04/12/2018 | News release | Distributed by Public on 04/12/2018 07:48
[Attachment] A delegation led by Zhabtog Lyonpo attended the '8th Regional 3R Forum in Asia and the Pacific', 9-12 April, 2017 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India under the theme 'Achieving Clean water, Clean land and Clean Air through 3R and resource Efficiency- A 21st Century Vision for Asia- Pacific Communities'. The UNCenter for Regional Development (UNCRD) and Ministry of Environment of Japan jointly launched the Regional 3R Forum in Asia, in November 2009, with the objective to provide strategic policy advice to National Government in mainstreaming 3Rs in the overall policy, planning, and development.
3R Forum is an annual event that brings together the key stakeholders from 45 different countries in Asia and Pacific to address policies, programs, measures, tools and technologies in the context of achieving resource efficiency, sustainable production, and consumption and integrated solid waste management. The forum provides knowledge sharing platform for sharing best practices in 3Rs areas including new and emerging issues in waste management.
H.E. Ms. Sumitra Mahajan, Hon'ble Speaker of the Lok Shaba, Parliament of India, graced the opening of the 8th 3R Forum. More than 700 participants attended the forum from about 45 countries, comprising of high-level government representatives, international experts, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and the private and business sectors.
[Attachment]The forum consisted of Nine (9) plenary sessions focusing on various themes such as:
The focus of the forum was on the problems of wastes finally ending up in water bodies, land pollution and air pollution and how circular economy can be used to reduce water pollution, prevent air pollution and land pollution. The forum highlighted the integration of 3R in resource efficiency and moving from linear economy (use to dump) to circular economy (use to re-use and re-cycle) through engaging private sector, investing in new and appropriate technology, providing right incentive and political will.
As part of the Forum, there were several parallel events of which of significance was the 'Asian Mayors Policy Dialogue on achieving clean water, clean land and clean air through 3R and resource efficiency'. The forum also included 3R exhibitions of a variety of technical solutions, innovation and industries related to re-use, re-cycle and recovery from the Asia Pacific region.
Zhabtog Lyonpo chaired the 2nd Plenary Session on 'The 3Rs and Clean Water-The Role of the Circular Economy in reducing Water pollution'. The discussions revolved around how cities are facing double-edged sword of increased water demand and decreased freshwater resources due to wastewater polluting the water bodies. The session covered shifting from linear water economy (use to dump) to the circular economy (use to resources for re-use, re-cycle) for zero waste. The session highlighted the need to monitor the management of the Demand Side such as conservation, reducing use together with the supply side of management.
Other sessionsdiscussed on the importance of Public Private Partnerships, SMEs and financing in the context of moving towards Zero Waste societies. Discussion around the role of various 3R technologies such as 3Rs in healthcare waste management talked about waste minimization, Green procurement, safe reuse, recycling and recovery.
Field visits to Waste Management in Indore City
ZhabtogLyonpo along with the officials from Bhutan and accompanied by officials from Indore Municpal Corporation (IMC) visited following sites on April 8, 2018.
The team visited the waste transfer station at Star Square, Indore where the dry and wet wastes collected from door to door services are stored in two separate large containers. According to the Plant manager, approximately 600metric tons of wet wastes collected daily are used to produce methane, which is further used for producing electricity and used for running the Plant. The vehicles deployed for the door-to-door collection had two compartments where both the wet and dry wastes are collected at the same time. It also had a pocket-like bin at the rear of the vehicle where the pharmaceutical wastes such as expired medicines and sanitary napkinsare collected.
The team also visited the Integrated Solid Waste processing facility at Devguradia, Indore that is spread across 146 acres. This centralized processing unit has Centralized Organic Wet Waste Processing Unit(Aerobic Composting Unit), Material recovery Facility and Bio remediation PlantSome parts of the old landfill are being reclaimed through Bio-mining and Bio-remediation.
3.Decentralized Bio-methanation plant at Choithram Mandi, Indore
This plant is located next to the largest vegetable market where approximately 20-25 Metric ton per day of fruits and vegetables are generated daily. About 20 MT of fruits and vegetables wastes are treated per day through Bio-CNG plant and approximately 200kg of metahane gas are generated. The pressurized Bio-CNG gas is used as a fuel to operate about 20 city buses. The rest of the organic waste is treated through the constructed compost pits.
The team also visited the Sewerage Treatment plant at Kabitkhedi, Indore. This STP is considered as the largest in Asia with the capacity of 245 MLD. The technology used is Sequential Batch Reactor (SBR) and has been operational since mid 2016.
Conclusions, lessons and takeaways