Results

Calyxt Inc.

11/07/2019 | Press release | Archived content

10-Q

Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2019;

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from to

Commission file number 001-38161

Calyxt, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

27-1967997

(State or other jurisdiction of

(I.R.S. Employer

incorporation or organization)

Identification No.)

2800 Mount Ridge Road

Roseville, MN

55113-1127

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

(651) 683-2807

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

N/A

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act.

Title of each class

Trading

Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which

registered

Common Stock (0.0001 par value)

CLXT

The NASDAQ Global Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of 'large accelerated filer,' 'accelerated filer,' 'smaller reporting company', and 'emerging growth company' in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

As of November 6th, 2019, there were 32,951,329 shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, outstanding.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Terms

When we use the terms 'we,' 'us,' the 'Company,' or 'our' in this report, unless the context otherwise requires, we are referring to Calyxt, Inc. When we use the term 'Cellectis,' we are referring to Cellectis S.A., our majority stockholder.

We own the names and trademarks for Calyxt® and Calyno®; we also own or license other trademarks, trade names and service marks of Calyxt appearing in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The name and trademark 'Cellectis®' and 'TALEN®', and other trademarks, trade names and service marks of Cellectis appearing in this Quarterly Report are the property of Cellectis. This Quarterly Report also contains additional trade names, trademarks and service marks belonging to other companies. We do not intend our use or display of other parties' trademarks, trade names or service marks to imply, and such use or display should not be construed to imply, a relationship with, or endorsement or sponsorship of us by, these other parties.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report contains 'forward-looking statements' made in reliance on the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

In some cases, you can identify these statements by forward-looking words such as 'may,' 'might,' 'will,' 'should,' 'expects,' 'plans,' 'anticipates,' 'believes,' 'estimates,' 'predicts,' 'potential' or 'continue,' the negative of these terms and other comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements, which are based on our current assumptions and expectations, are subject to risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements in this report may include statements about our future financial performance, product pipeline and development, commercialization efforts and growth strategies. These statements are only predictions based on our current expectations and projections about future events. Our actual results could be materially different that those expressed, implied or anticipated by the forward-looking statements.

There are important factors that could cause our actual results, level of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from the results, level of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Those factors are discussed under the caption entitled 'Risk Factors' in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on March 12, 2019 (our Annual Report).

Any forward-looking statement made by us in this Quarterly Report is based only on information currently available to us and speaks only as of the date of this report. We do not assume any obligation to publicly provide revisions or updates to any forward-looking statements after the date of this Quarterly Report, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise, should circumstances change, except as otherwise required by securities and other applicable laws.

Market Data

Unless otherwise indicated, information contained in this Quarterly Report concerning our industry and the markets in which we operate is based on information from various sources, including independent industry publications. In presenting this information, we have also made assumptions based on such data and other similar sources, and on our knowledge of, and our experience to date in, the potential markets for our product. The industry in which we operate is subject to a high degree of uncertainty and risk due to a variety of factors, including those described in the section entitled 'Risk Factors' in our Annual Report. These and other factors could cause results to differ materially from those expressed in the estimates made by the independent parties and by us.

Website Disclosure

We use our website (www.calyxt.com), our corporate Twitter account (@Calyxt_Inc) and our corporate LinkedIn account (https://www.linkedin.com/company/calyxt-inc) as routine channels of distribution of company information, including press releases, analyst presentations, and supplemental financial information, as a means of disclosing material non-public information and for complying with our disclosure obligations under Regulation FD. Accordingly, investors should monitor our website and our corporate Twitter and LinkedIn accounts in addition to following press releases, filings with the SEC and public conference calls and webcasts. Additionally, we provide notifications of announcements as part of our website. Additionally, we provide notifications of announcements as part of our website.

None of the information provided on our website, in our press releases or public conference calls and webcasts or through social media is incorporated into, or deemed to be a part of, this Quarterly Report or in any other report or document we file with the SEC, and any references to our website or our corporate Twitter and LinkedIn accounts are intended to be inactive textual references only.

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Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

CALYXT, INC.

BALANCE SHEETS

(In Thousands, Except Par Value and Share Amounts)

September 30,

2019

(unaudited)

December 31,

2018

Assets

Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

66,434

$

93,794

Restricted cash

381

381

Trade accounts receivable

1,304

-

Due from related parties

69

46

Inventory

2,371

-

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

1,109

1,301

Total current assets

71,668

95,522

Non-current restricted cash

1,135

1,113

Land, buildings, and equipment

23,337

21,850

Other non-current assets

270

306

Total assets

$

96,410

$

118,791

Liabilities and stockholders' equity

Current liabilities:

Accounts payable

$

945

$

818

Accrued expenses

1,958

2,007

Accrued compensation and benefits

1,783

1,305

Due to related parties

705

1,905

Current portion of financing lease obligations

349

258

Other current liabilities

51

711

Total current liabilities

5,791

7,004

Financing lease obligations

18,331

18,227

Other non-current liabilities

159

163

Total liabilities

24,281

25,394

Stockholders' equity:

Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 275,000,000 shares authorized; 32,926,312 shares issued and 32,867,413 shares outstanding as of September 30, 2019, and 32,664,429 shares issued and 32,648,893 shares outstanding as of December 31, 2018

3

3

Additional paid-in capital

182,948

176,069

Common stock in treasury, at cost; 58,899 shares

(875

)

(230

)

Accumulated deficit

(109,892

)

(82,445

)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(55

)

-

Total stockholders' equity

72,129

93,397

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

96,410

$

118,791

See accompanying notes to these financial statements.

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Table of Contents

CALYXT, INC.

STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited and in Thousands Except Shares and Per Share Amounts)

Three months ended September 30,

Nine months ended September 30,

2019

2018

2019

2018

Revenue

$

2,967

$

27

$

3,533

$

234

Operating expenses:

Cost of revenue

3,528

-

3,865

-

Research and development

3,579

3,440

8,536

7,850

Selling, general and administrative

6,248

3,311

17,723

9,914

Management fees and royalties

305

975

1,117

1,957

Total operating expenses

13,660

7,726

31,241

19,721

Loss from operations

(10,693

)

(7,699

)

(27,708

)

(19,487

)

Interest, net

32

228

296

88

Foreign currency transaction loss

(8

)

(12

)

(35

)

(30

)

Loss before income taxes

(10,669

)

(7,483

)

(27,447

)

(19,429

)

Income taxes

-

-

-

-

Net loss

$

(10,669

)

$

(7,483

)

$

(27,447

)

$

(19,429

)

Basic and diluted loss per share

$

(0.32

)

$

(0.23

)

$

(0.84

)

$

(0.65

)

Weighted average shares outstanding - basic and diluted

32,866,467

32,381,010

32,759,194

30,040,926

See accompanying notes to these financial statements.

