BLS - U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

01/11/2019 | Press release | Distributed by Public on 01/11/2019 14:55

Consumer Price Index, West Region — December 2018

News Release Information

19-51-SAN
Friday, January 11, 2019

Area prices were down 0.2 percent over the past month, up 3.1 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), edged down 0.2 percent in December, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The December decrease was influenced by lower prices for gasoline and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 3.1 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices rose 6.9 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.9 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices advanced 0.4 percent for the month of December. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home advanced 0.4 percent, and prices for food away from home increased 0.3 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 2.2 percent. Prices for food away from home advanced 3.5 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home advanced 1.1 percent

Energy

The energy index decreased 3.8 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-6.8 percent). Prices for natural gas service increased 5.3 percent, while prices for electricity were unchanged for the same period.

Energy prices rose 6.9 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (10.4 percent). Prices paid for electricity increased 2.3 percent, while prices for natural gas service were virtually unchanged during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.1 percent in December. Higher prices for recreation (1.0 percent), medical care (0.5 percent), and shelter (0.3 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-3.3 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.9 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (4.0 percent) and medical care (3.3 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decline in apparel (-0.6 percent).

Month 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual

January

0.3 1.7 0.3 1.7 -0.3 0.7 0.5 2.6 0.5 2.5 0.5 3.1

February

0.8 2.0 0.4 1.3 0.6 0.9 0.1 2.1 0.6 3.0 0.5 3.1

March

0.4 1.5 0.6 1.5 0.8 1.1 0.2 1.5 0.3 3.1 0.4 3.2

April

0.0 1.3 0.3 1.8 0.3 1.0 0.5 1.8 0.3 2.9 0.4 3.2

May

0.2 1.3 0.6 2.3 0.8 1.2 0.5 1.5 0.2 2.6 0.5 3.5

June

0.1 1.5 0.1 2.3 0.0 1.1 0.2 1.6 0.0 2.5 0.2 3.6

July

0.0 1.9 0.1 2.3 0.3 1.3 0.1 1.4 0.1 2.5 0.1 3.6

August

0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.1 -0.1 1.3 0.0 1.5 0.2 2.7 0.2 3.6

September

0.2 1.3 0.1 2.0 -0.2 1.0 0.3 2.0 0.5 2.9 0.3 3.4

October

-0.1 0.9 -0.1 2.0 0.0 1.1 0.3 2.3 0.3 2.9 0.4 3.5

November

-0.4 1.3 -0.6 1.7 -0.2 1.5 -0.2 2.3 0.0 3.1 -0.2 3.3

December

0.0 1.8 -0.5 1.3 -0.1 1.8 0.0 2.5 0.1 3.1 -0.2 3.1

The January 2019 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on February 13, 2019.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period 'market basket' of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE:Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Item and Group Indexes Percent change from-
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Dec.
2017
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018

Expenditure category

All Items

266.195 265.658 265.209 3.1 -0.4 -0.2

All items (December 1977=100)

430.289 429.421 428.696

Food and beverages

260.903 261.227 262.181 2.3 0.5 0.4

Food

260.593 260.931 261.855 2.2 0.5 0.4

Food at home

247.233 247.176 248.218 1.1 0.4 0.4

Cereals and bakery products

257.879 260.910 261.853 2.7 1.5 0.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

255.331 256.148 257.246 1.1 0.8 0.4

Dairy and related products

228.597 226.764 226.828 -0.7 -0.8 0.0

Fruits and vegetables

328.262 326.857 331.647 1.7 1.0 1.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

173.788 172.861 172.432 2.6 -0.8 -0.2

Other food at home

211.686 211.539 211.872 0.2 0.1 0.2

Food away from home

277.981 278.829 279.600 3.5 0.6 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

261.592 261.725 263.056 2.8 0.6 0.5

Housing

290.099 290.141 291.204 3.7 0.4 0.4

Shelter

334.494 335.387 336.308 4.0 0.5 0.3

Rent of primary residence

354.472 356.448 357.850 4.6 1.0 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences

351.644 353.001 354.193 4.1 0.7 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence

