Republican Party

12/06/2017 | Press release | Distributed by Public on 12/06/2017 13:43

Promise Kept: President Trump Designates Jerusalem The Capital Of Israel

PRESIDENT TRUMP'S ACTIONS UNDERSCORE THE UNITED STATES' COMMITMENT TO ISRAEL

On Wednesday, President Trump Recognized Jerusalem As The Capital Of Israel

President Trump Formally Recognized Jerusalem As The Capital Of Israel In A Speech Wednesday.' 'President Trump on Wednesday formally recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, reversing nearly seven decades of American foreign policy and setting in motion a plan to move the United States Embassy from Tel Aviv to the fiercely contested Holy City. 'It is time to officially recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel,' said Mr. Trump, speaking from the Diplomatic Reception Room of the White House, saying that past approaches to the conflict, like delaying that recognition, had not moved the peace process forward.' (Mark Landler, 'Trump Recognizes Jerusalem As Israel's Capital,' The New York Times , 12/06/12)

By Recognizing Jerusalem As The Capital Of Israel, The U.S Is 'Set[ting] Itself Apart From the Rest Of The World.' 'Israel already sees Jerusalem as the capital, but no foreign governments have embassies there. The U.S. would set itself apart from the rest of the world by recognizing Jerusalem as the capital.' (Sally Persons, 'Trump To Deliver Speech Declaring Jerusalem The Capital Of Israel: Report,' The Washington Times , 12/01/17)

Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu Called President Trump A 'True Friend Of Israel.' ''President-elect Trump is a true friend of the state of Israel,' said Netanyahu in a statement. 'We will work together to advance the security, stability and peace in our region. The strong connection between the United States and Israel is based on shared values, shared interests and a shared destiny.'' (Peter Beaumont, 'Trump Has 'Every Intention' Of Recognizing Jerusalem As Israel's Capital,' The Guardian, 11/09/16)

The President's Actions Are A Fulfillment Of Yet Another Campaign Promise

During The 2016 Campaign, Donald Trump Promised To Call Jerusalem 'The Eternal Capital of The Jewish People' Once In Office And 'Accept The Long-Standing Congressional Mandate To Recognize Jerusalem' As The Capital Of Israel. 'The Trump campaign 'acknowledged that Jerusalem has been the eternal capital of the Jewish People for over 3,000 years, and that the United States, under a Trump administration, will finally accept the long-standing Congressional mandate to recognize Jerusalem as the undivided capital of the State of Israel.'' (Harriet Agerholm, 'Donald Trump Tells Israeli Prime Minister He Would Recognize Jerusalem As Israel's Capital,' The Independent , 09/26/16)

  • Trump Campaign: 'The United States Will Finally Accept The Long-Standing Congressional Mandate To Recognize Jerusalem As The Undivided Capital Of The State Of Israel.' 'The Trump campaign 'acknowledged that Jerusalem has been the eternal capital of the Jewish People for over 3,000 years, and that the United States, under a Trump administration, will finally accept the long-standing Congressional mandate to recognize Jerusalem as the undivided capital of the State of Israel'' (Harriet Agerholm, 'Donald Trump Tells Israeli Prime Minister He Would Recognize Jerusalem As Israel's Capital,' The Independent , 09/26/16)

IN THE PAST, NAMING JERUSALEM THE CAPITAL OF ISRAEL HAS RECEIVED EXTENSIVE BIPARTISAN SUPPORT

Democrats Have For Decades Supported Naming Jerusalem The Capital Of Israel

Promises To Name Jerusalem The Capital Of Israel Have Been Made In 'Various Forms' Since 1992. 'That promise has been made in various forms since at least 1992. Congress three years later passed a law calling for the US embassy to be moved to Jerusalem by 1999, but presidents of both parties always have waived the requirement. George W Bush promised in 2000 to start the move 'as soon as I take office,' then didn't.' ('Hillary Clinton, Donald Trump To Meet Separately With Israel PM Netanyahu,' The Associated Press , 09/26/16)

