced a significant increase in past due or classified loans since the pandemic began in March 2020. However, as loan deferral periods expire, further deterioration in credit quality may be identified and loan defaults could increase.

The quarterly evaluation of the allowance focuses on factors such as specific loan reviews, changes in the components of the loan portfolio given the current and forecasted economic conditions, and historical loss experience. Any one of the following conditions may result in the review of a specific loan: concern about whether the customer's cash flow or net worth is sufficient to repay the loan; delinquency status; criticism of the loan in a regulatory examination; the suspension of interest accrual; or other factors, including whether the loan has other special or unusual characteristics that suggest special monitoring is warranted. The Company's concentration risks include geographic concentration in central and eastern Iowa and southern Minnesota. The local economies are composed primarily of service industries and state and county governments.

West Bank has a significant portion of its loan portfolio in commercial real estate loans, commercial lines of credit, commercial term loans, and construction and land development loans. West Bank's typical commercial borrower is a small- or medium-sized, privately owned business entity. Compared to residential mortgages or consumer loans, commercial loans typically have larger balances and repayment usually depends on the borrowers' successful business operations. Commercial loans generally are not fully repaid over the loan period and may require refinancing or a large payoff at maturity. When the economy turns downward, commercial borrowers may not be able to repay their loans, and the value of their assets, which are usually pledged as collateral, may decrease rapidly and significantly.

While management uses available information to recognize losses on loans, further reduction in the carrying amounts of loans may be necessary based on changes in circumstances, changes in the overall economy in the markets we currently serve, or later acquired information. Identifiable sectors within the general economy are subject to additional volatility, which at any time may have a substantial impact on the loan portfolio. In addition, regulatory agencies, as integral parts of their examination processes, periodically review the credit quality of the loan portfolio and the level of the allowance for loan losses. Such agencies may require West Bank to recognize additional losses based on such agencies' review of information available to them at the time of their examinations.

West Bancorporation, Inc.

Management's Discussion and Analysis

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

West Bank's policy is to charge off loans when, in management's opinion, a loan or a portion of a loan is deemed uncollectible. Concerted efforts are made to maximize subsequent recoveries. The following table summarizes the activity in the Company's allowance for loan losses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 and related ratios.

Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2020 2019 Change 2020 2019 Change
Balance at beginning of period $ 18,332 $ 16,737 $ 1,595 $ 17,235 $ 16,689 $ 546
Charge-offs - (55) 55 (1) (55) 54
Recoveries 31 55 (24) 129 103 26
Net recoveries 31 - 31 128 48 80

Provision for loan losses charged to operations

3,000 - 3,000 4,000 - 4,000
Balance at end of period $ 21,363 $ 16,737 $ 4,626 $ 21,363 $ 16,737 $ 4,626
Average loans outstanding $ 2,147,972 $ 1,768,595 $ 2,056,652 $ 1,751,784

Ratio of annualized net (charge-offs) recoveries during the period to average loans outstanding

0.01 % 0.00 % 0.02 % 0.01 %

Ratio of allowance for loan losses to average loans outstanding

0.99 % 0.95 % 1.04 % 0.96 %

Ratio of allowance for loan losses to total loans at end of period

0.97 % 0.93 % 0.97 % 0.93 %

Ratio of allowance for loan losses to total loans at end of period, excluding PPP loans

1.08 % 0.93 % 1.08 % 0.93 %

In March 2020, the strength of the U.S. economy deteriorated as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. While job growth averaged approximately 232,000 per month for the first two months of 2020, approximately 22 million jobs were lost in March and April 2020. Additionally, the national unemployment rate increased from 4.4 percent as of March 31, 2020 to 11.1 percent as of June 30, 2020. Based on current economic indicators, the Company increased the economic factors within the allowance for loan losses evaluation. We believe that the allowance for loan losses as a percent of total loans may increase in future periods based on our belief that the credit quality of our loan portfolio could decline and loan defaults may increase as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

West Bancorporation, Inc.

