National Gallery of Art

12/09/2018 | Press release | Distributed by Public on 12/09/2018 18:32

First Tintoretto Retrospective in America Celebrates Venetian Master's 500th Birthday

Release Date: December 9, 2017

First Tintoretto Retrospective in America Celebrates Venetian Master's 500th Birthday

Jacopo Tintoretto, The Madonna of the Treasurers, 1567, oil on canvas, overall: 221 × 521 cm (87 × 205 1/8 in.) , Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice

Washington, DC-Jacopo Tintoretto (c. 1519-1594) was a formidable competitor during his lifetime to the Venetian painters Titian and Veronese, yet he slipped into secondary status in the ensuing centuries. Now, coinciding with the 500th anniversary of his birth, a landmark exhibition on view from March 10 through July 7, 2019, at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, reasserts his place as one of the greatest Italian painters of the 16th century. The first full-scale retrospective of the artist in America, Tintoretto: Artist of Renaissance Venice presents a complete overview of his work, thanks to many significant loans traveling to the U.S. for the first time. The exhibition is currently on view through January 6, 2019, at the Palazzo Ducale in Venice, where it serves as the centerpiece of citywide celebrations in Tintoretto's birthplace.

The Gallery's presentation comprises 46 paintings and ten drawings. The majority of the paintings are immense, stretching nine, ten, or even 16 feet in the case of Paradiso(modello) (c. 1583, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza). Other highlights of the exhibition are a gallery devoted to portraits, revealing that Tintoretto was one of the great portraitists of his day; a substantial group of works on loan from the Gallerie dell'Accademia and Palazzo Ducale; and a film with breathtaking views of the artist's paintings in their Venetian settings. Among the loans leaving Italy for the first time are four that have undergone major conservation projects recently, sponsored by the American nonprofit, Save Venice. One of those, Saint Martial in Glory with Saint Peter and Saint Paul (1549, Church of San Marziale) will be installed outside the exhibition in the West Building's Lobby B.

Two additional exhibitions, both on view from March 10 through May 26, 2019, round out the Gallery's celebration of Tintoretto's achievements: Drawing in Tintoretto's Venice, organized by The Morgan Library & Museum, presents approximately 80 sheets by Tintoretto and his contemporaries to explore the drawing practice of the artist and his place in the Venetian tradition; while Venetian Prints in the Time of Tintorettoshowcases some 30 prints, ranging from critical sources for Tintoretto's artistic formation to striking graphic responses to the expressiveness of the artist's style.

'The Gallery is honored to work with the Fondazione Musei Civici di Venezia and the Gallerie dell'Accademia to present the first full consideration of Tintoretto in America. Their partnership has made the impossible possible, and with this unprecedented exhibition, there will be no doubt of Tintoretto's place as one of the titans of Italian painting,' said Earl A. Powell III, director, National Gallery of Art, Washington. 'We are fortunate to have a generous group of international loans-many making their first trip to the U.S.-join the Gallery's rich holdings of works by Tintoretto. The exhibition and its accompanying catalog, as well as the coinciding Online Edition, will add greatly to scholarship on Tintoretto, and more broadly, on Italian Renaissance painting.'

Exhibition Support

The exhibition is made possible in part by The Exhibition Circle of the National Gallery of Art.

Exhibition Organization and Curators

The exhibition is organized by the National Gallery of Art, Washington, and the Fondazione Musei Civici di Venezia with the collaboration of the Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice.

The exhibition curators are Tintoretto experts Robert Echols, independent scholar, and Frederick Ilchman, chair of the Art of Europe department and Mrs. Russell W. Baker Curator of Paintings at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Exhibition Tour

Palazzo Ducale, Venice, September 7, 2018-January 6, 2019
National Gallery of Art, Washington, March 10-July 7, 2019

