Dow Inc.

07/23/2021 | Press release | Distributed by Public on 07/23/2021 05:47

Quarterly Report (SEC Filing - 10-Q)

Table of Contents
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2021
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________to__________



Commission
File Number
Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter,
Principal Office Address and Telephone Number
State of Incorporation or
Organization
I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.
001-38646 Dow Inc. Delaware 30-1128146
2211 H.H. Dow Way, Midland, MI48674
(989) 636-1000
001-03433 The Dow Chemical Company Delaware 38-1285128
2211 H.H. Dow Way, Midland, MI48674
(989) 636-1000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Registrant Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Dow Inc. Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share DOW New York Stock Exchange
The Dow Chemical Company 0.500% Notes due March 15, 2027 DOW/27 New York Stock Exchange
The Dow Chemical Company 1.125% Notes due March 15, 2032 DOW/32 New York Stock Exchange
The Dow Chemical Company 1.875% Notes due March 15, 2040 DOW/40 New York Stock Exchange
The Dow Chemical Company 4.625% Notes due October 1, 2044 DOW/44 New York Stock Exchange


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Dow Inc. Yes No The Dow Chemical Company Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

Dow Inc. Yes No The Dow Chemical Company Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of 'large accelerated filer,' 'accelerated filer,' 'smaller reporting company,' and 'emerging growth company' in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Dow Inc.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated
filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company Emerging growth company
The Dow Chemical Company Large accelerated filer Accelerated
filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company Emerging growth company

1
Table of Contents
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Dow Inc.
The Dow Chemical Company

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Dow Inc. Yes No The Dow Chemical Company Yes No

Dow Inc. had 745,771,788 shares of common stock, $0.01 par value, outstanding at June 30, 2021. The Dow Chemical Company had 100 shares of common stock, $0.01 par value, outstanding at June 30, 2021, all of which were held by the registrant's parent, Dow Inc.

The Dow Chemical Company meets the conditions set forth in General Instruction H(1)(a) and (b) for Form 10-Q and therefore is filing this form with a reduced disclosure format.
2
Table of Contents
Dow Inc. and Subsidiaries
The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2021
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
Financial Statements.
5
Dow Inc. and Subsidiaries:
Consolidated Statements of Income.
5
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.
6
Consolidated Balance Sheets.
7
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
8
Consolidated Statements of Equity.
9
The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries:
Consolidated Statements of Income.
10
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.
11
Consolidated Balance Sheets.
12
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
13
Consolidated Statements of Equity.
14
Dow Inc. and Subsidiaries and The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries:
Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
15
Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
44
Results of Operations.
47
Changes in Financial Condition.
54
Other Matters.
61
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
62
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures.
62
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings.
63
Item 1A.
Risk Factors.
63
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
64
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures.
64
Item 5.
Other Information.
64
Item 6.
Exhibits.
64
SIGNATURE
66

3
Table of Contents
Dow Inc. and Subsidiaries
The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is a combined report being filed by Dow Inc. and The Dow Chemical Company and its consolidated subsidiaries ('TDCC' and together with Dow Inc., 'Dow' or the 'Company') due to the parent/subsidiary relationship between Dow Inc. and TDCC. The information reflected in the report is equally applicable to both Dow Inc. and TDCC, except where otherwise noted. Each of Dow Inc. and TDCC is filing information in this report on its own behalf and neither company makes any representation to the information relating to the other company.
CAUTIONARY STATEMENT ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Certain statements in this report are 'forward-looking statements' within the meaning of the federal securities laws, including Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Such statements often address expected future business and financial performance, financial condition, and other matters, and often contain words or phrases such as 'anticipate,' 'believe,' 'estimate,' 'expect,' 'intend,' 'may,' 'opportunity,' 'outlook,' 'plan,' 'project,' 'seek,' 'should,' 'strategy,' 'target,' 'will,' 'will be,' 'will continue,' 'will likely result,' 'would' and similar expressions, and variations or negatives of these words or phrases.
Forward-looking statements are based on current assumptions and expectations of future events that are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors that are beyond Dow's control, which may cause actual results to differ materially from those projected, anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements and speak only as of the date the statements were made. These factors include, but are not limited to: sales of Dow's products; Dow's expenses, future revenues and profitability; the continuing global and regional economic impacts of the coronavirus disease 2019 ('COVID-19') pandemic and other public health-related risks and events on Dow's business; capital requirements and need for and availability of financing; size of the markets for Dow's products and services and ability to compete in such markets; failure to develop and market new products and optimally manage product life cycles; the rate and degree of market acceptance of Dow's products; significant litigation and environmental matters and related contingencies and unexpected expenses; the success of competing technologies that are or may become available; the ability to protect Dow's intellectual property in the United States and abroad; developments related to contemplated restructuring activities and proposed divestitures or acquisitions such as workforce reduction, manufacturing facility and/or asset closure and related exit and disposal activities, and the benefits and costs associated with each of the foregoing; fluctuations in energy and raw material prices; management of process safety and product stewardship; changes in relationships with Dow's significant customers and suppliers; changes in consumer preferences and demand; changes in laws and regulations, political conditions or industry development; global economic and capital markets conditions, such as inflation, market uncertainty, interest and currency exchange rates, and equity and commodity prices; business or supply disruptions; security threats, such as acts of sabotage, terrorism or war; weather events and natural disasters; and disruptions in Dow's information technology networks and systems.
Risks related to Dow's separation from DowDuPont Inc. include, but are not limited to: (i) Dow's inability to achieve some or all of the benefits that it expects to receive from the separation from DowDuPont Inc.; (ii) certain tax risks associated with the separation; (iii) the failure of Dow's pro forma financial information to be a reliable indicator of Dow's future results; (iv) non-compete restrictions under the separation agreement; (v) receipt of less favorable terms in the commercial agreements Dow entered into with DuPont de Nemours, Inc. ('DuPont') and Corteva, Inc. ('Corteva'), including restrictions under intellectual property cross-license agreements, than Dow would have received from an unaffiliated third party; and (vi) Dow's obligation to indemnify DuPont and/or Corteva for certain liabilities.
Where, in any forward-looking statement, an expectation or belief as to future results or events is expressed, such expectation or belief is based on the current plans and expectations of management and expressed in good faith and believed to have a reasonable basis, but there can be no assurance that the expectation or belief will result or be achieved or accomplished. A detailed discussion of principal risks and uncertainties which may cause actual results and events to differ materially from such forward-looking statements is included in the section titled 'Risk Factors' contained in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. These are not the only risks and uncertainties that Dow faces. There may be other risks and uncertainties that Dow is unable to identify at this time or that Dow does not currently expect to have a material impact on its business. If any of those risks or uncertainties develops into an actual event, it could have a material adverse effect on Dow's business. Dow assumes no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements whether because of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as required by securities and other applicable laws.
4
Table of Contents
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Dow Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Income
Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions, except per share amounts (Unaudited) Jun 30,
2021
Jun 30,
2020
Jun 30,
2021
Jun 30,
2020
Net sales $ 13,885 $ 8,354 $ 25,767 $ 18,124
Cost of sales 10,740 7,610 20,802 15,840
Research and development expenses 228 182 422 361
Selling, general and administrative expenses 440 357 806 691
Amortization of intangibles 100 100 201 200
Restructuring and asset related charges - net 22 6 22 102
Integration and separation costs - 46 - 111
Equity in earnings (losses) of nonconsolidated affiliates 278 (95) 502 (184)
Sundry income (expense) - net (3) 53 125 (28)
Interest income 13 6 21 21
Interest expense and amortization of debt discount 187 200 383 415
Income (loss) before income taxes 2,456 (183) 3,779 213
Provision for income taxes 524 34 841 172
Net income (loss) 1,932 (217) 2,938 41
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests 31 8 46 27
Net income (loss) available for Dow Inc. common stockholders $ 1,901 $ (225) $ 2,892 $ 14
Per common share data:
Earnings (loss) per common share - basic $ 2.53 $ (0.31) $ 3.86 $ 0.01
Earnings (loss) per common share - diluted $ 2.51 $ (0.31) $ 3.83 $ 0.01
Weighted-average common shares outstanding - basic 747.0 739.3 745.9 739.7
Weighted-average common shares outstanding - diluted 752.9 739.3 751.4 741.0
Depreciation $ 518 $ 517 $ 1,033 $ 1,032
Capital expenditures $ 333 $ 273 $ 622 $ 668
See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

5
Table of Contents
Dow Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions (Unaudited) Jun 30,
2021
Jun 30,
2020
Jun 30,
2021
Jun 30,
2020
Net income (loss) $ 1,932 $ (217) $ 2,938 $ 41
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
Unrealized gains (losses) on investments 17 76 (32) (24)
Cumulative translation adjustments 65 63 (188) (100)
Pension and other postretirement benefit plans 149 141 1,283 283
Derivative instruments 6 24 116 (138)
Total other comprehensive income 237 304 1,179 21
Comprehensive income 2,169 87 4,117 62
Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests, net of tax 31 8 46 27
Comprehensive income attributable to Dow Inc. $ 2,138 $ 79 $ 4,071 $ 35
See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

6
Table of Contents
Dow Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets

In millions, except share amounts (Unaudited)
Jun 30,
2021
Dec 31,
2020
Assets
Current Assets
Cash and cash equivalents (variable interest entities restricted - 2021: $36; 2020: $26)
$ 3,491 $ 5,104
Accounts and notes receivable:
Trade (net of allowance for doubtful receivables - 2021: $59; 2020: $51)
6,456 4,839
Other 2,650 2,551
Inventories 6,952 5,701
Other current assets 803 889
Total current assets 20,352 19,084
Investments
Investment in nonconsolidated affiliates 1,754 1,327
Other investments (investments carried at fair value - 2021: $1,655; 2020: $1,674)
2,764 2,775
Noncurrent receivables 480 465
Total investments 4,998 4,567
Property
Property 56,564 56,325
Less: Accumulated depreciation 36,700 36,086
Net property (variable interest entities restricted - 2021: $204; 2020: $232)
19,864 20,239
Other Assets
Goodwill 8,833 8,908
Other intangible assets (net of accumulated amortization - 2021: $4,650; 2020: $4,428)
3,093 3,352
Operating lease right-of-use assets 1,745 1,856
Deferred income tax assets 1,529 2,215
Deferred charges and other assets 1,354 1,249
Total other assets 16,554 17,580
Total Assets $ 61,768 $ 61,470
Liabilities and Equity
Current Liabilities
Notes payable $ 203 $ 156
Long-term debt due within one year 445 460
Accounts payable:
Trade 4,664 3,763
Other 2,638 2,126
Operating lease liabilities - current 402 416
Income taxes payable 462 397
Accrued and other current liabilities 3,494 3,790
Total current liabilities 12,308 11,108
Long-Term Debt (variable interest entities nonrecourse - 2021: $5; 2020: $6)
15,093 16,491
Other Noncurrent Liabilities
Deferred income tax liabilities 504 405
Pension and other postretirement benefits - noncurrent 8,888 11,648
Asbestos-related liabilities - noncurrent 975 1,013
Operating lease liabilities - noncurrent 1,419 1,521
Other noncurrent obligations 6,428 6,279
Total other noncurrent liabilities 18,214 20,866
Stockholders' Equity
Common stock (authorized 5,000,000,000 shares of $0.01 par value each;
issued 2021: 761,524,466 shares; 2020: 755,993,198 shares)
8 8
Additional paid-in capital 7,898 7,595
Retained earnings 18,200 16,361
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (9,676) (10,855)
Unearned ESOP shares (32) (49)
Treasury stock at cost (2021: 15,752,678 shares; 2020: 12,803,303 shares)
(825) (625)
Dow Inc.'s stockholders' equity 15,573 12,435
Noncontrolling interests 580 570
Total equity 16,153 13,005
Total Liabilities and Equity $ 61,768 $ 61,470
See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