Management's Discussion and Analysis

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

Noninterest Income

The following tables show the variance from the prior year in the noninterest income categories shown in the Consolidated Statements of Income. In addition, accounts within the 'Other income' category that represent a significant portion of the total or a significant variance are shown below.

Three Months Ended June 30,
Noninterest income: 2020 2019 Change Change %
Service charges on deposit accounts $ 531 $ 600 $ (69) (11.50) %
Debit card usage fees 391 434 (43) (9.91) %
Trust services 461 481 (20) (4.16) %
Increase in cash value of bank-owned life insurance 136 162 (26) (16.05) %
Loan swap fees 3 - 3 N/A
Realized investment securities gains (losses), net (69) 23 (92) (400.00) %
Other income:
All other income 322 299 23 7.69 %
Total other income 322 299 23 7.69 %
Total noninterest income $ 1,775 $ 1,999 $ (224) (11.21) %
Six Months Ended June 30,
Noninterest income: 2020 2019 Change Change %
Service charges on deposit accounts $ 1,134 $ 1,211 $ (77) (6.36) %
Debit card usage fees 773 809 (36) (4.45) %
Trust services 924 964 (40) (4.15) %
Increase in cash value of bank-owned life insurance 294 314 (20) (6.37) %
Loan swap fees 589 - 589 N/A
Realized investment securities losses, net (75) (65) (10) (15.38) %
Other income:
Gain on sale of premises - 307 (307) (100.00) %
All other income 656 578 78 13.49 %
Total other income 656 885 (229) (25.88) %
Total noninterest income $ 4,295 $ 4,118 $ 177 4.30 %

The Company offers loan level interest rate swaps to its customers and offsets its exposure from such contracts by entering into mirror image swaps with a swap counterparty (back-to-back swap program). Loan swap fees consist of fees earned in the back-to-back swap program and are largely dependent on the timing and volume of customer activity. The back-to-back swap program began in the first quarter of 2020, resulting in loan swap fees for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and none in the 2019 periods.

The gain on sale of premises in the first six months of 2019 was the result of the sale of the Iowa City branch facility after the Company consolidated the Iowa City and Coralville branches.

Service charges on deposit accounts and debit card usage fees decreased for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 when compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, primarily as a result of the reduction in retail customer account and payment activity and nonsufficient fund fees during the COVID-19 pandemic economic shutdown in 2020. Other income increased for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 when compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, primarily due to an increase in mortgage loan fees as a result of higher volumes of mortgage origination and refinancing activity.

West Bancorporation, Inc.

Management's Discussion and Analysis

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

Noninterest Expense

The following tables show the variance from the prior year in the noninterest expense categories shown in the Consolidated Statements of Income. In addition, accounts within the 'Other expenses' category that represent a significant portion of the total or a significant variance are shown below.

