Results

Ministry of Women and Child Development of the Republic of India

07/04/2019 | Press release | Distributed by Public on 07/04/2019 03:14

Child Trafficking and Labour Issues

As per Section 2 (14) (ii) and (ix) of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 (JJ Act), a child who is found working in contravention of labour laws for the time being in force or is found begging, or living on the street and who is found vulnerable and is likely to be inducted into drug abuse or trafficking is included as a 'child in need of care and protection', among others.

The JJ Act, 2015 mandates a security net of service delivery structures to provide Institutional and non-Institutional care to these children. The primary responsibility of execution of the Act, as such, lies with the State/UTs. Ministry of Women and Child Development is implementing 'Child Protection Services' (CPS) (erstwhile Integrated Child Protection Scheme), for care, protection, rehabilitation and reintegration of children in difficult circumstances. Under CPS, financial assistance is provided to State Governments/UT Administrations, for, inter-alia, undertaking a situational analysis of children in difficult circumstances, for setting up and maintenance of various types of Child Care Institutions (CCIs) for providing various rehabilitative services through institutional and non-institutional care.

The Ministry of Women and Child Development and Ministry of Railways have jointly taken up an initiative to ensure the care and protection, security and well being of run away, unaccompanied and trafficked children who may come in contact with Railway. The scheme supports 24x7 outreach helpline service for children in distress. This service is available through a dedicated toll free number, 1098 which can be accessed by children in crisis or by adults on their behalf from any place in the geographical location of India.

As per Ministry of Labour & Employment, Government of India has amended the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986 and enacted Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016 which inter-alia covers complete prohibition on employment or work of children below 14 years of age in all occupations and processes; linking the age of prohibition of employment with the age for free and compulsory education under Right to Education Act, 2009; prohibition on employment of adolescents (14 to 18 years of age) in hazardous occupations or processes and making stricter punishment for the employers contravening the provisions of the Act. The amendment provides for stricter punishment for employers for violation of the Act and the employment of children or adolescents in contravention of the provisions of the Act has now been made a cognizable offence.

The Government of India is implementing the National Child Labour Project (NCLP) Scheme since 1988 for rehabilitation of child labour. Under the NCLP Scheme, children in the age group of 9-14 years are rescued/withdrawn from work and enrolled in the NCLP Special Training Centres, where they are provided with bridge education, vocational training, mid-day meal, stipend and health care, before being mainstreamed into the formal education system. Children in the age group of 5-8 years are directly linked to the formal education system through close coordination with the SarvaShikshaAbhiyan (SSA).

To ensure effective enforcement of the provisions of the Child Labour Act and smooth implementation of the National Child Labour Project (NCLP) Scheme a separate online portal PENCIL (Platform for Effective Enforcement for No Child Labour) has been developed. One of the components of PENCIL portal is the Child Tracking System which functions to monitor and track the rehabilitation of rescued children so that they do not fall in this vicious cycle of child labour.

As per latest data provided by National Crime Bureau (NCRB), State-wise and Gender-wise case registered, children missing during the year and total children missing during 2016 is given below:

SL

State/UT

Cases Registered

Children Missing during 2016 (Upto 18 years)

Total Children Missing (including previous years)

Girls

Boys

Total

Girls

Boys

Total

Girls

Boys

Total

1

Andhra Pradesh

1269

703

1972

1365

790

2155

2015

1309

3324

2

Arunachal Pradesh

26

9

35

29

9

38

47

14

61

3

Assam

857

524

1381

857

524

1381

1474

939

2413

4

Bihar

3730

1087

4817

3730

1087

4817

4325

1571

5896

5

Chhattisgarh

1637

599

2236

1643

619

2262

2172

955

3127

6

Goa

17

8

25

17

9

26

29

28

57

7

Gujarat

940

363

1303

944

371

1315

1342

665

2007

8

Haryana

911

709

1620

973

795

1768

1787

1788

3575

9

Himachal Pradesh

93

77

170

93

77

170

158

122

280

10

Jammu & Kashmir

138

165

303

138

166

304

481

589

1070

11

Jharkhand

231

202

433

260

219

479

515

493

1008

12

Karnataka

596

693

1289

889

1054

1943

1951

2273

4224

13

Kerala

707

675

1382

768

756

1524

871

864

1735

14

Madhya Pradesh

5578

2260

7838

6037

2466

8503

8622

3446

12068

15

Maharashtra

2318

1658

3976

2532

1856

4388

5827

4155

9982

16

Manipur

43

83

126

49

97

146

74

112

186

17

Meghalaya

68

56

124

68

56

124

100

84

184

18

Mizoram

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

19

Nagaland

43

24

67

47

24

71

49

28

77

20

Odisha

1363

538

1901

1363

538

1901

4215

1576

5791

21

Punjab

408

176

584

414

183

597

699

591

1290

22

Rajasthan

1254

577

1831

1338

642

1980

2597

1606

4203

23

Sikkim

74

32

106

77

32

109

93

57

150

24

Tamil Nadu

2618

931

3549

3162

1470

4632

3771

2030

5801

25

Telangana

2104

1219

3323

2277

1402

3679

2921

1779

4700

26

Tripura

126

34

160

132

37

169

144

53

197

27

Uttar Pradesh

1457

1405

2862

1465

1438

2903

2529

2640

5169

28

Uttarakhand

224

211

435

224

211

435

432

427

859

29

West Bengal

4155

1352

5507

5986

2349

8335

12286

4595

16881

TOTAL STATE

32985

16370

49355

36877

19277

56154

61526

34789

96315

30

A & N Islands

36

11

47

36

11

47

40

13

53

31

Chandigarh

123

72

195

127

74

201

231

204

435

32

D&N Haveli

0

1

1

0

2

2

6

2

8

33

Daman & Diu

8

13

21

10

19

29

18

21

39

34

Delhi UT

3828

2829

6657

3982

2939

6921

8536

6125

14661

35

Lakshadweep

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

36

Puducherry

35

18

53

35

18

53

37

21

58

TOTAL UTs

4030

2944

6974

4190

3063

7253

8868

6386

15254

TOTAL (ALL INDIA)

37015

19314

56329

41067

22340

63407

70394

41175

111569

Source:CrimeinIndia

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, SmritiZubinIrani, in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today.

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MM