West Bancorporation Inc.

10/28/2021 | Press release | Distributed by Public on 10/28/2021 05:23

Quarterly Report (Form 10-Q)

wtba-20210930

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2021
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________ to __________
Commission File Number: 0-49677

WEST BANCORPORATION, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
Iowa 42-1230603
(State of Incorporation) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
1601 22nd Street, West Des Moines, Iowa
50266
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (515)222-2300

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, no par value WTBA The Nasdaq Global Select Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

YesNo

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

YesNo o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes No

As of October 27, 2021, there were 16,554,846 shares of common stock, no par value, outstanding.


WEST BANCORPORATION, INC.
INDEX
Page
PART I.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
Financial Statements
4
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020
4
Consolidated Statements of Income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020
5
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020
6
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020
7
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020
9
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
10
Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
30
"Safe Harbor" Concerning Forward-Looking Statements
30
Critical Accounting Policies
30
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
31
Overview
32
Impact of COVID-19
32
Summary
32
Results of Operations
35
Financial Condition
43
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
47
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
47
PART II.
OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
48
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
48
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
48
Item 3.
Defaults Upon Senior Securities
48
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
48
Item 5.
Other Information
48
Item 6.
Exhibits
49
Signatures
50
3

Table of Contents
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Consolidated Balance Sheet
(unaudited)


(in thousands, except share and per share data) September 30, 2021 December 31, 2020
ASSETS
Cash and due from banks $ 30,922 $ 77,693
Federal funds sold 1,547 318,742
Cash and cash equivalents 32,469 396,435
Securities available for sale, at fair value 763,397 420,571
Federal Home Loan Bank stock, at cost 11,544 11,723
Loans 2,359,567 2,280,575
Allowance for loan losses (28,098) (29,436)
Loans, net 2,331,469 2,251,139
Premises and equipment, net 33,287 29,077
Accrued interest receivable 11,772 11,231
Bank-owned life insurance 43,376 42,686
Deferred tax assets, net 10,288 11,289
Other assets 12,098 11,593
Total assets $ 3,249,700 $ 3,185,744
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
LIABILITIES
Deposits:
Noninterest-bearing demand $ 713,076 $ 696,731
Interest-bearing demand 458,165 553,881
Savings 1,379,321 1,274,254
Time of $250 or more 50,643 46,907
Other time 135,718 129,221
Total deposits 2,736,923 2,700,994
Federal funds purchased 39,380 5,375
Subordinated notes, net 20,462 20,452
Federal Home Loan Bank advances 125,000 175,000
Long-term debt 17,654 21,558
Accrued expenses and other liabilities 57,905 38,670
Total liabilities 2,997,324 2,962,049
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (NOTE 8)
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; authorized 50,000,000 shares; no shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020
- -
Common stock, no par value; authorized 50,000,000 shares; 16,554,846
and 16,469,272 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2021
and December 31, 2020, respectively
3,000 3,000
Additional paid-in capital 29,536 28,823
Retained earnings 229,845 203,718
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (10,005) (11,846)
Total stockholders' equity 252,376 223,695
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 3,249,700 $ 3,185,744
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
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West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Consolidated Statements of Income
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands, except per share data) 2021 2020 2021 2020
Interest income:
Loans, including fees $ 24,229 $ 22,489 $ 71,406 $ 67,132
Securities:
Taxable 2,412 1,728 5,952 6,105
Tax-exempt 762 378 2,032 994
Federal funds sold 82 15 226 256
Total interest income 27,485 24,610 79,616 74,487
Interest expense:
Deposits 2,021 1,946 5,893 9,343
Federal funds purchased 2 2 4 21
Subordinated notes 254 254 754 762
Federal Home Loan Bank advances 656 1,189 2,288 3,702
Long-term debt 66 87 220 316
Total interest expense 2,999 3,478 9,159 14,144
Net interest income 24,486 21,132 70,457 60,343
Provision for loan losses - 4,000 (1,500) 8,000
Net interest income after provision for loan losses
24,486 17,132 71,957 52,343
Noninterest income:
Service charges on deposit accounts 589 609 1,749 1,743
Debit card usage fees 490 432 1,443 1,205
Trust services 695 553 2,038 1,477
Increase in cash value of bank-owned life insurance 230 133 690 427
Loan swap fees - 983 42 1,572
Realized securities gains, net 11 156 51 81
Other income 386 337 1,368 993
Total noninterest income 2,401 3,203 7,381 7,498
Noninterest expense:
Salaries and employee benefits 6,018 5,412 17,298 16,014
Occupancy 1,203 1,221 3,630 3,651
Data processing 616 572 1,835 1,756
FDIC insurance 528 351 1,358 880
Professional fees 212 230 763 669
Director fees 176 236 581 664
Other expenses 1,959 2,037 6,044 5,505
Total noninterest expense 10,712 10,059 31,509 29,139
Income before income taxes 16,175 10,276 47,829 30,702
Income taxes 3,469 2,176 10,132 6,544
Net income $ 12,706 $ 8,100 $ 37,697 $ 24,158
Basic earnings per common share $ 0.77 $ 0.49 $ 2.28 $ 1.47
Diluted earnings per common share $ 0.76 $ 0.49 $ 2.25 $ 1.46
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
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West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands) 2021 2020 2021 2020
Net income $ 12,706 $ 8,100 $ 37,697 $ 24,158
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Unrealized gains (losses) on securities:
Unrealized holding gains (losses) arising during the period (6,172) 357 (10,462) 6,171
Plus: reclassification adjustment for net gains realized in net income (11) (156) (51) (81)
Income tax (expense) benefit 1,558 (50) 2,649 (1,522)
Other comprehensive income (loss) on securities (4,625) 151 (7,864) 4,568
Unrealized gains (losses) on derivatives:
Unrealized holding gains (losses) arising during the period 359 256 5,801 (23,912)
Plus: reclassification adjustment for net losses on derivatives realized in net income 1,105 1,405 7,173 2,768
Plus: reclassification adjustment for amortization of derivative termination costs
- - - 31
Income tax (expense) benefit (369) (415) (3,269) 5,277
Other comprehensive income (loss) on derivatives 1,095 1,246 9,705 (15,836)
Total other comprehensive income (loss) (3,530) 1,397 1,841 (11,268)
Comprehensive income $ 9,176 $ 9,497 $ 39,538 $ 12,890

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
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West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity
(unaudited)
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021
Accumulated
Additional Other
Preferred Common Stock Paid-In Retained Comprehensive
Stock Shares Amount Capital Earnings Income (Loss) Total
Balance, June 30, 2021 $ - 16,554,846 $ 3,000 $ 28,888 $ 221,113 $ (6,475) $ 246,526
Net income
- - - - 12,706 - 12,706
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax - - - - - (3,530) (3,530)
Cash dividends declared, $0.24 per common share
- - - - (3,974) - (3,974)
Stock-based compensation costs
- - - 648 - - 648
Balance, September 30, 2021 $ - 16,554,846 $ 3,000 $ 29,536 $ 229,845 $ (10,005) $ 252,376
Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
Accumulated
Additional Other
Preferred Common Stock Paid-In Retained Comprehensive
Stock Shares Amount Capital Earnings Income (Loss) Total
Balance, June 30, 2020 $ - 16,469,272 $ 3,000 $ 27,632 $ 193,981 $ (15,926) $ 208,687
Net income - - - - 8,100 - 8,100
Other comprehensive income, net of tax - - - - - 1,397 1,397
Cash dividends declared, $0.21 per common share
- - - - (3,459) - (3,459)
Stock-based compensation costs
- - - 595 - - 595
Balance, September 30, 2020 $ - 16,469,272 $ 3,000 $ 28,227 $ 198,622 $ (14,529) $ 215,320
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
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West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity
(unaudited)
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
Accumulated
Additional Other
Preferred Common Stock Paid-In Retained Comprehensive
Stock Shares Amount Capital Earnings Income (Loss) Total
Balance, December 31, 2020 $ - 16,469,272 $ 3,000 $ 28,823 $ 203,718 $ (11,846) $ 223,695
Net income
- - - - 37,697 - 37,697
Other comprehensive income,
net of tax
- - - - - 1,841 1,841
Cash dividends declared, $0.70 per common share
- - - - (11,570) (11,570)
Stock-based compensation costs
- - - 1,926 - - 1,926
Issuance of common stock upon vesting of restricted stock units, net of shares withheld for payroll taxes
- 85,574 - (1,213) - - (1,213)
Balance, September 30, 2021 $ - 16,554,846 $ 3,000 $ 29,536 $ 229,845 $ (10,005) $ 252,376
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
Accumulated
Additional Other
Preferred Common Stock Paid-In Retained Comprehensive
Stock Shares Amount Capital Earnings Income (Loss) Total
Balance, December 31, 2019 $ - 16,379,752 $ 3,000 $ 27,260 $ 184,821 $ (3,261) $ 211,820
Net income
- - - - 24,158 - 24,158
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax - - - - - (11,268) (11,268)
Cash dividends declared, $0.63 per common share
- - - - (10,357) - (10,357)
Stock-based compensation costs
- - - 1,716 - - 1,716
Issuance of common stock upon vesting of restricted stock units, net of shares withheld for payroll taxes
- 89,520 - (749) - - (749)
Balance, September 30, 2020 $ - 16,469,272 $ 3,000 $ 28,227 $ 198,622 $ (14,529) $ 215,320

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

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West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(unaudited)
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands) 2021 2020
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
Net income $ 37,697 $ 24,158
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Provision for loan losses (1,500) 8,000
Net amortization and accretion 1,459 1,628
Securities gains, net (51) (81)
Stock-based compensation 1,926 1,716
Increase in cash value of bank-owned life insurance (690) (427)
Depreciation 1,143 1,131
(Benefit) provision for deferred income taxes 380 (1,693)
Change in assets and liabilities:
Increase in accrued interest receivable (541) (3,937)
(Increase) decrease in other assets 2,299 (231)
Increase in accrued expenses and other liabilities 312 798
Net cash provided by operating activities 42,434 31,062
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
Proceeds from sales of securities available for sale 30,374 133,212
Proceeds from maturities and calls of securities available for sale 65,784 54,736
Purchases of securities available for sale (420,744) (158,540)
Purchases of Federal Home Loan Bank stock (2,325) (9,334)
Proceeds from redemption of Federal Home Loan Bank stock 2,504 9,920
Net increase in loans (78,830) (305,594)
Purchase of bank-owned life insurance - (7,200)
Purchases of premises and equipment (6,410) (605)
Net cash used in investing activities (409,647) (283,405)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
Net increase in deposits 35,929 282,024
Net increase (decrease) in federal funds purchased 34,005 (310)
Net decrease in Federal Home Loan Bank advances (50,000) (5,000)
Principal payments on long-term debt (3,904) (712)
Common stock dividends paid (11,570) (10,357)
Restricted stock units withheld for payroll taxes (1,213) (749)
Net cash provided by financing activities 3,247 264,896
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (363,966) 12,553
Cash and Cash Equivalents:
Beginning 396,435 53,290
Ending $ 32,469 $ 65,843
Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information:
Cash payments for:
Interest $ 9,596 $ 15,034
Income taxes 9,220 7,590
Supplemental Disclosure of Noncash Investing and Financing Activities:
Purchase of securities available for sale, pending settlement $ 30,151 $ -
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

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West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

1. Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared by West Bancorporation, Inc. (the Company) pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. Although management believes that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented understandable, it is suggested that these interim consolidated financial statements be read in conjunction with the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed with the SEC on March 1, 2021. In the opinion of management, the accompanying consolidated financial statements of the Company contain all adjustments necessary to fairly present its financial position as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, net income, comprehensive income and changes in stockholders' equity for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, and cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020. The results for these interim periods may not be indicative of results for the entire year or for any other period.

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) established by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB). References to GAAP issued by the FASB in these footnotes are to the FASB Accounting Standards Codification™, sometimes referred to as the Codification or ASC.In preparing the consolidated financial statements, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses for the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Material estimates that are particularly susceptible to significant change in the near term are the fair value of financial instruments and the allowance for loan losses.

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, West Bank and West Bank's special purpose subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. In accordance with GAAP, West Bancorporation Capital Trust I is recorded on the books of the Company using the equity method of accounting and is not consolidated.

Current accounting developments: In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326). The amendments in this update require a financial asset (or a group of financial assets) measured at amortized cost basis to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected. The allowance for credit losses is a valuation account that is deducted from the amortized cost basis of the financial assets to present the net carrying value at the amount expected to be collected on the financial assets. Under the update, the income statement will reflect the measurement of credit losses for newly recognized financial assets, as well as the expected increases or decreases of expected credit losses that have taken place during the period. The measurement of expected credit losses is based on relevant information about past events, including historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectibility of the reported amount of financial assets. An entity must use judgment in determining the relevant information and estimation methods that are appropriate in its circumstances. The allowance for credit losses for purchased financial assets with a more-than-insignificant amount of credit deterioration since origination that are measured at amortized cost basis is determined in a similar manner to other financial assets measured at amortized cost basis; however, the initial allowance for credit losses is added to the purchase price rather than being reported as a credit loss expense. Only subsequent changes in the allowance for credit losses are recorded as a credit loss expense for these assets. Off-balance-sheet arrangements such as commitments to extend credit, guarantees, and standby letters of credit that are not considered derivatives under ASC 815 and are not unconditionally cancellable are also within the scope of this update. Credit losses relating to available for sale debt securities should be recorded through an allowance for credit losses.

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-10, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326). This update amends the effective date of ASU No. 2016-13 for certain entities, including smaller reporting companies until fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal periods. Early adoption is permitted. The one-time determination date for identifying as a smaller reporting company was November 15, 2019. The Company met the definition of a smaller reporting company as of that date and plans to adopt the standard with the amended effective date. The Company does not plan to early adopt this standard, but continues to work through implementation. The Company continues collecting and retaining loan and credit data and evaluating various loss estimation models. While we currently cannot reasonably estimate the impact of adopting this standard, we expect the impact will be influenced by the composition, characteristics and quality of our loan and securities portfolios, as well as the general economic conditions and forecasts as of the adoption date.