7
Table of Contents
Dow Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
In millions (Unaudited) Six Months Ended
Jun 30,
2021
Jun 30,
2020
Operating Activities
Net income $ 2,938 $ 41
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization 1,462 1,424
Provision (credit) for deferred income tax 388 (59)
Earnings of nonconsolidated affiliates less than (in excess of) dividends received (283) 455
Net periodic pension benefit cost 29 129
Pension contributions (1,109) (112)
Net gain on sales of assets, businesses and investments (50) (39)
Restructuring and asset related charges - net 22 102
Other net loss 224 163
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquired and divested companies:
Accounts and notes receivable (1,903) 696
Inventories (1,278) 429
Accounts payable 1,357 (896)
Other assets and liabilities, net (4) 502
Cash provided by operating activities - continuing operations 1,793 2,835
Cash used for operating activities - discontinued operations (80) (6)
Cash provided by operating activities 1,713 2,829
Investing Activities
Capital expenditures (622) (668)
Investment in gas field developments (24) (5)
Purchases of previously leased assets (3) (2)
Proceeds from sales of property and businesses, net of cash divested 10 14
Acquisitions of property and businesses, net of cash acquired (107) -
Investments in and loans to nonconsolidated affiliates - (236)
Distributions and loan repayments from nonconsolidated affiliates 11 6
Purchases of investments (560) (462)
Proceeds from sales and maturities of investments 527 790
Other investing activities, net - 29
Cash used for investing activities (768) (534)
Financing Activities
Changes in short-term notes payable (38) 181
Proceeds from issuance of short-term debt greater than three months 72 163
Payments on short-term debt greater than three months - (100)
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt 68 2,509
Payments on long-term debt (1,425) (2,359)
Purchases of treasury stock (200) (125)
Proceeds from issuance of stock 200 30
Transaction financing, debt issuance and other costs (95) (99)
Employee taxes paid for share-based payment arrangements (11) (26)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests (28) (19)
Dividends paid to stockholders (1,043) (1,034)
Cash used for financing activities (2,500) (879)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (12) (66)
Summary
Increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (1,567) 1,350
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period 5,108 2,380
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period $ 3,541 $ 3,730
Less: Restricted cash and cash equivalents, included in 'Other current assets' 50 6
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 3,491 $ 3,724
See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
8
Table of Contents
Dow Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Equity
Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions, except per share amounts (Unaudited) Jun 30,
2021
Jun 30,
2020
Jun 30,
2021
Jun 30,
2020
Common Stock
Balance at beginning and end of period $ 8 $ 8 $ 8 $ 8
Additional Paid-in Capital
Balance at beginning of period 7,743 7,370 7,595 7,325
Common stock issued/sold 73 14 200 30
Stock-based compensation and allocation of ESOP shares 82 47 103 76
Balance at end of period 7,898 7,431 7,898 7,431
Retained Earnings
Balance at beginning of period 16,829 16,763 16,361 17,045
Net income (loss) available for Dow Inc. common stockholders 1,901 (225) 2,892 14
Dividends to stockholders (522) (516) (1,043) (1,034)
Other (8) (5) (10) (8)
Balance at end of period 18,200 16,017 18,200 16,017
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Balance at beginning of period (9,913) (10,529) (10,855) (10,246)
Other comprehensive income 237 304 1,179 21
Balance at end of period (9,676) (10,225) (9,676) (10,225)
Unearned ESOP Shares
Balance at beginning of period (39) (81) (49) (91)
Allocation of ESOP shares 7 12 17 22
Balance at end of period (32) (69) (32) (69)
Treasury Stock
Balance at beginning of period (625) (625) (625) (500)
Treasury stock purchases (200) - (200) (125)
Balance at end of period (825) (625) (825) (625)
Dow Inc.'s stockholders' equity 15,573 12,537 15,573 12,537
Noncontrolling Interests 580 560 580 560
Total Equity $ 16,153 $ 13,097 $ 16,153 $ 13,097
Dividends declared per share of common stock $ 0.70 $ 0.70 $ 1.40 $ 1.40
See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

9
Table of Contents
The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Income
Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions (Unaudited) Jun 30,
2021
Jun 30,
2020
Jun 30,
2021
Jun 30,
2020
Net sales $ 13,885 $ 8,354 $ 25,767 $ 18,124
Cost of sales 10,739 7,608 20,800 15,838
Research and development expenses 228 182 422 361
Selling, general and administrative expenses 440 356 806 690
Amortization of intangibles 100 100 201 200
Restructuring and asset related charges - net 22 6 22 102
Integration and separation costs - 46 - 111
Equity in earnings (losses) of nonconsolidated affiliates 278 (95) 502 (184)
Sundry income (expense) - net 6 51 125 (31)
Interest income 13 5 21 21
Interest expense and amortization of debt discount 187 200 383 415
Income (loss) before income taxes 2,466 (183) 3,781 213
Provision for income taxes 521 34 838 172
Net income (loss) 1,945 (217) 2,943 41
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests 31 8 46 27
Net income (loss) available for The Dow Chemical Company common stockholder $ 1,914 $ (225) $ 2,897 $ 14
Depreciation $ 518 $ 517 $ 1,033 $ 1,032
Capital expenditures $ 333 $ 273 $ 622 $ 668
See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

10
Table of Contents
The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions (Unaudited) Jun 30,
2021
Jun 30,
2020
Jun 30,
2021
Jun 30,
2020
Net income (loss) $ 1,945 $ (217) $ 2,943 $ 41
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
Unrealized gains (losses) on investments 17 76 (32) (24)
Cumulative translation adjustments 65 63 (188) (100)
Pension and other postretirement benefit plans 149 141 1,283 283
Derivative instruments 6 24 116 (138)
Total other comprehensive income 237 304 1,179 21
Comprehensive income 2,182 87 4,122 62
Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests, net of tax 31 8 46 27
Comprehensive income attributable to The Dow Chemical Company $ 2,151 $ 79 $ 4,076 $ 35
See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
11
Table of Contents
The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets

In millions, except share amounts (Unaudited)
Jun 30,
2021
Dec 31,
2020
Assets
Current Assets
Cash and cash equivalents (variable interest entities restricted - 2021: $36; 2020: $26)
$ 3,491 $ 5,104
Accounts and notes receivable:
Trade (net of allowance for doubtful receivables - 2021: $59; 2020: $51)
6,456 4,839
Other 2,653 2,553
Inventories 6,952 5,701
Other current assets 759 801
Total current assets 20,311 18,998
Investments
Investment in nonconsolidated affiliates 1,754 1,327
Other investments (investments carried at fair value - 2021: $1,655; 2020: $1,674)
2,764 2,775
Noncurrent receivables 442 426
Total investments 4,960 4,528
Property
Property 56,564 56,325
Less accumulated depreciation 36,700 36,086
Net property (variable interest entities restricted - 2021: $204; 2020: $232)
19,864 20,239
Other Assets
Goodwill 8,833 8,908
Other intangible assets (net of accumulated amortization - 2021: $4,650; 2020: $4,428)
3,093 3,352
Operating lease right-of-use assets 1,745 1,856
Deferred income tax assets 1,529 2,215
Deferred charges and other assets 1,354 1,249
Total other assets 16,554 17,580
Total Assets $ 61,689 $ 61,345
Liabilities and Equity
Current Liabilities
Notes payable $ 203 $ 156
Long-term debt due within one year 445 460
Accounts payable:
Trade 4,664 3,763
Other 2,638 2,126
Operating lease liabilities - current 402 416
Income taxes payable 462 397
Accrued and other current liabilities 3,198 3,256
Total current liabilities 12,012 10,574
Long-Term Debt (variable interest entities nonrecourse - 2021: $5; 2020: $6)
15,093 16,491
Other Noncurrent Liabilities
Deferred income tax liabilities 504 405
Pension and other postretirement benefits - noncurrent 8,888 11,648
Asbestos-related liabilities - noncurrent 975 1,013
Operating lease liabilities - noncurrent 1,419 1,521
Other noncurrent obligations 6,275 6,124
Total other noncurrent liabilities 18,061 20,711
Stockholder's Equity
Common stock (authorized and issued 100 shares of $0.01 par value each)
- -
Additional paid-in capital 7,906 7,603
Retained earnings 17,745 16,300
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (9,676) (10,855)
Unearned ESOP shares (32) (49)
The Dow Chemical Company's stockholder's equity 15,943 12,999
Noncontrolling interests 580 570
Total equity 16,523 13,569
Total Liabilities and Equity $ 61,689 $ 61,345
See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
12
Table of Contents
The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
In millions (Unaudited) Six Months Ended
Jun 30,
2021
Jun 30,
2020
Operating Activities
Net income $ 2,943 $ 41
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization 1,462 1,424
Provision (credit) for deferred income tax 388 (59)
Earnings of nonconsolidated affiliates less than (in excess of) dividends received (283) 455
Net periodic pension benefit cost 29 129
Pension contributions (1,109) (112)
Net gain on sales of assets, businesses and investments (50) (39)
Restructuring and asset related charges - net 22 102
Other net loss 224 167
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquired and divested companies:
Accounts and notes receivable (1,903) 696
Inventories (1,278) 429
Accounts payable 1,357 (896)
Other assets and liabilities, net 110 505
Cash provided by operating activities 1,912 2,842
Investing Activities
Capital expenditures (622) (668)
Investment in gas field developments (24) (5)
Purchases of previously leased assets (3) (2)
Proceeds from sales of property and businesses, net of cash divested 10 14
Acquisitions of property and businesses, net of cash acquired (107) -
Investments in and loans to nonconsolidated affiliates - (236)
Distributions and loan repayments from nonconsolidated affiliates 11 6
Purchases of investments (560) (462)
Proceeds from sales and maturities of investments 527 790
Other investing activities, net - 29
Cash used for investing activities (768) (534)
Financing Activities
Changes in short-term notes payable (38) 181
Proceeds from issuance of short-term debt greater than three months 72 163
Payments on short-term debt greater than three months - (100)
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt 68 2,509
Payments on long-term debt (1,425) (2,359)
Proceeds from issuance of stock 200 30
Transaction financing, debt issuance and other costs (95) (99)
Employee taxes paid for share-based payment arrangements (11) (26)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests (28) (19)
Dividends paid to Dow Inc. (1,442) (1,172)
Cash used for financing activities (2,699) (892)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (12) (66)
Summary
Increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (1,567) 1,350
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period 5,108 2,380
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period $ 3,541 $ 3,730
Less: Restricted cash and cash equivalents, included in 'Other current assets' 50 6
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 3,491 $ 3,724
See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
13
Table of Contents
The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Equity
Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions (Unaudited) Jun 30,
2021
Jun 30,
2020
Jun 30,
2021
Jun 30,
2020
Common Stock
Balance at beginning and end of period $ - $ - $ - $ -
Additional Paid-in Capital
Balance at beginning of period 7,751 7,378 7,603 7,333
Issuance of parent company stock - Dow Inc. 73 14 200 30
Stock-based compensation and allocation of ESOP shares 82 47 103 76
Balance at end of period 7,906 7,439 7,906 7,439
Retained Earnings
Balance at beginning of period 16,577 16,905 16,300 17,313
Net income (loss) available for The Dow Chemical Company common stockholder 1,914 (225) 2,897 14
Dividends to Dow Inc. (739) (529) (1,442) (1,172)
Other (7) (4) (10) (8)
Balance at end of period 17,745 16,147 17,745 16,147
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Balance at beginning of period (9,913) (10,529) (10,855) (10,246)
Other comprehensive income 237 304 1,179 21
Balance at end of period (9,676) (10,225) (9,676) (10,225)
Unearned ESOP Shares
Balance at beginning of period (39) (81) (49) (91)
Allocation of ESOP shares 7 12 17 22
Balance at end of period (32) (69) (32) (69)
The Dow Chemical Company's stockholder's equity 15,943 13,292 15,943 13,292
Noncontrolling Interests 580 560 580 560
Total Equity $ 16,523 $ 13,852 $ 16,523 $ 13,852
See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.










14
Table of Contents
Dow Inc. and Subsidiaries
The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries
(Unaudited)

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Table of Contents
Note Page
1
Consolidated Financial Statements
15
2
Recent Accounting Guidance
16
3
Separation from DowDuPont
16
4
Revenue
16
5
Restructuring and Asset Related Charges - Net
18
6
Supplementary Information
20
7
Earnings Per Share Calculations
21
8
Inventories
22
9
Nonconsolidated Affiliates
22
10
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
23
11
Notes Payable, Long-Term Debt and Available Credit Facilities
24
12
Commitments and Contingent Liabilities
26
13
Leases
28
14
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
31
15
Noncontrolling Interests
32
16
Pension and Other Postretirement Benefit Plans
32
17
Stock-Based Compensation
33
18
Financial Instruments
34
19
Fair Value Measurements
40
20
Variable Interest Entities
41
21
Related Party Transactions
42
22
Segments and Geographic Regions
42


NOTE 1 - CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Basis of Presentation
Dow Inc. is the direct parent company of The Dow Chemical Company and its consolidated subsidiaries ('TDCC' and together with Dow Inc., 'Dow' or the 'Company'). The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements of Dow Inc. and TDCC were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ('U.S. GAAP') and reflect all adjustments (including normal recurring accruals) which, in the opinion of management, are considered necessary for the fair presentation of the results for the periods presented. These statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the combined Dow Inc. and TDCC Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 ('2020 10-K').

