National Marine Fisheries Service

07/31/2020 | News release | Distributed by Public on 07/31/2020 12:41

Collaborating on Coral Restoration in the Pacific Islands

Last year, NOAA and The Nature Conservancyembarked on a multi-year partnership to support the collaborative development of targeted coral restoration plans for the four Pacific Island jurisdictions of Hawai'i, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas (CNMI). NOAA recently awarded a second year of funding to The Nature Conservancy to continue this important work.

Coral reefs are extremely valuable habitats, contributing more than $3 billion a year domesticallyto the economy. Hundreds of millions of people depend on coral reefs for food, cultural practices, flood protection, and more. In Hawai'i alone, corals are estimated to provide more than $836 million per year in flood protection benefits.

Despite their importance, corals are gravely threatened around the world due to warming water temperatures, ocean acidification, pollution, invasive species, and impacts from ship groundings and storms. For example, prolonged high ocean temperatures in recent years have caused mass coral bleaching eventsin the Pacific Islands and beyond.

NOAA has been a leader in coral reef restoration effortsfor decades. Efforts in the Pacific Islands have mainly focused on reducing stressors such as invasive speciesand polluted runoff from nearby land, which can smother coral reefs. In-water coral reef restoration-such as planting nursery-raised corals and seeding new reefs-is still developing in the region. Restoration plans are needed to guide the development, implementation, and evaluation of in-water coral restoration projects.

To address this need, NOAA entered into a cooperative agreement with The Nature Conservancy in 2019 to support the development of coral restoration plans for Hawai'i, Guam, American Samoa, and CNMI. To date, NOAA has provided close to $950,000 in funding to support this effort, including about $290,000 in the first year and almost $660,000 in the second year. An additional $170,000 in funding over both years will support The Nature Conservancy's efforts in the West Hawai'i Habitat Focus Area.

So far, in the first year of the project, NOAA and The Nature Conservancy have designed, hosted, and facilitated online sessions during which each of the four jurisdictions began building their coral restoration plans. In the second year, the partnership will provide targeted follow-up support to help coral reef managers refine their plans, make progress on restoration activities, and address challenges that may arise.

Through this partnership, NOAA and partners are helping to build the capacity needed to guide collaborative, science-based coral restoration across the U.S. Pacific Islands.