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West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

In April 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-04, Codification Improvements to Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (ASC 326), Derivatives and Hedging (ASC 815), and Financial Instruments (ASC 825). The amendments in the ASU improve the Codification by eliminating inconsistencies and providing clarifications. The amended guidance in this ASU related to the credit losses will be effective for the Company for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the ASU on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting. The amendments in this update provide optional guidance for a limited period of time to ease the potential burden in accounting for (or recognizing the effects of) reference rate reform on financial reporting. It provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying generally accepted accounting principles to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions affected by reference rate reform if certain criteria are met. The amendments in this update are effective for all entities as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the reference rate reform on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
In January 2021, the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-01, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Scope. The amendments in this update refine the scope for certain optional expedients and exceptions for contract modifications and hedge accounting to apply to derivative contracts and certain hedging relationships affected by the discounting transition. The amendments in this update are effective for all entities as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the reference rate reform on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

2. Earnings per Common Share

Basic earnings per common share are computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted earnings per common share reflect the potential dilution that could occur if the Company's outstanding restricted stock units were vested. The dilutive effect was computed using the treasury stock method, which assumes all stock-based awards were exercised and the hypothetical proceeds from exercise were used by the Company to purchase common stock at the average market price during the period. The incremental shares, to the extent they would have been dilutive, were included in the denominator of the diluted earnings per common share calculation.The calculations of earnings per common share and diluted earnings per common share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 are presented in the following table.

Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands, except per share data) 2021 2020 2021 2020
Net income $ 12,706 $ 8,100 $ 37,697 $ 24,158
Weighted average common shares outstanding 16,555 16,470 16,527 16,439
Weighted average effect of restricted stock units outstanding
248 54 245 59
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding 16,803 16,524 16,772 16,498
Basic earnings per common share $ 0.77 $ 0.49 $ 2.28 $ 1.47
Diluted earnings per common share $ 0.76 $ 0.49 $ 2.25 $ 1.46
Number of anti-dilutive common stock equivalents excluded from diluted earnings per share computation
- 243 - 251
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West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

3. Securities Available for Sale

The following tables show the amortized cost, gross unrealized gains and losses, and fair value of securities available for sale, by security type as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
September 30, 2021
Amortized
Cost
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
Gross
Unrealized
(Losses)
Fair
Value
Securities available for sale:
State and political subdivisions $ 233,017 $ 2,798 $ (3,954) $ 231,861
Collateralized mortgage obligations (1)
325,956 2,753 (2,123) 326,586
Mortgage-backed securities (1)
151,320 242 (2,328) 149,234
Collateralized loan obligations 42,854 75 (24) 42,905
Corporate notes 12,750 84 (23) 12,811
$ 765,897 $ 5,952 $ (8,452) $ 763,397
December 31, 2020
Amortized
Cost
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
Gross
Unrealized
(Losses)
Fair
Value
Securities available for sale:
State and political subdivisions $ 141,405 $ 3,441 $ (514) $ 144,332
Collateralized mortgage obligations (1)
135,338 5,650 (26) 140,962
Mortgage-backed securities (1)
82,994 651 (122) 83,523
Collateralized loan obligations 52,822 50 (1,118) 51,754
$ 412,559 $ 9,792 $ (1,780) $ 420,571
(1)Collateralized mortgage obligations and mortgage-backed securities consist of residential and commercial mortgage pass-through securities and collateralized mortgage obligations guaranteed by FNMA, FHLMC, GNMA and SBA.

Securities with an amortized cost of approximately $283,428 and $232,206 as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, were pledged to secure access to the Federal Reserve discount window, for public fund deposits, and for other purposes as required or permitted by law or regulation.

The amortized cost and fair value of securities available for sale as of September 30, 2021, by contractual maturity, are shown below. Certain securities have call features that allow the issuer to call the securities prior to maturity. Expected maturities may differ from contractual maturities for collateralized mortgage obligations and mortgage-backed securities because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties. Therefore, collateralized mortgage obligations and mortgage-backed securities are not included in the maturity categories within the following maturity summary.
September 30, 2021
Amortized Cost Fair Value
Due after five years through ten years $ 46,878 $ 46,938
Due after ten years 241,743 240,639
288,621 287,577
Collateralized mortgage obligations and mortgage-backed securities 477,276 475,820
$ 765,897 $ 763,397
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West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The details of the sales of securities available for sale for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 are summarized in the following table.
Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021 2020 2021 2020
Proceeds from sales $ 1,413 $ 54,631 $ 30,374 $ 133,212
Gross gains on sales 11 318 283 1,773
Gross losses on sales - 162 232 1,692

The following tables show the fair value and gross unrealized losses, aggregated by investment type and length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous loss position, as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
September 30, 2021
Less than 12 months 12 months or longer Total
Fair
Value
Gross
Unrealized
(Losses)
Fair
Value
Gross
Unrealized
(Losses)
Fair
Value
Gross
Unrealized
(Losses)
Securities available for sale:
State and political subdivisions $ 132,866 $ (2,850) $ 20,205 $ (1,104) $ 153,071 $ (3,954)
Collateralized mortgage obligations 187,026 (2,123) - - 187,026 (2,123)
Mortgage-backed securities 115,501 (2,328) - - 115,501 (2,328)
Collateralized loan obligations 14,986 (24) - - 14,986 (24)
Corporate notes 4,227 (23) - - 4,227 (23)
$ 454,606 $ (7,348) $ 20,205 $ (1,104) $ 474,811 $ (8,452)
December 31, 2020
Less than 12 months 12 months or longer Total
Fair
Value
Gross
Unrealized
(Losses)
Fair
Value
Gross
Unrealized
(Losses)
Fair
Value
Gross
Unrealized
(Losses)
Securities available for sale:
State and political subdivisions $ 48,752 $ (514) $ - $ - $ 48,752 $ (514)
Collateralized mortgage obligations 9,275 (26) - - 9,275 (26)
Mortgage-backed securities 14,183 (122) - - 14,183 (122)
Collateralized loan obligations 14,667 (206) 32,026 (912) 46,693 (1,118)
$ 86,877 $ (868) $ 32,026 $ (912) $ 118,903 $ (1,780)

As of September 30, 2021, securities available for sale with unrealized losses included 47 state and political subdivision securities, 22 collateralized mortgage obligation securities, 14 mortgage-backed securities, two collateralized loan obligation securities and four corporate notes. Collateralized loan obligation securities are debt securities backed by pools of senior secured commercial loans to a diverse group of companies across a broad spectrum of industries. At September 30, 2021, the Company only owned collateralized loan obligations that were AAA- or AA-rated. The Company believes the unrealized losses on securities available for sale as of September 30, 2021 were due to market conditions rather than reduced estimated cash flows. At September 30, 2021, the Company did not intend to sell these securities, did not anticipate that these securities will be required to be sold before anticipated recovery, and expected full principal and interest to be collected. Therefore, the Company did not consider these securities to have other than temporary impairment as of September 30, 2021.


13

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

4. Loans and Allowance for Loan Losses

Loans consisted of the following segments as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
September 30, 2021 December 31, 2020
Commercial $ 491,344 $ 603,599
Real estate:
Construction, land and land development 325,655 236,093
1-4 family residential first mortgages 63,881 58,912
Home equity 8,993 9,444
Commercial 1,471,170 1,373,007
Consumer and other 3,698 5,694
2,364,741 2,286,749
Net unamortized fees and costs (5,174) (6,174)
$ 2,359,567 $ 2,280,575

Included in commercial loans at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, were $47,416 and $180,757, respectively, of loans originated in the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP). The PPP was established by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (CARES Act), enacted on March 27, 2020, and expanded by the Economic Aid to Hard-Hit Small Businesses, Nonprofits, and Venues Act, enacted on December 27, 2020 and the American Rescue Plan Act, enacted on March 11, 2021, in response to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The PPP is administered by the Small Business Administration (SBA). PPP loans may be forgiven by the SBA and are 100 percent guaranteed by the SBA. Therefore, no allowance for loan losses is allocated to PPP loans.

Real estate loans of approximately $1,250,000 and $1,010,000 were pledged as security for Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB) advances as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

Loans are stated at the principal amounts outstanding, net of unamortized loan fees and costs, with interest income recognized on the interest method based upon the terms of the loan. Loan origination fees, net of certain direct origination costs, are deferred and recognized as an adjustment of the related loan yield using the interest method. Loans are reported by the portfolio segments identified above and are analyzed by management on this basis. All loan policies identified below apply to all segments of the loan portfolio.

Delinquencies are determined based on the payment terms of the individual loan agreements. The accrual of interest on past due and other impaired loans is generally discontinued at 90 days past due or when, in the opinion of management, the borrower may be unable to make all payments pursuant to contractual terms. Unless considered collectible, all interest accrued but not collected for loans that are placed on nonaccrual or charged off is reversed against interest income, if accrued in the current year, or charged to the allowance for loan losses, if accrued in the prior year. Generally, all payments received while a loan is on nonaccrual status are applied to the principal balance of the loan. Loans are returned to accrual status when all principal and interest amounts contractually due are brought current and future payments are reasonably assured.

A loan is classified as a troubled debt restructured (TDR) loan when the Company separately concludes that a borrower is experiencing financial difficulties and a concession is granted that would not otherwise be considered. Concessions may include a restructuring of the loan terms to alleviate the burden of the borrower's cash requirements, such as an extension of the payment terms beyond the original maturity date or a change in the interest rate charged. TDR loans with extended payment terms are accounted for as impaired until performance is established. A change to the interest rate would change the classification of a loan to a TDR loan if the restructured loan yields a rate that is below a market rate for that of a new loan with comparable risk. TDR loans with below-market rates are considered impaired until fully collected. TDR loans may also be reported as nonaccrual or 90 days past due if they are not performing per the restructured terms.


14

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The CARES Act also provided financial institutions the option to temporarily suspend certain requirements under GAAP related to TDRs for a limited period of time in certain circumstances. This temporary suspension may only be applied to modifications of loans that were not more than 30 days past due as of December 31, 2019 and may not be applied to modifications that are not related to the COVID-19 pandemic. If elected, the temporary suspension may be applied to eligible modifications executed during the period beginning on March 1, 2020 and, as extended by the Coronavirus Response and Relief Supplemental Appropriations Act of 2021, ending on the earlier of January 1, 2022 or 60 days after the termination of the COVID-19 national emergency. In 2020, federal banking regulators, in consultation with FASB, issued interagency statements that included similar guidance on their approach for the accounting of loan modifications in light of the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic that provide that short-term modifications and additional accommodations made on a good faith basis in response to COVID-19 to borrowers who were current prior to any relief are not TDRs. At September 30, 2021, there were no COVID-19-related loan modifications on the Company's loans.

Based upon its ongoing assessment of credit quality within the loan portfolio, the Company maintains a Watch List, which includes loans classified as Doubtful, Substandard and Watch according to the Company's classification criteria. These loans involve the anticipated potential for payment defaults or collateral inadequacies. A loan on the Watch List is considered impaired when management believes it is probable the Company will be unable to collect all contractual principal and interest payments due in accordance with the terms of the loan agreement. Impaired loans are measured based on the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan's effective interest rate or, as a practical expedient, at the loan's observable market price or the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent. The amount of impairment, if any, and any subsequent changes are included in the specific component of the allowance for loan losses.

TDR loans totaled $8,725 and $0 as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 and were included in the nonaccrual category. There were six loan modifications related to one borrower considered to be TDR, with a pre- and post-modification recorded investment of $14,044, that occurred during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021. The modification included significant payment delays. A specific reserve of $2,500 and $3,000 related to these loans was recorded at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. There were no loan modifications considered to be TDR that occurred during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. No TDR loans that were modified within the 12 months preceding September 30, 2021 and 2020 have subsequently had a payment default. A TDR loan is considered to have a payment default when it is past due 30 days or more.


15

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The following table summarizes the recorded investment in impaired loans by segment, broken down by loans with no related allowance for loan losses and loans with a related allowance and the amount of that allowance as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
September 30, 2021 December 31, 2020
Recorded Investment Unpaid Principal Balance Related Allowance Recorded Investment Unpaid Principal Balance Related Allowance
With no related allowance recorded:
Commercial $ - $ - $ - $ - $ - $ -
Real estate:
Construction, land and land development - - - - - -
1-4 family residential first mortgages 355 355 - 377 377 -
Home equity - - - - - -
Commercial - - - - - -
Consumer and other - - - - - -
355 355 - 377 377 -
With an allowance recorded:
Commercial - - - - - -
Real estate:
Construction, land and land development - - - - - -
1-4 family residential first mortgages - - - - - -
Home equity - - - - - -
Commercial 8,725 8,725 2,500 15,817 15,817 3,000
Consumer and other - - - - - -
8,725 8,725 2,500 15,817 15,817 3,000
Total:
Commercial - - - - - -
Real estate:
Construction, land and land development - - - - - -
1-4 family residential first mortgages 355 355 - 377 377 -
Home equity - - - - - -
Commercial 8,725 8,725 2,500 15,817 15,817 3,000
Consumer and other - - - - - -
$ 9,080 $ 9,080 $ 2,500 $ 16,194 $ 16,194 $ 3,000
The balance of impaired loans at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 was composed of two different borrowers. The Company has no commitments to advance additional funds on any of the impaired loans.

