European External Action Service

09/21/2020 | Press release | Distributed by Public on 09/21/2020 01:57

MONGOLIA – Weekly press review 21 September


Total number of confirmed cases was 312 and the total number of recovered patients reached 302 on 21 September.worldometers

The heightened state of readiness extended until 31 October but some restrictions are lifted:

  • Starting 16 September, activities of culture, entertainment and leisure, retails, and public events are allowed;
  • Starting 21 September, all levels of educational institutions are allowed to return to normal operations;
  • All people returning from abroad are placed under a 21-day mandatory isolation. The cabinet decided to cancel self-isolation at home for all returnees.

The restriction to all passengers, including Mongolian nationals, on the movement across the country's all auto road, air and railway border crossing points will remain effective until 31 October. Montsame

Charter flights planned for September:Frankfurt: 23 September; Seoul: 24 September; Sydney: 25 September; Seattle: 28 September. In addition, on 29 September there will be a charter flight from Seoul to Ulaanbaatar only for foreign nationals who hold long term visas, permitted to obtain a long term visa or holders of A and D type visas. Montsame Montsame

Visa for temporary visitors to be extended: Mongolian visas for temporary visitors will be extended until 31 October, in correlation with this situation, expired temporary visitor's visas being held by foreign nationals will be extended, reports the Mongolia Immigration Agency. montsame

EU - Mongolia Representatives of the EU visit local economic development project site in Zavkhan: On 17 September, the EU representatives held meeting to discuss the implementation, ongoing results as well as the key highlights of the Local Economic Development project that is being implemented in partnership with the Governor Office of Zavkhan aimag and World Vision Mongolia. Mr. Pierre-Yves Lucas, Cooperation team leader of EU Delegation to Mongolia, said: 'Transfer of expertise and support to local CSOs in Zavkhan aimag is ongoing. Even after a short period of implementation of the project, impact is remarkable in business and jobs creation, led by women'. montsame

Czech Ambassador visits Uvurkhangai aimag: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Czech Republic to Mongolia Jiri Brodsky met withthe aimag authorities and exchanged views on expanding bilateral cooperation. As part of his visit, the Ambassador visited Made in Uvurkhangai center, Uv Eco Meat meat processing plant, and the Regional Diagnostic and Treatment Center. Montsame

EU's Generalised Scheme of Preferences Stakeholder Forumwill take place on 29 September 2020 in Brussels. This is a hybrid meeting with (very) limited seating available + virtual participation. The Forum will have a specific focus on Africa and Central Asia.Reserve your spot through the pre-registration link below: eu delegations mongolia

Switching on job creation: How one EU funded project found a way to bring jobs back to Mongolia: The livelihoods for women in Mongolia were hit especially hard when many jobs in the service industry were shut down to prevent the spread of COVID-19. With the support from the EU funded Switch Off Air Pollution Project and the project-lead Geres, People in Need was able to procure 7,000 locally made masks and to support women by finding a way to help bring them additional income. Montsame

The AVSF Mongolia's project on Sustainable Textile Production and Eco Labelling - SteP EcoLab organized a meetingto introduce the findings of a Survey to determine the Mongolian consumers' perception about sustainable wool and cashmere products. The Sustainable Textile Production and Eco Labelling project - SteP EcoLab is funded by the European Union and implemented by AVSF Mongolia to promote sustainable production in the wool and cashmere value chain. Montsame

EBRD and GCF boost climate financing for Mongolian enterprises: Smaller firms in Mongolia will benefit from new opportunities to make their businesses more energy efficient and productive thanks to a US$ 4 million loan provided by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and the Green Climate Fund (GCF) to XacLeasing, one of the country's largest financial leasing companies. ebrd

Political and internal developments

Monitoring NGO reports partial progress in implementation of tripartite settlement between herders and Oyu Tolgoi mine: Since our last report, the TPC has made real progress by the numbers: it has completed 8 additional commitments and is making progress on an additional 11 commitments. Where last year more than half of all commitments were delayed or not started, now two-thirds of commitments are completed or making progress towards completion...the hardest work has only just begun...