Three Months Ended June 30,
Noninterest expense: 2020 2019 Change Change %
Salaries and employee benefits $ 5,318 $ 5,424 $ (106) (1.95) %
Occupancy 1,349 1,344 5 0.37 %
Data processing 596 716 (120) (16.76) %
FDIC insurance 292 185 107 57.84 %
Professional fees 200 209 (9) (4.31) %
Director fees 194 258 (64) (24.81) %
Other expenses:
Marketing 44 55 (11) (20.00) %
Business development 137 268 (131) (48.88) %
Insurance expense 110 96 14 14.58 %
Charitable contributions 45 45 - - %
Postage and courier 83 69 14 20.29 %
Subscriptions 143 94 49 52.13 %
Trust 103 114 (11) (9.65) %
Consulting fees 89 69 20 28.99 %
Low income housing projects amortization 102 120 (18) (15.00) %
New markets tax credit project amortization and management
fees
229 229 - - %
All other 383 455 (72) (15.82) %
Total other 1,468 1,614 (146) (9.05) %
Total noninterest expense $ 9,417 $ 9,750 $ (333) (3.42) %
Six Months Ended June 30,
Noninterest expense: 2020 2019 Change Change %
Salaries and employee benefits $ 10,602 $ 10,884 $ (282) (2.59) %
Occupancy 2,709 2,577 132 5.12 %
Data processing 1,268 1,396 (128) (9.17) %
FDIC insurance 529 404 125 30.94 %
Professional fees 439 443 (4) (0.90) %
Director fees 428 509 (81) (15.91) %
Other expenses:
Marketing 88 102 (14) (13.73) %
Business development 404 536 (132) (24.63) %
Insurance expense 214 189 25 13.23 %
Charitable contributions 90 90 - - %
Postage and courier 168 142 26 18.31 %
Subscriptions 268 185 83 44.86 %
Trust 220 211 9 4.27 %
Consulting fees 166 131 35 26.72 %
Low income housing projects amortization 205 191 14 7.33 %
New markets tax credit project amortization and management
fees
459 459 - - %
All other 823 845 (22) (2.60) %
Total other 3,105 3,081 24 0.78 %
Total noninterest expense $ 19,080 $ 19,294 $ (214) (1.11) %

West Bancorporation, Inc.

Management's Discussion and Analysis

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

Salaries and employee benefits decreased for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 when compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, primarily due to a decrease in expenses related to restricted stock units and insurance benefits. The Company has not made, and at this time does not expect to make, any material staffing or compensation changes as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Occupancy expense increased for the six months ended June 30, 2020 when compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, because of the incurrence of a full six months of expenses related to the expansion into the cities of Owatonna, Mankato and St. Cloud, Minnesota, which occurred toward the end of the first quarter of 2019. FDIC insurance expense increased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 when compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 due to the increase in the Company's average assets and assessment rate. Business development expense decreased for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 when compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, primarily due to the limitations placed on business development activities during the COVID-19 shutdown and social distancing guidelines.

Income Tax Expense

The Company recorded income tax expense of $2,136 (21.1 percent of pre-tax income) and $4,368 (21.4 percent of pre-tax income) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, compared with $1,629 (19.7 percent of pre-tax income) and $3,194 (19.1 percent of pre-tax income) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019. The Company's consolidated income tax rate differs from the federal statutory income tax rate in each period, primarily due to tax-exempt interest income, the tax-exempt increase in cash value of bank-owned life insurance, disallowed interest expense, and state income taxes. In addition, for the six months ended June 30, 2020, a tax expense of $116 was recorded as a result of the decrease in fair value of restricted stock over the vesting period. Comparatively, for the six months ended June 30, 2019, a tax benefit of $15 was recorded as a result of the increase in fair value of restricted stock over the vesting period. The tax rates for the first six months of 2020 and 2019 were also impacted by year-to-date federal low income housing tax credits and a new markets tax credit of approximately $620 and $633, respectively.

On March 27, 2020, the President signed the CARES Act into law. The CARES Act includes several significant provisions for corporations including increasing the amount of deductible interest under section 163(j), allowing companies to carryback certain net operating losses, and increasing the amount of net operating loss that corporations can use to offset income. These changes did not have a significant impact on the Company's income taxes.

FINANCIAL CONDITION

The Company had total assets of $2,740,323 as of June 30, 2020, compared to total assets of $2,473,691 as of December 31, 2019. Fluctuations in the balance sheet included increases in loans, deposits and other liabilities, and a decrease in investment securities. A discussion of changes in the balance sheet is provided below.

Investment Securities

The balance of investment securities available for sale declined by $56,561 during the six months ended June 30, 2020. Securities were sold during the first half of 2020 to create liquidity for expected loan growth prior to the COVID-19 pandemic or as part of a reinvestment strategy to reduce our interest rate risk exposure in variable rate bonds. Collateralized loan obligations (CLOs) are debt securities backed by pools of senior secured commercial loans to a diverse group of companies across a broad spectrum of industries. At June 30, 2020, the Company owned AAA and AA rated CLOs and did not own CLOs rated below AA.