16

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The following table summarizes the average recorded investment and interest income recognized on impaired loans by segment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020.
Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021 2020 2021 2020
Average Recorded Investment Interest Income Recognized Average Recorded Investment Interest Income Recognized Average Recorded Investment Interest Income Recognized Average Recorded Investment Interest Income Recognized
With no related allowance recorded:
Commercial $ - $ - $ - $ - $ - $ - $ 54 $ 2
Real estate:
Construction, land and land development
- - - - - - - -
1-4 family residential first mortgages
360 - 386 1 367 - 395 4
Home equity - - - - - - 3 -
Commercial - - 3,979 4 - - 1,592 14
Consumer and other - - - - - - - -
360 - 4,365 5 367 - 2,044 20
With an allowance recorded:
Commercial - - 369 - - - 148 -
Real estate:
Construction, land and land development
- - - - - - - -
1-4 family residential first mortgages
- - - - - - - -
Home equity - - - - - - - -
Commercial 12,781 - - - 14,310 - - -
Consumer and other - - - - - - - -
12,781 - 369 - 14,310 - 148 -
Total:
Commercial - - 369 - - - 202 2
Real estate:
Construction, land and land development
- - - - - - - -
1-4 family residential first mortgages
360 - 386 1 367 - 395 4
Home equity - - - - - - 3 -
Commercial 12,781 - 3,979 4 14,310 - 1,592 14
Consumer and other - - - - - - - -
$ 13,141 $ - $ 4,734 $ 5 $ 14,677 $ - $ 2,192 $ 20

17

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The following tables provide an analysis of the payment status of the recorded investment in loans as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
September 30, 2021
30-59
Days Past
Due
60-89
Days Past
Due
90 Days
or More
Past Due
Total
Past Due
Current Nonaccrual Loans Total Loans
Commercial $ - $ - $ - $ - $ 491,344 $ - $ 491,344
Real estate:
Construction, land and
land development - - - - 325,655 - 325,655
1-4 family residential
first mortgages - - - - 63,526 355 63,881
Home equity - - - - 8,993 - 8,993
Commercial - - - - 1,462,445 8,725 1,471,170
Consumer and other - - - - 3,698 - 3,698
Total $ - $ - $ - $ - $ 2,355,661 $ 9,080 $ 2,364,741
December 31, 2020
30-59
Days Past
Due
60-89
Days Past
Due
90 Days
or More
Past Due
Total
Past Due
Current Nonaccrual Loans Total
Loans
Commercial $ 18 $ - $ - $ 18 $ 603,581 $ - $ 603,599
Real estate:
Construction, land and
land development - - - - 236,093 - 236,093
1-4 family residential
first mortgages - - - - 58,535 377 58,912
Home equity - - - - 9,444 - 9,444
Commercial - - - - 1,357,190 15,817 1,373,007
Consumer and other - - - - 5,694 - 5,694
Total $ 18 $ - $ - $ 18 $ 2,270,537 $ 16,194 $ 2,286,749
18

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The following tables present the recorded investment in loans by credit quality indicator and loan segment as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
September 30, 2021
Pass Watch Substandard Doubtful Total
Commercial $ 491,013 $ 282 $ 49 $ - $ 491,344
Real estate:
Construction, land and land development 325,599 56 - - 325,655
1-4 family residential first mortgages 63,240 157 484 - 63,881
Home equity 8,993 - - - 8,993
Commercial 1,371,615 90,830 8,725 - 1,471,170
Consumer and other 3,698 - - - 3,698
Total $ 2,264,158 $ 91,325 $ 9,258 $ - $ 2,364,741
December 31, 2020
Pass Watch Substandard Doubtful Total
Commercial $ 601,806 $ 992 $ 801 $ - $ 603,599
Real estate:
Construction, land and land development 236,035 58 - - 236,093
1-4 family residential first mortgages 57,680 609 623 - 58,912
Home equity 9,113 331 - - 9,444
Commercial 1,331,780 24,725 16,502 - 1,373,007
Consumer and other 5,694 - - - 5,694
Total $ 2,242,108 $ 26,715 $ 17,926 $ - $ 2,286,749

All loans are subject to the assessment of a credit quality indicator. Risk ratings are assigned for each loan at the time of approval, and they change as circumstances dictate during the term of the loan. The Company utilizes a 9-point risk rating scale as shown below, with ratings 1 - 5 included in the Pass column, rating 6 included in the Watch column, ratings 7 - 8 included in the Substandard column and rating 9 included in the Doubtful column. All loans classified as impaired that are included in the specific evaluation of the allowance for loan losses are included in the Substandard column along with all other loans with ratings of 7 - 8.

Risk rating 1: The loan is secured by cash equivalent collateral.

Risk rating 2: The loan is secured by properly margined marketable securities, bonds or cash surrender value of life insurance.

Risk rating 3: The borrower is in strong financial condition and has strong debt service capacity. The loan is performing as agreed, and the financial characteristics and trends of the borrower exceed industry statistics.

Risk rating 4: The borrower's financial condition is satisfactory and stable. The borrower has satisfactory debt service capacity, and the loan is well secured. The loan is performing as agreed, and the financial characteristics and trends fall in line with industry statistics.

Risk rating 5: The borrower's financial condition is less than satisfactory. The loan is still generally paying as agreed, but strained cash flows may cause some slowness in payments. The collateral values adequately preclude loss on the loan. Financial characteristics and trends lag industry statistics. There may be noncompliance with loan covenants.

Risk rating 6: The borrower's financial condition is deficient. Payment delinquencies may be more common. Collateral values still protect from loss, but margins are narrow. The loan may be reliant on secondary sources of repayment, including liquidation of collateral and guarantor support.

19

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

Risk rating 7: The loan is inadequately protected by the current sound worth and paying capacity of the obligor or of the collateral pledged, if any. Well-defined weaknesses exist that jeopardize the liquidation of the debt. The Company is inadequately protected by the valuation or paying capacity of the collateral pledged. If deficiencies are not corrected, there is a distinct possibility that a loss will be sustained.

Risk rating 8: All the characteristics of rating 7 exist with the added condition that the loan is past due more than 90 days or there is reason to believe the Company will not receive its principal and interest according to the terms of the loan agreement.

Risk rating 9: All the weaknesses inherent in risk ratings 7 and 8 exist with the added condition that collection or liquidation, on the basis of currently known facts, conditions and values, is highly questionable and improbable. A loan reaching this category would most likely be charged off.

Credit quality indicators for all loans and the Company's risk rating process are dynamic and updated on a continuous basis. Risk ratings are updated as circumstances that could affect the repayment of an individual loan are brought to management's attention through an established monitoring process. Individual bankers initiate changes as appropriate for ratings 1 through 5, and changes for ratings 6 through 9 are initiated by management. The likelihood of loss increases as the risk rating increases and is generally preceded by a loan appearing on the Watch List, which consists of all loans with a risk rating of 6 or worse. Written action plans with firm target dates for resolution of identified problems are maintained and reviewed on a quarterly basis for all segments of loans included on the Watch List.

In addition to the Company's internal credit monitoring practices and procedures, an outsourced independent credit review function is in place to further assess assigned internal risk classifications and monitor compliance with internal lending policies and procedures.

In all portfolio segments, the primary risks are that a borrower's income stream diminishes to the point that the borrower is not able to make scheduled principal and interest payments and any collateral securing the loan declines in value. The risk of declining collateral values is present for most types of loans.

Commercial loans consist primarily of loans to businesses for various purposes, including revolving lines to finance current operations, inventory and accounts receivable, and capital expenditure loans to finance equipment and other fixed assets. These loans generally have short maturities, have either adjustable or fixed interest rates, and are either unsecured or secured by inventory, accounts receivable and/or fixed assets. For commercial loans, the primary source of repayment is from the operation of the business.

Real estate loans include various types of loans for which the Company holds real property as collateral, and consist of loans on commercial properties and single and multifamily residences. Real estate loans are typically structured to mature or reprice every five to ten years with payments based on amortization periods up to 30 years. The majority of construction loans are to contractors and developers for construction of commercial buildings or residential real estate. These loans typically have maturities of up to 24 months. The Company's loan policy includes minimum appraisal and other credit guidelines.

Consumer loans include loans extended to individuals for household, family and other personal expenditures not secured by real estate. The majority of the Company's consumer lending is for vehicles, consolidation of personal debts and household improvements. The repayment source for consumer loans, including 1-4 family residential and home equity loans, is typically wages.

The allowance for loan losses is established through a provision for loan losses charged to expense. The allowance is an amount that management believes will be adequate to absorb probable losses on existing loans based on an evaluation of the collectability of loans and prior loss experience. This evaluation also takes into consideration such factors as changes in the nature and volume of the loan portfolio, overall portfolio quality, the review of specific problem loans, and the current economic conditions that may affect the borrower's ability to pay. Loans are charged-off against the allowance for loan losses when management believes that collectability of the principal is unlikely. While management uses the best information available to make its evaluations, future adjustments to the allowance may be necessary if there are significant changes in economic conditions or the other factors relied upon.

20

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The allowance for loan losses consists of specific and general components. The specific component relates to loans that meet the definition of impaired. The general component covers the remaining loans and is based on historical loss experience adjusted for qualitative factors such as delinquency trends, loan growth, economic elements and local market conditions. These same policies are applied to all segments of loans. In addition, regulatory agencies, as an integral part of their examination processes, periodically review the Company's allowance for loan losses, and may require the Company to make additions to the allowance based on their judgment about information available to them at the time of their examinations.

The following tables detail the changes in the allowance for loan losses by segment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020.
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021
Real Estate
Commercial Construction and Land 1-4 Family Residential Home Equity Commercial Consumer and Other Total
Beginning balance $ 4,464 $ 2,950 $ 359 $ 91 $ 20,129 $ 49 $ 28,042
Charge-offs - - - - - - -
Recoveries 45 - 1 1 4 5 56
Provision (1)
191 498 (5) 9 (686) (7) -
Ending balance $ 4,700 $ 3,448 $ 355 $ 101 $ 19,447 $ 47 $ 28,098
Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
Real Estate
Commercial Construction and Land 1-4 Family Residential Home Equity Commercial Consumer and Other Total
Beginning balance $ 4,318 $ 3,300 $ 331 $ 128 $ 13,205 $ 81 $ 21,363
Charge-offs - - - - - - -
Recoveries 35 - - 1 4 - 40
Provision (1)
491 124 29 (2) 3,358 - 4,000
Ending balance $ 4,844 $ 3,424 $ 360 $ 127 $ 16,567 $ 81 $ 25,403
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
Real Estate
Commercial Construction and Land 1-4 Family Residential Home Equity Commercial Consumer and Other Total
Beginning balance $ 4,718 $ 2,634 $ 360 $ 114 $ 21,535 $ 75 $ 29,436
Charge-offs - - - - - - -
Recoveries 142 - 2 3 10 5 162
Provision (1)
(160) 814 (7) (16) (2,098) (33) (1,500)
Ending balance $ 4,700 $ 3,448 $ 355 $ 101 $ 19,447 $ 47 $ 28,098
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
Real Estate
Commercial Construction and Land 1-4 Family Residential Home Equity Commercial Consumer and Other Total
Beginning balance $ 3,875 $ 2,375 $ 216 $ 127 $ 10,565 $ 77 $ 17,235
Charge-offs - - - (1) - - (1)
Recoveries 79 - 71 3 10 6 169
Provision (1)
890 1,049 73 (2) 5,992 (2) 8,000
Ending balance $ 4,844 $ 3,424 $ 360 $ 127 $ 16,567 $ 81 $ 25,403
(1)The negative provisions for the various segments are related to the decline in outstanding balances in each of those portfolio segments during the time periods disclosed and/or improvement in the credit quality factors related to those portfolio segments.
21

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The following tables present a breakdown of the allowance for loan losses disaggregated on the basis of impairment analysis method by segment as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
September 30, 2021
Real Estate
Commercial Construction and Land 1-4 Family Residential Home Equity Commercial Consumer and Other Total
Ending balance:
Individually evaluated for impairment $ - $ - $ - $ - $ 2,500 $ - $ 2,500
Collectively evaluated for impairment 4,700 3,448 355 101 16,947 47 25,598
Total $ 4,700 $ 3,448 $ 355 $ 101 $ 19,447 $ 47 $ 28,098
December 31, 2020
Real Estate
Commercial Construction and Land 1-4 Family Residential Home Equity Commercial Consumer and Other Total
Ending balance:
Individually evaluated for impairment $ - $ - $ - $ - $ 3,000 $ - $ 3,000
Collectively evaluated for impairment 4,718 2,634 360 114 18,535 75 26,436
Total $ 4,718 $ 2,634 $ 360 $ 114 $ 21,535 $ 75 $ 29,436

The following tables present the recorded investment in loans, exclusive of unamortized fees and costs, disaggregated on the basis of impairment analysis method by segment as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
September 30, 2021
Real Estate
Commercial Construction and Land 1-4 Family Residential Home Equity Commercial Consumer and Other Total
Ending balance:
Individually evaluated for impairment $ - $ - $ 355 $ - $ 8,725 $ - $ 9,080
Collectively evaluated for impairment 491,344 325,655 63,526 8,993 1,462,445 3,698 2,355,661
Total $ 491,344 $ 325,655 $ 63,881 $ 8,993 $ 1,471,170 $ 3,698 $ 2,364,741
December 31, 2020
Real Estate
Commercial Construction and Land 1-4 Family Residential Home Equity Commercial Consumer and Other Total
Ending balance:
Individually evaluated for impairment $ - $ - $ 377 $ - $ 15,817 $ - $ 16,194
Collectively evaluated for impairment 603,599 236,093 58,535 9,444 1,357,190 5,694 2,270,555
Total $ 603,599 $ 236,093 $ 58,912 $ 9,444 $ 1,373,007 $ 5,694 $ 2,286,749
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Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

5. Derivatives

The Company has entered into various interest rate swap agreements as part of its interest rate risk management strategy. The Company uses interest rate swaps to manage its interest rate risk exposure on certain loans, variable-rate and short-term borrowings, and deposits due to interest rate movements. The notional amounts of the interest rate swaps do not represent amounts exchanged by the counterparties, but rather, the notional amount is used to determine, along with other terms of the derivative, the amounts to be exchanged between the counterparties.