As a result of the parent/subsidiary relationship between Dow Inc. and TDCC, and considering that the financial statements and disclosures of each company are substantially similar, the companies are filing a combined report for this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The information reflected in the report is equally applicable to both Dow Inc. and TDCC, except where otherwise noted. Transactions between TDCC and Dow Inc. are treated as related party transactions for TDCC. See Note 21 for additional information.

Except as otherwise indicated by the context, the term 'Union Carbide' means Union Carbide Corporation and the term 'Dow Silicones' means Dow Silicones Corporation, both wholly owned subsidiaries of the Company.

15
Table of Contents
NOTE 2 - RECENT ACCOUNTING GUIDANCE
Recently Adopted Accounting Guidance
In the first quarter of 2021, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update 2019-12, 'Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes.' The amendments simplify the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles of Topic 740, 'Income Taxes' and improve consistent application by clarifying and amending existing guidance. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.


NOTE 3 - SEPARATION FROM DOWDUPONT
For additional information on the separation from DowDuPont Inc. ('DowDuPont'), see Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the 2020 10-K.

Agreements Related to the Separation and Distribution
Dow Inc. entered into certain agreements with DuPont de Nemours, Inc. ('DuPont') and/or Corteva Inc. ('Corteva'), including the following: Separation and Distribution Agreement, Tax Matters Agreement and Employee Matters Agreement (collectively, the 'Agreements'). In addition to establishing the terms of Dow Inc.'s separation from DowDuPont, the Agreements provide a framework for Dow's interaction with DuPont and Corteva after the separation and also provide for the allocation among Dow, DuPont and Corteva of assets, liabilities and obligations attributable to periods prior to, at and after the completion of the separation. The Agreements also contain certain indemnity and/or cross-indemnity provisions that are intended to set forth each party's respective rights, responsibilities and obligations for matters subject to indemnification. Except in certain instances, the parties' indemnification obligations are uncapped. Certain indemnification obligations will be subject to reduction by insurance proceeds or other third-party proceeds of the indemnified party that reduces the amount of the loss. In addition, indemnifiable losses will be subject to, in certain cases, 'de minimis' threshold amounts and, in certain cases, deductible amounts.

The impacts of indemnifications and other post-separation matters relating to the Agreements were primarily included in the consolidated financial statements of Dow Inc. At June 30, 2021, the Company had assets of $31 million ($77 million at December 31, 2020) included in 'Other current assets' and $32 million ($33 million at December 31, 2020) included in 'Noncurrent receivables,' and liabilities of $215 million ($412 million at December 31, 2020) included in 'Accrued and other current liabilities' and $43 million ($46 million at December 31, 2020) included in 'Other noncurrent obligations' in the consolidated balance sheets of Dow Inc. related to the Agreements.

In addition, the Company deferred a portion of the cash distribution received from DowDuPont at separation and recorded an associated liability in 'Other noncurrent obligations,' with an offset to 'Retained earnings' in the consolidated balance sheets of Dow Inc. At June 30, 2021, $62 million ($103 million at December 31, 2020) of this liability was recorded in 'Accrued and other current liabilities' and $96 million ($96 million at December 31, 2020) was recorded in 'Other noncurrent obligations' in the consolidated balance sheets of Dow Inc.


NOTE 4 - REVENUE
Revenue Recognition
The majority of Dow's revenue is derived from product sales. Dow's revenue related to product sales was 98 percent for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 (98 percent and 99 percent for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively), with the remaining balance primarily related to the Company's insurance operations and licensing of patents and technologies. Product sales consist of sales of Dow's products to manufacturers and distributors and considers order confirmations or purchase orders, which in some cases are governed by master supply agreements, to be contracts with a customer. Dow enters into licensing arrangements in which it licenses certain rights of its patents and technology to customers. Revenue from Dow's licenses for patents and technology is derived from sales-based royalties and licensing arrangements based on billing schedules established in each contract.

16
Table of Contents
Remaining Performance Obligations
Remaining performance obligations represent the transaction price allocated to unsatisfied or partially unsatisfied performance obligations. At June 30, 2021, Dow had unfulfilled performance obligations of $851 million ($977 million at December 31, 2020) related to the licensing of technology. Dow expects revenue to be recognized for the remaining performance obligations over the next six years.

The remaining performance obligations are for product sales that have expected durations of one year or less, product sales of materials delivered through a pipeline for which Dow has elected the right to invoice practical expedient, or variable consideration attributable to royalties for licenses of patents and technology. Dow has received advance payments from customers related to long-term supply agreements that are deferred and recognized over the life of the contract, with remaining contract terms that range up to 20 years. Dow will have rights to future consideration for revenue recognized when product is delivered to the customer. These payments are included in 'Accrued and other current liabilities' and 'Other noncurrent obligations' in the consolidated balance sheets.

Disaggregation of Revenue
Dow disaggregates its revenue from contracts with customers by operating segment and business, as the Company believes it best depicts the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of its revenue and cash flows.

Net Trade Sales by Segment and Business Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Hydrocarbons & Energy $ 2,008 $ 787 $ 3,759 $ 2,006
Packaging and Specialty Plastics 5,113 3,214 9,444 6,604
Packaging & Specialty Plastics $ 7,121 $ 4,001 $ 13,203 $ 8,610
Industrial Solutions $ 1,201 $ 894 $ 2,250 $ 1,948
Polyurethanes & Construction Chemicals 3,012 1,520 5,568 3,508
Other 2 3 4 6
Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure $ 4,215 $ 2,417 $ 7,822 $ 5,462
Coatings & Performance Monomers $ 1,010 $ 766 $ 1,865 $ 1,594
Consumer Solutions 1,455 1,089 2,723 2,326
Performance Materials & Coatings $ 2,465 $ 1,855 $ 4,588 $ 3,920
Corporate $ 84 $ 81 $ 154 $ 132
Total $ 13,885 $ 8,354 $ 25,767 $ 18,124

Net Trade Sales by Geographic Region Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
U.S. & Canada $ 4,927 $ 2,944 $ 8,955 $ 6,494
EMEAI 1
5,102 2,711 9,431 6,122
Asia Pacific 2,479 1,932 4,844 3,777
Latin America 1,377 767 2,537 1,731
Total $ 13,885 $ 8,354 $ 25,767 $ 18,124
1.Europe, Middle East, Africa and India.

17
Table of Contents
Contract Assets and Liabilities
Dow receives payments from customers based upon contractual billing schedules. Accounts receivable are recorded when the right to consideration becomes unconditional. Contract assets include amounts related to Dow's contractual right to consideration for completed performance obligations not yet invoiced. Contract liabilities include payments received in advance of performance under the contract and are recognized in revenue when the performance obligations are met. 'Contract liabilities - current' primarily reflects deferred revenue from prepayments from customers for product to be delivered in 12 months or less and royalty payments that are deferred and will be recognized in 12 months or less. 'Contract liabilities - noncurrent' includes advance payments that Dow has received from customers related to long-term supply agreements and royalty payments that are deferred and recognized over the life of the contract.

Revenue recognized in the first six months of 2021 from amounts included in contract liabilities at the beginning of the period was approximately $180 million (approximately $80 million in the first six months of 2020). In the first six months of 2021, the amount of contract assets reclassified to receivables as a result of the right to the transaction consideration becoming unconditional was insignificant (approximately $25 million in the first six months of 2020).

The following table summarizes the contract assets and liabilities at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020:

Contract Assets and Liabilities Balance Sheet Classification Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020
In millions
Accounts and notes receivable - trade Accounts and notes receivable - trade $ 6,456 $ 4,839
Contract assets - current Other current assets $ 51 $ 58
Contract assets - noncurrent Deferred charges and other assets $ 28 $ 11
Contract liabilities - current 1
Accrued and other current liabilities $ 211 $ 349
Contract liabilities - noncurrent Other noncurrent obligations $ 1,970 $ 1,915
1.The decrease from December 31, 2020 to June 30, 2021 was due to recognition of deferred royalty payments.


NOTE 5 - RESTRUCTURING AND ASSET RELATED CHARGES - NET
Charges for restructuring programs and other asset related charges, which includes asset impairments, are recorded in 'Restructuring and asset related charges - net' in the consolidated statements of income and were $22 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 ($6 million and $102 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively). For additional information on the Company's restructuring programs, see Note 6 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the 2020 10-K.

Restructuring Plans
2020 Restructuring Program
On September 29, 2020, the Board of Directors ('Board') of Dow Inc. approved restructuring actions to achieve the Company's structural cost improvement initiatives in response to the continued economic impact from the coronavirus disease 2019 ('COVID-19') pandemic. The restructuring program is designed to reduce structural costs and enable the Company to further enhance competitiveness while the COVID-19 economic recovery continues. This program includes a global workforce cost reduction of approximately 6 percent and actions to rationalize the Company's manufacturing assets, which include asset write-down and write-off charges, related contract termination fees and environmental remediation costs ('2020 Restructuring Program'). These actions are expected to be substantially complete by the end of 2021.










18
Table of Contents
In the second quarter of 2021, the Company recorded pretax restructuring charges of $12 million for asset write-downs and write-offs and $10 million for costs associated with exit and disposal activities. The following table summarizes the activities related to the 2020 Restructuring Program:

2020 Restructuring Program Severance and Related Benefit Costs Asset Write-downs and Write-offs Costs Associated with Exit and Disposal Activities Total
In millions
Packaging & Specialty Plastics $ - $ 11 $ - $ 11
Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure - 22 - 22
Performance Materials & Coatings - 117 57 174
Corporate 297 47 24 368
Total restructuring charges $ 297 $ 197 $ 81 $ 575
Charges against the reserve - (197) - (197)
Cash payments (1) - - (1)
Reserve balance at Sep 30, 2020 $ 296 $ - $ 81 $ 377
Performance Materials & Coatings $ - $ (1) $ 4 $ 3
Corporate - - (5) (5)
Total restructuring charges $ - $ (1) $ (1) $ (2)
Charges against the reserve - 1 (5) (4)
Cash payments (7) - - (7)
Reserve balance at Dec 31, 2020 $ 289 $ - $ 75 $ 364
Cash payments (37) - (12) (49)
Reserve balance at Mar 31, 2021 $ 252 $ - $ 63 $ 315
Packaging & Specialty Plastics $ - $ - $ 8 $ 8
Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure - 1 - 1
Performance Materials & Coatings - 8 2 10
Corporate - 3 - 3
Total restructuring charges $ - $ 12 $ 10 $ 22
Charges against the reserve - (12) - (12)
Cash payments (53) - (3) (56)
Reserve balance at Jun 30, 2021 $ 199 $ - $ 70 $ 269

At June 30, 2021, $197 million of the reserve balance was included in 'Accrued and other current liabilities' ($227 million at December 31, 2020) and $72 million was included in 'Other noncurrent obligations' ($137 million at December 31, 2020) in the consolidated balance sheets.

The Company recorded pretax restructuring charges of $595 million inception-to-date under the 2020 Restructuring Program, consisting of severance and related benefit costs of $297 million, asset write-downs and write-offs of $208 million and costs associated with exit and disposal activities of $90 million.

The Company expects to incur additional costs in the future related to its restructuring activities. Future costs are expected to include demolition costs related to closed facilities and restructuring implementation costs; these costs will be recognized as incurred. The Company also expects to incur additional employee-related costs, including involuntary termination benefits, related to its other optimization activities. These costs cannot be reasonably estimated at this time.

19
Table of Contents
NOTE 6 - SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION
Dow Inc. Sundry Income (Expense) - Net Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Non-operating pension and other postretirement benefit plan net credits 1
$ 86 $ 27 $ 161 $ 54
Foreign exchange losses (8) (2) (16) (18)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt 2
(102) - (102) (86)
Gains (losses) on sales of other assets and investments 14 (4) 62 5
Indemnification and other transaction related costs 3
(5) - (5) -
Gain related to Nova ethylene asset matter 4
- 6 - 6
Other - net 12 26 25 11
Total sundry income (expense) - net $ (3) $ 53 $ 125 $ (28)
1.See Note 16 for additional information.
2.See Note 11 for additional information.
3.See Note 3 for additional information.
4.See Note 12 for additional information.

