07/12/2019 | News release | Distributed by Public on 07/11/2019 20:32
Preliminary results of the 2019 census show that as of April 1st 2019, total population of Vietnam reached 96,208,984 people. Home to more than 96 million people, Vietnam has become the world's 15th most populous nation and the third in Southeast Asia.
In total more than 96.2 million people, 47.88 million people (accounting for 49.8%) are males and 48.32 million people (accounting for 50.2%) are females. Preliminary results of the 2019 census show that the country's population expanded by 10.4 million as compared to a decade ago, and the average growth rate was 1.14% per year while the figure was 1.18% for 1999-2009.
Vietnam has an average population density of 290 people per square kilometre, with Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh being the most densely populated cities. Nearly 2,400 people reside in one square kilometre in the capital city, and the number in the southern hub is 4,363.
The census also found the country experienced a rapid pace of urbanisation in the past 10 years, scaling up the urban population to 33 million people, or 34.4% of the total.
According to preliminary results of the population census, there are about 91.7% of the school-age population currently attending school. This rate of female is higher than that of male, 92.5% and 90.8%, respectively. Over the past 20 years, the proportion of the population in the age of primary schooling who has not attended school (never attended or has dropped out of school) has decreased significantly, from 20.9% in 1999 to 16.4% in the year. 2009 and also 8.3% in 2019.The literacy rate in Vietnam was recorded at 95.8%.
Vietnam now has over 26.8 million households, 4.4 million higher than 10 years ago. Although the living standards are improved, 4.8 million families still cannot not afford housing.
At the event, Deputy Prime Minister Vuong Dinh Hue, who is also head of the Central Population and Housing Census Steering Committee, laid stress on the purpose of the national census, which is to ensure no one is left behind.
Despite the fact that Vietnam is experiencing a golden population structure, the country is facing a rapidly aging population, he said, adding that rational policies must be worked out to assure that the residents are rich before they get old.
Besides, disadvantaged people, especially those in rural areas and having no permanent houses, should receive support, he added.