Interest Rate Swaps Designated as a Cash Flow Hedge: The Company had interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges with total notional amounts of $255,000 and $305,000 at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. As of September 30, 2021, the Company had swaps with a total notional amount of $125,000 that hedge the interest payments of rolling fixed-rate one-month funding consisting of FHLB advances or brokered deposits. Also as of September 30, 2021, the Company had a swap with a total notional amount of $20,000 that effectively converts variable-rate junior subordinated notes to fixed-rate debt, and swaps with a total notional amount of $110,000 that hedge the interest payments of certain deposit accounts. In March 2021, the Company terminated interest rate swaps with a total notional amount of $50,000. In the second quarter of 2021, the Company repaid $50,000 of FHLB advances related to these terminated swaps as a result of excess liquidity and in response to market conditions. Pre-tax losses of $3,600 were reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI) and recorded in noninterest income at termination.

Derivatives Not Designated as Accounting Hedges: To accommodate customer needs, the Company on occasion offers loan level interest rate swaps to its customers and offsets its exposure from such contracts by entering into mirror image swaps with a swap counterparty (back-to-back swap program). The interest rate swaps are free-standing derivatives and are recorded at fair value. The Company enters into a floating-rate loan and a fixed-rate swap with our customer. Simultaneously, the Company enters into an offsetting fixed-rate swap with a swap counterparty. In connection with each swap transaction, the Company agrees to pay interest to the customer on a notional amount at a variable interest rate and receive interest from the customer on the same notional amount at a fixed interest rate. At the same time, the Company agrees to pay a swap counterparty the same fixed interest rate on the same notional amount and receive the same variable interest rate on the same notional amount. These transactions allow the Company's customers to effectively convert variable-rate loans to fixed-rate loans. The customer accommodations and any offsetting swaps are treated as non-hedging derivative instruments which do not qualify for hedge accounting.

The Company entered into forward-starting interest rate swaps with a total notional amount of $100,000 in January 2021 that were not accounting hedges. These swaps were terminated in March 2021, and the resulting gains of $3,781 were recorded in noninterest income.

The table below identifies the balance sheet category and fair values of the Company's derivative instruments as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

September 30, 2021 December 31, 2020
Cash Flow Hedges:
Gross notional amount $ 255,000 $ 305,000
Fair value in other liabilities (10,874) (23,848)
Weighted-average floating rate received 0.37 % 0.38 %
Weighted-average fixed rate paid 2.09 % 2.17 %
Weighted-average maturity in years 4.4 5.0
Non-Hedging Derivatives:
Gross notional amount $ 165,384 $ 167,752
Fair value in other assets 3,295 492
Fair value in other liabilities (3,295) (492)


23

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The following table identifies the pre-tax gains or losses recognized on the Company's derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020.
Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021 2020 2021 2020
Pre-tax gain (loss) recognized in other comprehensive income $ 359 $ 256 $ 5,801 $ (23,912)
Reclassification from AOCI into income:
Interest expense $ (1,105) $ (1,405) $ (3,573) $ (2,799)
Swap termination losses reclassified to noninterest income - - 3,600 -

The Company estimates there will be approximately $4,379 reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income to interest expense through the 12 months ending September 30, 2022 related to cash flow hedges.

The Company is exposed to credit risk in the event of nonperformance by interest rate swap counterparties, which is minimized by collateral-pledging provisions in the agreements. Derivative contracts with swap counterparties are executed with a Credit Support Annex, which is a bilateral ratings-sensitive agreement that requires collateral postings at established credit threshold levels. These agreements protect the interests of the Company and its counterparties should either party suffer a credit rating deterioration. As of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company pledged $7,720 and $24,100, respectively, of collateral to the counterparties in the form of cash on deposit with third parties. The interest rate swap product with the borrower is cross-collateralized with the underlying loan and therefore there is no pledged cash collateral under swap contracts with customers.

6. Income Taxes

Net deferred tax assets consisted of the following as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
September 30, 2021 December 31, 2020
Deferred tax assets:
Allowance for loan losses $ 7,081 $ 7,418
Net unrealized losses on securities available for sale 630 -
Net unrealized losses on interest rate swaps 2,741 6,010
Lease liabilities 1,671 1,919
Accrued expenses 388 352
Restricted stock unit compensation 654 763
State net operating loss carryforward 1,256 1,197
Other 125 37
14,546 17,696
Deferred tax liabilities:
Right-of-use assets 1,616 1,863
Net deferred loan fees and costs 247 256
Net unrealized gains on securities available for sale - 2,019
Premises and equipment 846 801
Other 293 271
3,002 5,210
Net deferred tax assets before valuation allowance 11,544 12,486
Valuation allowance (1,256) (1,197)
Net deferred tax assets $ 10,288 $ 11,289

24

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The Company has recorded a valuation allowance against the tax effect of the state net operating loss carryforwards, as management believes it is more likely than not that these carryforwards will expire without being utilized. The state net operating loss carryforwards expire in 2021 and thereafter.

7. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The following table summarizes the changes in the balances of each component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020.
Unrealized Unrealized Accumulated
Gains Gains Other
(Losses) on (Losses) on Comprehensive
Securities Derivatives Income (Loss)
Balance, December 31, 2020 $ 5,994 $ (17,840) $ (11,846)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications (7,826) 4,340 (3,486)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (38) 5,365 5,327
Net current period other comprehensive income (loss) (7,864) 9,705 1,841
Balance, September 30, 2021 $ (1,870) $ (8,135) $ (10,005)
Balance, December 31, 2019 $ 1,057 $ (4,318) $ (3,261)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications 4,628 (17,934) (13,306)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (60) 2,098 2,038
Net current period other comprehensive income (loss) 4,568 (15,836) (11,268)
Balance, September 30, 2020 $ 5,625 $ (20,154) $ (14,529)

8. Commitments and Contingencies

Financial instruments with off-balance-sheet risk: The Company is party to financial instruments with off-balance-sheet risk in the normal course of business to meet the financing needs of its customers. These financial instruments include commitments to extend credit and standby letters of credit. These instruments involve, to varying degrees, elements of credit risk in excess of the amount recognized in the consolidated balance sheets. The Company's exposure to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by the other party to the financial instrument for commitments to extend credit and standby letters of credit is represented by the contractual amount of those instruments. The Company uses the same credit policies in making commitments and conditional obligations that it uses for on-balance-sheet instruments.The Company's commitments consisted of the following amounts as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
September 30, 2021 December 31, 2020
Commitments to extend credit $ 874,647 $ 832,590
Standby letters of credit 14,234 23,295
$ 888,881 $ 855,885

West Bank previously executed Mortgage Partnership Finance (MPF) Master Commitments (Commitments) with the FHLB of Des Moines to deliver residential mortgage loans and to guarantee the payment of any realized losses that exceed the FHLB's first loss account for mortgages delivered under the Commitments. West Bank receives credit enhancement fees from the FHLB for providing this guarantee and continuing to assist with managing the credit risk of the MPF Program residential mortgage loans. The outstanding balance of mortgage loans sold under the MPF Program was $31,552 and $43,847 at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.


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West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

Contractual commitments: The Company had remaining commitments to invest in qualified affordable housing projects totaling $3,992 and $3,505 as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

During 2020, the Company began construction on a new office in Sartell, Minnesota, which had a remaining construction commitment of $3,477 and $8,324 as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

Contingencies: Neither the Company nor West Bank is a party, and no property of these entities is subject, to any material pending legal proceedings, other than ordinary routine litigation incidental to West Bank's business. The Company does not know of any proceeding contemplated by a governmental authority against the Company or West Bank.

9. Fair Value Measurements

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants in the market in which the reporting entity transacts business. The Company's balance sheet contains securities available for sale and derivative instruments that are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. The three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosure of fair value is as follows:

Level 1 uses quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2 uses observable market-based inputs or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data.

Level 3 uses unobservable inputs that are not corroborated by market data.

The Company's policy is to recognize transfers between levels at the end of each reporting period, if applicable. There were no transfers between levels of the fair value hierarchy during the nine months ended September 30, 2021.

The following is a description of valuation methodologies used for financial assets and liabilities recorded at fair value on a recurring basis.

Securities available for sale:When available, quoted market prices are used to determine the fair value of securities (Level 1). If quoted market prices are not available, the Company determines fair value based on various sources and may apply matrix pricing with observable prices for similar bonds where a price for the identical bond is not observable (Level 2). The fair values of these securities are determined by pricing models that consider observable market data such as interest rate volatilities, yield curves, credit spreads, prices from market makers and live trading systems.

Management obtains the fair value of securities at the end of each reporting period via a third-party pricing service. Management reviewed the valuation process used by the third party and believed the process was valid. On a quarterly basis, management corroborates the fair values of a randomly selected sample of securities by obtaining pricing from an independent financial market data vendor and comparing the two sets of fair values. Any significant variances are reviewed and investigated. For a sample of securities, prices are further validated by management by obtaining details of the inputs used by the pricing service. Those inputs were independently tested, and management concluded the fair values were consistent with GAAP requirements and the securities were properly classified in the fair value hierarchy.

Derivative instruments:The Company's derivative instruments consist of interest rate swaps accounted for as cash flow hedges, as well as interest rate swaps which are accounted for as non-hedging derivatives. The Company's derivative positions are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy and are valued using models generally accepted in the financial services industry and that use actively quoted or observable market input values from external market data providers and/or non-binding broker-dealer quotations. The fair value of the derivatives is determined using discounted cash flow models. These models' key assumptions include the contractual terms of the respective contract along with significant observable inputs, including interest rates, yield curves, nonperformance risk and volatility.

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West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The following tables present the balances of financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis by level as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
September 30, 2021
Total Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Financial assets:
Securities available for sale:
State and political subdivisions $ 231,861 $ - $ 231,861 $ -
Collateralized mortgage obligations 326,586 - 326,586 -
Mortgage-backed securities 149,234 - 149,234 -
Collateralized loan obligations 42,905 - 42,905 -
Corporate notes 12,811 - 12,811 -
Derivative instruments, interest rate swaps 3,295 - 3,295 -
Financial liabilities:
Derivative instruments, interest rate swaps $ 14,169 $ - $ 14,169 $ -
December 31, 2020
Total Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Financial assets:
Securities available for sale:
State and political subdivisions $ 144,332 $ - $ 144,332 $ -
Collateralized mortgage obligations 140,962 - 140,962 -
Mortgage-backed securities 83,523 - 83,523 -
Collateralized loan obligations 51,754 - 51,754 -
Derivative instruments, interest rate swaps 492 - 492 -
Financial liabilities:
Derivative instrument, interest rate swap $ 24,340 $ - $ 24,340 $ -

Certain assets are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. That is, they are subject to fair value adjustments in certain circumstances (for example, when there is evidence of impairment). Impaired loans with a net book value of $6,225 and $12,817 for which a fair value adjustment was recorded were classified as Level 3 as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

In determining the estimated net realizable value of the underlying collateral of impaired loans, the Company primarily uses third-party appraisals or broker opinions which may utilize a single valuation approach or a combination of approaches including comparable sales and the income approach. Adjustments are routinely made in the appraisal process by the appraisers to adjust for differences between the comparable sales and income data available and include consideration of variations in location, size, and income production capacity of the property. Additionally, the appraisals are periodically further adjusted by the Company in consideration of charges that may be incurred in the event of foreclosure and are based on management's historical knowledge, changes in business factors and changes in market conditions. Because of the high degree of judgment required in estimating the fair value of collateral underlying impaired loans and because of the relationship between fair value and general economic conditions, the Company considers the fair value of impaired loans to be highly sensitive to changes in market conditions.


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Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The following table presents quantitative information about Level 3 fair value measurements for financial instruments measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis.
Valuation Technique Unobservable Inputs Range (Weighted Average)
September 30, 2021
Impaired loans Appraisal of collateral Appraisal adjustment 50%, including selling costs
December 31, 2020
Impaired loans Appraisal of collateral Appraisal adjustment 7% selling costs

GAAP requires disclosure of the fair value of financial assets and financial liabilities, including those that are not measured and reported at fair value on a recurring or nonrecurring basis. The following table presents the carrying amounts and approximate fair values of financial assets and liabilities as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

September 30, 2021
Carrying Amount Approximate Fair Value Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Financial assets:
Cash and due from banks $ 30,922 $ 30,922 $ 30,922 $ - $ -
Federal funds sold 1,547 1,547 1,547 - -
Securities available for sale 763,397 763,397 - 763,397 -
Federal Home Loan Bank stock 11,544 11,544 11,544 - -
Loans, net 2,331,469 2,386,774 - 2,380,549 6,225
Accrued interest receivable 11,772 11,772 11,772 - -
Interest rate swaps 3,295 3,295 - 3,295 -
Financial liabilities:
Deposits $ 2,736,923 $ 2,737,307 $ - $ 2,737,307 $ -
Federal funds purchased 39,380 39,380 39,380 - -
Subordinated notes, net 20,462 16,743 - 16,743 -
Federal Home Loan Bank advances 125,000 125,000 - 125,000 -
Long-term debt 17,654 17,654 - 17,654 -
Accrued interest payable 503 503 503 - -
Interest rate swaps 14,169 14,169 - 14,169 -
Off-balance sheet financial instruments:
Commitments to extend credit - - - - -
Standby letters of credit - - - - -
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West Bancorporation, Inc. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