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Table of Contents

CALYXT, INC.

STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

(Unaudited and in Thousands Except Shares Outstanding)

Three months ended

September 30, 2019

Shares

Outstanding

Common

Stock

Additional

Paid-In

Capital

Shares

in

Treasury

Accumulated

Deficit

Accumulated

Other

Comprehensive

Loss

Total

Stockholders'

Equity

Balances at June 30, 2019

32,859,700

$

3

$

180,237

$

(789

)

$

(99,223

)

$

(38

)

$

80,190

Net loss

-

-

-

-

(10,669

)

-

(10,669

)

Stock based compensation

7,713

-

2,705

-

-

-

2,705

Issuance of common stock

-

-

6

-

-

-

6

Shares withheld for net share settlement

-

-

-

(86

)

-

-

(86

)

Other comprehensive loss

-

-

-

-

-

(17

)

(17

)

Balance at September 30, 2019

32,867,413

$

3

$

182,948

$

(875

)

$

(109,892

)

$

(55

)

$

72,129

Nine months ended

September 30, 2019

Balances at December 31, 2018

32,648,893

$

3

$

176,069

$

(230

)

$

(82,445

)

$

-

$

93,397

Net loss

-

-

-

-

(27,447

)

-

(27,447

)

Stock based compensation

261,883

-

6,565

-

-

-

6,565

Issuance of common stock

-

-

314

-

-

-

314

Shares withheld for net share settlement

(43,363

)

-

-

(645

)

-

-

(645

)

Other comprehensive loss

-

-

-

-

-

(55

)

(55

)

Balance at September 30, 2019

32,867,413

$

3

$

182,948

$

(875

)

$

(109,892

)

$

(55

)

$

72,129

Three months ended

September 30, 2018

Balances at June 30, 2018

32,336,106

$

3

$

172,730

$

-

$

(66,494

)

$

-

$

106,239

Net loss

-

-

-

-

(7,483

)

-

(7,483

)

Stock based compensation

127,301

-

1,476

-

-

-

1,476

Balance at September 30, 2018

32,463,407

$

3

$

174,206

$

-

$

(73,977

)

$

-

$

100,232

Nine months ended

September 30, 2018

Balances at December 31, 2017

27,718,780

$

3

$

112,021

$

-

$

(54,548

)

$

-

$

57,476

Net loss

-

-

-

-

(19,429

)

-

(19,429

)

Stock based compensation

687,127

-

5,144

-

-

-

5,144

Issuance of common stock

4,057,500

-

57,041

-

-

-

57,041

Balance at September 30, 2018

32,463,407

$

3

$

174,206

$

-

$

(73,977

)

$

-

$

100,232

See accompanying notes to these financial statements.

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Table of Contents

CALYXT, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited and in Thousands)

Nine months ended September 30,

2019

2018

Operating activities

Net loss

$

(27,447

)

$

(19,429

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

Depreciation

1,051

727

Stock-based compensation

6,565

3,016

Unrealized foreign exchange gain

-

12

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

Trade accounts receivable

(1,304

)

-

Due to/from related parties

(1,223

)

576

Inventory

(2,371

)

-

Prepaid expenses and other assets

192

(341

)

Accounts payable

127

355

Accrued expenses

(49

)

880

Accrued compensation and benefits

478

70

Other accrued liabilities

(743

)

518

Other non-current assets

36

16

Net cash used by operating activities

(24,688

)

(13,600

)

Investing activities

Purchases of land, buildings and equipment

(2,538

)

(830

)

Net cash used by investing activities

(2,538

)

(830

)

Financing activities

Costs incurred related to the issuance of stock

-

(222

)

Proceeds from issuance of common stock

-

57,706

Repayments of financing lease obligations

(195

)

-

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options

314

2,128

Costs incurred related to shares withheld for net share settlement

(645

)

-

Proceeds from the sale and leaseback of land, buildings, and equipment

414

-

Net cash (used) provided by financing activities

(112

)

59,612

Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

(27,338

)

45,182

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash - beginning of period

95,288

56,664

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash - end of period

$

67,950

$

101,846

See accompanying notes to these financial statements.

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Table of Contents

CALYXT, INC.

NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION & SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Our unaudited financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (U.S. GAAP or GAAP) for interim financial information and with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) applicable to interim financial statements. In our opinion, the accompanying financial statements reflect all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of our statements of financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented but they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. Except as otherwise disclosed herein, these adjustments consist of normal recurring items. Operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for the fiscal year as a whole or any other interim period.

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses, and the related disclosures at the date of the financial statements and during the reporting period. Actual results could materially differ from these estimates.

Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.

For further information, refer to the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 filed with the SEC on March 12, 2019. The accompanying Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2018 was derived from the audited financial statements. This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and notes included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

Inventory

Inventories are recorded at the lower of cost or net realizable value and include all costs of seed production and grain we purchase as well as costs to store, transport and process the grain into finished products. Consideration we receive from growers when they purchase seed is recorded as a reduction of inventory.

We evaluate inventory balances for obsolescence on a regular basis using projected selling prices for our products, market prices for the underlying agricultural markets, the age of products and other factors that take into consideration our limited operating history.

Prior to the commercialization of our High Oleic Soybean Oil and High Oleic Soybean Meal in the three months ended March 31, 2019, we expensed all costs associated with purchasing, storing, transporting and processing grain (Grain Costs) as research and development (R&D) expense.

Forward Purchase Contracts

We enter into seed and grain production agreements (Forward Purchase Contracts) with seed producers and growers. The seed contracts often require us to pay prices for the seed produced at an exchange-traded price of grain plus a premium. The grower contracts are linked to a commodity futures market prices with the grower having the option to fix their price with us throughout the term of the agreement. These contracts allow for delivery of grain to us at harvest if so specified when the agreement is executed, otherwise delivery occurs on a date that we elect through August 31 of the following year. In all periods prior to January 1, 2019, we considered Forward Purchase Contracts to be derivatives and recorded the contracts at fair market value with changes in value reflected in earnings as R&D expense.

Effective January 1, 2019, we designated all Forward Purchase Contracts as normal purchases and as a result no longer consider these agreements to be derivatives. As of that date any mark-to-market gains or losses associated with those contracts were fixed and were reflected in inventory upon our purchase of the underlying grain. As of September 30, 2019, we had purchased all of the underlying grain and all previously recorded gains and losses had been reflected in inventory.