As of June 30, 2020, approximately 69 percent of the available for sale investment securities portfolio consisted of government agency guaranteed collateralized mortgage obligations, mortgage-backed securities and asset-backed securities. Management currently believes these securities provide relatively good yields, have little to no credit risk and provide fairly consistent cash flows.

Loans and Nonperforming Assets

Loans outstanding increased $258,025 from $1,941,663 as of December 31, 2019 to $2,199,688 as of June 30, 2020. Changes in the loan portfolio during the first six months of 2020 included increases of $37,121 in commercial real estate loans and $38,718 in construction, land and land development loans, while commercial loans, excluding PPP loans, declined $34,753. As of June 30, 2020, PPP loans outstanding totaled $223,435. The Company continues to focus on business development efforts in all of its markets. We anticipate that loan growth will continue to slow down in the future as a result of COVID-19 and the related economic uncertainties in our market areas.

West Bancorporation, Inc.

Management's Discussion and Analysis

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

Credit quality of the Company's loan portfolio remained stable as of June 30, 2020. The Company's Texas ratio, which is computed by dividing total nonperforming assets by tangible common equity plus the allowance for loan losses, was 0.17 percent as of June 30, 2020, compared to 0.23 percent as of December 31, 2019. We believe the COVID-19 pandemic may have an adverse affect on the credit quality of our loan portfolio during the remainder of 2020. Disruption to our customers could result in increased loan delinquencies and defaults. Management believes impaired loans may increase in the future as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and efforts to contain it. No credit issues are anticipated with PPP loans as they are 100 percent guaranteed by the SBA.

In accordance with regulatory guidelines, the Company exercises heightened risk management practices when non-owner occupied commercial real estate lending exceeds 300 percent of total risk-based capital or construction, land development, and other land loans exceed 100 percent of total risk-based capital. Although the Company's loan portfolio is heavily concentrated in real estate and its real estate portfolio levels exceed these regulatory guidelines, it has established risk management policies and procedures to regularly monitor the commercial real estate portfolio. An analysis of the Company's non-owner occupied commercial real estate portfolio as of December 31, 2019 was presented in the Company's Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 27, 2020, and the Company has not experienced any material changes to that analysis since December 31, 2019.

The following table sets forth the amount of nonperforming assets held by the Company and common ratio measurements of those assets as of the dates shown.

June 30, 2020 December 31, 2019 Change
Nonaccrual loans $ 390 $ 538 $ (148)
Loans past due 90 days and still accruing interest - - -

Troubled debt restructured loans (1)

- - -
Total nonperforming loans 390 538 (148)
Other real estate owned - - -
Total nonperforming assets $ 390 $ 538 $ (148)
Nonperforming loans to total loans 0.02 % 0.03 % (0.01) %
Nonperforming assets to total assets 0.01 % 0.02 % (0.01) %

(1)While TDR loans are commonly reported by the industry as nonperforming, those not classified in the nonaccrual category are accruing interest due to payment performance. TDR loans on nonaccrual status are categorized as nonaccrual. There were no TDR loans as of June 30, 2020 categorized as nonaccrual. There was one TDR loan as of December 31, 2019 with a balance of $4 categorized as nonaccrual.

As of June 30, 2020, West Bank's loan modifications related to COVID-19 totaled $553,300. None of these modifications were considered TDRs, in accordance with the CARES Act and other interpretive guidance provided by the recent bank regulatory interagency statement, and none were considered impaired. For additional information, refer to 'Provision for Loan Losses and the Related Allowance for Loan Losses' in this section and Note 4 to the financial statements.