December 31, 2020
Carrying Amount Approximate Fair Value Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Financial assets:
Cash and due from banks $ 77,693 $ 77,693 $ 77,693 $ - $ -
Federal funds sold 318,742 318,742 318,742 - -
Securities available for sale 420,571 420,571 - 420,571 -
Federal Home Loan Bank stock 11,723 11,723 11,723 - -
Loans, net 2,251,139 2,329,684 - 2,316,867 12,817
Accrued interest receivable 11,231 11,231 11,231 - -
Interest rate swaps 492 492 - 492 -
Financial liabilities:
Deposits $ 2,700,994 $ 2,701,833 $ - $ 2,701,833 $ -
Federal funds purchased 5,375 5,375 5,375 - -
Subordinated notes, net 20,452 17,349 - 17,349 -
Federal Home Loan Bank advances 175,000 175,000 - 175,000 -
Long-term debt 21,558 21,556 - 21,556 -
Accrued interest payable 939 939 939 - -
Interest rate swaps 24,340 24,340 - 24,340 -
Off-balance sheet financial instruments:
Commitments to extend credit - - - - -
Standby letters of credit - - - - -
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West Bancorporation, Inc.
Management's Discussion and Analysis
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

"SAFE HARBOR" CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Certain statements in this report, other than purely historical information, including estimates, projections, statements relating to the Company's business plans, objectives and expected operating results, and the assumptions upon which those statements are based, are "forward-looking statements" within the meanings of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act). Forward-looking statements may appear throughout this report. These forward-looking statements are generally identified by the words "believes," "expects," "intends," "anticipates," "projects," "future," "may," "should," "will," "strategy," "plan," "opportunity," "will be," "will likely result," "will continue" or similar references, or references to estimates, predictions or future events. Such forward-looking statements are based upon certain underlying assumptions, risks and uncertainties. Because of the possibility that the underlying assumptions are incorrect or do not materialize as expected in the future, actual results could differ materially from these forward-looking statements. Risks and uncertainties that may affect future results include: the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including its potential effects on the economic environment, our customers and our operations, as well as any changes to federal, state or local government laws, regulations or orders in connection with the pandemic; interest rate risk; competitive pressures; pricing pressures on loans and deposits; changes in credit and other risks posed by the Company's loan and investment portfolios, including declines in commercial or residential real estate values or changes in the allowance for loan losses dictated by new market conditions, accounting standards (including as a result of the future implementation of the current expected credit loss (CECL) accounting standard) or regulatory requirements; actions of bank and nonbank competitors; changes in local, national and international economic conditions; changes in legal and regulatory requirements, limitations and costs; changes in customers' acceptance of the Company's products and services; cyber-attacks; unexpected outcomes of existing or new litigation involving the Company; the monetary, trade and other regulatory policies of the U.S. government; acts of war or terrorism, widespread disease or pandemics, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, or other adverse external events; developments and uncertainty related to the future use and availability of some reference rates, such as the London Interbank Offered Rate, as well as other alternative reference rates; changes to U.S. tax laws, regulations and guidance; and any other risks described in the "Risk Factors" sections of this and other reports filed by the Company with the SEC. The Company undertakes no obligation to revise or update such forward-looking statements to reflect current or future events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The discussion and analysis of the Company's financial condition and results of operations are based upon the Company's consolidated financial statements that have been prepared in accordance with GAAP. The preparation of the Company's financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and expenses. These estimates are based upon historical experience and on various other assumptions that management believes are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. The estimates and judgments that management believes involve the most complex and subjective estimates and judgments and have the most effect on the Company's reported financial position and results of operations are described as critical accounting policies in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, as filed with the SEC on March 1, 2021. There have been no significant changes in the critical accounting policies or the assumptions and judgments utilized in applying these policies since December 31, 2020.

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West Bancorporation, Inc.
Management's Discussion and Analysis
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

This report contains references to financial measures that are not defined in GAAP. Such non-GAAP financial measures include the Company's presentation of net interest income and net interest margin on a fully taxable equivalent (FTE) basis, the presentation of the efficiency ratio on an adjusted and FTE basis, excluding certain income and expenses, loans, net of PPP loans, and the presentation of the allowance for loan losses ratio, excluding PPP loans. Management believes these non-GAAP financial measures provide useful information to both management and investors to analyze and evaluate the Company's financial performance. These measures are considered standard measures of comparison within the banking industry. Additionally, management believes providing measures on a FTE basis enhances the comparability of income arising from taxable and nontaxable sources. Limitations associated with non-GAAP financial measures include the risks that persons might disagree as to the appropriateness of items included in these measures and that different companies might calculate these measures differently. These non-GAAP disclosures should not be considered an alternative to the Company's GAAP results. The following table reconciles the non-GAAP financial measures of net interest income and net interest margin on a fully taxable equivalent basis, efficiency ratio on an adjusted and FTE basis, loans, net of PPP loans and allowance for loan losses ratio, excluding PPP loans to their most directly comparable measures under GAAP.
Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021 2020 2021 2020
Reconciliation of net interest income and net interest margin on a FTE basis to GAAP:
Net interest income (GAAP) $ 24,486 $ 21,132 $ 70,457 $ 60,343
Tax-equivalent adjustment(1)
306 144 805 516
Net interest income on a FTE basis (non-GAAP) 24,792 21,276 71,262 60,859
Average interest-earning assets
3,212,283 2,639,532 3,099,066 2,544,429
Net interest margin on a FTE basis (non-GAAP) 3.06 % 3.21 % 3.07 % 3.19 %
Reconciliation of efficiency ratio on an adjusted and FTE basis to GAAP:
Net interest income on a FTE basis (non-GAAP) $ 24,792 $ 21,276 $ 71,262 $ 60,859
Noninterest income
2,401 3,203 7,381 7,498
Adjustment for realized securities gains, net (11) (156) (51) (81)
Adjustment for losses on disposal of premises and equipment, net - 1 29 3
Adjusted income
27,182 24,324 78,621 68,279
Noninterest expense
10,712 10,059 31,509 29,139
Efficiency ratio on an adjusted and FTE basis (non-GAAP)(2)
39.41 % 41.35 % 40.08 % 42.68 %
Reconciliation of allowance for loan losses ratio, excluding PPP loans: September 30, 2021 December 31, 2020 September 30, 2020
Loans outstanding (GAAP) $ 2,359,567 $ 2,280,575 $ 2,247,425
Less: PPP loans (47,416) (180,757) (224,489)
Loans, net of PPP loans (non-GAAP) 2,312,151 2,099,818 2,022,936
Allowance for loan losses 28,098 29,436 25,403
Allowance for loan losses ratio, excluding PPP loans (non-GAAP)(3)
1.22 % 1.40 % 1.26 %
(1) Computed on a tax-equivalent basis using a federal income tax rate of 21 percent, adjusted to reflect the effect of the nondeductible interest expense associated with owning tax-exempt securities and loans. Management believes the presentation of this non-GAAP measure provides supplemental useful information for proper understanding of the financial results, as it enhances the comparability of income arising from taxable and nontaxable sources.
(2) The efficiency ratio expresses noninterest expense as a percent of fully taxable equivalent net interest income and noninterest income, excluding specific noninterest income and expenses. Management believes the presentation of this non-GAAP measure provides supplemental useful information for proper understanding of the Company's financial performance. It is a standard measure of comparison within the banking industry. A lower ratio is more desirable.
(3) Management believes that presenting the allowance for loan losses as a percentage of total loans excluding PPP loans is useful in assessing the credit quality of the Company's core portfolio.
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West Bancorporation, Inc.
Management's Discussion and Analysis
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
OVERVIEW

The following discussion describes the consolidated operations and financial condition of the Company, West Bank and West Bank's special purpose subsidiaries (which are invested in new markets tax credit activities). Results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 are compared to the results for the same periods in 2020, and the consolidated financial condition of the Company as of September 30, 2021 is compared to that as of December 31, 2020. This discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, filed with the SEC on March 1, 2021.

The Company conducts business from its main office in West Des Moines, Iowa and through its branch offices in central Iowa, which is generally the greater Des Moines metropolitan area; eastern Iowa, which is the area including and surrounding Iowa City and Coralville; and southern Minnesota, which includes the cities of Rochester, Owatonna, Mankato and St. Cloud.

IMPACT OF COVID-19

We continue to monitor the impact COVID-19 is having on the local economies we operate in and the uncertainty of the long-term ramifications to our customers and operations. Within our markets, vaccinations have become readily available, infection positivity rates are at moderate levels, and the restrictions on businesses have generally been fully lifted. However, the lasting effects of government aid programs are uncertain as stimulus packages taper, and the ultimate long-term impact of the business shutdowns that occurred as a result of COVID-19 remains uncertain in many sectors of the economy. In the third quarter of 2021, COVID-19 positivity rates and hospitalizations in our markets rose due to the impact of the Delta variant.

The Federal Reserve, in response to the economic risks resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, returned to a zero-interest rate policy in March 2020. This was after most broader market rates decreased significantly in response to evolving news about the COVID-19 pandemic. Many areas of consumer and business spending have rebounded in recent months, but there remains uncertainty about the longer lasting impact on local businesses as well as the travel, hospitality and entertainment industries resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. This could cause a longer recovery time for all sectors of the economy and could make it challenging for sectors that have had better recoveries to maintain those recoveries in the long run. Inflation and supply shortages also pose risks to the economic recovery.

At the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Bank lowered its offered rates on all deposit products and experienced an immediate positive impact on our cost of deposits. We responded to lower market rates for lending by lowering rates offered on our loan products. Given current rates offered by the Bank on new loans and prepayments on existing loans, the yield on the total loan portfolio is likely to continue to decrease. With significant cash inflows realized from growth in deposit balances and forgiveness of PPP loans, the current yields on reinvested funds into new securities are lower than existing portfolio yields. Considering the low market interest rates and the ongoing economic uncertainty, our net interest margin could decrease in future periods.

SUMMARY

Net income for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was $12,706, or $0.76 per diluted common share, compared to $8,100, or $0.49 per diluted common share, for the three months ended September 30, 2020. The Company's annualized return on average assets and return on average equity for the three months ended September 30, 2021 were 1.52 percent and 20.02 percent, respectively, compared to 1.16 percent and 15.20 percent, respectively, for the three months ended September 30, 2020.

The increase in net income for the three months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the same period in 2020 was primarily due to a decrease in the provision for loan losses and an increase in net interest income, partially offset by a decrease in noninterest income and an increase in noninterest expense.

Net interest income for the three months ended September 30, 2021 grew $3,354, or 15.9 percent, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2020. The increase in net interest income was primarily due to the increase in interest income on loans and securities and the decrease in interest expense on borrowed funds. The Company recorded no provision for loan losses during the three months ended September 30, 2021, compared to a provision of $4,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2020. The provision in 2020 was due to uncertainty surrounding economic conditions as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc.
Management's Discussion and Analysis
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
Noninterest income decreased $802 during the three months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to a decrease in loan swap fees. Noninterest expense increased $653 during the three months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to increases in salaries and employee benefits and FDIC insurance expense.

Net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $37,697, or $2.25 per diluted common share, compared to $24,158, or $1.46 per diluted common share, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. The Company's annualized return on average assets and return on average equity for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 were 1.56 percent and 20.98 percent, respectively, compared to 1.21 percent and 15.47 percent, respectively, for the first nine months of 2020.

The increase in net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the same period in 2020 was primarily due to a decrease in the provision for loan losses and an increase in net interest income, partially offset by an increase in noninterest expense.

Net interest income for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 grew $10,114, or 16.8 percent, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020. The increase in net interest income was primarily due to the increase in interest income on loans and securities and the decrease in interest expense on deposits and borrowed funds. The Company recorded a negative provision for loan losses of $1,500 during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared to a provision of $8,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. The provision in 2020 was due primarily to uncertainty surrounding economic conditions as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The negative provision in 2021 was due primarily to the improvement in economic conditions and removal of pandemic-related restrictions on businesses in our market areas.

Noninterest income decreased $117 during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to a decrease in loan swap fees, partially offset by increases in trust revenue and increase in cash value of bank-owned life insurance. Noninterest expense increased $2,370 for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to increases in salaries and employee benefits and FDIC insurance expense.

Total loans outstanding increased $78,992, or 3.5 percent, during the first nine months of 2021. Excluding the impact of PPP loan activity, total loans outstanding increased $212,333, or 10.1 percent, during the first nine months of 2021. As of September 30, 2021, the allowance for loan losses was 1.19 percent of outstanding loans, compared to 1.29 percent as of December 31, 2020. At September 30, 2021, the allowance for loan losses was 1.22 percent of outstanding loans, excluding $47,416 of PPP loans (a non-GAAP financial measure), which are 100 percent guaranteed by the SBA, compared to 1.40 percent of outstanding loans, excluding $180,757 of PPP loans, as of December 31, 2020. Management believed the allowance for loan losses at September 30, 2021 was adequate to absorb any losses inherent in the loan portfolio as of that date.


33

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc.
Management's Discussion and Analysis
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
On a quarterly basis, the Company compares three key performance metrics to those of our identified peer group. The peer group for 2021 consists of 21 Midwestern, publicly traded financial institutions including Bank First Corporation, Civista Bancshares, Inc., CrossFirst Bankshares, Inc., Equity Bancshares, Inc., Farmers National Banc Corp., Farmers & Merchants Bancorp., First Business Financial Services, Inc., First Financial Corp., First Mid Bancshares, Inc., German American Bancorp, Inc., Hills Bancorporation, Isabella Bank Corporation, LCNB Corp., Level One Bancorp, Inc., Macatawa Bank Corporation, Mackinac Financial Corporation, Mercantile Bank Corporation, MidWestOne Financial Group, Inc., Nicolet Bankshares, Inc., Peoples Bancorp, Inc., and Southern Missouri Bancorp, Inc. The Company is in the middle of the group in terms of asset size. The Company's goal is to perform at or near the top of this peer group relative to what we consider to be three key metrics: return on average equity, efficiency ratio and Texas ratio. We believe these measures encompass the factors that define the performance of a community bank. Company and peer results for the key financial performance measures are summarized below.