351.657 353.009 354.199 4.1 0.7 0.3

Fuels and utilities

301.160 296.737 298.971 2.9 -0.7 0.8

Household energy

256.716 249.918 252.425 1.7 -1.7 1.0

Energy services

258.541 251.610 254.277 1.8 -1.6 1.1

Electricity

291.133 285.186 285.289 2.3 -2.0 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service

196.435 186.173 195.999 0.1 -0.2 5.3

Household furnishings and operations

130.992 129.971 131.016 1.7 0.0 0.8

Apparel

121.809 117.200 113.373 -0.6 -6.9 -3.3

Transportation

222.181 221.074 215.713 4.1 -2.9 -2.4

Private transportation

217.647 216.667 211.645 4.6 -2.8 -2.3

New and used motor vehicles

100.223 100.804 100.103 0.7 -0.1 -0.7

New vehicles

146.648 147.272 147.735 0.7 0.7 0.3

New cars and trucks

101.848 102.278 102.607 0.7 0.7 0.3

New cars

144.055 145.021 145.307 1.4 0.9 0.2

Used cars and trucks

131.485 132.754 132.951 1.3 1.1 0.1

Motor fuel

281.378 273.456 255.210 10.4 -9.3 -6.7

Gasoline (all types)

280.212 272.121 253.747 10.4 -9.4 -6.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular

277.448 269.291 250.792 10.5 -9.6 -6.9

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade

265.885 260.202 244.108 10.7 -8.2 -6.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium

272.982 265.512 249.022 9.9 -8.8 -6.2

Motor vehicle insurance

852.160 854.876 852.986 6.2 0.1 -0.2

Medical Care

496.643 498.112 500.699 3.3 0.8 0.5

Medical care commodities

384.194 385.779 385.342 2.6 0.3 -0.1

Medical care services

531.989 533.409 537.012 3.4 0.9 0.7

Professional services

355.136 355.201 355.554 0.4 0.1 0.1

Recreation

114.160 114.244 115.330 1.6 1.0 1.0

Education and communication

138.038 136.678 137.114 0.6 -0.7 0.3

Tuition, other school fees, and child care

1,458.510 1,460.115 1,458.000 5.2 0.0 -0.1

Other goods and services

438.842 440.655 439.672 3.2 0.2 -0.2

Commodity and Service Group

All Items

266.195 265.658 265.209 3.1 -0.4 -0.2

Commodities

187.076 185.928 184.375 2.1 -1.4 -0.8

Commodities less food & beverages

149.986 148.347 145.936 2.0 -2.7 -1.6

Nondurables less food & beverages

200.593 196.810 190.829 3.6 -4.9 -3.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

255.761 252.612 245.129 5.1 -4.2 -3.0

Durables

105.083 105.143 105.547 -0.2 0.4 0.4

Services

339.488 339.594 340.293 3.6 0.2 0.2

Rent of shelter

356.135 357.100 358.088 4.1 0.5 0.3

Transportation services

322.968 323.655 317.832 3.0 -1.6 -1.8

Other services

355.272 353.623 355.347 2.6 0.0 0.5

Special aggregate indexes:

All items less medical care

255.646 255.025 254.447 3.0 -0.5 -0.2

All items less food

267.246 266.572 265.909 3.2 -0.5 -0.2

All items less shelter

239.469 238.357 237.358 2.5 -0.9 -0.4

Commodities less food

154.166 152.561 150.229 2.0 -2.6 -1.5

Nondurables

231.381 229.451 226.607 2.9 -2.1 -1.2

Nondurables less food

205.317 201.737 196.144 3.5 -4.5 -2.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

256.007 253.173 246.533 4.9 -3.7 -2.6

Services less rent of shelter

356.282 355.316 355.727 3.0 -0.2 0.1

Services less medical care services

326.014 326.034 326.541 3.6 0.2 0.2

Energy

275.834 268.239 257.960 6.9 -6.5 -3.8

All items less energy

267.708 267.680 267.943 2.8 0.1 0.1

All items less food and energy

269.737 269.647 269.797 2.9 0.0 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

140.104 139.238 138.775 0.3 -0.9 -0.3

Energy commodities

286.234 278.235 259.887 10.2 -9.2 -6.6

Services less energy services

345.495 345.988 346.582 3.7 0.3 0.2

- Data not available
Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.