World Bank Group

09/24/2020 | Press release | Distributed by Public on 09/23/2020 22:31

The State of Access to Modern Energy Cooking Services

The State of Access to Modern Energy Cooking Services report finds that four billion people around the world still lack access to clean, efficient, convenient, safe, reliable, and affordable cooking energy. While around 1.25 billion are considered in transition with access to improved cooking services, the other 2.75 billion face significantly higher access barriers.

Using an expanded methodology to provide a more comprehensive measurement of household energy access and cooking solutions, the report finds that the rate of access to modern sources of energy for cooking stands at only 10 percent in Sub-Saharan Africa, 36 percent in East Asia, and 56 percent in Latin America and the Caribbean.

The report builds on the World Bank's established Multi-Tier Framework (MTF) to provide an in-depth, comprehensive understanding of household cooking-energy needs to inform strategies for adoption of modern energy cooking solutions. The MTF for cooking is a multidimensional, tiered approach to measuring household access to cooking solutions across six technical and contextual attributes-convenience, affordability, safety, fuel availability, exposure, and efficiency, ranging from Tier 0 (no access) to Tier 5 (full access). A household is considered to have access to modern energy cooking services (MECS) when their cooking practices meet the MTF Tier 4 or above. A household whose cooking practices meet MTF Tier 2 or 3 is considered as being in transition with access to improved cooking services.

To achieve universal access to MECS by 2030, the report estimates that approximately $150 billion is needed per year including $39 billion from the public sector to ensure that modern cooking solutions can be afforded by the poorest and; $11 billion by the private sector to install downstream infrastructure for the functioning of modern energy cooking markets. The remaining $103 billion comes from household purchases of stoves and fuels. Reaching universal access to improved cooking services by 2030 requires $10 billion per year, including $6 billion from the public sector to fill the affordability gap and the rest by households.

As countries and their partners in the public and private sectors work to scale up efforts to reach universal access to modern energy cooking services, the report provides three key recommendations:

  • The first calls for the creation of high-profile coalitions of political leaders to prioritize access to modern energy cooking services in global and national arenas;
  • the second calls for the formalization of cooking energy demand in national energy planning and development of strategies for achieving universal accessthat reflect diverse users' needs, local market conditions, and national comparative advantages on energy resources;
  • and the third recommendation calls for a dramatic increase in funding focused on modern energy cooking services that moves from the tens and hundreds of millions to the tens of billions.