Revenue Recognition - Product Sales

We recognize sales revenue at the point in time that control transfers to the customer, which is based on shipping terms. Sales include shipping and handling charges if billed to the customer and are reported net of trade promotion and other costs, including estimated allowances for returns, unsalable product and prompt pay discounts. Sales, use, value-added and other excise taxes are not recognized in revenue. Trade promotions are recorded based on estimated participation and performance levels for offered programs at the time of sale. We generally do not allow a right of return. However, on a limited basis with prior approval, we may allow customers to return product.

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Table of Contents

Revenue Recognition- Out-licensing of Technology

We recognize revenue from license agreements. Revenues from license agreements may consist of nonrefundable up-front payments, milestone payments, royalties and services. In addition, we may license our technology to third parties, which may or may not be part of a license agreement.

Nonrefundable up-front payments are deferred and recognized as revenue over the term of the license agreement. If a license agreement is terminated before the original term of the agreement is fulfilled, all remaining deferred revenue is recognized at termination.

Milestone payments represent amounts received from our licensees, the receipt of which is dependent upon the achievement of certain scientific, regulatory or commercial milestones. We recognize milestone payments when the triggering event has occurred, there are no further contingencies or services to be provided with respect to that event, and the counterparty has no right to refund of the payment.

Stock-Based Compensation

We measure employee stock-based awards at grant date fair value and record compensation expense over the vesting period of the award. Prior to January 1, 2019, grants to nonemployees were previously remeasured each reporting period. Following the adoption on January 1, 2019, of the new accounting pronouncement discussed below, we no longer remeasure these awards as the fair value is determined on the grant date.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

Effective January 1, 2019, we adopted new accounting requirements for recognition of revenue from contracts with customers. We adopted these requirements using the cumulative effect approach. The adoption did not have an impact on our financial statements.

Effective January 1, 2019, we adopted new accounting requirements for share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. The adoption did not have an impact on our financial statements as each of the share-based payment awards granted to nonemployees had a measurement date upon grant, and thus no cumulative adjustment to retained earnings was required.

2. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS, FAIR VALUE, HEDGING ACTIVITIES, AND CONCENTRATIONS OF CREDIT RISK

The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, due from related parties, accounts payable, due to related parties and all other current liabilities approximate fair value. The fair values of our financing lease obligations, including the current portion, are $15.8 million as of September 30, 2019, and $15.8 million as of December 31, 2018. The carrying amounts of our financing lease obligations, including the current portion, were $18.7 million as of September 30, 2019, and $18.5 million as of December 31, 2018. The fair value of our financing lease obligations was determined using discounted cash flow analysis based on market rates for similar types of borrowings. Financing lease obligations are a Level 2 liability in the fair value hierarchy.

Fair Value Measurements and Financial Statement Presentation

As described in Note 1 to these financial statements our Forward Purchase Contracts are no longer carried at fair value.

The fair values of our assets, liabilities, and derivative positions recorded at fair value and their respective levels in the fair value hierarchy as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, were as follows:

September 30, 2019

September 30, 2019

Fair Values of Assets

Fair Values of Liabilities

In Thousands

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Total

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Total

Other items reported at fair value:

Commodity futures and options

$

216

$

-

$

-

$

216

$

-

$

-

$

-

$

-

Total

$

216

$

-

$

-

$

216

$

-

$

-

$

-

$

-

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Table of Contents

December 31, 2018

December 31, 2018

Fair Values of Assets

Fair Values of Liabilities

In Thousands

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Total

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Total

Other items reported at fair value:

Forward Purchase Contracts (a)

$

-

$

1

$

-

$

1

$

-

$

248

$

-

$

248

Total

$

-

$

1

$

-

$

1

$

-

$

248

$

-

$

248

(a) The fair value for Forward Purchase Contracts were previously estimated based on commodity futures market prices.

Commodity Price Risk

We enter into Forward Purchase Contracts for grain with settlement values based on commodity futures market prices. These Forward Purchase Contracts allow our counterparty to fix their sale prices to us at various times as defined in the contract. We may enter into hedging arrangements to either fix variable exposures or convert fixed prices to floating prices through the use of commodity derivative contracts. As of September 30, 2019, we held commodity contracts with a notional amount of $5.1 million.

We have designated all of our commodity derivative contracts as cash flow hedges. As a result, all gains or losses associated with recording commodity derivative contracts at fair value are recorded as a component of accumulated other comprehensive gain (loss) (AOCI). We reclassify amounts from AOCI to cost of goods sold when we sell the underlying products to which those hedges relate. As of September 30, 2019, we expect the entire AOCI balance to be reclassified into earnings within the next nine months.

Certain amounts related to our hedging activities are as follows:

Amount of Gain (Loss)

Recognized in AOCI

Amount of Gain (Loss)

Reclassified to Earnings

September 30,

December 31,

Nine months ended September 30,

In thousands

2019

2018

2019

2018

Cash flow hedges:

Commodity contracts

$

(55

)

$

-

$

(22

)

$

-

Total

$

(55

)

$

-

$

(22

)

$

-

Foreign Exchange Risk

Foreign currency fluctuations affect our foreign currency cash flows related primarily to payments to Cellectis. Our principal foreign currency exposure is to the euro. We do not hedge these exposures, and we do not believe that the current level of foreign currency risk is significant to our operations.

Concentrations of Credit Risk

We invest our cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash in short-term investments and hold deposits at financial institutions that may exceed insured limits. We evaluate the credit-worthiness of these institutions in determining the risk associated with these deposits. We have not experienced any losses on these deposits.

3. RELATED-PARTY TRANSACTIONS

We have several agreements that govern our relationship with Cellectis, some of which require us to make payments to Cellectis. Pursuant to our management services agreement with Cellectis, we incurred management fee expenses of $305,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2019, and $1.0 million for the same period in 2018. We incurred management fee expenses of $1.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and $2.0 million for the same period in 2018.

Cellectis has also guaranteed the lease agreement for our headquarters. Cellectis' guarantee of our obligations under the lease will terminate at the end of the second consecutive calendar year in which our tangible net worth exceeds $300.0 million.

TALEN® is our primary gene-editing technology, and it is the foundation of our technology platform. TALEN technology was invented by researchers at the University of Minnesota and Iowa State University and exclusively licensed to Cellectis. We obtained an exclusive license for the TALEN technology for commercial use in plants from Cellectis. We also license other technology from Cellectis. We owe Cellectis royalties on any revenue we generate from sales of products less certain amounts as defined in the license agreement, as well as a percentage of any sublicense revenues. With the exception of a one-time payment made to the University of

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Minnesota related to our commercialization of High Oleic Soybeans, we have incurred nominal license fees under these agreements forthethree and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018.