Exhibition Highlights

Born in Venice around 1518/1519 as Jacopo Robusti, the artist adopted the nickname Tintoretto, or 'the little dyer,' identifying himself as the son of a dyer. While primarily self-taught, Tintoretto may have spent brief periods as an apprentice in Titian's workshop and as a painter decorating furniture. By 1538, documents indicate he was working as an artist with his own workshop. His earliest dated painting, The Virgin and Child with Saints (1540, private collection), appears in the exhibition's first gallery. While some records exist of early commissions for decorative works for façades and interiors (examples of the latter are on view in the exhibition), by the time of his Self-Portrait (c. 1546/1548, Philadelphia Museum of Art) he had yet to secure a major public commission. Nonetheless, Tintoretto was confident in his abilities and presented himself in his self-portrait as an intensely focused and bold challenger to the conservative tradition of Venetian painting. The painting is one of only two surviving self-portraits by the artist; the other, painted toward the end of his life, bookends the exhibition.

Other early works on view in the first two galleries, such as The Conversion of Saint Paul (c. 1544, National Gallery of Art) and Venus and Mars Surprised by Vulcan (c. 1545/1546, Alte Pinakothek, Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen), illustrate the artist's experiments with rich harmonizing colors, heavy application of paint, dramatic light and shadow, and energetic movement of figures. These elements would come together in his breakthrough work, The Miracle of the Slave (1548). Painted for the Sala Capitolare of the Scuola Grande di San Marco, a prestigious confraternity of laymen, it was Tintoretto's first major public commission and brought him a new level of success and fame. Commissions Tintoretto received following the success of The Miracle of the Slave are on view in the third gallery. Created for the now-demolished Santa Maria dell'Umiltà, The Deposition of Christ (c. 1562, Gallerie dell'Accademia), evokes the familiar biblical moment through a tangle of figures lit with the same stark contrast of light and shadow as seen in The Miracle of the Slave.

An exception to the chronological order of the exhibition is a gallery devoted solely to portraits. While Tintoretto was one of the most prolific portrait painters in the history of Italian art, this area of his work has been obscured by his more dynamic narrative paintings and discounted due to the many subpar portraits created by his workshop or followers but misattributed to the master himself. Works such as Portrait of a Man with a Red Beard (c. 1548, private collection), Man with a Golden Chain (c. 1560, Museo Nacional del Prado), and Portrait of a Man with a White Beard (c. 1555, Kunsthistoriches Museum, Vienna), stand out among Venetian portraiture of the era-posed against dark backgrounds, the subjects are adorned with minimal accessories or signifiers of status. Instead, the simplicity of the compositions brings the focus to the physical features of the subjects' hands and faces and their direct gazes, which are enhanced by exaggerated contrasts in lighting. Also on view in this section are two major examples of Tintoretto's group portraits: The Madonna of the Treasurers (1567, Gallerie dell'Accademia) and Doge Alvise Mocenigo and Family before the Virgin and Child (c. 1575, National Gallery of Art). On loan outside of Italy for the first time, The Madonna of the Treasurers is one of Tintoretto's most impressive contributions to the genre for its masterful combination of figures, vivid individual portraits, and dynamic brushwork, seen particularly in the crimson robes of the three treasurers.

Subsequent galleries feature additional commissions won by Tintoretto, including the most iconic of the surviving canvases created for the Scuola della Trinità, The Creation of the Animals (1550/by 1553, Gallerie dell'Accademia). The Last Supper, perhaps the greatest of Tintoretto's representations of the subject, was created in 1563/1564 for the Church of San Trovaso, which is sending this work to North America for the first time. The monumental canvas exemplifies Tintoretto's skill at depicting the human figure in energetic poses-each apostle twists, turns, gestures, or leans in a different direction. Another highlight of the exhibition is one of the two surviving modelli Tintoretto made in preparation for his most prominent commission, Paradiso. While still quite large, the modello is significantly smaller than the final work, which, stretching 23 feet high and 72 feet wide, is considered the largest old master oil painting in the world. The modello is the culmination of his studies of the human figure throughout his career-dozens of figures fill nearly every inch of the composition, each depicted in a unique pose.