TDCC Sundry Income (Expense) - Net Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Non-operating pension and other postretirement benefit plan net credits 1
$ 86 $ 27 $ 161 $ 54
Foreign exchange losses (4) (6) (16) (23)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt 2
(102) - (102) (86)
Gains (losses) on sales of other assets and investments 14 (4) 62 5
Gain related to Nova ethylene asset matter 3
- 6 - 6
Other - net 12 28 20 13
Total sundry income (expense) - net $ 6 $ 51 $ 125 $ (31)
1.See Note 16 for additional information.
2.See Note 11 for additional information.
3.See Note 12 for additional information.

Accrued and Other Current Liabilities
'Accrued and other current liabilities' were $3,494 million and $3,198 million at June 30, 2021 and $3,790 million and $3,256 million at December 31, 2020, for Dow Inc. and TDCC, respectively. Accrued payroll, which is a component of 'Accrued and other current liabilities' and includes liabilities related to payroll, performance-based compensation and severance, was $778 million at June 30, 2021 and $866 million at December 31, 2020. No other components of 'Accrued and other current liabilities' were more than 5 percent of total current liabilities.


20
Table of Contents
NOTE 7 - EARNINGS PER SHARE CALCULATIONS
The following tables provide earnings per share calculations for Dow Inc. for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. Earnings per share of TDCC is not presented as this information is not required in financial statements of wholly owned subsidiaries.

Net Income (Loss) for Earnings Per Share Calculations Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Net income (loss) $ 1,932 $ (217) $ 2,938 $ 41
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests 31 8 46 27
Net income attributable to participating securities 1
10 2 15 4
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders $ 1,891 $ (227) $ 2,877 $ 10

Earnings (Loss) Per Share - Basic and Diluted Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
Dollars per share Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Earnings (loss) per common share - basic $ 2.53 $ (0.31) $ 3.86 $ 0.01
Earnings (loss) per common share - diluted $ 2.51 $ (0.31) $ 3.83 $ 0.01

Share Count Information Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
Shares in millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Weighted-average common shares outstanding - basic 747.0 739.3 745.9 739.7
Plus dilutive effect of equity compensation plans 2
5.9 - 5.5 1.3
Weighted-average common shares outstanding - diluted 2
752.9 739.3 751.4 741.0
Stock options and restricted stock units excluded from EPS calculations 3
3.8 27.7 4.8 17.3
1.Restricted stock units are considered participating securities due to the Company's practice of paying dividend equivalents on unvested shares.
2.The three months ended June 30, 2020 reflects a loss, and as such, the basic share count was used for purposes of calculating earnings per share on a diluted basis.
3.These outstanding options to purchase shares of common stock and restricted stock units were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because the effect of including them would have been antidilutive.
21
Table of Contents
NOTE 8 - INVENTORIES
The following table provides a breakdown of inventories:

Inventories Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020
In millions
Finished goods $ 4,144 $ 3,140
Work in process 1,414 996
Raw materials 711 598
Supplies 946 933
Total $ 7,215 $ 5,667
Adjustment of inventories to a LIFO basis (263) 34
Total inventories $ 6,952 $ 5,701


NOTE 9 - NONCONSOLIDATED AFFILIATES
For additional information on the Company's nonconsolidated affiliates, see Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the 2020 10-K.

The Company's investments in companies accounted for using the equity method ('nonconsolidated affiliates'), by classification in the consolidated balance sheets, and dividends received from nonconsolidated affiliates are shown in the following tables:

Investments in Nonconsolidated Affiliates Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020
In millions
Investment in nonconsolidated affiliates $ 1,754 $ 1,327
Other noncurrent obligations (60) (169)
Net investment in nonconsolidated affiliates $ 1,694 $ 1,158

Dividends Received from Nonconsolidated Affiliates Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Dividends from nonconsolidated affiliates 1
$ 219 $ 380
1.Included in 'Earnings of nonconsolidated affiliates less than (in excess of) dividends received' in the consolidated statements of cash flows. At June 30, 2020, the Company had $109 million of dividends receivable included in 'Accounts and note receivable - Other' in the consolidated balance sheets.

At June 30, 2021, the Company had a negative investment balance in EQUATE Petrochemical Company K.S.C.C.of $60 million (negative $147 million at December 31, 2020), included in 'Other noncurrent obligations' in the consolidated balance sheets.

At June 30, 2021, the Company had an investment balance in Sadara Chemical Company ('Sadara') of $350 million included in 'Investment in nonconsolidated affiliates' (negative $22 million at December 31, 2020 included in 'Other noncurrent obligations') in the consolidated balance sheets. In the first quarter of 2021, the Company entered into a new guarantee in conjunction with Sadara's debt re-profiling activities. In the second quarter of 2021, as a part of Sadara's debt re-profiling activities, Sadara established a new revolving credit facility guaranteed by Dow, which will be used to fund Dow's pro-rata share of any potential shortfall during the grace period. The Company does not expect to be required to perform under the guarantee. See Notes 12 and 19 for additional information on the guarantees.

Transactions with Nonconsolidated Affiliates
The Company is currently responsible for marketing the majority of Sadara products outside of the Middle East zone through the Company's established sales channels. Under this arrangement, the Company purchases and sells Sadara products for a marketing fee. In March 2021, Dow and the Saudi Arabian Oil Company agreed to transition the marketing rights and responsibilities for Sadara's finished products to levels more consistent with each partner's equity ownership. This transition began in July 2021 and will be implemented over the next five years.
22
Table of Contents
NOTE 10 - GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS
The following table shows changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by reportable segment:

Goodwill Packaging & Specialty Plastics Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure Performance Materials & Coatings Total
In millions
Net goodwill at Dec 31, 2020 $ 5,115 $ 1,100 $ 2,693 $ 8,908
Foreign currency impact (4) (2) (69) (75)
Net goodwill at Jun 30, 2021 $ 5,111 $ 1,098 $ 2,624 $ 8,833

The following table provides information regarding the Company's other intangible assets:

Other Intangible Assets Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020
In millions Gross Carrying Amount Accum Amort Net Gross Carrying Amount Accum Amort Net
Intangible assets with finite lives:
Developed technology $ 2,638 $ (1,780) $ 858 $ 2,638 $ (1,677) $ 961
Software 1,500 (1,030) 470 1,489 (989) 500
Trademarks/tradenames 352 (344) 8 352 (343) 9
Customer-related 3,253 (1,496) 1,757 3,301 (1,419) 1,882
Total other intangible assets $ 7,743 $ (4,650) $ 3,093 $ 7,780 $ (4,428) $ 3,352

The following table provides information regarding amortization expense related to intangible assets:

Amortization Expense Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Other intangible assets, excluding software $ 100 $ 100 $ 201 $ 200
Software, included in 'Cost of sales' $ 23 $ 24 $ 45 $ 48

Total estimated amortization expense for 2021 and the five succeeding fiscal years, including amounts expected to be capitalized, is as follows:

Estimated Amortization Expense
In millions
2021 $ 477
2022 $ 414
2023 $ 381
2024 $ 362
2025 $ 270
2026 $ 198


23
Table of Contents
NOTE 11 - NOTES PAYABLE, LONG-TERM DEBT AND AVAILABLE CREDIT FACILITIES
Notes Payable Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020
In millions
Notes payable to banks and other lenders $ 203 $ 156
Period-end average interest rates 5.76 % 3.89 %

Long-Term Debt 2021 Average Rate Jun 30, 2021 2020 Average Rate Dec 31, 2020
In millions
Promissory notes and debentures:
Final maturity 2021 8.85 % $ 53 8.95 % $ 173
Final maturity 2022 8.64 % 121 8.64 % 121
Final maturity 2023 7.63 % 250 7.63 % 250
Final maturity 2024 - % - 3.43 % 1,017
Final maturity 2025 5.13 % 625 5.13 % 625
Final maturity 2026 3.63 % 750 3.63 % 750
Final maturity 2027 and thereafter 1
5.34 % 10,112 5.34 % 10,138
Other facilities:
Foreign currency notes and loans, various rates and maturities 1.20 % 3,043 1.41 % 3,189
InterNotes®, varying maturities through 2051 3.48 % 378 3.56 % 535
Finance lease obligations 2
553 518
Unamortized debt discount and issuance costs (347) (365)
Long-term debt due within one year 3
(445) (460)
Long-term debt $ 15,093 $ 16,491
1.Cost includes net fair value hedge adjustment gains of $45 million at June 30, 2021 ($69 million at December 31, 2020). See Note 18 for additional information.
2.See Note 13 for additional information.
3.Presented net of current portion of unamortized debt issuance costs.

Maturities of Long-Term Debt for Next Five Years at Jun 30, 2021
In millions
2021 $ 291
2022 $ 189
2023 $ 344
2024 $ 39
2025 $ 655
2026 $ 793

2021 Activity
In the second quarter of 2021, the Company redeemed $208 million aggregate principal amount of 3.15 percent notes due May 2024 and $811 million aggregate principal amount of 3.50 percent notes due October 2024. As a result of the redemptions, the Company realized a $101 million pretax loss on the early extinguishment of debt, included in 'Sundry income (expense) - net' in the consolidated statements of income and related to Corporate.

In the first six months of 2021, the Company issued an aggregate principal amount of $68 million of InterNotes®, and redeemed an aggregate principal amount of $18 million at maturity. In addition, the Company voluntarily repaid an aggregate principal amount of $204 million of InterNotes® with various maturities. As a result, the Company realized a pretax loss on the early extinguishment of debt for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 of $1 million, included in 'Sundry income (expense) - net' in the consolidated statements of income and related to Corporate. The Company also repaid approximately $120 million of long-term debt at maturity and approximately $13 million of long-term debt was repaid by consolidated variable interest entities.
24
Table of Contents
2020 Activity
In February 2020, the Company issued €2.25 billion aggregate principal amount of notes ('Euro Notes'). The Euro Notes included €1.0 billion aggregate principal amount of 0.50 percent notes due 2027, €750 million aggregate principal amount of 1.125 percent notes due 2032 and €500 million aggregate principal amount of 1.875 percent notes due 2040. The Euro Notes have a weighted average coupon rate of approximately 1.0 percent. With the net proceeds from the issuance of the Euro Notes, Dow Silicones voluntarily repaid $750 million of principal under a certain third party credit agreement. In addition, the Company redeemed $1.25 billion of 3.0 percent notes issued by the Company with maturity in 2022. As a result, the Company recognized a pretax loss of $85 million on the early extinguishment of debt, included in 'Sundry income (expense) - net' in the consolidated statements of income and related to Corporate.

In the first six months of 2020, the Company also issued an aggregate principal amount of $97 million of InterNotes®, and redeemed an aggregate principal amount of $96 million at maturity. In addition, the Company voluntarily repaid an aggregate principal amount of $200 million of InterNotes® with various maturities. As a result, the Company recognized a pretax loss on the early extinguishment of debt of $1 million, included in 'Sundry income (expense) - net' in the consolidated statements of income and related to Corporate. The Company also repaid approximately $26 million of long-term debt at maturity and approximately $13 million of long-term debt was repaid by consolidated variable interest entities.

Available Credit Facilities
The following table summarizes the Company's credit facilities:

Committed and Available Credit Facilities at Jun 30, 2021
In millions Committed Credit Available Credit Maturity Date Interest
Five Year Competitive Advance and Revolving Credit Facility $ 5,000 $ 5,000 October 2024 Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility 300 300 December 2021 Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility 300 300 December 2021 Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility 150 150 March 2022 Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility 100 100 June 2022 Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility 200 200 September 2022 Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility 1
200 200 November 2022 Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility 200 200 September 2023 Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility 250 250 September 2023 Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility 300 300 September 2023 Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility 100 100 October 2024 Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility 100 100 October 2024 Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility 200 200 November 2024 Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility 100 100 March 2025 Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility 250 250 March 2025 Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility 350 350 March 2025 Floating rate
Total committed and available credit facilities $ 8,100 $ 8,100
1.Assumes the option to extend the bilateral revolving credit facility will be exercised.

Debt Covenants and Default Provisions
There were no material changes to the debt covenants and default provisions related to the Company's outstanding long-term debt and primary, private credit agreements in the first six months of 2021. For additional information on the Company's debt covenants and default provisions, see Note 15 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the 2020 10-K.


25
Table of Contents
NOTE 12 - COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES
A summary of the Company's commitments and contingent liabilities can be found in Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the 2020 10-K, which is incorporated by reference herein.