4. NET LOSS PER SHARE

Basic and diluted loss per share was calculated using the following:

Three months ended September 30,

Nine months ended September 30,

In Thousands, Except Share Data and Per Share Amounts

2019

2018

2019

2018

Net loss

$

(10,669

)

$

(7,483

)

$

(27,447

)

$

(19,429

)

Weighted average shares outstanding-basic and diluted

32,866,467

32,381,010

32,759,194

30,040,926

Basic and diluted loss per share

$

(0.32

)

$

(0.23

)

$

(0.84

)

$

(0.65

)

As of September 30,

2019

2018

Anti-dilutive stock options, restricted stock units and performance stock units

5,688,399

4,235,535

All outstanding stock options and restricted stock units are excluded from the calculation since they are anti-dilutive.

We have not used the treasury method in determining the number of anti-dilutive stock options and restricted stock units in the table above.

5. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

We use broad-based stock plans to attract and retain highly qualified officers and employees and to help ensure that management's interests are aligned with those of our shareholders. We have also granted equity-based awards to directors, nonemployees and certain employees of Cellectis.

In December 2014, we adopted the Calyxt, Inc. Equity Incentive Plan (2014 Plan), which allowed for the grant of stock options, and in June 2017, we adopted the 2017 Omnibus Plan (2017 Plan), which allowed for the grant of stock options, performance shares and other types of equity awards.

As of September 30, 2019, 2,074,654 shares were registered and available for grant under effective registration statements, while 2,585,610 shares were available for grant in the form of stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units and performance stock units under the 2017 Plan. Stock-based awards currently outstanding also include awards granted under the 2014 Plan, under which no further awards will be granted.

Stock Options

The estimated fair values of stock options granted, and the assumptions used for the Black-Scholes option pricing model were as follows:

Nine months ended September 30,

2019

2018

Estimated fair values of stock options granted

$

10.70

$

9.57

Assumptions:

Risk-free interest rate

1.9% - 2.5%

2.2% - 2.8%

Expected volatility

77.9% - 78.9%

40.9% - 57.2%

Expected term (in years)

6.8 - 10.0 years

5.6 - 10.0 years

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We estimate the fair value of each option on the grant date or other measurement datesif applicable using a Black-Scholes option-pricing model, which requires us to make predictive assumptions regarding future stock price volatility, employee exercise behavior and dividend yield. The risk-free interest rate for periods during the expected term of the options is based on the U.S. Treasury zero-coupon yield curve in effect at the date of grant. We estimate our future stock price volatility using the historical volatility of comparable public companies over the expected term of the option. Ourexpected term represents the period of time that options granted are expected to be outstanding determined using the simplified method. We have not nor do we expect to pay dividends for the foreseeable future.

Option strike prices are set at 100 percent or more of the closing share price on the date of grant, and generally vest over six years following the grant date. Options generally expire 10 years after the date of grant.

Information on stock option activity follows:

Options

Exercisable

Weighted-

Average

Exercise

Price Per

Share

Options

Outstanding

Weighted-

Average

Exercise

Price Per

Share

Balance as of December 31, 2018

1,278,038

$

7.45

3,201,887

$

10.67

Granted

1,490,000

14.45

Exercised

(86,952

)

3.61

Forfeited or expired

(163,809

)

13.79

Other activity

12,495

13.29

Balance as of September 30, 2019

1,638,228

$

8.20

4,453,621

$

11.95

Stock-based compensation expense related to stock option awards was as follows:

Three months ended

Nine months ended

September 30,

September 30,

In Thousands

2019

2018

2019

2018

Stock-based compensation expense

$

1,885

$

(78)

$

4,162

$

1,126

The aggregate intrinsic value of options outstanding and exercisable at September 30, 2019 was $2.1 million and the weighted average remaining contractual term was 8.1 years as of that date.

Net cash proceeds from the exercise of stock options less shares used for minimum withholding taxes and the intrinsic value of options exercised were as follows:

Three months ended

Nine months ended

September 30,

September 30,

In Thousands

2019

2018

2019

2018

Net cash proceeds

$

6

$

887

$

314

$

2,128

Intrinsic value of options exercised

$

13

$

1,257

$

893

$

6,416

As of September 30, 2019, unrecognized compensation expense related to non-vested stock options was $14.9 million. This expense will be recognized over 58 months on average.

Restricted Stock Units

Units settled in stock subject to a restricted period may be granted under the 2017 Plan. Restricted stock units generally vest and become unrestricted over five years after the date of grant.

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Information on restricted stock unit activity follows:

Number of

Restricted Stock

Units Outstanding

Weighted-

Average Grant

Date Fair Value

Unvested balance at December 31, 2018

1,051,414

$

10.15

Granted

100,000

12.48

Vested

(216,173

)

8.34

Forfeited

(12,130

)

13.39

Unvested balance at September 30, 2019

923,111

$

10.55

The total grant-date fair value of restricted stock unit awards that vested was as follows:

Three months ended

Nine months ended

September 30,

September 30,

In Thousands

2019

2018

2019

2018

Grant-date fair value

$

392

$

40

$

1,803

$

1,791

Stock-based compensation expense related to restricted stock units was as follows:

Three months ended

Nine months ended

September 30,

September 30,

In Thousands

2019

2018

2019

2018

Stock-based compensation expense

$

706

$

667

$

2,289

$

1,890

We treat stock-based compensation awards granted to employees of Cellectis as deemed dividends. We recorded deemed dividends as follows:

Three months ended

Nine months ended

September 30,

September 30,

In Thousands

2019

2018

2019

2018

Deemed dividends from grants to Cellectis employees

$

296

$

415

$

1,072

$

1,790

As of September 30, 2019, unrecognized compensation expense related to restricted stock units was $3.5 million. This expense will be recognized over 47 months on average.

Performance Stock Units

In June 2019, we granted 311,667 performance stock units under the 2017 Plan to three executive officers. The performance stock units will vest at 50%, 100% or 120% of the shares under the award at the end of a three-year performance period based upon increases in the value of our common stock from the grant price of $12.48. The performance stock units will be settled in restricted stock upon vesting, with restrictions on transfer lapsing on the second anniversary of the restricted stock issuance date.

The estimated fair values of performance stock units granted, and the assumptions used for the Monte Carlo simulation pricing model were as follows:

Nine months ended September 30, 2019

Estimated fair values of performance stock units granted

$

7.06

Assumptions:

Risk-free interest rate

1.71%

Expected volatility

75.0%

Expected term (in years)

3.0 years

Stock-based compensation expense related to performance stock unit awards was $114,000 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019.