Deposits

Deposits increased $240,953 during the first six months of 2020. Noninterest-bearing and interest-bearing demand accounts and savings accounts, which include money market accounts, increased a total of $327,939 from December 31, 2019 to June 30, 2020. Balance fluctuations were primarily due to normal customer activity, as corporate customers' liquidity needs vary at any given time. In addition, funds disbursed under the PPP program were deposited into customer deposit accounts and will impact overall deposit fluctuations as customers spend those funds according to the PPP rules. Total time deposits declined $86,986 during the first six months of 2020 primarily due to the maturity of brokered CDs totaling $50,000. In addition, some maturing certificates of deposit are not being renewed in the current low interest rate environment. We believe that deposit levels could decrease in future periods as a result of the distressed economic conditions in our market areas relating to the COVID-19 pandemic and the low interest rates.

West Bancorporation, Inc.

Management's Discussion and Analysis

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

Borrowed Funds

The Company had $185,624 of overnight federal funds purchased and long- and short-term FHLB advances outstanding at June 30, 2020. If we were to experience increases in draws on customer lines of credit or decreased deposit levels in future periods as a result of distressed economic conditions in our market areas relating to the COVID-19 pandemic, our level of borrowed funds could increase. See 'Liquidity and Capital Resources' in this section for further discussion on the Company's borrowing capacity.

Derivatives

At December 31, 2019 and June 30, 2020, the Company had interest rate swap contracts, including forward-starting swaps, associated with borrowed funds and deposits with a total notional amount of $335,000. The fair value of these derivative contracts, which is reported in other liabilities on the balance sheet, declined $22,805 from December 31, 2019 to June 30, 2020 due to the significant decrease in market interest rates. See Note 5 for additional information on the impact of the change in derivative fair values on AOCI.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

The objectives of liquidity management are to ensure the availability of sufficient cash flows to meet all financial commitments and to capitalize on opportunities for profitable business expansion. The Company's principal source of funds is deposits. Other sources include loan principal repayments, proceeds from the maturity and sale of investment securities, principal payments on collateralized mortgage obligations, mortgage-backed and asset-backed securities, federal funds purchased, advances from the FHLB, and funds provided by operations. Liquidity management is conducted on both a daily and a long-term basis. Investments in liquid assets are adjusted based on expected loan demand, projected loan and investment securities maturities and payments, expected deposit flows and the objectives set by the Company's asset-liability management policy. The Company had liquid assets (cash and cash equivalents) of $116,669 as of June 30, 2020 compared with $53,290 as of December 31, 2019.

The Company believes there could be potential stresses on liquidity management as a direct result of the COVID-19 pandemic. As customers manage their own liquidity needs, we could experience an increase in the utilization of existing lines of credit. In addition, the Bank is a participating lender in the PPP under the CARES Act. The Federal Reserve Bank has established a PPP Liquidity Facility that would provide funding specifically for loans made under the PPP, which would allow us to retain existing sources of liquidity for our traditional operations. PPP loans would be pledged as collateral on any of the Bank's borrowings under the Federal Reserve Bank's PPP Liquidity Facility. The Bank has not utilized the Federal Reserve Bank's PPP Liquidity Facility to date.

As of June 30, 2020, West Bank had additional borrowing capacity available from the FHLB of approximately $361,000, as well as approximately $74,000 through the Federal Reserve discount window and $67,000 through unsecured federal funds lines of credit with correspondent banks. Net cash from operating activities contributed $23,530 to liquidity for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Management believed that the combination of high levels of potentially liquid assets, cash flows from operations, and additional borrowing capacity provided the Company with strong liquidity as of June 30, 2020. Management continually monitors liquidity to look for signs of stress resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Company's total stockholders' equity declined to $208,687 at June 30, 2020 from $211,820 at December 31, 2019. The decrease was primarily the result of a decrease in accumulated other comprehensive income, which was primarily due to the decline in fair value of derivatives, partially offset by net income less dividends paid. At June 30, 2020, the Company's tangible common equity as a percent of tangible assets was 7.62 percent compared to 8.56 percent as of December 31, 2019.