Environmental Matters
Accruals for environmental matters are recorded when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the liability can be reasonably estimated, based on current law and existing technologies. At June 30, 2021, the Company had accrued obligations of $1,250 million for probable environmental remediation and restoration costs, including $238 million for the remediation of Superfund sites. These obligations are included in 'Accrued and other current liabilities' and 'Other noncurrent obligations' in the consolidated balance sheets. This is management's best estimate of the costs for remediation and restoration with respect to environmental matters for which the Company has accrued liabilities, although it is reasonably possible that the ultimate cost with respect to these particular matters could range up to approximately one and a half times that amount. Consequently, it is reasonably possible that environmental remediation and restoration costs in excess of amounts accrued could have a material impact on the Company's results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. It is the opinion of the Company's management, however, that the possibility is remote that costs in excess of the range disclosed will have a material impact on the Company's results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. Inherent uncertainties exist in these estimates primarily due to unknown conditions, changing governmental regulations and legal standards regarding liability, and emerging remediation technologies for handling site remediation and restoration. As new or additional information becomes available and/or certain spending trends become known, management will evaluate such information in determination of the current estimate of environmental liability. At December 31, 2020, the Company had accrued obligations of $1,244 million for probable environmental remediation and restoration costs, including $248 million for the remediation of Superfund sites.

Litigation
Asbestos-Related Matters of Union Carbide Corporation
Each quarter, Union Carbide reviews claims filed, settled and dismissed, as well as average settlement and resolution costs by disease category. Union Carbide also considers additional quantitative and qualitative factors such as the nature of pending claims, trial experience of Union Carbide and other asbestos defendants, current spending for defense and processing costs, significant appellate rulings and legislative developments, trends in the tort system, and their respective effects on expected future resolution costs. Union Carbide's management considers these factors in conjunction with the most recent actuarial study and determines whether a change in the estimate is warranted. Based on Union Carbide's review of 2021 activity, it was determined that no adjustment to the accrual was required at June 30, 2021.

Union Carbide's total asbestos-related liability for pending and future claims and defense and processing costs was $1,060 million at June 30, 2021 ($1,098 million at December 31, 2020), and was included in 'Accrued and other current liabilities' and 'Asbestos-related liabilities - noncurrent' in the consolidated balance sheets. At June 30, 2021, approximately 24 percent of the recorded claim liability related to pending claims and approximately 76 percent related to future claims.

Dow Silicones Chapter 11 Related Matters
At June 30, 2021, Dow Silicones and its insurers had made life-to-date payments of $1,762 million to the settlement program administered by an independent claims office (the 'Settlement Facility'), created to resolve breast implant and other product liability claims, and the Settlement Facility reported an unexpended balance of $50 million. At June 30, 2021, Dow Silicones estimates that it will be obligated to contribute an additional $160 million after the Settlement Facility balance is exhausted ($160 million at December 31, 2020), of which $111 million ($46 million at December 31, 2020) was included in 'Accrued and other current liabilities' and $49 million ($114 million at December 31, 2020) was included in 'Other noncurrent obligations' in the consolidated balance sheets.

Indemnifications with Corning
The Company had indemnification assets of $119 million at June 30, 2021 ($115 million at December 31, 2020), which was included in 'Noncurrent receivables' in the consolidated balance sheets.


26
Table of Contents
Gain Contingency - Dow v. Nova Chemicals Corporation Patent Infringement Matter
As a result of a 2017 damages judgment related to the patent infringement matter, Nova Chemicals Corporation ('Nova') was ordered to pay the Company $645 million Canadian dollars, plus pre- and post-judgment interest, for which the Company received payment of $501 million U.S. dollars in July 2017. In May 2021, the Supreme Court of Canada granted Nova's application for leave and agreed to review the damages judgment. The Company expects a hearing on the appeal in early 2022, with a decision by July 2022. The Company is confident of its chances to continue to defend the entire judgment, particularly the trial and appellate courts' determinations on important factual issues, which will be accorded deferential review on appeal. At June 30, 2021, the Company had $341 million ($341 million at December 31, 2020) included in 'Accrued and other current liabilities' in the consolidated balance sheets related to the disputed portion of the damages judgment.

Gain Contingency - Dow v. Nova Chemicals Corporation Ethylene Asset Matter
As a result of a 2019 damages judgment related to the ethylene asset matter, Nova was ordered to pay the Company $1.43 billion Canadian dollars (equivalent to approximately $1.08 billion U.S. dollars). In October 2019, Nova paid $1.08 billion Canadian dollars (equivalent to approximately $0.8 billion U.S. dollars) directly to the Company, and remitted $347 million Canadian dollars to the Canada Revenue Agency ('CRA') for the tax account of one of the Company's subsidiaries. In March 2020, the Company received the full refund from the CRA, equivalent to $259 million U.S. dollars. At June 30, 2021, $323 million ($323 million at December 31, 2020) was included in 'Other noncurrent obligations' in the Company's consolidated balance sheets related to the disputed portion of the damages judgment. Dow continues to seek an award of additional damages for the period from 2013 through 2018. The trial court ordered a damages hearing for November 2021 that would resolve the impact of the appellate ruling and quantify Dow's damages for the 2013-2018 period, although Nova may seek to further delay this hearing.

Brazilian Tax Credits
In March 2017, the Federal Supreme Court of Brazil ('Brazil Supreme Court') ruled in a leading case that a Brazilian value-added tax ('ICMS') should not be included in the base used to calculate a taxpayer's federal contribution on total revenue known as PIS/COFINS (the '2017 Decision'). Previously, three of the Company's Brazilian subsidiaries filed lawsuits challenging the inclusion of ICMS in their calculation of PIS/COFINS, seeking recovery of excess taxes paid. In response to the 2017 Decision, the Brazilian tax authority filed an appeal seeking clarification of the amount of ICMS tax to exclude from the calculation of PIS/COFINS. In May 2021, the Brazil Supreme Court ruled in a leading case related to the amount of ICMS tax to exclude from the calculation of PIS/COFINS, which resolved two of the lawsuits filed by the Company. As a result, in the second quarter of 2021, the Company recorded a pretax gain of $61 million for certain excess PIS/COFINS paid from 2009 to 2019, plus applicable interest, which the Company expects to apply to future required federal tax payments, and the reversal of related liabilities. The pretax gain was recorded in 'Cost of sales' in the consolidated statements of income. At June 30, 2021, related tax credits available and expected to be applied to future required federal tax payments totaled $55 million. The Company has not received a final ruling related to its remaining lawsuit.

Guarantees
The following table provides a summary of the final expiration, maximum future payments and recorded liability included in the consolidated balance sheets for guarantees:

Guarantees Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020
In millions Final
Expiration
Maximum
Future Payments 1
Recorded Liability Final
Expiration
Maximum
Future Payments
Recorded Liability
Guarantees 2038 $ 1,314 $ 231 2023 $ 251 $ 2
1.In addition, TDCC has provided guarantees, in proportion to the Company's 35 percent ownership interest, of all future interest payments that will become due on Sadara's project financing debt during the grace period, which Dow's share is estimated to be $507 million at June 30, 2021. Based on Sadara's current forecasted cash flows, the Company does not expect to be required to perform under the guarantees.

27
Table of Contents
Guarantees arise during the ordinary course of business from relationships with customers, committed accounts receivable facilities and nonconsolidated affiliates when the Company undertakes an obligation to guarantee the performance of others (via delivery of cash or other assets) if specified triggering events occur. With guarantees, such as commercial or financial contracts, non-performance by the guaranteed party triggers the obligation of the Company to make payments to the beneficiary of the guarantee. The majority of the Company's guarantees relate to debt of nonconsolidated affiliates, which have expiration dates ranging from less than 1 year to less than 17 years. The Company's current expectation is that future payment or performance related to the non-performance of others is considered remote.

TDCC has entered into guarantee agreements related to Sadara, a nonconsolidated affiliate. In the first quarter of 2021, Sadara reached an agreement with its lenders to re-profile Sadara's outstanding project financing debt. In conjunction with the completion of Sadara's debt re-profiling, TDCC entered into a new guarantee of up to approximately $1.3 billion of Sadara's debt. The debt re-profiling also includes a grace period until June 2026, during which Sadara is obligated to make interest-only payments which are guaranteed by TDCC in proportion to the Company's 35 percent ownership interest. The total of an Islamic bond and additional project financing outstanding at Sadara was $9.9 billion at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020. As part of the successful re-profiling, TDCC's prior $220 million letter of credit related to the guarantee of one future Sadara debt service schedule payment was cancelled. As a result of these actions, the Company does not expect to provide any shareholder loans or equity contributions to Sadara in 2021.

In the second quarter of 2021, as a part of Sadara's debt re-profiling activities, Sadara established a new $500 million revolving credit facility guaranteed by Dow, which will be used to fund Dow's pro-rata share of any potential shortfall during the grace period. Based on Sadara's current forecasted cash flows, the Company does not expect Sadara to draw on the facility.


NOTE 13 - LEASES
For additional information on the Company's leases, see Note 17 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the 2020 10-K.

The components of lease cost for operating and finance leases for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 were as follows:

Lease Cost Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Operating lease cost $ 118 $ 120 $ 239 $ 240
Finance lease cost
Amortization of right-of-use assets - finance $ 19 $ 13 $ 34 $ 26
Interest on lease liabilities - finance 6 6 13 12
Total finance lease cost $ 25 $ 19 $ 47 $ 38
Short-term lease cost 71 53 120 107
Variable lease cost 79 48 150 112
Sublease income (1) (1) (3) (2)
Total lease cost $ 292 $ 239 $ 553 $ 495

28
Table of Contents
The following table provides supplemental cash flow information related to leases:

Other Lease Information Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
Operating cash flows for operating leases $ 245 $ 240
Operating cash flows for finance leases $ 13 $ 12
Financing cash flows for finance leases $ 29 $ 21

The following table summarizes the lease-related assets and liabilities recorded in the consolidated balance sheets at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020:

Lease Position Balance Sheet Classification Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020
In millions
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations:
Operating leases $ 57 $ 185
Finance leases $ 72 $ 178
Assets
Operating lease assets Operating lease right-of-use assets $ 1,745 $ 1,856
Finance lease assets Property 727 665
Finance lease amortization Accumulated depreciation (246) (216)
Total lease assets $ 2,226 $ 2,305
Liabilities
Current
Operating Operating lease liabilities - current $ 402 $ 416
Finance Long-term debt due within one year 67 54
Noncurrent
Operating Operating lease liabilities - noncurrent 1,419 1,521
Finance Long-Term Debt 486 464
Total lease liabilities $ 2,374 $ 2,455

The weighted-average remaining lease term and discount rate for leases recorded in the consolidated balance sheets at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 are provided below:

Lease Term and Discount Rate Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020
Weighted-average remaining lease term
Operating leases 7.4 years 7.6 years
Finance leases 10.6 years 11.6 years
Weighted-average discount rate
Operating leases 3.77 % 3.84 %
Finance leases 5.09 % 5.41 %


29
Table of Contents
The following table provides the maturities of lease liabilities at June 30, 2021:

Maturities of Lease Liabilities Jun 30, 2021
In millions Operating Leases Finance Leases
2021 $ 247 $ 47
2022 408 88
2023 330 112
2024 257 57
2025 177 46
2026 and thereafter 716 380
Total future undiscounted lease payments $ 2,135 $ 730
Less: Imputed interest 314 177
Total present value of lease liabilities $ 1,821 $ 553

At June 30, 2021, Dow had additional leases of approximately $38 million, primarily for equipment, which had not yet commenced. These leases are expected to commence in 2021 and 2022, with lease terms of up to 10 years.

Dow provides guarantees related to certain leased assets, specifying the residual value that will be available to the lessor at lease termination through the sale of the assets to the lessee or third parties. The following table provides a summary of the final expiration, maximum future payments and recorded liability included in the consolidated balance sheets for residual value guarantees at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020. The Company had a recorded liability of $19 million related to these residual value guarantees at June 30, 2021 ($22 million at December 31, 2020), as payment of such residual value guarantees was determined to be probable. The lease agreements do not contain any material restrictive covenants.

