Results

National Bureau of Statistics of China

01/19/2021 | Press release | Distributed by Public on 01/18/2021 20:03

The Utilization Rate of National Industrial Capacity in the Fourth Quarter of 2020

In the fourth quarter, the utilization rate of China's industrial capacity was 78.0 percent, up 0.5 percentage point over the same period of last year and 1.3 percentage points over the third quarter. In 2020, the utilization rate of China's industrial capacity was 74.5 percent, 2.1 percentage points lower than that of the previous year.

In terms of three categories, in the fourth quarter, the capacity utilization rate of mining industry was 75.0 percent, down 0.1 percentage point over the same period of last year; the capacity utilization rate of manufacturing industry was 78.4 percent, up 0.4 percentage point over the same period of last year; the capacity utilization rate of power, heat, gas and water production and supply industry was 74.3 percent, up 0.7 percentage point over the same period of last year.

In terms of major industries, in the fourth quarter, the capacity utilization rate of coal mining and washing industry was 72.6 percent, that of food manufacturing industry was 74.3 percent, that of textile industry was 74.7 percent, that of chemical raw materials and chemical products industry was 77.2 percent, that of non-metallic mineral products industry was 71.1 percent, that of ferrous metal smelting and processing industry was 82.0 percent, that of non-ferrous metal smelting and processing industry was 81.2 percent, that of general equipment manufacturing industry was 80.8 percent, and that of special equipment was 79.8 percent, that of automobile manufacturing industry accounted for 80.5 percent, that of electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing industry accounted for 82.0 percent, and that of computer, communication and other electronic equipment manufacturing industry accounted for 80.8 percent.

The Utilization Rate of National Industrial Capacity 2020

Indicators

The Fourth Quarter

2020

Utilization Rate(%)

Increase or Decrease Rate (±%)Y/Y

Utilization Rate(%)

Increase or Decrease Rate (±%)Y/Y

Industry

78.0

0.5

74.5

-2.1

Grouped by Three Sectors

Mining and Quarrying

75.0

-0.1

72.2

-2.2

Manufacturing

78.4

0.4

74.9

-2.2

Production and Distribution of Electricity, Heating Power, Gas and Water

74.3

0.7

71.5

-0.6

Grouped by Industries

Mining and Washing of Coal

72.6

1.1

69.8

-0.8

Extraction of Petroleum and Natural Gas

90.8

-0.9

90.1

-1.1

Manufacture of Foods

74.3

1.6

70.4

-2.5

Manufacture of Textile

74.7

-4.9

73.1

-5.3

Manufacture of Chemical Raw Material and Chemical Products

77.2

1.2

74.5

-0.7

Manufacture of Medicines

78.5

2.1

75.0

-1.6

Manufacture of Chemical Fibers

84.5

0.8

80.5

-2.7

Manufacture of Nonmetal Mineral Products

71.1

-0.1

68.0

-2.3

Manufacture of Ferrous Metal Smelting and Pressing

82.0

1.8

78.8

-1.2

Manufacture and Processing of Non-Ferrous Metals

81.2

1.7

78.5

-1.3

Manufacture of General-Purpose Machinery

80.8

1.3

77.3

-1.3

Manufacture of Special-Purpose Machinery

79.8

-0.3

77.0

-1.8

Manufacture of Automobiles

80.5

2.0

73.5

-3.8

Manufacture of Electric Machinery and Equipment

82.0

3.0

78.1

-1.3

Manufacture of Computer, Communication Equipment and Other Electronic Equipment

80.8

-1.8

77.7

-2.9

Annotations:

1. Explanatory Notes

Capacity utilization: refers to the ratio of actual output to production capacity (both measured by value).

The actual output of the enterprise refers to the total industrial output value of the enterprise in the reporting period; the production capacity of the enterprise refers to the product output that the enterprise can achieve and can maintain for a long time when the production equipment (machinery) maintains normal operation under the condition that the supply of labor, raw materials, fuel, transportation, etc. is guaranteed during the reporting period.

2. Survey Method and Coverage

A comprehensive survey of large and medium-sized enterprises and a sample survey of small and micro enterprises involved about 90000 industrial enterprises.

Small and micro enterprises calculate the overall population according to the sampling method, and synthesize the survey data of large and medium-sized enterprises to calculate the utilization rate of national industrial capacity.

The survey is conducted on a quarterly basis and the data are not seasonally adjusted.

3. Standard on industrial classification

NBS enforces New Standard on Industrial Classification for National Economic Activities' (GB/T 4754-2017). For details, please refer the following link: http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/tjbz/hyflbz.