In 1984, Former Rep. Tom Lantos (D-CA), Stated 'The Time Has Come For Us To Recognize The Reality That Jerusalem Is The Capital Of Israel' And That It Is Time 'For Us To Abandon The Discriminatory Double Standard We Have Observed Toward Israel And Locate Our Embassy In Israel's Capital - Jerusalem.' 'The time has come for us to recognize the reality that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel. The time has come for us to take a clear and unequivocal stand on the issue of equal treatment. The time has come for us to abandon the discriminatory double standard we have observed toward Israel and locate our embassy in Israel's capital -- Jerusalem.' (Rep. Tom Lantos, 'Embassies In Capital Cities, The Christian Science Monitor , 6/20/84)

  • Lantos Noted That 'As A Routine Matter, When A Capital Is Moved, We Move Our Embassy.' 'As a routine matter, when a capital is moved, we move our embassy. This practice was followed when Brazil decided to move its capital from Rio de Janeiro to Brasilia and when the government of Saudi Arabia, which until recently declined to have embassies located in its capital, indicated that it would like to have embassies in Riyadh.' (Rep. Tom Lantos, 'Embassies In Capital Cities, The Christian Science Monitor , 6/20/84)

Minority Leader Senator Chuck Schumer (D-NY): 'As Someone Who Strongly Believes That Jerusalem Is The Undivided Capital Of Israel, I Am Calling For The U.S. Embassy In Israel To Be Relocated To Jerusalem.' ''This year is the fiftieth anniversary of the reunification of Jerusalem, yet with 2018 fast approaching, the U.S. still hasn't moved the embassy or made clear its commitment to Israel's capital,' said U.S. Senator Charles Schumer. 'President Trump's recent comments suggest his indecisiveness on the embassy's relocation. As someone who strongly believes that Jerusalem is the undivided capital of Israel, I am calling for the U.S. Embassy in Israel to be relocated to Jerusalem. Moving the embassy as soon as possible would appropriately commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of Jerusalem's reunification and show the world that the U.S. definitively acknowledges Jerusalem as Israel's capital.'' (Press Release, 'Schumer Calls For U.S. Embassy In Israel To Be Moved To Jerusalem; Senator Says We Have Waited Too Long; Urges Action To Make Clear The U.S. Commitment To Move Embassy,' Sen. Chuck Schumer , 10/10/17)

  • In 1995, Then-Rep. Schumer Stated 'It Was Embarrassing' To Have To Go To Tel Aviv To Reach The U.S. Embassy And That It Is A Sovereign Nation's Right To Choose Their Own Capital And 'It Is About Time The United States Went Along' And Recognized That. REP. SCHUMER: 'Mr. Speaker, whenever I went to Israel and would have to meet with American officials and leave Jerusalem and go to Tel Aviv, it was embarrassing. It was humiliating. It was wrong. As has been said before, it is a nation's sovereignty to choose its capital. Israel has chosen Jerusalem. It is about time the United States went along.' (Rep. Chuck Schumer, Congressional Record, 10/24/95, p. H10683)

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In 2008, Then-Senator Hillary Clinton (D-NY) Pledged To Support An Undivided Jerusalem. ' During her 2008 presidential campaign, then-Sen. Clinton pledged to support 'Israel's right to exist in safety as a Jewish state, with defensible borders and an undivided Jerusalem as its capital.'' (Jason Greenblatt, 'Trump Gets It Right On Jerusalem,' CNN , 06/29/16)

In 2010, Senate Foreign Relations Committee Ranking Member Ben Cardin (D-MD): 'Jerusalem Is The Undivided Capital Of The State Of Israel.' ''Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is right to call the current uproar over planning for new construction in East Jerusalem 'overblown.' Jerusalem is the undivided capital of the State of Israel. This episode seems to be yet another excuse for the Palestinian Authority to delay returning to negotiations toward a real two-state solution and peace agreement. Israel has been a ready and willing partner to continue direct negotiation. It is time for President Abbas to come back to the negotiating table.'' (Press Release, 'Cardin Calls Uproar Over Construction An Excuse To Delay Negotiations, Urges Abbas To Return To Direct Talks With Israel,' Sen. Ben Cardin , 11/10/10)

Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) Noted That In 2012 Democrats Were Wrong To Omit Mention Of Jerusalem As Israel's Capital In The First Draft Of The Party Platform. 'Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand said Wednesday that she does not support the Democratic Party's platform that excluded language that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel. 'I disagree with that platform, and I think President Obama, however, can stand strongly on his record,' Gillibrand told reporters at the Democratic National Convention. 'He is a friend of Israel. He cares deeply about Israel's security.' The platform this year didn't include prior language that included 'Jerusalem is and will remain the capital of Israel.'' (Joseph Spector, 'Sen.Kirsten Gillibrand: Democrats Wrong To Omit Line About Jerusalem As Israel's Capital,' The Journal News, 9/06/12)

Then Newark Mayor Cory Booker (D-NJ) In 2012: Jerusalem As Israel's Capital Is 'Not A Controversial Issue.' 'In the CNN interview, Booker said Jerusalem as Israel's capital is 'not a controversial issue in American politics.' 'The great thing about this is as ugly as the process was, as bad as the process was we got to the end,' he said. Booker also played down the omission of 'God,' saying the platform still talked about faith. Booker declined to go into detail about how the error was made. But an aide to Booker told The Star-Ledger yesterday that the mayor did not know the language had been changed until he began receiving phone calls from friends.' (David Giambusso, 'Booker Downplays Platform Omissions Jerusalem As Isareli Capital Is Reinstated,' The Star-Ledger , 9/07/12)

Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) In 1995: 'We Will Send Word That Israel, Like Every Country In The World, Has The Sovereign Right To Designate Its Capital And To Have That Capital Recognized By The Nations Of The World.' ' 'I am sure that many of my colleagues agree. But the inclusion of the waiver should not obscure the achievement reached by this bill. For the first time ever, Congress will pass legislation that will mandate moving the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem, and I believe the President will sign it. This represents a major advance in our cause of moving the Embassy. And through this message we will send word that Israel, like every country in the world, has the sovereign right to designate its capital and to have that capital recognized by the nations of the world. I congratulate my colleagues on this achievement, and I look forward to it passing with overwhelming support.'' (Sen. Dianne Feinstein, Congressional Record, 10/24/95, p. S15520-15521)

  • Senator Feinstein: 'Israel Is Fortunate To Call Jerusalem Its Capital' '' One can stand in the Old City and hear simultaneously the Moslem call to prayer from the minarets of the mosques, the sounds of the Torah being read down by the Western Wall, and church bells ringing in the distance. It is truly a special city, and Israel is fortunate to call Jerusalem its capital.'' (Sen. Dianne Feinstein, Congressional Record, 10/24/95, p. S15520-15521)

Senator Joe Biden (D-DE) On Recognizing Jerusalem As Israel's Capital: 'To Do Less Would Be To Play Into The Hands Of Those Who Would Deny Israel The Full Attributes Of Statehood.' ' Proponents contended itwould have no effect on the peace process or help it succeed. 'This legislation is not about the peace process, it is about recognizing Israel's capital,' said Senate Majority Leader Robert J. Dole(R-Kan.), chief sponsor of the bill. 'To do less would be to play into the hands of those who would deny Israel the full attributes of statehood,' said Sen. Joseph R. Biden Jr. (Del.), a senior Democraton the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.' (Helen Dewar, 'Congress Approves Move Of U.S. Embassy To Jerusalem By Mid-1999,' The Washington Post, 10/25/99)

As Candidates, Presidents Obama And Clinton Both Supported Naming Jerusalem The Capital Of Israel

As A Presidential Candidate, Bill Clinton Declared That An Undivided Jerusalem Was 'Israel's Eternal Capital.' ' Clinton, who, as a presidential candidate declared that an undivided Jerusalem was 'Israel's eternal capital,' officially invoked that clause last week. To justify the legally required national-security threat, he claimed that moving the embassy now might subject U.S. diplomatic personnel to terrorist attacks.' ('Clinton's Jerusalem Cop-Out,' The New York Post, 06/22/99)

