12/04/2020 | Press release | Distributed by Public on 12/04/2020 03:42
Factor income in agriculture increased in comparison with the poorer 2019 economic results
Compared to 2019, in 2020 a 5% increase in the real factor income in agriculture is expected. The reason for the difference between last year's and this year's income from agriculture is the comparison with the poorer 2019 harvest. Especially low was the harvest of fruit and grapes, which influenced the agricultural production value and all income indicators. Factor income increase in 2020 was influenced by higher value of agricultural production an d by the assumption that the subsidies value will stay at the previous year's level in nominal terms and decline by 2% in real terms. Factor income was influenced also by lower production costs as a consequence of the lower prices of some more important inputs. The factor income per annual work unit is expected to increase by 6% due to a slight decrease in employment.
In 2020, higher volume but the prices of agricultural products on average lower
According to the first estimate, the value of the agricultural output in 2020 is expected to amount to EUR 1,347 million and thus remain at the previous year's level. The volume is expected to increase by 5% and the prices to decrease by 5%.
Higher crop output value due to the higher volume and lower prices
Crop value is expected to increase by 2% due to the volume increase by 8% and the price decrease by 5%. In comparison with the previous year, the higher values are expected in production of cereals, potato, industrial crops and fruit, where it should be noted that the 2019 harvest we are comparing it to was one of the worst.
A volume increase is expected in all important crop production areas but a higher output value is expected only in a few areas due to the price decrease. The increase as a result of the volume and price increase is expected only in industrial crops and fruits.The value of fruits is expected to increase by a third compared with the poor 2019 harvest; prices are expected to be higher by a tenth. The value of industrial crops is expected to increase due to the volume increase by 7% and slightly higher prices. The value of cereals is expected to increase by almost a fifth due to the substantial volume increase despite almost unchanged prices compared with 2019. Potato value is expected to increase by more than a tenth due the volume increase by almost a third despite the price decrease by more than a tenth.Vegetables output value is expected to decrease slightly due to the price decrease despite the 4% volume increase. For the same reason as in the production of vegetables, the value of fodder plants is also expected to be lower.The largest crop value decrease is expected for grapes and wine, where the value is expected to be almost a fifth lower than in the previous year; the reason for the decrease is almost a fifth lower prices despite slightly higher production.
The animal output value lower despite the volume increase due to the price decrease
According to the estimate, the animal output is expected to decrease by 4% due to the 5% price decrease despite the slight volume increase.
The value of animal output in 2020 is expected to decrease by 4% mainly due to the 5% price decrease, while the volume remains close to the previous year's level. Lower prices are expected by all kinds of animals except pigs, and sheep and goats. The result of the lower prices is the decreased value of animal output. The largest decrease in output value is expected for cattle (by 6%), the price of which will decrease by the same percentage. The output value of poultry is expected to decrease by 3% due to the 7% price decrease despite the 4% volume increase.
The animal products output is expected to decrease as well. The output value of milk is expected to be lower than in the previous year due to the price decrease by 6% despite the expected increase of milk production. Eggs output value is expected to decrease slightly in comparison with 2019.
Lower production costs due to lower input prices
The value of intermediate consumption is expected to decrease by 4% in real terms. The volume is expected to remain at the previous year's level, while the prices are expected to decrease by 5%. Substantially lower costs are expected for energy (by 15 %) and fertilisers (by 9%). Lower costs are expected also for feedingstuffs, seeds, and veterinary services. The costs of other input items are expected to remain the same or slightly higher than in the previous year.
Slight employment decrease
Compared with the previous year, it is expected that in 2020 employment will decrease by 1%.