One of the final galleries of the exhibition draws together mythological subjects, including The Nine Muses (c. 1578, The Royal Collection/Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II), The Wedding of Ariadne and Bacchus (1578, Palazzo Ducale), and The Abduction of Helen (c. 1576/1577, Museo Nacional del Prado). Another presents masterpieces of religious painting created toward the end of his life. All are on loan from the sites for which they were originally commissioned: The Virgin Mary Reading and The Virgin Mary in Meditation (c. 1582/1583, Sala Terrena, Scuola Grande di San Rocco), The Entombment of Christ (1594, Church of San Giorgio Maggiore), and The Baptism of Christ (c. 1580, Church of San Silvestro). These four are installed under the watchful eye of his late Self-Portrait (c. 1588, Musée du Louvre).

Exhibition Catalog

Available in both English and Italian, a fully illustrated catalog accompanying the exhibition, copublished by the Gallery and Yale University Press, includes a range essays by the curators and other leading scholars as well as new research and scientific studies of Tintoretto's work. Featuring over 200 color illustrations, the 336-page catalog is available in hardcover in English and Italian at shop.nga.gov, or by calling (800) 697-9350 or (202) 842-6002; faxing (202) 789-3047; or emailing [email protected].

Exhibition Film

Created for the exhibition, this 30-minute film narrated by Stanley Tucci surveys the career and times of Tintoretto, and includes original footage of the monumental paintings by the artist that remain in situ in the churches and palaces of Venice. A 15-minute version will be on view in the exhibition; the full film will be shown in the West Building Lecture Hall in alternation with a 7-minute film on the artist's paintings for the Scuola Grande di San Marco. Both films are available on a free-loan basis through the department of education by visiting nga.gov/education/teachers/video.html. A DVD that pairs the original English version with an Italian version is also available for purchase at shop.nga.gov, or by calling (800) 697-9350 or (202) 842-6002; faxing (202) 789-3047; or emailing [email protected].The film was made possible by the HRH Foundation.

Related Programs

Lecture
Introduction to the Exhibition - Tintoretto: Artist of Renaissance Venice
March 10, 2:00 p.m.
East Building Auditorium
Robert Echols, independent scholar, and Frederick Ilchman, chair of the Art of Europe department and Mrs. Russell W. Baker Curator of Paintings, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. A signing of the exhibition catalog follows.

Concert
Tomb Sonnets
Parthenia with Ryland Angel, countertenor
March 17, 3:30 p.m.
West Building, West Garden Court
In celebration of the 500th anniversary of Tintoretto's birth, Parthenia and guest vocalist Ryland Angel offer sublime works for voice and viols by Italian Renaissance masters from the age of the sonnet. Composers include Luca Marenzio, Philippe Verdelot, Jacques Arcadelt, Cipriano de Rore, Girolamo Frescobaldi, and Andrea and Giovanni Gabrieli-uncle and nephew whose composing skills were honed in Venice and defined the era's style. The program also features Martin Kennedy's song cycle, Tomb Sonnets (2014), for viol consort and countertenor, which explores poetic studies of death and burial in sonnets by Petrarch, Keats, and Longfellow.

16th-Century Italian Paintings Online Edition

In anticipation of Tintoretto: Artist of Renaissance Venice, the Gallery will launch an Online Edition of 16th-century Italian paintings, beginning with entries on works by Titian, Tintoretto, and Paolo Veronese from the Gallery's permanent collection. Compiled by Robert Echols, exhibition co-curator, and Peter Humfrey, emeritus professor in the School of Art History at the University of Saint Andrews, entries incorporate new technical and conservation information, explore questions of authorship, and delve deeper into highlights by each artist. Supplemented by artist biographies, bibliographies, exhibition histories, and provenance, the entries are essential reading for scholars and students of Italian painting.

NGA Online Editions provide free and open access to featured collections and include introductions by curators, illustrated scholarly entries (each preceded by a short overview), biographies of the artists, technical summaries, a complement of related essays, and rich media. Additional features include a customized reading environment where users can view scholarly text alongside images, notes, and comparative figures; an image-comparison tool that enables users to view primary and comparative images side by side or explore technical images via overlay and cross-fading techniques; and enhanced search capabilities. This Online Edition follows an earlier online volume focused on 13th- and 14th-century Italian paintings, and print volumes on 15th-, 17th-, and 18th-century Italian paintings.