West Bancorporation, Inc.
Peer Group Range(3)
As of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 As of and for the six months ended June 30, 2021 As of and for the six months ended June 30, 2021
Return on average equity 20.98% 21.50% 5.44% - 17.01%
Efficiency ratio(1) (2)
40.08% 40.43% 42.19% - 71.57%
Texas ratio(2)
3.24% 5.31% 1.92% - 16.74%
(1) The efficiency ratio is a non-GAAP financial measure. For further information, refer to the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section of this report.
(2) A lower ratio is more desirable.
(3) Latest data available.


At its meeting on October 27, 2021, the Company's Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.24 per common share. The dividend is payable on November 24, 2021, to stockholders of record on November 10, 2021.
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West Bancorporation, Inc.
Management's Discussion and Analysis
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following table shows selected financial results and measures for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared with the same periods in 2020.
Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021 2020 Change Change % 2021 2020 Change Change %
Net income $ 12,706 $ 8,100 $ 4,606 56.86 % $ 37,697 $ 24,158 $ 13,539 56.04 %
Average assets 3,325,522 2,766,151 559,371 20.22 % 3,220,687 2,666,532 554,155 20.78 %
Average stockholders' equity 251,770 212,054 39,716 18.73 % 240,235 208,628 31,607 15.15 %
Return on average assets 1.52 % 1.16 % 0.36 % 1.56 % 1.21 % 0.35 %
Return on average equity 20.02 % 15.20 % 4.82 % 20.98 % 15.47 % 5.51 %
Net interest margin (1)
3.06 % 3.21 % (0.15) % 3.07 % 3.19 % (0.12) %
Efficiency ratio (1) (2)
39.41 % 41.35 % (1.94) % 40.08 % 42.68 % (2.60) %
Dividend payout ratio 31.27 % 42.70 % (11.43) % 30.69 % 42.87 % (12.18) %
Average equity to average assets ratio
7.57 % 7.67 % (0.10) % 7.46 % 7.82 % (0.36) %
As of September 30,
2021 2020 Change
Texas ratio (2)
3.24 % 7.38 % (4.14) %
Equity to assets ratio 7.77 % 7.76 % 0.01 %
Tangible common equity ratio 7.77 % 7.76 % 0.01 %
(1) Amounts are presented on a FTE basis. These are non-GAAP financial measures. For further information, refer to the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section of this report.
(2) A lower ratio is more desirable.

Definitions of ratios:
Return on average assets - annualized net income divided by average assets.
Return on average equity - annualized net income divided by average stockholders' equity.
Net interest margin - annualized tax-equivalent net interest income divided by average interest-earning assets.
Efficiency ratio - noninterest expense (excluding other real estate owned expense and write-down of premises) divided by noninterest income (excluding net securities gains/losses and gains/losses on disposition of premises and equipment) plus tax-equivalent net interest income.
Dividend payout ratio - dividends paid to common stockholders divided by net income.
Average equity to average assets ratio - average equity divided by average assets.
Texas ratio - total nonperforming assets divided by tangible common equity plus the allowance for loan losses.
Equity to assets ratio - equity divided by assets.
Tangible common equity ratio - common equity less intangible assets (none held) divided by tangible assets.


35

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc.
Management's Discussion and Analysis
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
Net Interest Income

The following tables present average balances and related interest income or interest expense, with the resulting annualized average yield or rate by category of interest-earning assets or interest-bearing liabilities. Interest income and the resulting net interest income are shown on a FTE basis.

Three Months Ended September 30,
Average Balance Interest Income/Expense Yield/Rate
2021 2020 Change Change-
%
2021 2020 Change Change-
%
2021 2020 Change
Interest-earning assets:
Loans: (1) (2)
Commercial $ 496,485 $ 635,577 $ (139,092) (21.88) % $ 5,687 $ 5,549 $ 138 2.49 % 4.54 % 3.47 % 1.07 %
Real estate (3)
1,837,251 1,589,000 248,251 15.62 % 18,632 16,934 1,698 10.03 % 4.02 % 4.24 % (0.22) %
Consumer and other 3,619 6,031 (2,412) (39.99) % 39 64 (25) (39.06) % 4.30 % 4.19 % 0.11 %
Total loans 2,337,355 2,230,608 106,747 4.79 % 24,358 22,547 1,811 8.03 % 4.13 % 4.02 % 0.11 %
Securities:
Taxable 506,746 294,545 212,201 72.04 % 2,412 1,728 684 39.58 % 1.90 % 2.35 % (0.45) %
Tax-exempt(3)
155,806 57,839 97,967 169.38 % 940 465 475 102.15 % 2.41 % 3.22 % (0.81) %
Total securities 662,552 352,384 310,168 88.02 % 3,352 2,193 1,159 52.85 % 2.02 % 2.49 % (0.47) %
Federal funds sold 212,376 56,540 155,836 275.62 % 82 15 67 446.67 % 0.15 % 0.10 % 0.05 %
Total interest-earning assets (3)
$ 3,212,283 $ 2,639,532 $ 572,751 21.70 % 27,792 24,755 3,037 12.27 % 3.43 % 3.73 % (0.30) %
Interest-bearing liabilities:
Deposits:
Interest-bearing demand,
savings and money
market $ 1,935,286 $ 1,482,705 $ 452,581 30.52 % 1,660 1,355 305 22.51 % 0.34 % 0.36 % (0.02) %
Time deposits 210,465 188,828 21,637 11.46 % 361 591 (230) (38.92) % 0.68 % 1.25 % (0.57) %
Total deposits 2,145,751 1,671,533 474,218 28.37 % 2,021 1,946 75 3.85 % 0.37 % 0.46 % (0.09) %
Other borrowed funds 169,183 225,995 (56,812) (25.14) % 978 1,532 (554) (36.16) % 2.29 % 2.70 % (0.41) %
Total interest-bearing
liabilities $ 2,314,934 $ 1,897,528 $ 417,406 22.00 % 2,999 3,478 (479) (13.77) % 0.51 % 0.73 % (0.22) %
Net interest income (FTE) (4)
$ 24,793 $ 21,277 $ 3,516 16.52 %
Net interest spread (FTE) 2.92 % 3.00 % (0.08) %
Net interest margin (FTE) (4)
3.06 % 3.21 % (0.15) %
36

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc.
Management's Discussion and Analysis
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
Nine Months Ended September 30,
Average Balance Interest Income/Expense Yield/Rate
2021 2020 Change Change-
%
2021 2020 Change Change-
%
2021 2020 Change
Interest-earning assets:
Loans: (1) (2)
Commercial $ 538,579 $ 551,476 $ (12,897) (2.34) % $ 17,880 $ 15,927 $ 1,953 12.26 % 4.44 % 3.86 % 0.58 %
Real estate (3)
1,764,285 1,557,211 207,074 13.30 % 53,712 51,284 2,428 4.73 % 4.07 % 4.40 % (0.33) %
Consumer and other 4,365 6,374 (2,009) (31.52) % 146 210 (64) (30.48) % 4.48 % 4.40 % 0.08 %
Total loans 2,307,229 2,115,061 192,168 9.09 % 71,738 67,421 4,317 6.40 % 4.16 % 4.26 % (0.10) %
Securities:
Taxable 403,873 325,853 78,020 23.94 % 5,952 6,105 (153) (2.51) % 1.96 % 2.50 % (0.54) %
Tax-exempt (3)
133,074 48,381 84,693 175.05 % 2,506 1,221 1,285 105.24 % 2.51 % 3.37 % (0.86) %
Total securities 536,947 374,234 162,713 43.48 % 8,458 7,326 1,132 15.45 % 2.10 % 2.61 % (0.51) %
Federal funds sold 254,890 55,134 199,756 362.31 % 226 256 (30) (11.72) % 0.12 % 0.62 % (0.50) %
Total interest-earning assets (3)
$ 3,099,066 $ 2,544,429 $ 554,637 21.80 % 80,422 75,003 5,419 7.23 % 3.47 % 3.94 % (0.47) %
Interest-bearing liabilities:
Deposits:
Interest-bearing demand,
savings and money
market $ 1,841,642 $ 1,450,279 $ 391,363 26.99 % 4,680 6,308 (1,628) (25.81) % 0.34 % 0.58 % (0.24) %
Time deposits 212,967 229,205 (16,238) (7.08) % 1,213 3,035 (1,822) (60.03) % 0.76 % 1.77 % (1.01) %
Total deposits 2,054,609 1,679,484 375,125 22.34 % 5,893 9,343 (3,450) (36.93) % 0.38 % 0.74 % (0.36) %
Other borrowed funds 190,832 229,431 (38,599) (16.82) % 3,266 4,801 (1,535) (31.97) % 2.29 % 2.80 % (0.51) %
Total interest-bearing
liabilities $ 2,245,441 $ 1,908,915 $ 336,526 17.63 % 9,159 14,144 (4,985) (35.24) % 0.55 % 0.99 % (0.44) %
Net interest income (FTE) (4)
$ 71,263 $ 60,859 $ 10,404 17.10 %
Net interest spread (FTE) 2.92 % 2.95 % (0.03) %
Net interest margin (FTE) (4)
3.07 % 3.19 % (0.12) %
(1)Average loan balances include nonaccrual loans. Interest income recognized on nonaccrual loans has been included.
(2)Interest income on loans includes amortization of loan fees and costs and prepayment penalties collected, which are not material.
(3)Tax-exempt income has been adjusted to a tax-equivalent basis using a federal income tax rate of 21 percent and is adjusted to reflect the effect of the nondeductible interest expense associated with owning tax-exempt securities and loans.
(4)Net interest income (FTE) and net interest margin (FTE) are non-GAAP financial measures. For further information, refer to the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section of this report.

The Company's largest component of net income is net interest income, which is the difference between interest earned on interest-earning assets, consisting primarily of loans and securities, and interest paid on interest-bearing liabilities, consisting of deposits and borrowings. Fluctuations in net interest income can result from the combination of changes in the average balances of asset and liability categories and changes in interest rates. Interest rates earned and paid are affected by general economic conditions, particularly changes in market interest rates, and by competitive factors, government policies and actions of regulatory authorities. The Federal Reserve decreased the targeted federal funds interest rate by a total of 150 basis points in March 2020, reaching its current range of 0.0 - 0.25 percent.


37

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc.
Management's Discussion and Analysis
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
Net interest margin on a FTE basis, a non-GAAP financial measure, is a measure of the net return on interest-earning assets and is computed by dividing annualized tax-equivalent net interest income by total average interest-earning assets for the period. The net interest margin for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 decreased by 15 and 12 basis points, respectively, compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. The primary driver of the decrease in the net interest margin was a decrease in yield on securities, partially offset by a decrease in the interest rates paid on deposits and other borrowed funds. The higher average balances of federal funds sold also contributed to a lower net interest margin. Tax-equivalent net interest income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 increased $3,516 and $10,404, respectively, compared to the same time periods in 2020. The increase in net interest income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 was primarily due to increases in average loans and securities balances and decreases in deposit interest rates, partially offset by increases in average deposit balances and decreases in yields on securities.

Tax-equivalent interest income on loans increased $1,811 for the three months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2020. Included in commercial loans were PPP loans with interest income of $1,590 and $1,365 and yields of 9.28 percent and 2.42 percent for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2021, tax-equivalent interest income on loans increased $4,317 compared to the same period in 2020. Included in commercial loans were PPP loans with interest income of $5,819 and $2,438 and yields of 6.46 percent and 2.44 percent for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020, respectively. The PPP loan interest income in 2021 included accelerated origination fees recognized at the time of loan forgiveness. Exclusive of the PPP loans, the yield on loans was 3.98 percent and 4.20 percent for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020, respectively, and 4.03 percent and 4.38 percent for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020, respectively. Management believes interest income on loans and the yield on loans could decline in future periods if the low interest rate environment and strong competition persist. Average loan balances, exclusive of PPP loans, increased $263,086 and $205,062, or 13.1 percent and 10.3 percent for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively, compared to the same time periods in 2020.

The Company continues to focus on expanding existing and entering into new customer relationships while maintaining strong credit quality. The yield on the Company's loan portfolio is affected by the portfolio's loan mix, the interest rate environment, the effects of competition, the level of nonaccrual loans and reversals of previously accrued interest on charged-off loans. The political and economic environments can also influence the volume of new loan originations and the mix of variable-rate versus fixed-rate loans. We anticipate that our interest income could be adversely affected in future periods as a result of the long-term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, including the possibility of decreases in the size of our loan portfolio and declining credit quality, the effect of lower interest rates, and the potential for an increase in nonaccrual loans.

The average balance of interest-bearing demand, savings and money market deposits increased for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to an increase in average balances of money market and interest-bearing demand accounts. The increase in average balances was primarily due to changes in customer behavior as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and our customers' desire to retain liquidity, as well as a result of additional funds provided to individuals and businesses by government relief programs. The average rate paid on interest-bearing demand, savings and money market deposits for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 decreased 2 and 24 basis points, respectively, compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. The average rate paid on time deposits decreased 57 and 101 basis points, respectively, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. The decreases were primarily due to decreasing interest rates on all deposit products in response to the unprecedented decrease in the targeted federal funds rate that occurred in March 2020.

The average balance of other borrowed funds decreased $56,812 and $38,599, respectively, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. The rate paid on borrowed funds declined by 41 and 51 basis points, respectively, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. These declines were primarily due to the repayment of $50,000 of FHLB advances in the second quarter of 2021 and the maturity of long-term, high rate FHLB advances in the second and third quarters of 2020.

As a result of the historically low interest rate environment, we expect that our net interest income and net interest margin could decrease in future periods.


38

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc.
Management's Discussion and Analysis
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
Provision for Loan Losses and the Related Allowance for Loan Losses

The provision for loan losses represents a charge made to earnings to maintain an adequate allowance for loan losses. The adequacy of the allowance for loan losses is evaluated quarterly by management and reviewed by the Board of Directors. The allowance for loan losses is management's best estimate of probable losses inherent in the loan portfolio as of the balance sheet date. The provisions for loan losses were zero and negative $1,500 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared to a provision of $4,000 and $8,000 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. The provisions in 2020 were due primarily to uncertainty surrounding economic conditions as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, while the negative provision recorded in 2021 was primarily due to the improvement in economic conditions. In 2021, reductions in certain qualitative factors used in the allowance for loan losses calculation related to economic improvement were partially offset by loan growth.