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As of September 30, 2019,unrecognized compensation expense related to performance stock units was $2.1 million and will be recognized over 57 months.

Cellectis Equity Incentive Plan

Prior to 2018, Cellectis granted stock options to our employees. Compensation costs related to these grants have been recognized in the statements of operations with a corresponding credit to stockholders' equity representing Cellectis' capital contribution to us. The fair value of each stock option was estimated at the grant date using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.

We recognized a reduction in stock-based compensation expense related to Cellectis' grants of $96,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2018, and $107,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. Expenses in 2019 were de minimus.

6. INCOME TAXES

We provide for a valuation allowance when it is more likely than not that we will not realize a portion of the deferred tax assets. We have established a full valuation allowance for deferred tax assets due to the uncertainty that enough taxable income will be generated in the taxing jurisdiction to utilize the assets. Therefore, we have not reflected any benefit of such deferred tax assets in the accompanying financial statements.

As of September 30, 2019, there were no material changes to what we disclosed regarding tax uncertainties or penalties as of December 31, 2018.

7. LEASES, OTHER COMMITMENTS, AND CONTINGENCIES

Litigation and Claims

We are not currently a party to any material pending legal proceeding.

Leases

We lease our headquarters facility, office equipment, and other items. Our headquarters lease involved the sale of land and improvements to a third party who then constructed the facility. This lease is considered a financing lease.

We also have an equipment financing arrangement that is considered a financing lease. This arrangement has a term of four years for each draw. We were required to deposit cash into a restricted account in an amount equal to the future rent payments required by the lease. As of September 30, 2019 this restricted cash totaled $1.5 million. We have the option to request the return of excess collateral annually in December.

Rent expense from operating leases was as follows:

Three months ended

Nine months ended

September 30,

September 30,

In Thousands

2019

2018

2019

2018

Rent expense from operating leases

$

22

$

12

$

91

$

171

Other Commitments

As of September 30, 2019, we have committed to purchase grain from farmers at dates throughout 2020 and 2021 aggregating $32.7 million based on current commodity futures market prices, other payments to growers and estimated yields per acre. This amount is not recorded in the financial statements because we have not taken delivery of the grain as of September 30, 2019.

8. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLAN

We provide a 401(k) defined contribution plan for all regular full-time employees who have completed three months of service. We match employee contributions up to certain amounts and those matching contributions vest immediately. Our expense was $58,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and $28,000 for the same period in 2018. Our expense was $163,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and $104,000 for the same period in 2018.

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9. SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION

Certain balance sheet amounts are as follows:

As of September 30,

As of December 31,

In Thousands

2019

2018

Inventory:

Raw materials, net of seed benefit

$

1,988

$

-

Work-in-process

343

-

Finished goods

40

-

Total

$

2,371

$

-

Certain statements of operations amounts are as follows:

Three months ended

September 30,

Nine months ended

September 30,

In Thousands

2019

2018

2019

2018

Stock compensation expense:

Research and development

$

461

$

(106

)

$

1,240

$

985

Selling, general and administrative

2,244

695

5,325

2,031

Total

$

2,705

$

589

$

6,565

$

3,016

Three months ended

September 30,

Nine months ended

September 30,

In Thousands

2019

2018

2019

2018

Interest, net:

Interest expense

$

(374

)

$

(349

)

$

(1,114

)

$

(901

)

Interest income

406

577

1,410

989

Total

$

32

$

228

$

296

$

88

Certain statements of cash flows amounts are as follows:

As of September 30,

In Thousands

2019

2018

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

66,434

$

101,796

Restricted cash, current

381

50

Non-current restricted cash

1,135

-

Total

$

67,950

$

101,846

Nine months ended September 30,

In Thousands

2019

2018

Supplemental cash flow information:

Interest paid

$

1,108

$

856

Nine months ended September 30,

In Thousands

2019

2018

Supplemental investing and financing transactions:

Non-cash additions to land, buildings, and equipment

$

414

$

6,849

Offering costs in accounts payable and accrued liabilities

$

-

$

443

Non-cash addition to financing lease obligations

$

18

$

-

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10. SEGMENT INFORMATION

We operate in a single reportable segment, food ingredients. Our current commercial focus is North America. Our major product categories are High Oleic Soybean Oil and High Oleic Soybean Meal.

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Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis ofFinancial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read together with our financial statements and related notes, which are included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements included in this discussion as a result of certain factors, including, but not limited to, those discussed in 'Risk Factors' in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 12, 2019.

EXECUTIVE OVERVIEW

We are a plant-based technology company focused on healthy food ingredients. We leverage proprietary intellectual property, our technical expertise, and for certain products an end-to-end identity-preserved supply chain to deliver on our mission of 'Making the Food You Love a Healthier Choice™'.

In addition to revenues from our first products, a High Oleic Soybean Oil and High Oleic Soybean Meal, we also are developing additional products that we intend to commercialize including other soybean products, wheat products, an alfalfa product, and products in other crops including hemp, oats, canola, peas, alfalfa, peanuts and potatoes. We are also exploring other revenue-generating activities including technology licensing, collaborations, R&D activities and other value capture models for our technology platform.

We are an early-stage company and have incurred net losses since our inception. As of September 30, 2019 we had an accumulated deficit of $109.9 million. Our net losses were $10.7 million, including $2.7 million of non-cash stock compensation costs for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and $27.4 million, including $6.6 million of non-cash stock compensation costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. Non-cash stock compensation expense, and cash expenses incurred to purchase and process grain, to compensate our employees, to fund our R&D programs and to support ongoing operations are the primary drivers of our net loss.

We expect to continue to incur significant expenses and operating losses for the next several years. Those expenses and losses may fluctuate significantly from quarter-to-quarter and year-to-year. We expect that our expenses will be driven by our:

building out additional sales, marketing and distribution capabilities, including relationships across our supply chain, to commercialize products that have completed the development process;

conducting additional breeding and field trials of our current and future products;

securing manufacturing arrangements for commercial production;

continuing to advance the R&D of our current and future products;

seeking to identify and validate additional products;

acquiring or in-licensing other products, technologies, germplasm or other biological material;

seeking regulatory and marketing approvals for our products;

making royalty and other payments under any in-license agreements;

maintaining, protect, expand and defend our intellectual property portfolio;

seeking to attract and retain new and existing skilled personnel;

investing in our infrastructure to support the scale-up of the business; and

experiencing any delays or encounter issues with any of the above.

OUR RELATIONSHIP WITH CELLECTIS AND COMPARABILITY OF OUR RESULTS

We are a majority-owned subsidiary of Cellectis. As of September 30, 2019 Cellectis owned 69.1% of our outstanding common stock.