The Company and West Bank are subject to various regulatory capital requirements administered by federal and state banking agencies. Failure to meet minimum capital requirements (as shown in the following table) can result in certain mandatory and possibly additional discretionary actions by regulators, which, if undertaken, could have a direct material effect on the Company's consolidated financial statements. Under capital adequacy guidelines and the regulatory framework for prompt corrective action, the Company and West Bank must meet specific capital guidelines that involve quantitative measures of their assets, liabilities and certain off-balance sheet items as calculated under regulatory accounting practices. The Company's and West Bank's capital amounts and classifications are also subject to qualitative judgments by the regulators about components, risk weightings and other factors. Management believed the Company and West Bank met all capital adequacy requirements to which they were subject as of June 30, 2020.

West Bancorporation, Inc.

Management's Discussion and Analysis

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

The Company's and West Bank's capital amounts and ratios are presented in the following table.

Actual For Capital
Adequacy Purposes
For Capital
Adequacy Purposes With Capital Conservation Buffer
To Be Well-Capitalized
Under Prompt Corrective
Action Provisions
Amount Ratio Amount Ratio Amount Ratio Amount Ratio
As of June 30, 2020:
Total Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets)
Consolidated $ 265,976 11.67 % $ 182,358 8.00 % $ 239,344 10.50 % N/A N/A
West Bank 273,143 11.99 % 182,251 8.00 % 239,204 10.50 % $ 227,813 10.00 %
Tier 1 Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets)
Consolidated 244,613 10.73 % 136,768 6.00 % 193,755 8.50 % N/A N/A
West Bank 251,780 11.05 % 136,688 6.00 % 193,641 8.50 % 182,251 8.00 %
Common Equity Tier 1 Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets)
Consolidated 224,613 9.85 % 102,576 4.50 % 159,563 7.00 % N/A N/A
West Bank 251,780 11.05 % 102,516 4.50 % 159,469 7.00 % 148,079 6.50 %
Tier 1 Capital (to Average Assets)
Consolidated 244,613 9.07 % 107,856 4.00 % 107,856 4.00 % N/A N/A
West Bank 251,780 9.35 % 107,749 4.00 % 107,749 4.00 % 134,687 5.00 %
As of December 31, 2019:
Total Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets)
Consolidated $ 252,316 11.40 % $ 177,013 8.00 % $ 232,330 10.50 % N/A N/A
West Bank 259,644 11.74 % 176,970 8.00 % 232,273 10.50 % $ 221,212 10.00 %
Tier 1 Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets)
Consolidated 235,081 10.62 % 132,760 6.00 % 188,077 8.50 % N/A N/A
West Bank 242,409 10.96 % 132,727 6.00 % 188,030 8.50 % 176,970 8.00 %
Common Equity Tier 1 Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets)
Consolidated 215,081 9.72 % 99,570 4.50 % 154,887 7.00 % N/A N/A
West Bank 242,409 10.96 % 99,546 4.50 % 154,849 7.00 % 143,788 6.50 %
Tier 1 Capital (to Average Assets)
Consolidated 235,081 9.53 % 98,693 4.00 % 98,693 4.00 % N/A N/A
West Bank 242,409 9.83 % 98,656 4.00 % 98,656 4.00 % 123,320 5.00 %

The Company and West Bank are subject to the rules of the Basel III regulatory capital framework and related Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. The rules included the implementation of a 2.5 percent capital conservation buffer that is added to the minimum requirements for capital adequacy purposes. A banking organization with a conservation buffer of less than the required amount will be subject to limitations on capital distributions, including dividend payments and certain discretionary bonus payments to executive officers. At June 30, 2020, the capital ratios for the Company and West Bank were sufficient to meet the conservation buffer.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Not required for smaller reporting companies.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

a. Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures. As of the end of the period covered by this report, an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company's disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e)) was performed under the supervision, and with the participation, of the Company's Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer have concluded that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act was recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC's rules and forms.

b. Changes in internal control over financial reporting. There were no changes in the Company's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the period covered by this report that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