Factors management considers in establishing an appropriate allowance include: the borrower's financial condition; the value and adequacy of loan collateral; the condition of the local economy and the borrower's specific industry; the levels and trends of loans by segment; and a review of delinquent and classified loans. In response to COVID-19, the Company increased its monitoring efforts of certain segments of the loan portfolio that management believed were under increased stress, including hotel exposures. Ongoing communication with customers regarding revenue and cash flow expectations continue to be used to monitor risks and stress in the loan portfolio. For example, customers in the hotel industry provide monthly updates on occupancy rates.

The quarterly evaluation of the allowance focuses on factors such as specific loan reviews, changes in the components of the loan portfolio given the current and forecasted economic conditions, and historical loss experience. Any one of the following conditions may result in the review of a specific loan: concern about whether the customer's cash flow or net worth is sufficient to repay the loan; delinquency status; criticism of the loan in a regulatory examination; the suspension of interest accrual; or other factors, including whether the loan has other special or unusual characteristics that suggest special monitoring is warranted. The Company's concentration risks include geographic concentrations in central and eastern Iowa and southern Minnesota. The local economies in those markets are composed primarily of major financial service companies, healthcare providers, educational institutions, technology and agribusiness companies, and state and local governments.

West Bank has a significant portion of its loan portfolio in commercial real estate loans, commercial lines of credit, commercial term loans, and construction and land development loans. West Bank's typical commercial borrower is a small- or medium-sized, privately owned business entity. Compared to residential mortgages or consumer loans, commercial loans typically have larger balances and repayment usually depends on the borrowers' successful business operations. Commercial loans generally are not fully repaid over the loan period and may require refinancing or a large payoff at maturity. When the economy turns downward, commercial borrowers may not be able to repay their loans, and the value of their assets, which are usually pledged as collateral, may decrease rapidly and significantly.

While management uses available information to recognize losses on loans, further reduction in the carrying amounts of loans may be necessary based on changes in circumstances, changes in the overall economy in the markets we currently serve, or later acquired information. Identifiable sectors within the general economy are subject to additional volatility, which at any time may have a substantial impact on the loan portfolio. In addition, regulatory agencies, as integral parts of their examination processes, periodically review the credit quality of the loan portfolio and the level of the allowance for loan losses. Such agencies may require West Bank to recognize additional charge-offs or provision for loan losses based on such agencies' review of information available to them at the time of their examinations.


39

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc.
Management's Discussion and Analysis
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
West Bank's policy is to charge off loans when, in management's opinion, a loan or a portion of a loan is deemed uncollectible. Commercially reasonable efforts are made to maximize subsequent recoveries. The following table summarizes the activity in the Company's allowance for loan losses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 and related ratios.

Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021 2020 Change 2021 2020 Change
Balance at beginning of period $ 28,042 $ 21,363 $ 6,679 $ 29,436 $ 17,235 $ 12,201
Charge-offs - - - - (1) 1
Recoveries 56 40 16 162 169 (7)
Net recoveries 56 40 16 162 168 (6)
Provision for loan losses charged to operations
- 4,000 (4,000) (1,500) 8,000 (9,500)
Balance at end of period $ 28,098 $ 25,403 $ 2,695 $ 28,098 $ 25,403 $ 2,695
Average loans outstanding $ 2,337,355 $ 2,230,608 $ 2,307,229 $ 2,115,061
Ratio of annualized net (charge-offs) recoveries during the period to average loans outstanding
0.01 % 0.01 % 0.01 % 0.01 %
Ratio of allowance for loan losses to average loans outstanding
1.20 % 1.14 % 1.22 % 1.20 %
Ratio of allowance for loan losses to total loans at end of period
1.19 % 1.13 % 1.19 % 1.13 %
Ratio of allowance for loan losses to total loans at end of period, excluding PPP loans(1)
1.22 % 1.26 % 1.22 % 1.26 %
(1) A non-GAAP financial measure. For further information, refer to the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section of this report.

In 2020, the U.S. economy deteriorated rapidly and significantly as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and the impact of economic uncertainties. The national unemployment rate jumped from 4.4 percent in March 2020 to 14.8 percent in April 2020 amid nationwide shutdowns and other restrictions in the interest of public health and safety. In 2021, the economy has begun to recover; however some economic measures still lag pre-pandemic levels. Additionally, certain industries, including travel, hospitality and entertainment, have been particularly impacted by shutdowns, capacity restrictions, and social distancing requirements that occurred in response to COVID-19. There remains uncertainty about recovery times and the long term impact on local businesses as well as the travel, hospitality and entertainment industries. The Company increased certain qualitative factors used in the allowance for loan losses evaluation in 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on the continued improvement in national and local economic performances measures, the relative success of vaccination efforts and the lifting of pandemic-related restrictions in the Company's market areas, the Company decreased certain qualitative factors used in the allowance for loan losses evaluation in the second and third quarters of 2021. However, the qualitative factors overall remain higher at September 30, 2021 than they were prior to the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic related adjustments.


40

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc.
Management's Discussion and Analysis
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
Noninterest Income

The following tables show the variance from the prior year in the noninterest income categories shown in the Consolidated Statements of Income.
Three Months Ended September 30,
Noninterest income: 2021 2020 Change Change %
Service charges on deposit accounts $ 589 $ 609 $ (20) (3.28) %
Debit card usage fees 490 432 58 13.43 %
Trust services 695 553 142 25.68 %
Increase in cash value of bank-owned life insurance 230 133 97 72.93 %
Loan swap fees - 983 (983) (100.00) %
Realized securities gains, net 11 156 (145) (92.95) %
Other income:
All other income 386 337 49 14.54 %
Total other income 386 337 49 14.54 %
Total noninterest income $ 2,401 $ 3,203 $ (802) (25.04) %
Nine Months Ended September 30,
Noninterest income: 2021 2020 Change Change %
Service charges on deposit accounts $ 1,749 $ 1,743 $ 6 0.34 %
Debit card usage fees 1,443 1,205 238 19.75 %
Trust services 2,038 1,477 561 37.98 %
Increase in cash value of bank-owned life insurance 690 427 263 61.59 %
Loan swap fees 42 1,572 (1,530) (97.33) %
Realized securities gains, net 51 81 (30) (37.04) %
Other income:
All other income 1,368 993 375 37.76 %
Total other income 1,368 993 375 37.76 %
Total noninterest income $ 7,381 $ 7,498 $ (117) (1.56) %

Debit card usage fees increased for the three and nine months months ended September 30, 2021 when compared to the same periods ended September 30, 2020, due to an increase in transaction volume as consumers responded to the reopening of the economy. Revenue from trust services increased for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 when compared to the same periods ended September 30, 2020, primarily as a result of an increase in the value of trust assets in 2021 compared to 2020. The increase in cash value of bank-owned life insurance was driven by the purchase of additional life insurance in the third quarter of 2020, increasing total life insurance investments for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 in comparison to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. The Company offers loan level interest rate swaps to its customers and offsets its exposure from such contracts by entering into mirror image swaps with a swap counterparty (back-to-back swap program). Loan swap fees consist of fees earned in the back-to-back swap program at contract origination and are dependent on the timing and volume of customer activity.

The increase in other income for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was primarily due to the recognition of net swap termination gains totaling $181 in March 2021. Interest rate swaps with a total notional amount of $150,000 were terminated and the pre-tax gains and losses were recorded in other noninterest income. Refer to Note 5 to the financial statements for additional information.

41

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc.
Management's Discussion and Analysis
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
Noninterest Expense

The following tables show the variance from the prior year in the noninterest expense categories shown in the Consolidated Statements of Income. In addition, accounts within the "other expenses" category that represent a significant portion of the total or a significant variance are shown below.
Three Months Ended September 30,
Noninterest expense: 2021 2020 Change Change %
Salaries and employee benefits $ 6,018 $ 5,412 $ 606 11.20 %
Occupancy 1,203 1,221 (18) (1.47) %
Data processing 616 572 44 7.69 %
FDIC insurance 528 351 177 50.43 %
Professional fees 212 230 (18) (7.83) %
Director fees 176 236 (60) (25.42) %
Other expenses:
Marketing 54 57 (3) (5.26) %
Business development 229 158 71 44.94 %
Insurance expense 127 110 17 15.45 %
Charitable contributions 60 45 15 33.33 %
Subscriptions and service contracts 424 351 73 20.80 %
Trust 181 117 64 54.70 %
Consulting fees 70 67 3 4.48 %
Low income housing projects amortization 203 110 93 84.55 %
New markets tax credit project amortization and management
fees
230 230 - - %
All other 381 792 (411) (51.89) %
Total other expenses 1,959 2,037 (78) (3.83) %
Total noninterest expense $ 10,712 $ 10,059 $ 653 6.49 %
Nine Months Ended September 30,
Noninterest expense: 2021 2020 Change Change %
Salaries and employee benefits $ 17,298 $ 16,014 $ 1,284 8.02 %
Occupancy 3,630 3,651 (21) (0.58) %
Data processing 1,835 1,756 79 4.50 %
FDIC insurance 1,358 880 478 54.32 %
Professional fees 763 669 94 14.05 %
Director fees 581 664 (83) (12.50) %
Other expenses:
Marketing 156 145 11 7.59 %
Business development 676 562 114 20.28 %
Insurance expense 371 324 47 14.51 %
Charitable contributions 180 135 45 33.33 %
Subscriptions and service contracts 1,269 982 287 29.23 %
Trust 459 337 122 36.20 %
Consulting fees 223 233 (10) (4.29) %
Low income housing projects amortization 529 315 214 67.94 %
New markets tax credit project amortization and management
fees
689 689 - - %
All other 1,492 1,783 (291) (16.32) %
Total other expenses 6,044 5,505 539 9.79 %
Total noninterest expense $ 31,509 $ 29,139 $ 2,370 8.13 %

42

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc.
Management's Discussion and Analysis
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
Salaries and employee benefits increased for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 when compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to an increase in expense related to restricted stock units and the addition of three commercial bankers in the Des Moines market in the third quarter of 2021. FDIC insurance expense increased during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 when compared to the same time periods in 2020 due to increases in both the Company's average assets and assessment rate.

Business development expense increased for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 in comparison to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. Business development activities were significantly limited as a result of COVID-19 shutdowns and social distancing guidelines that began in the second quarter of 2020. Business development activities have increased in the second and third quarters of 2021 as local economies return to normal activities. Subscriptions and service contracts increased primarily due to increases in information technology and information security solutions. All other expenses were lower for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 when compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, due primarily to losses in 2020 from a check fraud incident.

Income Tax Expense

The Company recorded income tax expense of $3,469 (21.4 percent of pre-tax income) and $10,132 (21.2 percent of pre-tax income) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared with $2,176 (21.2 percent of pre-tax income) and $6,544 (21.3 percent of pre-tax income) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. The Company's consolidated income tax rate differs from the federal statutory income tax rate in each period, primarily due to tax-exempt interest income, the tax-exempt increase in cash value of bank-owned life insurance, disallowed interest expense, and state income taxes. In addition, for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, a tax benefit of $233 was recorded as a result of the increase in fair value of restricted stock over the vesting period. Comparatively, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, a tax expense of $116 was recorded as a result of the decrease in fair value of restricted stock over the vesting period. The tax rates for the first nine months of 2021 and 2020 were also impacted by year-to-date federal low income housing tax credits and a new markets tax credit of approximately $1,026 and $930, respectively.

FINANCIAL CONDITION

The Company had total assets of $3,249,700 as of September 30, 2021, compared to total assets of $3,185,744 as of December 31, 2020. Fluctuations in the balance sheet included increases in securities, loans, deposits, federal funds purchased and other liabilities and decreases in Federal Home Loan Bank advances, federal funds sold and long-term debt.

Securities

The balance of securities available for sale increased by $342,826 during the nine months ended September 30, 2021. In the first nine months of 2021, securities were purchased to improve the yield on excess liquidity. As of September 30, 2021, approximately 62 percent of the available for sale securities portfolio consisted of government agency guaranteed collateralized mortgage obligations and mortgage-backed securities. Management currently believes these securities provide relatively good yields, have little to no credit risk and provide fairly consistent cash flows.

Loans and Nonperforming Assets

Loans outstanding increased $78,992 from $2,280,575 as of December 31, 2020 to $2,359,567 as of September 30, 2021. Changes in the loan portfolio during the first nine months of 2021 included increases of $98,163 in commercial real estate loans and $89,562 in construction, land and land development loans. Commercial loans declined $112,255, which included a $133,341 decline in PPP loans. As of September 30, 2021, PPP loans outstanding totaled $47,416, which was made up of $6,812 from round one of the program in 2020 and $40,604 from round two in 2021. The Company continues to focus on business development efforts in all of its markets. Exclusive of PPP loans, loan growth in the first nine months of 2021 was 10.1 percent.

Nonaccrual loans decreased $7,114 from December 31, 2020 to September 30, 2021 due to payments received on outstanding balances. The Company's Texas ratio, which is computed by dividing total nonperforming assets by tangible common equity plus the allowance for loan losses, was 3.24 percent as of September 30, 2021, compared to 6.40 percent as of December 31, 2020.


43

Table of Contents

West Bancorporation, Inc.
Management's Discussion and Analysis
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
The watch classification of loans increased to $91,325 as of September 30, 2021 from $26,715 as of December 31, 2020. The increase was primarily due to the addition of $69,078 of hotel, restaurant and other commercial real estate loans related to one borrowing group. This relationship was downgraded to watch classification in the first quarter of 2021 primarily due to a slower rebound in its hotel occupancy rates compared to other market data. The loans in this downgraded borrowing group are considered well collateralized with a weighted average loan to value ratio of 70 percent.