Our historical financial information reflects expense allocations for certain support functions that were provided on a centralized basis pursuant to a management services agreement. As a result, such historical financial information may not reflect the financial condition, results of operations or cash flows we would have achieved as a stand-alone company and not a subsidiary of Cellectis during such historical periods. Effective with the end of the third quarter of 2019 we have internalized nearly all of the services Cellectis previously provided. Cellectis has also guaranteed the lease of our headquarters facility.

Cellectis has certain contractual rights as long as it maintains threshold beneficial ownership levels in our shares.

We hold an exclusive, worldwide license in plants to key intellectual property owned by Cellectis.

FINANCIAL OPERATION OVERVIEW

Revenue

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Table of Contents

Revenues are recognized as described in our Accounting Policies in the Notes to our financial statements in Item 1. For the three months ended September 30, 2019, we recognized revenue from the sales of High Oleic Soybean Oil and High Oleic Soybean Meal. We do not recognize revenue from seed transactions because of the grower's commitment to sell their crop to us. We benefit from the cash upon payment and defer the net profit on the seed to inventory and recognize that benefit when the products aresold. We are also exploring additional revenue-generating opportunities including technology licensing, collaborations, R&D activities and other value capture models for our technology platform.

Cost of Goods Sold and Inventory

Prior to 2019, our cost of goods sold represented immaterial costs associated with our out-licensing activities. Costs we incurred associated with the production of seed and all Grain Costs, net of proceeds of seed sales, were expensed to R&D. Following the commercialization of our High Oleic Soybean Oil and High Oleic Soybean Meal in the three months ended March 31, 2019, we no longer expense Grain Costs as R&D. In the three months ended September 30, 2018 we incurred $1.1 million of Grain Costs that were expensed as R&D. In the nine months ended September 30, 2018 we incurred $1.6 million of Grain Costs that were expensed as R&D. These amounts affect the quarter-over-quarter comparability of R&D expenses.

Cost of goods sold also includes crush and refining losses that are expensed as incurred since they do not add to the value of the finished products. All other grain and risk management costs, net of the benefit from our seed activity, are capitalized to inventory and relieved to cost of goods sold as the High Oleic Soybean Oil and High Oleic Soybean Meal is sold. Any valuation adjustments are recognized as incurred.

Research and Development Expense

R&D expenses consist of the costs of performing activities to discover and develop products. We recognize R&D expenses as they are incurred. Prior to commercialization of our first product in the three months ended March 31, 2019, we reported Grain Costs as R&D expenses.

Beginning in 2019, our R&D expenses consist primarily of personnel costs, fees for contractors who support product development, expenses for trait validation, purchasing material and supplies for our laboratories, and facilities and other costs associated with owning and operating our own laboratories.

Our R&D efforts are central to our business and account for a significant portion of our operating expenses. We expect that our R&D expenses will increase as we expand our product development efforts, access and develop additional technologies and hire additional personnel.

Selling, General and Administrative Expense

Selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses consist primarily of employee-related expenses for executive, selling, acreage acquisition, supply chain, business development, legal, intellectual property, information technology, finance and human resources functions. Other SG&A expenses include facility-related costs not otherwise allocated to R&D expenses, professional fees for auditing, tax and legal services, expenses associated with obtaining and maintaining patents, consulting costs and other costs of our information systems.

We expect that our SG&A expenses will increase as we continue to invest in sales, quality and food safety for those products that we commercialize on our own. We expect growth in all other costs in SG&A to moderate going forward as we believe we have the necessary foundation to grow and scale up our business.

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER30, 2019 COMPARED TO THE THREE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018

We achieved record revenues in the three months ended September 30, 2019, from selling High Oleic Soybean Oil and High Oleic Soybean Meal. Our cost of goods sold and gross margins on these revenues do not include Grain Costs that we expensed as R&D in 2018. We also continued to progress products through our pipeline development process and brought on sales and marketing resources to drive additional revenue.

A summary of our results of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 follows:

Three months ended September 30,

2019

2018

$ Change

% Change

Revenue

$

2,967

$

27

$

2,940

10888.9

%

Cost of goods sold

3,528

-

3,528

nm

Research and development expense

3,579

3,440

139

4.0

%

Selling, general and administrative expense

6,248

3,311

2,937

88.7

%

Management fees and royalties

305

975

(670

)

(68.7

)%

Interest, net

32

228

(196

)

(86.0

)%

Other income and expense

(8

)

(12

)

4

(33.3

)%

Net loss

$

(10,669

)

$

(7,483

)

$

(3,186

)

42.6

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

(6,905

)

$

(6,382

)

$

(523

)

8.2

%

Revenue and Cost of Goods Sold

Revenue increased $2.9 million driven by increased sales volumes of our High Oleic Soybean Oil and High Oleic Soybean Meal. We continued to expand distribution of High Oleic Soybean Oil in the foodservice channel. We sold out of all High Oleic Soybean Meal that we produced in the period. Cost of goods sold increased $3.5 million reflecting the cost of product sold in the period and an adjustment to the net realizable value of our inventories that reflects the higher costs we have experienced at this early stage of commercialization.

Research and Development Expense

R&D expenses increased $139,000. The increase was driven by higher non-cash stock compensation expense of $567,000, a reversal of payroll tax benefits that are no longer realizable of $536,000 and the addition of personnel. R&D expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2018 also included $1.1 million of Grain Costs we incurred prior to our commercialization earlier in 2019, which affects the comparability of R&D expenses year over year.

Selling, General and Administrative Expense

SG&A expenses increased $2.9 million driven by a $1.6 million increase in non-cash stock compensation expense, increased personnel costs of $880,000 and an increase in professional fee expenses of $455,000. The increases in personnel expenses and professional fees are partially offset by the benefits of internalizing certain services previously provided by Cellectis as described below.

Management Fees and Royalties

Management fees and royalties declined by $670,000 as we internalized certain services previously provided by Cellectis including legal and communications.

Interest, net

Interest, net is the result of interest income resulting from investments of cash and cash equivalents, partially offset by interest expense on our financing lease obligations. It is also driven by balances, yields and timing of our capital raises and financing activities. Interest, net declined by $196,000 from lower yields on investments, less cash to invest and higher financing lease obligation balances.

Net Loss

Net loss increased by $3.2 million driven by increases in non-cash stock compensation expenses of $2.1 million and costs associated with launching our first products in 2019.