Neither the Company nor West Bank is a party, and no property of these entities is subject, to any material pending legal proceedings, other than ordinary routine litigation incidental to West Bank's business. The Company does not know of any proceeding contemplated by a governmental authority against the Company or West Bank.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

In addition to the risk factors set forth under Part I, Item 1A 'Risk Factors' in the Company's Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, the following risk factors apply to the Company:

The outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 ('COVID-19') has adversely impacted, and an outbreak of other highly infectious or contagious diseases could adversely impact, certain industries in which the Company's customers operate and could impair their ability to fulfill their obligations to the Company. Further, the spread of the outbreak has led to an economic recession and other severe disruptions in the U.S. economy and may disrupt banking and other financial activity in the areas in which the Company operates and could potentially create widespread issues for the Company.

The spread of highly infectious or contagious diseases could cause, and the spread of COVID-19 has caused, severe disruptions in the U.S. economy at large, and for small businesses in particular, which could disrupt the Company's operations. We are starting to see the impact from COVID-19 on our business, and we believe that it could be significant, adverse and potentially material. Currently, COVID-19 is spreading through the United States and the world. The resulting concerns on the part of the U.S. and global populations have created a recession, reduced economic activity and caused a significant correction in the global stock markets. We expect that we could experience significant disruptions across our business due to these effects, possibly leading to decreased earnings, significant slowdowns in our loan collections or increased loan defaults.

COVID-19 has and may continue to impact businesses' and consumers' desire or financial ability to borrow money, which would negatively impact loan volumes. In addition, certain of our borrowers are in or have exposure to the various industries impacted by COVID-19 and/or are located in areas that had been quarantined or under stay-at-home orders, and COVID-19 may also have an adverse effect on our commercial real estate and consumer loan portfolios. Prolonged spread of COVID-19 and the related suppression of business activities would have a negative adverse impact on these borrowers and their revenue streams, which consequently impacts their ability to meet their financial obligations and could result in loan defaults.

The outbreak of COVID-19 or an outbreak of other highly infectious or contagious diseases has resulted in or may result in a decrease in our customers' businesses, a decrease in consumer confidence and business generally, an increase in unemployment or a disruption in the services provided by the Company's vendors. Disruptions to our customers could result in increased risk of delinquencies, defaults, foreclosures and losses on our loans, negatively impact regional economic conditions, result in declines in local loan demand, liquidity of loan guarantors, loan collateral (particularly in real estate), loan originations and deposit availability and negatively impact the implementation of our growth strategy.

The Company relies upon its third-party vendors to conduct business and to process, record, and monitor transactions. If any of these vendors are unable to continue to provide the Company with these services, it could negatively impact the Company's ability to serve its customers. Furthermore, the outbreak could negatively impact the ability of the Company's employees and customers to engage in banking and other financial transactions in the geographic areas in which the Company operates and could create widespread issues for the Company. The Company also could be adversely affected if key personnel or a significant number of employees were to become unavailable due to the effects and restrictions of a COVID-19 outbreak in our market areas. Although the Company has business continuity plans and other safeguards in place, there is no assurance that such plans and safeguards will be effective.

We believe that the economic impact from COVID-19 could have an adverse impact on our business and could result in losses in our loan portfolio, all of which would impact our earnings and capital.

As a participating lender in the U.S. Small Business Administration ('SBA') Paycheck Protection Program ('PPP'), the Company and the Bank are subject to additional risks of litigation from the Bank's customers or other parties regarding the Bank's processing of loans for the PPP and risks that the SBA may not fund some or all PPP loan guaranties.

On March 27, 2020, President Trump signed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act ('CARES Act'), which included a loan program administered through the SBA referred to as the PPP. Under the PPP, small businesses and other entities and individuals can apply for loans from existing SBA lenders and other approved regulated lenders that enroll in the program, subject to numerous limitations and eligibility criteria. The Bank is participating as a lender in the PPP. The PPP opened on April 3, 2020; however, because of the short timeframe between the passing of the CARES Act and the opening of the PPP, there was some ambiguity in the laws, rules and guidance regarding the operation of the PPP, which exposes the Company to risks relating to noncompliance with the PPP.