Follow-up report to Mongolia's assessment of anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing measures: This follow-up report analyses the progress of Mongolia in addressing the technical compliance deficiencies identified in its Mutual Evaluation Report. Technical compliance re-ratings are given where sufficient progress has been demonstrated.

Mongolia officially launches the TVET Policy Review Final Report in Ulaanbaatar: This report presents the findings of a review of technical and vocational education and training (TVET) policy in Mongolia, led by the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection (MLSP) with the technical support of UNESCO. It provides a basis for further cooperation between the Government of Mongolia, UNESCO, other development partners and various relevant national, regional and international entities concerned with TVET.

Foreign Policy

Mongolian PM vows to deepen all-round cooperation with China:Wang is the first foreign minister to visit Mongolia since the establishment of the new Mongolian government and the novel coronavirus outbreak. Mongolia firmly adheres to the one-China policy, and it did not and will not interfere in China's internal affairs in the past and in the future, Khurelsukh said, noting that Mongolia understands and supports China's various domestic and foreign policies. Xinhua cctv

Mongolian president eyes greater across-the-board cooperation with China: He added that Mongolia is willing to deepen cooperation with China in various fields, continuously scale up trade, increase exports of high-quality agricultural and animal husbandry products to China, strengthen border ports and cross-border transportation cooperation, and continue to inject new connotations into the Mongolia-China comprehensive strategic partnership. Xinhua

China's Foreign Minister Wang Yi calls for mutual respect in Mongolia visit:Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi has sought to shore up relations with neighbouring Mongolia during a visit to its capital Ulan Bator, where protesters have accused Beijing of suppressing the Mongolian language in China's Inner Mongolia autonomous region. During talks with his Mongolian counterpart, Nyamtseren Enkhtaivan, on Tuesday, Wang said the two countries should respect each other's sovereignty, strengthen mutual political trust and avoid interfering in each other's internal affairs, according to China's foreign ministry. SCMP

Mongolians protest visit of China diplomat as language dispute simmers:Demonstrators rallied in Mongolia's capital Ulaanbaatar on Tuesday to protest against a visit by the Chinese government's top diplomat, State Councillor Wang Yi, amid accusations that Beijing is suppressing native language and culture in ethnic Mongolian regions of China. They were responding to a policy forcing elementary and secondary schools in China's Inner Mongolia region to adhere to a national curriculum in Chinese language, politics and history.The Mongolian government has yet to comment on the issue. Reuters asia.nikkei asiatimes

Foreign Minister visiting Russia:Minister of Foreign Affairs of Mongolia Enkhtaivan will pay an official visit to the Russian Federation from 20 to 22 September.The parties are planning to hold talks on a wide range of issues concerning bilateral relations and cooperation, and meet with officials from the Russian legislative body, government ministries and Eurasian Economic Commission. Mongolian and Russian Foreign Ministers will also exchange a letter of ratification of the Treaty on Friendly Relations and Comprehensive Strategic Partnership between Mongolia and the Russian Federation, signed in 2019. montsame news

Mongolia-U.S. Annual Bilateral Consultation:the meeting between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mongolia and United States Department of State was held in an online format on 14 September. The meeting, which was the first ABC since the announcement of the Strategic Partnership between the United States and Mongolia in 2019. Montsame

TIKA launces 40 projects in Mongolia within six months: Since January, TİKA has actively helped the country's development with educational, health and agricultural projects, as well as offered support to improve civilian and administrative infrastructures. TİKA also set up winter greenhouses for Khotons, a Muslim Turkish community living in the Uvs Province, located approximately 1,650 kilometers (1,025 miles) from Mongolia's capital


Mongolia Country Economic Memorandum - September 2020: A new report by the World Bank estimates that out of every dollar in mineral revenues Mongolia has generated over the past 20 years, only one cent has been saved for future generations. The report argues that to break this cycle, Mongolia should use its mineral wealth to invest in people and institutions, while gradually reducing its dependence on the sector.