Lease Guarantees Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020
In millions Final Expiration Maximum Future Payments Recorded Liability Final Expiration Maximum Future Payments Recorded Liability
Residual value guarantees 2031 $ 809 $ 19 2030 $ 818 $ 22

30
Table of Contents
NOTE 14 - ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
The changes in each component of accumulated other comprehensive loss ('AOCL') for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 were as follows:

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Unrealized Gains (Losses) on Investments
Beginning balance $ 55 $ (36) $ 104 $ 64
Unrealized gains (losses) on investments 39 122 (15) 4
Tax (expense) benefit (9) (27) 2 (2)
Net unrealized gains (losses) on investments 30 95 (13) 2
(Gains) losses reclassified from AOCL to net income 1
(17) (25) (25) (34)
Tax expense (benefit) 2
4 6 6 8
Net (gains) losses reclassified from AOCL to net income (13) (19) (19) (26)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax 17 76 (32) (24)
Ending balance $ 72 $ 40 $ 72 $ 40
Cumulative Translation Adjustment
Beginning balance $ (1,183) $ (1,298) $ (930) $ (1,135)
Gains (losses) on foreign currency translation 67 63 (150) (98)
Tax (expense) benefit 1 2 (35) 14
Net gains (losses) on foreign currency translation 68 65 (185) (84)
(Gains) losses reclassified from AOCL to net income 3
(3) (2) (3) (16)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax 65 63 (188) (100)
Ending balance $ (1,118) $ (1,235) $ (1,118) $ (1,235)
Pension and Other Postretirement Benefits
Beginning balance $ (8,425) $ (8,639) $ (9,559) $ (8,781)
Gains (losses) arising during the period 4
- - 1,268 -
Tax (expense) benefit - - (298) -
Net gains (losses) arising during the period - - 970 -
Amortization and recognition of net loss and prior service credits 5
194 184 392 369
Tax expense (benefit) 2
(45) (43) (79) (86)
Net loss and prior service credits reclassified from AOCL to net income 149 141 313 283
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax 149 141 1,283 283
Ending balance $ (8,276) $ (8,498) $ (8,276) $ (8,498)
Derivative Instruments
Beginning balance $ (360) $ (556) $ (470) $ (394)
Gains (losses) on derivative instruments (10) 17 112 (159)
Tax (expense) benefit 8 (2) (1) 8
Net gains (losses) on derivative instruments (2) 15 111 (151)
(Gains) losses reclassified from AOCL to net income 6
9 12 6 19
Tax expense (benefit) 2
(1) (3) (1) (6)
Net (gains) losses reclassified from AOCL to net income 8 9 5 13
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax 6 24 116 (138)
Ending balance $ (354) $ (532) $ (354) $ (532)
Total AOCL ending balance $ (9,676) $ (10,225) $ (9,676) $ (10,225)
1.Reclassified to 'Net sales' and 'Sundry income (expense) - net.'
2.Reclassified to 'Provision for income taxes.'
3.Reclassified to 'Sundry income (expense) - net.'
4.See Note 16 for additional information.
5.These AOCL components are included in the computation of net periodic benefit cost of the Company's defined benefit pension and other postretirement benefit plans. See Note 16 for additional information.
6.Reclassified to 'Cost of sales,' 'Sundry income (expense) - net' and 'Interest expense and amortization of debt discount.'
31
Table of Contents
NOTE 15 - NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS
Ownership interests in the Company's subsidiaries held by parties other than the Company are presented separately from the Company's equity in the consolidated balance sheets as 'Noncontrolling interests.' The amount of consolidated net income attributable to the Company and the noncontrolling interests are both presented on the face of the consolidated statements of income.

The following table summarizes the activity for equity attributable to noncontrolling interests for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:

Noncontrolling Interests Three Months Ended Six Months Ended

In millions
Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Balance at beginning of period $ 560 $ 555 $ 570 $ 553
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests 31 8 46 27
Distributions to noncontrolling interests 1
(12) (11) (20) (12)
Cumulative translation adjustments 1 8 (15) (8)
Other - - (1) -
Balance at end of period $ 580 $ 560 $ 580 $ 560
1.Distributions to noncontrolling interests are net of $8 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 ($7 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020) in dividends paid to a joint venture, which were reclassified to 'Equity in earnings (losses) of nonconsolidated affiliates' in the consolidated statements of income.


NOTE 16 - PENSION AND OTHER POSTRETIREMENT BENEFIT PLANS
A summary of the Company's pension and other postretirement benefit plans can be found in Note 20 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the 2020 10-K.

On March 4, 2021, the Company announced changes to its U.S. tax-qualified and non-qualified pension plans. Effective December 31, 2023 ('Effective Date'), the Company will freeze the pensionable compensation and credited service amounts used to calculate pension benefits for employees who participate in its U.S. tax-qualified and non-qualified retirement programs (collectively, the 'U.S. Plans'). As a result, at the Effective Date and subject to any bargaining obligations required by law, active participants of the U.S. Plans will not accrue additional benefits for future service and compensation. Additionally, contributions to U.S. tax-qualified and non-qualified defined contribution plans will be harmonized across the Company's U.S. eligible employee population. The new matching contribution, beginning January 1, 2022, will allow all eligible U.S. employees to receive matching contributions of up to 5 percent of their eligible compensation. In addition, beginning on January 1, 2024, all eligible U.S. employees will receive an automatic non-elective contribution of 4 percent of eligible compensation to their respective defined contribution plans.

The Company's funding policy is to contribute to defined benefit pension plans in the United States and a number of other countries when pension laws and/or economics either require or encourage funding. On March 4, 2021, the Company elected to contribute $1 billion to its U.S. tax-qualified pension plans and, as a result, increased its estimated global 2021 pension contributions to approximately $1,230 million, of which $1,109 million has been contributed through June 30, 2021.

In connection with the foregoing plan amendments, the Company remeasured its U.S. Plans effective February 28, 2021, which resulted in a pretax actuarial gain of $1,268 million, included in other comprehensive income and inclusive of a $345 million reduction in the projected benefit obligation resulting from the plan amendments, and a pretax curtailment gain of $19 million, recognized in the first quarter of 2021.

32
Table of Contents
The following table provides the components of the Company's net periodic benefit cost for all significant plans:

Net Periodic Benefit Cost for All Significant Plans Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Defined Benefit Pension Plans
Service cost $ 96 $ 99 $ 198 $ 198
Interest cost 150 191 293 383
Expected return on plan assets (435) (412) (857) (826)
Amortization of prior service credit (5) (5) (10) (10)
Amortization of net loss 200 192 424 384
Curtailment gain - - (19) -
Net periodic benefit cost $ 6 $ 65 $ 29 $ 129
Other Postretirement Benefit Plans
Service cost $ 2 $ 2 $ 4 $ 4
Interest cost 5 10 11 19
Amortization of net gain (1) (3) (3) (5)
Net periodic benefit cost $ 6 $ 9 $ 12 $ 18

Net periodic benefit cost, other than the service cost component, is included in 'Sundry income (expense) - net' in the consolidated statements of income.


NOTE 17 - STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
A summary of the Company's stock-based compensation plans can be found in Note 21 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the 2020 10-K.

Stock Incentive Plan
The Company grants stock-based compensation to employees and non-employee directors under the 2019 Stock Incentive Plan, as amended. Most of the Company's stock-based compensation awards are granted in the first quarter of each year.

In the first quarter of 2021, Dow Inc. granted the following stock-based compensation awards to employees:
1.3 million stock options with a weighted-average exercise price of $57.67 per share and a weighted-average fair value of $10.37 per share;
1.6 million restricted stock units with a weighted-average fair value of $57.70 per share; and
1.2 million performance stock units with a weighted-average fair value of $61.48 per share.

There was minimal grant activity in the second quarter of 2021.

Employee Stock Purchase Plan
The Board unanimously approved the Dow Inc. 2021 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the '2021 ESPP'), which was approved by the Company's stockholders at the 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders held on April 15, 2021. Under the 2021 ESPP offering, most employees were eligible to purchase shares of common stock of Dow Inc. valued at up to 10 percent of their annual total base salary or wages. The number of shares purchased is determined using the amount contributed by the employee divided by the plan price. The plan price of the stock is equal to 85 percent of the fair market value (closing price) of the common stock at June 1, 2021 (beginning) or December 3, 2021 (ending) of the offering period, whichever is lower.

In the second quarter of 2021, employees subscribed to the right to purchase approximately 2.0 million shares, under the 2021 ESPP. The plan price is fixed upon the close of the offering period and will be determined in the fourth quarter of 2021. The shares will be delivered to employees in the fourth quarter of 2021.

33
Table of Contents
NOTE 18 - FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
A summary of the Company's financial instruments, risk management policies, derivative instruments and hedging activities can be found in Note 22 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the 2020 10-K.

The following table summarizes the fair value of financial instruments at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020:

Fair Value of Financial Instruments Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020
In millions Cost Gain Loss Fair Value Cost Gain Loss Fair Value
Cash equivalents:
Held-to-maturity securities 1
$ 644 $ - $ - $ 644 $ 980 $ - $ - $ 980
Money market funds 728 - - 728 484 - - 484
Total cash equivalents $ 1,372 $ - $ - $ 1,372 $ 1,464 $ - $ - $ 1,464
Marketable securities 2
$ 106 $ - $ (1) $ 105 $ 45 $ - $ - $ 45
Other investments:
Debt securities:
Government debt 3
$ 592 $ 23 $ (21) $ 594 $ 673 $ 35 $ (10) $ 698
Corporate bonds 934 100 (5) 1,029 822 119 (5) 936
Total debt securities $ 1,526 $ 123 $ (26) $ 1,623 $ 1,495 $ 154 $ (15) $ 1,634
Equity securities 4
7 25 - 32 6 34 - 40
Total other investments
$ 1,533 $ 148 $ (26) $ 1,655 $ 1,501 $ 188 $ (15) $ 1,674
Total cash equivalents, marketable securities and other investments
$ 3,011 $ 148 $ (27) $ 3,132 $ 3,010 $ 188 $ (15) $ 3,183
Long-term debt including debt due within one year 5
$ (15,538) $ 16 $ (3,160) $ (18,682) $ (16,951) $ 6 $ (3,659) $ (20,604)
Derivatives relating to:
Interest rates 6
$ - $ - $ (186) $ (186) $ - $ 41 $ (182) $ (141)
Foreign currency - 17 (64) (47) - 69 (84) (15)
Commodities 6
- 191 (122) 69 - 63 (84) (21)
Total derivatives $ - $ 208 $ (372) $ (164) $ - $ 173 $ (350) $ (177)
1.The Company's held-to-maturity securities primarily included treasury bills and time deposits.
2.The Company's investments in marketable securities are included in 'Other current assets' in the consolidated balance sheets.
3.U.S. Treasury obligations, U.S. agency obligations, U.S. agency mortgage-backed securities and other municipalities' obligations.
4.Equity securities with a readily determinable fair value.
5.Cost includes fair value hedge adjustment gains of $45 million at June 30, 2021 and $69 million at December 31, 2020 on $2,500 million of debt at June 30, 2021 and $3,314 million at December 31, 2020.
6.Presented net of cash collateral where master netting arrangements allow.

Cost approximates fair value for all other financial instruments.

Debt Securities
The Company's investments in debt securities are primarily classified as available-for-sale. The following table provides the investing results from available-for-sale securities for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:

Investing Results Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Proceeds from sales of available-for-sale securities $ 260 $ 542
Gross realized gains $ 31 $ 51
Gross realized losses $ (6) $ (17)

34
Table of Contents
The following table summarizes the contractual maturities of the Company's investments in debt securities:

Contractual Maturities of Debt Securities at Jun 30, 2021 1
Cost Fair Value
In millions
Within one year $ 28 $ 29
One to five years 465 505
Six to ten years 585 602
After ten years 448 487
Total $ 1,526 $ 1,623
1.Includes marketable securities with maturities of less than one year.

Equity Securities
There were no material adjustments to the carrying value of the not readily determinable investments for impairment or observable price changes for the three months ended June 30, 2021. There was $1 million of net unrealized losses recognized in earnings on equity securities for the three months ended June 30, 2021 ($1 million net unrealized gain for the three months ended June 30, 2020). There was $1 million of net unrealized losses recognized in earnings on equity securities for the six months ended June 30, 2021 (no unrealized gain or loss for the six months ended June 30, 2020).