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Adjusted Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization

Adjusted Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (Adjusted EBITDA) decreased by $523,000 driven by increased personnel costs, as the costs of commercialization in 2019 were largely offset by reductions in Grain Costs expensed as R&D in 2018. See below under the heading 'Use of Non-GAAP Financial Information' for a discussion of Adjusted EBITDA and a reconciliation of such measure to the most comparable measure calculated under U.S. GAAP.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS FOR THE NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2019 COMPARED TO THE NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018

Similar to the three-month results discussed above, we achieved record revenues in the nine months ended September 30, 2019 from selling High Oleic Soybean Oil and High Oleic Soybean Meal. Our cost of goods sold and gross margins on these revenues do not include Grain Costs we expensed as R&D in 2018. We also continued to progress products through our pipeline development process and brought on sales and marketing resources to drive additional revenue.

A summary of our results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 follows:

Nine months ended September 30,

2019

2018

$ Change

% Change

Revenue

$

3,533

$

234

$

3,299

1409.8

%

Cost of goods sold

3,865

-

3,865

nm

Research and development expense

8,536

7,850

686

8.7

%

Selling, general and administrative expense

17,723

9,914

7,809

78.8

%

Management fees and royalties

1,117

1,957

(840

)

(42.9

)%

Interest, net

296

88

208

236.4

%

Other income and expense

(35

)

(30

)

(5

)

16.7

%

Net loss

$

(27,447

)

$

(19,429

)

$

(8,018

)

41.3

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

(18,692

)

$

(15,035

)

$

(3,657

)

24.3

%

Revenue and Cost of Goods Sold

Revenue increased $3.3 million driven by increased sales volumes of our High Oleic Soybean Oil and High Oleic Soybean Meal. We continued to expand distribution of High Oleic Soybean Oil in the foodservice channel. We sold out of all High Oleic Soybean Meal we produced in the period. Cost of goods sold increased $3.9 million reflecting the cost of product sold in the period and an adjustment to the net realizable value of our inventories that reflects the higher costs we have experienced at this early stage of commercialization.

Research and Development Expense

R&D expenses increased $686,000. The increase was driven by higher non-cash stock compensation expense of $255,000, a net reversal of payroll tax benefits that are no longer realizable of $411,000 and the addition of personnel. R&D expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 also included $1.6 million of Grain Costs we incurred prior to our commercialization in the three months ended March 31, 2019, which affects the comparability of R&D expenses year over year.

Selling, General and Administrative Expense

SG&A expenses increased $7.8 million driven by a $3.4 million increase in personnel costs, a $3.3 million increase in non-cash stock compensation expense and an increase in professional fee expenses of $1.4 million. The increases in personnel expenses and professional fees are partially offset by the benefits of internalizing certain services previously provided by Cellectis as described below.

Management Fees and Royalties

Management fees and royalties declined by $840,000 as we internalized certain services previously provided by Cellectis including legal and communications.

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Interest, net

Interest, net is the result of interest income resulting from investments of cash and cash equivalents, partially offset by interest expense on our financing lease obligations. It is driven by balances, yields and timing of our capital raises and financing activities. Interest, net increased by $208,000 from higher yields on investments.

Net Loss

Net loss increased by $8.0 million driven by increases in non-cash stock-based compensation expenses of $3.5 million and costs associated with launching our first products in 2019.

Adjusted Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization

Adjusted EBITDA decreased by $3.7 million driven by increased personnel costs, as the costs of commercialization in 2019 were largely offset by reductions in Grain Costs expensed as R&D in 2018. See below under the heading 'Use of Non-GAAP Financial Information' for a discussion of Adjusted EBITDA and a reconciliation of such measure to the most comparable measure calculated under U.S. GAAP.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Liquidity

As of September 30, 2019, we had cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash of $68.0 million. All of these amounts are convertible to cash within 90 days with the exception of $1.4 million of restricted cash associated with our financing leases. Current liabilities were $5.8 million at September 30, 2019. Accordingly, we have cash and cash equivalents sufficient to fund all short-term obligations as of that date.

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

Nine months ended September 30,

In Thousands

2019

2018

Net loss

$

(27,447

)

$

(19,429

)

Depreciation

1,051

727

Stock-based compensation

6,565

3,016

Unrealized foreign exchange gain

-

12

Changes in operating assets and liabilities

(4,857

)

2,074

Net cash used by operating activities

$

(24,688

)

$

(13,600

)

Net cash used by operating activities increased by $11.1 million driven by a higher net loss that included costs associated with High Oleic Soybean Oil and High Oleic Soybean Meal that we sold, additional personnel we hired and increased professional services expenses, as well as an increase of $3.7 million in accounts receivable and inventory following the commercialization of our first products earlier in 2019. These uses of cash were partially offset by an increase in non-cash stock compensation expenses of $3.5 million.

We expect future increases in cash used by operating activities to be driven primarily by increases in our working capital as a result of the commercialization of our first products and additional products, since we have largely completed investing in our general and administrative expenses required to scale the organization.

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

Nine months ended September 30,

In Thousands

2019

2018

Purchases of land, building, and equipment

$

(2,538

)

$

(830

)

Net cash used by investing activities

$

(2,538

)

$

(830

)

Net cash used by investing activities increased by $1.7 million driven by purchases of laboratory equipment following the build out of our new headquarters facility that was completed in 2018 as well as for equipment to support the expansion of our R&D pipeline.

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We expect future capital expenditures to be focused on further building outour laboratoryfacilities and to invest inprojects to optimize the operating costs within our supply chain. We expect for these expenditures to remain relatively constant over time.

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

Nine months ended September 30,

In Thousands

2019

2018

Costs incurred related to the issuance of stock

$

-

$

(222

)

Proceeds from common stock issuance

-

57,706

Repayments of financing lease obligations

(195

)

-

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options

314

2,128

Costs incurred related to shares withheld for net share settlement

(645

)

-

Proceeds from the sale and leaseback of land, buildings and equipment

414

-

Net cash (used) provided by financing activities

$

(112

)

$

59,612

Net cash provided by financing activities decreased by $59.7 million reflecting the proceeds from our follow-on offering in the nine-month period ended September 30, 2018, as well as a decrease in the proceeds from stock option exercises. We also made payments to satisfy statutory income tax withholding requirements relating to the net share settlement upon the vesting of restricted stock units. These decreases were partially offset by a net increase of $219,000 of proceeds from financing leases.

We expect to continue to finance our purchases of capital equipment and will also seek out other sources of financing to support our business activities.

CAPITAL RESOURCES

Taking into account our anticipated cash burn rate, we believe our cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash as of September 30, 2019 will be sufficient to fund our operations for at least the next twelve months and into mid-2021. The period of time through which our financial resources will be adequate to support our operations is a forward-looking statement and involves risks and uncertainties, and actual results could vary as a result of a number of factors, which are described in our Annual Report.