Since the opening of the PPP, several other larger banks have been subject to litigation regarding the process and procedures that such banks used in processing applications for the PPP and claims related to agent fees. The Company and the Bank may be exposed to the risk of similar litigation, from both customers and non-customers that approached the Bank regarding PPP loans, regarding its process and procedures used in processing applications for the PPP, or litigation from agents with respect to agent fees. If any such litigation is filed against the Company or the Bank and is not resolved in a manner favorable to the Company or the Bank, it may result in significant financial liability or adversely affect the Company's reputation. In addition, litigation can be costly, regardless of outcome. Any financial liability, litigation costs or reputational damage caused by PPP related litigation could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The Bank also has credit risk on PPP loans if a determination is made by the SBA that there is a deficiency in the manner in which the loan was originated, funded, or serviced by the Bank, such as an issue with the eligibility of a borrower to receive a PPP loan, which may or may not be related to the ambiguity in the laws, rules and guidance regarding the operation of the PPP. In the event of a loss resulting from a default on a PPP loan and a determination by the SBA that there was a deficiency in the manner in which the PPP loan was originated, funded, or serviced by the Company, the SBA may deny its liability under the guaranty, reduce the amount of the guaranty, or, if it has already paid under the guaranty, seek recovery of any loss related to the deficiency from the Company.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

None.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information

None.

Item 6. Exhibits

The following exhibits are filed as part of this report:

Exhibits Description
10.1*
10.2*
10.3*
10.4*
31.1
31.2
32.1
32.2
101.INS XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document
101.SCH XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104 Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and combined in Exhibit 101)

*Indicates management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

West Bancorporation, Inc.
(Registrant)
August 11, 2020 By: /s/ David D. Nelson
Date David D. Nelson
Chief Executive Officer and President
(Principal Executive Officer)
August 11, 2020 By: /s/ Douglas R. Gulling
Date Douglas R. Gulling
Executive Vice President, Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)
August 11, 2020 By: /s/ Jane M. Funk
Date Jane M. Funk
Senior Vice President, Controller and Chief Accounting Officer
(Principal Accounting Officer)

Certification of Chief Executive Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

I, David D. Nelson, certify that:

1.I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q/A of West Bancorporation, Inc.;

2.Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3.Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4.The registrant's other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a.Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b.Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c.Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant's disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d.Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant's most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant's internal control over financial reporting; and

5.The registrant's other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant's auditors and the audit committee of the registrant's board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a.All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant's ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b.Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting.

/s/ David D. Nelson

David D. Nelson

Certification of Chief Financial Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

I, Douglas R. Gulling, certify that:

1.I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q/A of West Bancorporation, Inc.;

2.Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3.Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4.The registrant's other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a.Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b.Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c.Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant's disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d.Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant's most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant's internal control over financial reporting; and

5.The registrant's other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant's auditors and the audit committee of the registrant's board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a.All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant's ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b.Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting.

/s/ Douglas R. Gulling

Douglas R. Gulling

Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as Adopted

In connection with the quarterly report of West Bancorporation, Inc. on Form 10-Q/A for the quarter ended June 30, 2020 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the 'Report'), I, David D. Nelson, Chief Executive Officer and President of West Bancorporation, Inc., certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 that: (1) the Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and (2) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of West Bancorporation, Inc.

/s/ David D. Nelson

David D. Nelson

Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as Adopted

In connection with the quarterly report of West Bancorporation, Inc. on Form 10-Q/A for the quarter ended June 30, 2020 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the 'Report'), I, Douglas R. Gulling, Executive Vice President, Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer of West Bancorporation, Inc., certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 that: (1) the Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and (2) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of West Bancorporation, Inc.

/s/ Douglas R. Gulling

Douglas R. Gulling