Investments in Equity Securities Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020
In millions
Readily determinable fair value $ 32 $ 40
Not readily determinable fair value $ 224 $ 215

Derivative Instruments
The notional amounts of the Company's derivative instruments presented on a net basis at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were as follows:

Notional Amounts - Net Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020
In millions
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
Interest rate contracts $ 2,855 $ 612
Foreign currency contracts $ 1,785 $ 3,784
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
Interest rate contracts $ 63 $ 94
Foreign currency contracts $ 11,615 $ 9,187

The notional amounts of the Company's commodity derivatives presented on a net basis at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were as follows:

Commodity Notionals - Net Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Notional Volume Unit
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
Hydrocarbon derivatives 7.5 10.9 million barrels of oil equivalent
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
Hydrocarbon derivatives 1.9 - million barrels of oil equivalent

Maturity Dates of Derivatives Designated as Hedging Instruments Year
Interest rate contracts 2023
Foreign currency contracts 2022
Commodity contracts 2023

35
Table of Contents
The following tables provide the fair value and balance sheet classification of derivative instruments at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020:

Fair Value of Derivative Instruments Jun 30, 2021
In millions Balance Sheet Classification Gross
Counterparty and Cash Collateral Netting 1
Net Amounts Included in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
Asset derivatives
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
Interest rate contracts Deferred charges and other assets $ 177 $ (177) $ -
Foreign currency contracts Other current assets 39 (25) 14
Commodity contracts Other current assets 409 (274) 135
Commodity contracts Deferred charges and other assets 84 (42) 42
Total $ 709 $ (518) $ 191
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
Interest rate contracts Deferred charges and other assets $ 1 $ (1) $ -
Foreign currency contracts Other current assets 19 (16) 3
Commodity contracts Other current assets 18 (4) 14
Total $ 38 $ (21) $ 17
Total asset derivatives $ 747 $ (539) $ 208
Liability derivatives
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
Interest rate contracts Other noncurrent obligations $ 235 $ (177) $ 58
Foreign currency contracts Accrued and other current liabilities 28 (25) 3
Commodity contracts Accrued and other current liabilities 376 (296) 80
Commodity contracts Other noncurrent obligations 61 (46) 15
Total $ 700 $ (544) $ 156
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
Interest rate contracts Other noncurrent obligations $ 129 $ (1) $ 128
Foreign currency contracts Accrued and other current liabilities 77 (16) 61
Commodity contracts Accrued and other current liabilities 31 (4) 27
Total $ 237 $ (21) $ 216
Total liability derivatives $ 937 $ (565) $ 372
1.Counterparty and cash collateral amounts represent the estimated net settlement amount when applying netting and set-off rights included in master netting arrangements between the Company and its counterparties and the payable or receivable for cash collateral held or placed with the same counterparty.

36
Table of Contents
Fair Value of Derivative Instruments Dec 31, 2020
In millions Balance Sheet Classification Gross
Counterparty and Cash Collateral Netting 1
Net Amounts Included in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
Asset derivatives
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
Interest rate contracts Other current assets $ 3 $ (3) $ -
Foreign currency contracts Other current assets 39 (19) 20
Commodity contracts Other current assets 146 (109) 37
Commodity contracts Deferred charges and other assets 31 (8) 23
Total $ 219 $ (139) $ 80
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
Interest rate contracts Deferred charges and other assets $ 41 $ - $ 41
Foreign currency contracts Other current assets 74 (25) 49
Commodity contracts Other current assets 4 (1) 3
Total $ 119 $ (26) $ 93
Total asset derivatives $ 338 $ (165) $ 173
Liability derivatives
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
Interest rate contracts Accrued and other current liabilities $ 7 $ (3) $ 4
Foreign currency contracts Accrued and other current liabilities 93 (19) 74
Commodity contracts Accrued and other current liabilities 151 (112) 39
Commodity contracts Other noncurrent obligations 48 (9) 39
Total $ 299 $ (143) $ 156
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
Interest rate contracts Other noncurrent obligations $ 178 $ - $ 178
Foreign currency contracts Accrued and other current liabilities 35 (25) 10
Commodity contracts Accrued and other current liabilities 9 (3) 6
Total $ 222 $ (28) $ 194
Total liability derivatives $ 521 $ (171) $ 350
1.Counterparty and cash collateral amounts represent the estimated net settlement amount when applying netting and set-off rights included in master netting arrangements between the Company and its counterparties and the payable or receivable for cash collateral held or placed with the same counterparty.

Assets and liabilities related to forward contracts, interest rate swaps, currency swaps, options and other conditional or exchange contracts executed with the same counterparty under a master netting arrangement are netted. Collateral accounts are netted with corresponding assets or liabilities, when applicable. The Company posted cash collateral of $44 million at June 30, 2021 ($7 million at December 31, 2020). No cash collateral was posted by counterparties with the Company at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.


37
Table of Contents
The following tables summarize the gain (loss) of derivative instruments in the consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:

Effect of Derivative Instruments
Amount of gain (loss) recognized in OCI 1
Amount of gain (loss) recognized in income 2
Income Statement Classification
Three Months Ended Three Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Derivatives designated as hedging
instruments:
Fair value hedges:
Excluded components 3
$ - $ 4 $ - $ - Interest expense and amortization of debt discount
Cash flow hedges:
Interest rate contracts (44) - (2) - Interest expense and amortization of debt discount
Foreign currency contracts 1 (5) (4) 5 Cost of sales
Commodity contracts 41 22 (2) (17) Cost of sales
Net foreign investment hedges:
Foreign currency contracts 3 (6) - -
Excluded components 3
3 5 3 2 Sundry income (expense) - net
Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments $ 4 $ 20 $ (5) $ (10)
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
Interest rate contracts $ - $ - $ (1) $ (1) Interest expense and amortization of debt discount
Foreign currency contracts - - (5) 9 Sundry income (expense) - net
Commodity contracts - - (5) 6 Cost of sales
Total derivatives not designated as
hedging instruments
$ - $ - $ (11) $ 14
Total derivatives $ 4 $ 20 $ (16) $ 4
1.OCI is defined as other comprehensive income (loss).
2.Pretax amounts.
3.The excluded components are related to the time value of the derivatives designated as hedges.

38
Table of Contents
Effect of Derivative Instruments
Amount of gain (loss) recognized in OCI 1
Amount of gain (loss) recognized in income 2
Income Statement Classification
Six Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
Fair value hedges:
Interest rate contracts $ - $ - $ (25) $ 24
Interest expense and amortization of debt discount 3
Excluded components 4
2 7 - - Interest expense and amortization of debt discount
Cash flow hedges:
Interest rate contracts (44) - (5) - Interest expense and amortization of debt discount
Foreign currency contracts 6 3 (12) 9 Cost of sales
Commodity contracts 106 (65) 11 (28) Cost of sales
Net foreign investment hedges:
Foreign currency contracts 13 16 - -
Excluded components 4
8 27 4 16 Sundry income (expense) - net
Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments $ 91 $ (12) $ (27) $ 21
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
Interest rate contracts $ - $ - $ (3) $ (7) Interest expense and amortization of debt discount
Foreign currency contracts - - (118) (10) Sundry income (expense) - net
Commodity contracts - - (35) 17 Cost of sales
Total derivatives not designated as
hedging instruments
$ - $ - $ (156) $ -
Total derivatives $ 91 $ (12) $ (183) $ 21
1.OCI is defined as other comprehensive income (loss).
2.Pretax amounts.
3.Gain (loss) recognized in income of derivatives is offset by gain (loss) recognized in income of the hedged item.
4.The excluded components are related to the time value of the derivatives designated as hedges.

The following table provides the net after-tax amounts expected to be reclassified from AOCL to income within the next 12 months:

Expected Reclassifications from AOCL within the next 12 months Jun 30, 2021
In millions
Cash flow hedges:
Interest rate contracts $ (8)
Commodity contracts $ 51
Foreign currency contracts $ (2)
Net foreign investment hedges:
Excluded components $ 4

39
Table of Contents
NOTE 19 - FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
A summary of the Company's recurring and nonrecurring fair value measurements can be found in Note 23 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the 2020 10-K.

Fair Value Measurements on a Recurring Basis
The following table summarizes the bases used to measure certain assets and liabilities at fair value on a recurring basis:

Basis of Fair Value Measurements on a Recurring Basis Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020
Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Items
(Level 1)
Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Total Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Items
(Level 1)
Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
Total
In millions
Assets at fair value:
Cash equivalents:
Held-to-maturity securities 1
$ - $ 644 $ - $ 644 $ - $ 980 $ 980
Money market funds - 728 - 728 - 484 484
Marketable securities 2
- 105 - 105 - 45 45
Equity securities 3
32 - - 32 40 - 40
Debt securities: 3
Government debt 4
- 594 - 594 - 698 698
Corporate bonds 30 999 - 1,029 28 908 936
Derivatives relating to: 5
Interest rates - 178 - 178 - 44 44
Foreign currency - 58 - 58 - 113 113
Commodities 12 499 - 511 8 173 181
Total assets at fair value $ 74 $ 3,805 $ - $ 3,879 $ 76 $ 3,445 $ 3,521
Liabilities at fair value:
Long-term debt including debt due within one year 6
$ - $ 18,682 $ - $ 18,682 $ - $ 20,604 $ 20,604
Guarantee liability 7
- - 230 230 - - -
Derivatives relating to: 5
Interest rates - 364 - 364 - 185 185
Foreign currency - 105 - 105 - 128 128
Commodities 27 441 - 468 7 201 208
Total liabilities at fair value $ 27 $ 19,592 $ 230 $ 19,849 $ 7 $ 21,118 $ 21,125
1.The Company's held-to-maturity securities primarily included treasury bills and time deposits.
2.The Company's investments in marketable securities are included in 'Other current assets' in the consolidated balance sheets.
3.The Company's investments in debt securities, which are primarily available-for-sale, and equity securities are included in 'Other investments' in the consolidated balance sheets.
4.U.S. Treasury obligations, U.S. agency obligations, U.S. agency mortgage-backed securities and other municipalities' obligations.
5.See Note 18 for the classification of derivatives in the consolidated balance sheets.
6.See Note 18 for information on fair value measurements of long-term debt.
7.Estimated liability for TDCC's guarantee of Sadara's debt which is included in 'Other noncurrent obligations' in the consolidated balance sheets. See Note 12 for additional information.

For equity securities calculated at net asset value per share (or its equivalent), the Company had $119 million in private market securities and $19 million in real estate at June 30, 2021 ($111 million in private market securities and $19 million in real estate at December 31, 2020). There are no redemption restrictions and the unfunded commitments on these investments were $63 million at June 30, 2021 ($63 million at December 31, 2020).

For liabilities classified as Level 3 measurements, the fair value is based on significant unobservable inputs including assumptions where there is little, if any, market activity. The fair value of the Company's accrued liability related to the guarantee of Sadara's debt is in proportion to the Company's 35 percent ownership interest in Sadara. The estimated fair value of the guarantee was calculated using a 'with' and 'without' method. The fair value of the debt was calculated 'with' the guarantee less the fair value of the debt 'without' the guarantee. The 'with' and 'without' values were calculated using a discounted cash flow method based on contractual cash flows as well as projected prepayments made on the debt by Sadara. See Note 12 for further information on guarantees classified as Level 3 measurements.
40
Table of Contents
NOTE 20 - VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITIES
A summary of the Company's variable interest entities ('VIEs') can be found in Note 24 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the 2020 10-K.

Assets and Liabilities of Consolidated VIEs
The Company's consolidated financial statements include the assets, liabilities and results of operations of VIEs for which the Company is the primary beneficiary. The other equity holders' interests are included in 'Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests' in the consolidated statements of income and 'Noncontrolling interests' in the consolidated balance sheets.

The following table summarizes the carrying amounts of these entities' assets and liabilities included in the Company's consolidated balance sheets at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020:

Assets and Liabilities of Consolidated VIEs Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020
In millions
Cash and cash equivalents $ 36 $ 26
Other current assets 39 44
Net property 204 232
Other noncurrent assets 16 17
Total assets 1
$ 295 $ 319
Current liabilities $ 57 $ 73
Long-term debt 5 6
Other noncurrent obligations 16 18
Total liabilities 2
$ 78 $ 97
1.All assets were restricted at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
2.All liabilities were nonrecourse at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

Amounts presented in the consolidated balance sheets and the table above as restricted assets or nonrecourse obligations relating to consolidated VIEs at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 are adjusted for intercompany eliminations.

Nonconsolidated VIEs
The following table summarizes the carrying amounts of assets included in the consolidated balance sheets at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, related to variable interests in joint ventures or entities for which the Company is not the primary beneficiary. The Company's maximum exposure to loss is the same as the carrying amounts.

Carrying Amounts of Assets Related to Nonconsolidated VIEs Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020
In millions Description of asset
Silicon joint ventures
Equity method investments 1
$ 110 $ 107
1.Included in 'Investment in nonconsolidated affiliates' in the consolidated balance sheets.














41
Table of Contents
NOTE 21 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
TDCC has committed to fund Dow Inc.'s dividends paid to common stockholders and share repurchases, as approved by Dow Inc.'s Board from time to time, as well as certain governance expenses. Funding is accomplished through intercompany loans. TDCC's Board reviews and determines a dividend distribution to Dow Inc. to settle the intercompany loans. The following table summarizes cash dividends TDCC declared and paid to Dow Inc. for the threeand six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:

Cash Dividends Declared and Paid Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
In millions
Cash dividends declared and paid $ 739 $ 529 $ 1,442 $ 1,172

At June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, TDCC's outstanding intercompany loan balance with Dow Inc. was insignificant.