Central Bank lowers its monetary policy interest rate to 8%:The decision was made to keep the inflation rate stable through the end of the year and in anticipation that the economy and the inflation rate will grow next year. The Central Bank anticipates that export will exceed imports by the end of the year. AmCham

Deeper 2020 Contraction Expected in Mongolia Before 2021 Rebound:In its Asian Development Outlook (ADO) 2020 Update, ADB projects Mongolia's economic growth to further reduce to -2.6% in 2020, a downgrade compared to the 2.1% forecast in April and -1.9% in June, before rebounding to 5.1% in 2021. ADO is ADB's flagship annual economic publication. Gross domestic product (GDP) contracted by 9.7% in the first half (H1) of 2020 mainly because COVID-19 substantially reduced exports and capital inflows. ADB

Gross industrial output drops by 18.4%:This decrease was mainly due to 25.5% decrease in mining and quarrying gross output. This decrease was mainly due to the decline in the mining of coal and lignite by 57.8), and extraction of crude petroleum by 69.9%. However, the electricity, thermal energy, and water supply production output increased by 9.0% compared to the same period of the previous year. Montsame

Mongolia, ADB sign USD 3.5 million grant agreements:Mongolia and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) on Tuesday signed two agreements of 3.5 million U.S. dollars to help the country respond to the COVID-19 pandemic and improve the quality of its education, Mongolian Finance Minister Khurelbaatar said. xinhuanet

Mongolian businessman nominated CEO of Rio Tinto Group:The Rio Tinto Group is hunting for a new leader to restore relations with the communities where it mines after Jean-Sebastien Jacques was forced out over the destruction of ancient heritage sites of national importance. Mongolian businessman B.Bold is seen as one of the leading internal candidates for the top job. news


As Mongolia Welcomes China's Foreign Minister, Citizens Protest Mongolians are pushing their government to speak out about the treatment of ethnic Mongolians in China:The meeting summaries from MONTSAME, a Mongolia-based news agency, did not include many hints that the topic of Inner Mongolia had come up at all - exactly as China would prefer. Instead, the focus was on COVID-19 cooperation, boosting bilateral trade, and some deliverables in the form of a new agreement to establish three additional railway border ports.That vague approach is apparently the farthest Ulaanbaatar feels comfortable going in broaching the topic of China's treatment of ethnic Mongolians. The reason for Mongolia's reticence is obvious: The country is economically dependent on China. According to World Bank data, in 2018 China bought a whopping 92% of Mongolia's exports - mostly minerals and ores, notably coal. China's ambassador hinted that trade could be at risk in an interview with a Mongolian newspaper. The Diplomat

Blip or Shift in Sino-Mongolian Relationship? By Julian Dierkes:I have long felt that the Chinese regime has been relatively soft on Mongolia. I have seen evidence of that in the lack of very strong pressure to join SCO, but also in the absence of Chinese ownership of any of the major resource projects. This despite overwhelming Mongolian economic dependence (imports and exports) on China. My explanation for this has always been that the Chinese regime remains somewhat nervous about Mongolians in China and the potential for ethnic conflict.

Latest rebuttal to Prime Minister's controversial statement on democracy and the free market:Due to public confusion caused by the Prime Minister's public charge that private business firms (as opposed to government) were largely responsible for Mongolia's growing debt crisis, Jargal DeFacto provided clarification that the government should not be responsible for corporate loans unless the government gives a guarantee for private companies and brought up a case from five years ago example, where the government made a guarantee for USD 500 million bond of Trade Development Bank. jargaldefacto

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Prepared by Edina Bartalová

Delegation of the European Union to Mongolia

ICC Tower, 6th floor, Jamiyan Gun Street 9

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