Operating Capital Requirements

For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we had generated $3.5 million in revenues from product sales. We anticipate that we will continue to generate losses for the next several years before revenue is sufficient to support our operating capital requirements.

Until we can generate substantial cash flow, we expect to finance a portion of future cash needs through cash on hand and public or private equity or debt financings, government or other third-party funding and licensing arrangements. However, additional capital may not be available on reasonable terms, if at all. If we are unable to raise additional capital in sufficient amounts or on terms acceptable to us, we may have to significantly delay, scale back or discontinue the development or commercialization of one or more of our products. Failure to receive additional funding could cause us to cease operations, in part or in full. If we raise additional funds through the issuance of additional debt or equity securities, it could result in dilution to our existing stockholders and increased fixed payment obligations, and these securities may have rights senior to those of our common shares. Any of these events could significantly harm our business, financial condition and prospects.

CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS, COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Except for commitments to purchase grain from farmers in 2020 and 2021, which increased our contractual commitments to $63.8 million as of September 30, 2019, there were no material changes in our commitments under contractual obligations as disclosed in our Annual Report.

OFF BALANCE SHEET OBLIGATIONS

As of September 30, 2019, we do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements as defined in Item 303(a)(4)(ii) of Regulation S-K.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The preceding discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our financial statements and the related disclosures, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements

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requires us to make estimates, assumptions and judgments that affect the reported amounts in our financial statements and accompanying notes. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. We believe the policies discussed in Note 1, Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, arethe most critical to an understanding of our financial condition and results of operations because they require us to make estimates, assumptions and judgments about matters that are inherently uncertain.

Except as disclosed in Note 1, Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, there have been no significant changes to our critical accounting policies disclosure reported in 'Critical Accounting Estimates' in our Annual Report.

RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

In August 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued new hedge accounting requirements. The new standard amends the hedge accounting recognition and presentation requirements to better align an entity's risk management activities and financial reporting. The new standard also simplifies the application of hedge accounting guidance. The requirements of the new standard are effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those annual periods, which for us is the first quarter of fiscal 2020. Early adoption is permitted. We do not expect this guidance to have any impact on our financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued new accounting requirements for accounting, presentation and classification of leases. This will result in most leases being capitalized as a right of use asset with a related liability on our balance sheets. The requirements of the new standard are effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those annual periods, which for us is the first quarter of 2020 because we are an emerging growth company. We are in the process of analyzing the impact of this standard on our results of operations and financial position.

In June 2016, the FASB issued new accounting requirements on how to account for credit losses on most financial assets and certain other instruments. This will require the estimation of lifetime expected credit losses and corresponding recognition of allowance for losses on trade and other receivables, loans, and other instruments held at amortized cost. The ASU requires certain recurring disclosures and is effective for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning on or after December 15, 2019. We are in the process of analyzing the impact of this standard on our results of operations.

USE OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL INFORMATION

To supplement our unaudited financial results prepared in accordance with GAAP, we present Adjusted EBITDA, which is not a measure defined by GAAP. We define Adjusted EBITDA as net loss excluding interest, net, income tax expense, depreciation and amortization expense, stock-based compensation, payroll tax benefits that are no longer realizable, section 16 officer transition expenses and forward purchase contract gains and losses. We provide in the table below a reconciliation of Net Loss to Adjusted EBITDA, which is the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure.

Adjusted EBITDA is not meant to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for financial information presented in accordance with GAAP, and Adjusted EBITDA should be viewed as supplemental and in addition to Net Loss. Investors are cautioned that there are material limitations associated with the use of non-GAAP financial measures, which exclude charges that have an effect on our reported financial results. In addition, other companies may report Adjusted EBITDA or similarly titled measures but calculate them differently, which reduces their usefulness as a comparative measure.

Because Adjusted EBITDA excludes non-cash items and discrete or infrequently occurring items, we believe that Adjusted EBITDA provides investors with useful supplemental information about the operational performance of our business and facilitates comparison of our financial results between periods where certain items may vary significantly independent of our business performance. Moreover, our presentation of Adjusted EBITDA enhances transparency because our management team utilizes this metric in evaluating and making operational decisions regarding our business.

The table below presents a reconciliation of Net Loss to Adjusted EBITDA:

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Three months ended September 30,

In Thousands

2019

2018

Net Loss (GAAP measure)

$

(10,669)

$

(7,483)

Non-GAAP adjustments:

Stock-based compensation

2,705

589

Interest, net

(32)

(228)

Income tax expense

-

-

Depreciation & amortization

362

356

Payroll tax benefits that are no longer realizable

536

(40)

Section 16 officer transition expenses

193

374

Loss on Forward Purchase Contracts

-

50

Adjusted EBITDA

$

(6,905)

$

(6,382)

Nine months ended September 30,

In Thousands

2019

2018

Net Loss (GAAP measure)

$

(27,477)

$

(19,429)

Non-GAAP adjustments:

Stock-based compensation

6,565

3,016

Interest, net

(296)

(88)

Income tax expense

-

-

Depreciation & amortization

1,051

727

Payroll tax benefits that are no longer realizable

411

(48)

Section 16 officer transition expenses

1,054

374

Loss on Forward Purchase Contracts

-

413

Adjusted EBITDA

$

(18,692)

$

(15,035)

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Our primary exposures to market risk are commodity price and interest rate sensitivity.

For quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk that affect us, see 'Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk in Item 7A of Part II of the Annual Report. We enter into supply agreements for grain we purchase with prices based on commodity futures market prices. Those contracts are not considered derivatives and their prices float until fixed by the counterparty. Prior to prices being fixed we may enter into hedging arrangements to reduce the risk changes in prices could have on our purchase price of the grain. Based on our positions, as of September 30, 2019, a 10 percent increase in commodity futures market prices would have a $1.2 million decrease in our financial condition, and a 10 percent decrease in commodity futures market prices would have a $1.0 million increase in our financial condition.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Management's Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Based on an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of our management, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, were effective as of September 30, 2019.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the three months ended September 30, 2019, that have materially affected, or that are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II. OTHERINFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

We are not a party to any material pending legal proceeding as of September 30, 2019. From time to time, we may be involved in legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

There were no material changes in risk factors in the period covered by this report. See the discussion of risk factors in our Annual Report.

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Item 6. Exhibits

*Filed herewith

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SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, on November 6, 2019.

CALYXT, INC.

By:

/s/ James A. Blome

Name:

James A. Blome

Title:

Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

By:

/s/ William F. Koschak

Name:

William F. Koschak

Title:

Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

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