In 2008, Senator Barack Obama Pledged 'That Jerusalem Will Remain The Capital Of Israel, And It Must Remain Undivided.' 'The morning after claiming the Democratic nomination, Senator Barack Obama to skeptical members of a pro-Israel lobby and made a pledge that some of them found pleasantly surprising: 'Jerusalem will remain the capital of Israel, and it must remain undivided.'' (Larry Rohter, 'Obama's Comments On Israel Stir Criticism in U.S.,' The New York Times, 06/07/08)

In 2012, President Obama Directed The Democratic Party To Restore Language From The 2008 DNC Platform Declaring Jerusalem The Capital Of Israel. ' President Obama, seeking to quell a storm of criticism from Republicans and pro-Israel groups, directed the Democratic Party on Wednesday to amend its platform to restore language declaring Jerusalem the Israeli capital. The change, approved in a voice vote that had to be taken three times because of a chorus of noes in the arena, reinstated the line 'Jerusalem is and will remain the capital of Israel' in a section that describes Mr. Obama's policy toward the country. That sentence was in the 2008 platform, but the Democrats removed it this year, saying that they wanted to spotlight other elements of Mr. Obama's policy and that the platform should reflect a sitting president rather than a candidate for office.' (Mark Landler, 'Pushed by Obama, Democrats Alter Platform Over Jerusalem, The New York Times , 09/05/12)

Democratic Senators Have Overwhelmingly Supported Recent Legislation Recognizing Jerusalem As The Capital Of Israel

S.1322, The Jerusalem Embassy Act Of 1995, Declared It To Be U.S. Policy That: (1) Jerusalem Remain An Undivided City In Which The Right Of Every Ethnic Religious Group Are Protected; (2) Jerusalem Be Recognized As The Capital Of The State Of Israel; And (3) The U.S. Embassy In Israel Be Established In Jerusalem No Later Than May 31, 1999. (S.1322, Roll Call Vote #496 : Passed 93-05-2, 10/24/95)

  • S.1322 Supported By Various Democratic Leaders Including Joe Biden (D-DE), Dianne Feinstein (D-Ca), John Kerry (D-MA), Harry Reid (D-NV) (S.1322, Roll Call Vote #496 : Passed 93-05)

In 1997, S.Con.Res.21 Passed The Senate With Unanimous Consent And Called Upon The President And The Secretary Of State To Publicly Affirm As A Matter Of U.S. Policy That Jerusalem Must Remain The Undivided Capital Of Israel And Urged U.S. Officials To Refrain From Any Actions That Contradicted U.S. Law On This Subject.

  • S.Con.Res.21 Was Agreed To In Senate By Unanimous Consent And Was Cosponsored By Various Democratic Leaders Including: Dianne Feinstein (D-CA), John Kerry (D-MA), Joe Biden (D-DA), Harry Reid (D-NV). ( S.Con.Res.21 , Resolution Agreed To By Unanimous Consent, 5/20/97)

On June 5, 2017, The U.S. Senate Adopted S.Res.176, 'A Resolution Commemorating The 50th Anniversary Of The Reunification Of Jerusalem.' ( S. Res. 176 , Resolution Agreed To 90-0-10, 6/5/17)

  • The Resolution Passed By A 90-0 Vote, With 10 Senators Abstaining (Abstentions: Sens. Bennet, Booker, Duckworth, Flake, Menendez, Merkley, Murkowski, Sullivan, Tillis, Toomey). ( S. Res. 176 , Resolution Agreed To 90-0-10, 6/5/17)

The Resolution Reaffirmed The Jerusalem Embassy Act Of 1995 Which Stated Jerusalem Should Remain The Undivided Capital Of Israel. 'Whereas the Jerusalem Embassy Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-45), which became law on November 8, 1995, states that Jerusalem should remain the undivided capital of Israel in which the rights of every ethnic and religious group are protected; and … (5) reaffirms that it is the longstanding, bipartisan policy of the United States Government that the permanent status of Jerusalem remains a matter to be decided between the parties through final status negotiations towards a two-state solution; and (6) reaffirms the Jerusalem Embassy Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-45) as United States law, and calls upon the President and all United States officials to abide by its provisions.' ( S. Res. 176 , Resolution Agreed To 90-0-10, 6/5/17)

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