Even though we have seen improvement in economic conditions, we believe the COVID-19 pandemic could have further adverse affects on the credit quality of our loan portfolio. The duration of business disruptions to our customers in the hotel, restaurant and movie theater industries could result in increased loan delinquencies and defaults. Management believes impaired loans could increase in the future as a result of the long-term economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including the risk of future shutdowns in response to new COVID-19 variants. No credit issues are anticipated with PPP loans at this time, as they are 100 percent guaranteed by the SBA.

In accordance with regulatory guidelines, the Company exercises heightened risk management practices when non-owner occupied commercial real estate lending exceeds 300 percent of total risk-based capital or construction, land development, and other land loans exceed 100 percent of total risk-based capital. Although the Company's loan portfolio is heavily concentrated in real estate and its real estate portfolio levels exceed these regulatory guidelines, it has established risk management policies and procedures to regularly monitor the commercial real estate portfolio. An analysis of the Company's non-owner occupied commercial real estate portfolio as of December 31, 2020 was presented in the Company's Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 1, 2021, and the Company has not experienced any material changes to that analysis since December 31, 2020.

The following table sets forth the amount of nonperforming assets held by the Company and common ratio measurements of those assets as of the dates shown.
September 30, 2021 December 31, 2020 Change
Nonaccrual loans $ 9,080 $ 16,194 $ (7,114)
Loans past due 90 days and still accruing interest - - -
Troubled debt restructured loans (1)
- - -
Total nonperforming loans 9,080 16,194 (7,114)
Other real estate owned - - -
Total nonperforming assets $ 9,080 $ 16,194 $ (7,114)
Nonperforming loans to total loans 0.38 % 0.71 % (0.33) %
Nonperforming assets to total assets 0.28 % 0.51 % (0.23) %
(1)While TDR loans are commonly reported by the industry as nonperforming, those not classified in the nonaccrual category are accruing interest due to payment performance. TDR loans on nonaccrual status are categorized as nonaccrual. There were six TDR loans related to one borrower as of September 30, 2021 categorized as nonaccrual. There were no TDR loans as of December 31, 2020 categorized as nonaccrual.

Deposits

Deposits increased $35,929 during the first nine months of 2021. Savings accounts, which include money market accounts, increased by a total of $105,067 from December 31, 2020 to September 30, 2021. Interest-bearing demand accounts decreased a total of $95,716 from December 31, 2020 to September 30, 2021. Balance fluctuations were primarily due to normal customer activity, as corporate customers' liquidity needs vary at any given time. We believe that deposit levels could decrease in future periods as a result of the end of broad government stimulus programs relating to the COVID-19 pandemic and low interest rates.

Borrowed Funds

The Company had $125,000 of short-term FHLB advances outstanding at September 30, 2021, compared to $175,000 as of December 31, 2020. The Company repaid $50,000 of FHLB advances at maturity in the second quarter of 2021 to reduce unneeded funding as a result of high deposit balances and excess liquidity. Federal funds balances fluctuate based on customer loan and deposit activity and the Company's balance sheet management objectives.


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West Bancorporation, Inc.
Management's Discussion and Analysis
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
Derivatives

At September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had interest rate swap contracts associated with borrowed funds and deposits with a total notional amount of $255,000 and $305,000, respectively. The fair value of these derivative contracts, which is reported in other liabilities on the balance sheet, increased $12,974 from December 31, 2020 to September 30, 2021 due to the increases in projected long-term market interest rates.

In March 2021, the Company terminated interest rate swaps with a total notional amount of $150,000. Of the total notional amount of $150,000, $100,000 were forward-starting interest rate swaps originated in January 2021 and $50,000 were interest rate swaps hedging the interest cash flows of FHLB advances. The net termination gains were recorded in other noninterest income.

Other Liabilities

Other liabilities at September 30, 2021 included $30,151 of pending security settlements.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

The objectives of liquidity management are to ensure the availability of sufficient cash flows to meet all financial commitments and to capitalize on opportunities for profitable business expansion. The Company's principal source of funds is deposits. Other sources include loan principal repayments, proceeds from the maturity and sale of securities, principal payments on collateralized mortgage obligations and mortgage-backed securities, federal funds purchased, advances from the FHLB, and funds provided by operations. Liquidity management is conducted on both a daily and a long-term basis. Investments in liquid assets are adjusted based on expected loan demand, projected loan and securities maturities and payments, expected deposit flows and the objectives set by the Company's asset-liability management policy. The Company had liquid assets (cash and cash equivalents) of $32,469 as of September 30, 2021 compared with $396,435 as of December 31, 2020.

As of September 30, 2021, West Bank had additional borrowing capacity available from the FHLB of approximately $553,000, as well as approximately $18,000 through the Federal Reserve discount window and $67,000 through unsecured federal funds lines of credit with correspondent banks. Net cash from operating activities contributed $72,585 to liquidity for the nine months ended September 30, 2021. Management believed that the combination of high levels of potentially liquid assets, cash flows from operations, and additional borrowing capacity provided the Company with strong liquidity as of September 30, 2021.

The Company's total stockholders' equity increased to $252,376 at September 30, 2021 from $223,695 at December 31, 2020. The increase was primarily the result of net income less dividends paid and an increase in fair value of derivatives, partially offset by a decrease in the fair value of securities. At September 30, 2021, the Company's tangible common equity as a percent of tangible assets was 7.77 percent compared to 7.02 percent as of December 31, 2020.

The Company had remaining commitments to invest in qualified affordable housing projects totaling $3,992 and $3,505 as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. During 2020, the Company began construction on a new office in Sartell, Minnesota, which had a remaining construction commitment of $3,477 and $8,324 as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

The Company and West Bank are subject to various regulatory capital requirements administered by federal and state banking agencies. Failure to meet minimum capital requirements (as shown in the following table) can result in certain mandatory and possibly additional discretionary actions by regulators, which, if undertaken, could have a direct material effect on the Company's consolidated financial statements. Under capital adequacy guidelines and the regulatory framework for prompt corrective action, the Company and West Bank must meet specific capital guidelines that involve quantitative measures of their assets, liabilities and certain off-balance sheet items as calculated under regulatory accounting practices. The Company's and West Bank's capital amounts and classifications are also subject to qualitative judgments by the regulators about components, risk weightings and other factors. Management believed the Company and West Bank met all capital adequacy requirements to which they were subject as of September 30, 2021.

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West Bancorporation, Inc.
Management's Discussion and Analysis
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
The Company's and West Bank's capital amounts and ratios are presented in the following table.
Actual For Capital
Adequacy Purposes
For Capital
Adequacy Purposes With Capital Conservation Buffer
To Be Well-Capitalized
Amount Ratio Amount Ratio Amount Ratio Amount Ratio
As of September 30, 2021:
Total Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets)
Consolidated $ 310,479 11.12 % $ 223,376 8.00 % $ 293,181 10.50 % $ 279,220 10.00 %
West Bank 312,109 11.18 % 223,315 8.00 % 293,101 10.50 % 279,144 10.00 %
Tier 1 Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets)
Consolidated 282,381 10.11 % 167,532 6.00 % 237,337 8.50 % 223,376 8.00 %
West Bank 284,011 10.17 % 167,486 6.00 % 237,272 8.50 % 223,315 8.00 %
Common Equity Tier 1 Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets)
Consolidated 262,381 9.40 % 125,649 4.50 % 195,454 7.00 % 181,493 6.50 %
West Bank 284,011 10.17 % 125,615 4.50 % 195,401 7.00 % 181,444 6.50 %
Tier 1 Capital (to Average Assets)
Consolidated 282,381 8.51 % 132,785 4.00 % 132,785 4.00 % 165,981 5.00 %
West Bank 284,011 8.56 % 132,685 4.00 % 132,685 4.00 % 165,856 5.00 %
As of December 31, 2020:
Total Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets)
Consolidated $ 284,977 11.45 % $ 199,092 8.00 % $ 261,308 10.50 % $ 248,865 10.00 %
West Bank 290,677 11.69 % 198,995 8.00 % 261,181 10.50 % 248,744 10.00 %
Tier 1 Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets)
Consolidated 255,541 10.27 % 149,319 6.00 % 211,535 8.50 % 199,092 8.00 %
West Bank 261,241 10.50 % 149,246 6.00 % 211,431 8.50 % 198,995 8.00 %
Common Equity Tier 1 Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets)
Consolidated 235,541 9.46 % 111,989 4.50 % 174,205 7.00 % 161,762 6.50 %
West Bank 261,241 10.50 % 111,935 4.50 % 174,120 7.00 % 161,683 6.50 %
Tier 1 Capital (to Average Assets)
Consolidated 255,541 8.66 % 118,053 4.00 % 118,053 4.00 % 147,567 5.00 %
West Bank 261,241 8.86 % 117,946 4.00 % 117,946 4.00 % 147,433 5.00 %

The Company and West Bank are subject to the rules of the Basel III regulatory capital framework and related Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. The rules include the implementation of a 2.5 percent capital conservation buffer that is added to the minimum requirements for capital adequacy purposes. A banking organization with a capital conservation buffer of less than the required amount will be subject to limitations on capital distributions, including dividend payments, and certain discretionary bonus payments to executive officers. At September 30, 2021, the capital ratios for the Company and West Bank were sufficient to meet the conservation buffer.
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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

The Company's market risk is composed primarily of interest rate risk arising from its core banking activities of lending and deposit taking. Interest rate risk refers to the exposure arising from changes in interest rates. Fluctuations in interest rates have a significant impact not only upon net income, but also upon the cash flows and market values of assets and liabilities. Our results of operations, like those of other financial institutions, are impacted by changes in interest rates and the interest rate sensitivity of our interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. Management continually develops and applies strategies to mitigate this risk. Management does not believe that the Company's primary market risk exposure and management of that exposure in the first nine months of 2021 have materially changed compared to those in the year 2020.

The Company's objectives are to manage interest rate risk to foster consistent growth of earnings and capital. It is our policy to maintain an acceptable level of interest rate risk over a range of possible changes in interest rates while remaining responsive to market demand for loan and deposit products. To measure that risk, the Company uses an earnings simulation approach.

The Company maintains an Asset Liability Committee which meets quarterly to review the interest rate sensitivity position and to review and develop various strategies for managing interest rate risk. Measuring and managing interest rate risk is a dynamic process that management performs with the objective of maximizing net interest margin while maintaining interest rate risk within acceptable tolerances. This process relies primarily on the simulation of net interest income over multiple interest rate scenarios. The Company engages a third party that utilizes a modeling program to measure the Company's exposure to potential interest rate changes. For various assumed hypothetical changes in market interest rates, this analysis measures the estimated change in net interest income. The simulations allow for ongoing assessment of interest rate sensitivity and can include the impact of potential new business strategies. The modeled scenarios begin with a base case in which rates are unchanged and include parallel and nonparallel rate shocks. The results of these shocks are measured in two forms: first, the impact on the net interest margin and earnings over one and two year time frames; and second, the impact on the market value of equity. The results of the simulation are compared against approved policy limits.

The following table presents the estimated change in net interest income for one year under several scenarios of assumed interest rate changes for the rate shock levels shown. The net interest income in each scenario is based on parallel and permanent changes in the interest rates.

Scenario % Change
300 basis points rising 1.24%
200 basis points rising 1.03%
100 basis points rising 0.76%
Base -

As of September 30, 2021, the estimated effect of a 300 basis point increase in interest rates would be an increase of the Company's net interest income by approximately 1.24 percent, or $1,144 over the twelve months ending September 30, 2022. The estimated effect of a decrease in rates is not reasonably calculable due to the current low interest rate environment.

Computations of the prospective effects of hypothetical interest rate changes are based on numerous assumptions. The assumptions used in our interest rate sensitivity simulation discussed above are inherently uncertain and, as a result, the simulations cannot precisely measure net interest income or precisely predict the impact of changes in interest rates on net interest income. Actual values may differ from those projections set forth above due to timing, magnitude and frequency of interest rate changes as well as changes in market conditions. Further, the computations do not contemplate any actions the Company may undertake in response to changes in interest rates.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

a. Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures. As of the end of the period covered by this report, an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company's disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e)) was performed under the supervision, and with the participation, of the Company's Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer have concluded that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act was recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC's rules and forms.

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b. Changes in internal control over financial reporting. There were no changes in the Company's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended September 30, 2021, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

Neither the Company nor West Bank is a party, and no property of these entities is subject, to any material pending legal proceedings, other than ordinary routine litigation incidental to West Bank's business. The Company does not know of any proceeding contemplated by a governmental authority against the Company or West Bank.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

Management does not believe there have been any material changes in the risk factors that were disclosed in the Company's Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 1, 2021.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

None.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information

None.

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Item 6. Exhibits

The following exhibits are filed as part of this report:
Exhibits Description
3.1
Restatement of the Restated Articles of Incorporation of West Bancorporation, Inc.(incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 filed with the Form 10-K on March 1, 2017)
3.2
Amended and Restated Bylaws of West Bancorporation, Inc. as of January 23, 2019(incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 filed with the Form 8-K on January 24, 2019)
31.1
Certification of Chief Executive Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
31.2
Certification of Chief Financial Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.1
Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.2
Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
101.INS Inline XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document
101.SCH Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104 Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and combined in Exhibit 101)

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

West Bancorporation, Inc.
(Registrant)
October 28, 2021 By: /s/ David D. Nelson
Date David D. Nelson
Chief Executive Officer and President
(Principal Executive Officer)
October 28, 2021 By: /s/ Douglas R. Gulling
Date Douglas R. Gulling
Executive Vice President, Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)
October 28, 2021 By: /s/ Jane M. Funk
Date Jane M. Funk
Senior Vice President, Controller and Chief Accounting Officer
(Principal Accounting Officer)
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