02/28/2021 | News release | Distributed by Public on 02/28/2021 16:13
Today, officials confirmed that North Atlantic right whale #3920, also known as 'Cottontail,' was found dead yesterday 15 miles off the coast of Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. Due to the animal's poor body condition and offshore location, teams mobilized early today to find the whale by boat, collect biological samples, place a tag on the whale to continue to track its location, and remove ropes entangling the animal. This animal was spotted alive by aerial survey teams off Florida's Treasure Coast a little over a week ago.
This death changes the North Atlantic right whale Unusual Mortality Event (UME)count from 33 dead and 15 seriously injured cases to 34 dead and 14 seriously injured since 'Cottontail' was one of the previously documented serious injury cases and is now one of the mortalities. The total for the UME remains at 48 known individuals.
On February 18, 2021, NOAA Fisheries mobilized a team of large whale disentanglement experts in coordination with partners from the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Blue World Research Institute, Marine Resource Council and Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute to better assess the current state of an entangled North Atlantic right whale swimming off the Treasure Coast of Florida. The whale was positively identified as #3920, an 11-year-old male, also known as 'Cottontail,' who was previously seen entangled in October 2020, off the coast of Nantucket. The team successfully attached a telemetry buoy to the ropes entangling Cottontail. Telemetry buoys allow us to track the animal's movements via satellite and inform potential future disentanglement efforts. Cottontail's body condition appears to have worsened since he was last seen in October.
An Unusual Mortality Event(UME) has been ongoing for North Atlantic right whales since 2017. To date, 48 right whales have been documented in the UME (33 dead in U.S. or Canadian waters and an additional 15 live seriously injured individuals). These 48 whales include the dead calf that stranded last Saturday, its injured mother 'Infinity,'and 'Cottontail.' The primary causes of the Unusual Mortality Event are entanglementsor vessel strikes. North Atlantic right whales are a critically endangered species with fewer than 400 individuals estimated remaining. The 48 whales documented so far in the UME represent more than 10 percent of the population and is a significant setback to the species' recovery.
While searching for entangled right whale #4680 yesterday, the Center for Coastal Studies (CCS) aerial survey team spotted several right whales, including another new entangled right whale south of Nantucket. CCS sent out their Marine Animal Entanglement Response team and arrived on the scene at around 1:30 p.m.
The New England Aquarium has identified this entangled whale as #3920, an 11-year-old male, also known as 'Cottontail.' There is a line over its head, exiting both sides of his mouth, extending beyond his tail for about three to four body lengths. CCS removed some gear from the whale and added a satellite buoy for tracking. Cottontail was last seen in March south of Nantucket.
Due to fog and rough seas, no operations are planned today. When we have more details, we will provide an update.
Mariners: Please note that there is a Right Whale Slow Zonesouth of Nantucket to protect right whales recently sighted in this area.
There are only roughly 400 individual North Atlantic right whales remaining. An Unusual Mortality Event (UME) was declared for North Atlantic right whalesin 2017 and is ongoing. Over the past 3 years, 31 whales in Canada and the United States have been documented dead. An additional 11 whales have been documented alive but with serious injuries (42 whales total). Most of the mortalities or injuries have been attributed to either ship strikes or entanglements. Those 42 individuals in the UME represent at least 10 percent of the population, which is a significant negative impact on such a critically endangered species.
If you see a marine animal in distress from Maine to Virginia, call (866) 755-6622. If you are outside this area, call the appropriate contact number for your location. As always, keep people and pets back a safe distance of at least 150 feetfrom marine animals. Keepboats and drones 500 yards away from endangered North Atlantic right whales. To find out how you can help, please contact your local stranding network partner.