NOTE 22 - SEGMENTS AND GEOGRAPHIC REGIONS
Dow's measure of profit/loss for segment reporting purposes is Operating EBIT as this is the manner in which the Company's chief operating decision maker ('CODM') assesses performance and allocates resources. The Company defines Operating EBIT as earnings (i.e., 'Income (loss) before income taxes') before interest, excluding the impact of significant items. Operating EBIT by segment includes all operating items relating to the businesses; items that principally apply to Dow as a whole are assigned to Corporate.

Segment Information Pack. & Spec. Plastics Ind. Interm. & Infrast. Perf. Materials & Coatings Corp. Total
In millions
Three months ended Jun 30, 2021
Net sales $ 7,121 $ 4,215 $ 2,465 $ 84 $ 13,885
Equity in earnings of nonconsolidated affiliates $ 130 $ 144 $ - $ 4 $ 278
Dow Inc. Operating EBIT 1
$ 2,014 $ 648 $ 225 $ (59) $ 2,828
Three months ended Jun 30, 2020
Net sales $ 4,001 $ 2,417 $ 1,855 $ 81 $ 8,354
Equity in earnings (losses) of nonconsolidated affiliates $ 20 $ (113) $ 2 $ (4) $ (95)
Dow Inc. Operating EBIT 1
$ 318 $ (220) $ 27 $ (68) $ 57
Six months ended Jun 30, 2021
Net sales $ 13,203 $ 7,822 $ 4,588 $ 154 $ 25,767
Equity in earnings of nonconsolidated affiliates $ 236 $ 259 $ 2 $ 5 $ 502
Dow Inc. Operating EBIT 1
$ 3,242 $ 974 $ 287 $ (121) $ 4,382
Six months ended Jun 30, 2020
Net sales $ 8,610 $ 5,462 $ 3,920 $ 132 $ 18,124
Equity in earnings (losses) of nonconsolidated affiliates $ 25 $ (189) $ 3 $ (23) $ (184)
Dow Inc. Operating EBIT 1
$ 898 $ (45) $ 189 $ (142) $ 900
1.Operating EBIT for TDCC for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 is substantially the same as that of Dow Inc. and therefore has not been disclosed separately in the table above. A reconciliation of 'Net income' to Operating EBIT is provided on the following page.

42
Table of Contents
Reconciliation of 'Net income (loss)' to Operating EBIT Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Net income (loss) $ 1,932 $ (217) $ 2,938 $ 41
+ Provision for income taxes 524 34 841 172
Income (loss) before income taxes $ 2,456 $ (183) $ 3,779 $ 213
- Interest income 13 6 21 21
+ Interest expense and amortization of debt discount 187 200 383 415
- Significant items (198) (46) (241) (293)
Operating EBIT $ 2,828 $ 57 $ 4,382 $ 900

The following tables summarize the pretax impact of significant items by segment excluded from Operating EBIT:

Significant Items by Segment Three Months Ended Jun 30, 2021 Six Months Ended Jun 30, 2021
Pack. & Spec. Plastics Ind. Interm. & Infrast. Perf. Mat. & Coatings Corp. Total Pack. & Spec. Plastics Ind. Interm. & Infrast. Perf. Mat. & Coatings Corp. Total
In millions
Digitalization program costs 1
$ - $ - $ - $ (48) $ (48) $ - $ - $ - $ (81) $ (81)
Restructuring, implementation costs and asset related charges - net 2
(8) (1) (10) (24) (43) (8) (1) (10) (34) (53)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt 3
- - - (102) (102) - - - (102) (102)
Indemnification and other transaction related costs 4
- - - (5) (5) - - - (5) (5)
Total $ (8) $ (1) $ (10) $ (179) $ (198) $ (8) $ (1) $ (10) $ (222) $ (241)
1.Includes costs associated with implementing the Company's digital acceleration program.
2.Includes Board approved restructuring plans, including costs associated with implementing the Company's 2020 Restructuring Program, and asset related charges, which include other asset impairments. See Note 5 for additional information.
3.The Company redeemed outstanding long-term debt resulting in a loss on early extinguishment. See Note 11 for additional information.
4.Primarily related to charges associated with agreements entered into with DuPont and Corteva as part of the separation and distribution which, among other matters, provides for cross-indemnities and allocations of obligations and liabilities for periods prior to, at and after the completion of the separation. See Note 3 for additional information.

Significant Items by Segment Three Months Ended Jun 30, 2020 Six Months Ended Jun 30, 2020
Pack. & Spec. Plastics Ind. Interm. & Infrast. Perf. Mat. & Coatings Corp. Total Pack. & Spec. Plastics Ind. Interm. & Infrast. Perf. Mat. & Coatings Corp. Total
In millions
Integration and separation costs 1
$ - $ - $ - $ (46) $ (46) $ - $ - $ - $ (111) $ (111)
Restructuring, implementation costs and asset-related charges, net 2
(6) - - - (6) (12) - - (90) (102)
Litigation related charges, awards and adjustments 3
6 - - - 6 6 - - - 6
Loss on early extinguishment of debt 4
- - - - - - - - (86) (86)
Total $ - $ - $ - $ (46) $ (46) $ (6) $ - $ - $ (287) $ (293)
1.Costs related to business separation activities.
2.Includes Board approved restructuring plans and asset related charges, which include other asset impairments. See Note 5 for additional information.
3.Includes a gain associated with a legal matter with Nova. See Note 12 for additional information.
4.The Company redeemed outstanding long-term debt resulting in a loss on early extinguishment. See Note 11 for additional information.


43
Table of Contents
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is a combined report being filed by Dow Inc. and The Dow Chemical Company and its consolidated subsidiaries ('TDCC' and together with Dow Inc., 'Dow' or the 'Company') due to the parent/subsidiary relationship between Dow Inc. and TDCC. The information reflected in the report is equally applicable to both Dow Inc. and TDCC, except where otherwise noted. Each of Dow Inc. and TDCC is filing information in this report on its own behalf and neither company makes any representation to the information relating to the other company.

Pursuant to General Instruction H(1)(a) and (b) for Form 10-Q 'Omission of Information by Certain Wholly-Owned Subsidiaries,' TDCC is filing this Form 10-Q with a reduced disclosure format.

Except as otherwise indicated by the context, the term 'Union Carbide' means Union Carbide Corporation and the term 'Dow Silicones' means Dow Silicones Corporation, both wholly owned subsidiaries of the Company.

STATEMENTS ON COVID-19 and U.S. GULF COAST FREEZE
COVID-19
Additional information regarding actions taken by Dow since the onset of the pandemic can be found in the combined Dow Inc. and TDCC Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 ('2020 10-K').

The pandemic caused by coronavirus disease 2019 ('COVID-19') has impacted all geographic regions where Dow products are produced and sold. During this public health crisis, the Company is focused on the health and safety of its employees, contractors, customers and suppliers around the world as well as maintaining safe and reliable operations of its manufacturing sites. Although supply disruptions and related logistical issues challenge all modes of transportation, the Company's manufacturing sites have continued to operate during the COVID-19 pandemic, with no significant impact to manufacturing, whether through shutdowns or shortages in labor, raw materials or personal protective equipment. Supply chain and logistical challenges are expected to stabilize throughout 2021. Contingency plans remain in place in the event of significant impacts from COVID-19 infection resurgences.

At the time of this filing, approximately half of Dow's global workforce is working remotely. The Company continues to encourage its workforce to practice safe behaviors both in the workplace and while away from work to help prevent community spread of COVID-19. The Company continues to monitor the ongoing mitigation efforts of each region to appropriately implement its comprehensive Return to Workplace plan. All regions continue to follow on-site workforce restrictions in accordance with government regulations. Certain locations have implemented advanced phases of the Company's Return to Workplace plan and it is expected that more locations will progress to their next phase over the remainder of 2021.

The Company entered 2021 with sequential momentum and is well-positioned for continued profitable growth in the ongoing economic recovery and improving industry cycle. The Company will maintain its disciplined focus on capital allocation priorities as it benefits from an improving cost structure, financial flexibility and a low-cost operating model. Through the ongoing market recovery, Dow has experienced increasing margins as differentiated parts of the portfolio see improved demand and underlying market fundamentals, which has enabled a return to pre‑COVID‑19 sales levels and end-market growth across most businesses.

The Company has continued to maintain a strong financial position and liquidity throughout the economic recession triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic and its ongoing recovery. At June 30, 2021, the Company had cash and committed and available forms of liquidity of $13 billion. The Company also has no substantive long-term debt maturities until the end of 2025.

U.S. Gulf Coast Freeze
In the first quarter of 2021, Winter Storm Uri had a broad impact on the U.S. Gulf Coast and in particular across the entire state of Texas, which resulted in widespread utility and raw material supply disruptions and industry-wide production outages. All Dow ethylene production facilities located on the U.S. Gulf Coast were operational by March 31, 2021, along with all sites. As a result of the winter storm, the product and supply chain impacts across the industry created very tight supply fundamentals and generated pricing momentum for both raw materials and finished goods. The Company remains close to its customers and continues to work diligently to meet demand needs.
44
Table of Contents
OVERVIEW
The following is a summary of the results for the three months ended June 30, 2021:

The Company reported net sales in the second quarter of 2021 of $13.9 billion, up 66 percent from $8.4 billion in the second quarter of 2020, and up 17 percent from $11.9 billion in the first quarter of 2021, with increases across all operating segments and geographic regions.

Local price increased 53 percent compared with the same period last year with increases in all operating segments and geographic regions, driven by tight supply and demand fundamentals across key value chains. Local price increased in Packaging & Specialty Plastics (up 70 percent), Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure (up 53 percent) and Performance Materials & Coatings (up 16 percent). Local price increased 16 percent compared with the first quarter of 2021.

Volume increased 9 percent compared with the second quarter of 2020 with increases in all operating segments, led by polyurethane and silicones applications on demand recovery from the impact of the pandemic. Volume increased in Packaging & Specialty Plastics (up 4 percent), Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure (up 15 percent) and Performance Materials & Coatings (up 13 percent).

Currency had a favorable impact of 4 percent on net sales, driven by Europe, Middle East, Africa and India ('EMEAI') (up 11 percent) and Asia Pacific (up 4 percent).

Equity in earnings of nonconsolidated affiliates was $278 million in the second quarter of 2021, compared with equity losses of $95 million in the second quarter of 2020, primarily driven by margin expansion in polyurethanes and polyethylene at Sadara Chemical Company ('Sadara') and the Kuwait joint ventures. Equity in earnings of nonconsolidated affiliates was up $54 million compared with the prior quarter, primarily driven by the Thai joint ventures.

Net income available for Dow Inc. and TDCC common stockholder(s) was $1,901 million and $1,914 million, respectively, in the second quarter of 2021, compared with a net loss of $225 million in the second quarter of 2020. Earnings per share for Dow Inc. was $2.51 per share in the second quarter of 2021, compared with a loss of $0.31 per share in the second quarter of 2020.

Dow reduced gross debt by $1.1 billion in the second quarter of 2021. The Company's proactive liability management actions to redeem existing notes maturing in 2024 have resulted in no substantive long-term debt maturities due until the end of 2025 and a reduction in annual interest expense by $35 million.

Cash provided by operating activities - continuing operations was $2.0 billion in the second quarter of 2021, up $422 million versus the same period last year and an increase of $2.2 billion compared with the prior quarter.

On April 13, 2021, Fitch Ratings ('Fitch') reaffirmed TDCC's BBB+ and F2 rating, and revised its outlook from negative to stable. The decision was made as part of Fitch's annual review process.

On April 15, 2021, Dow Inc. announced that its Board of Directors ('Board') declared a dividend of $0.70 per share, which was paid on June 11, 2021, to shareholders of record as of May 28, 2021.

On June 10, 2021, Standard & Poor's ('S&P') announced a credit rating upgrade for TDCC from BBB- and A-3 to BBB and A-2, maintaining stable outlook. The decision from S&P reflects the expectation for an ongoing macroeconomic recovery, the Company's supportive financial policies and the strengthening of its operating performance in 2021 relative to 2020.

Dow Inc. repurchased $200 million of the Company's common stock in the second quarter of 2021.


45
Table of Contents
Selected Financial Data - Dow Inc. Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Net sales $ 13,885 $ 8,354 $ 25,767 $ 18,124
Cost of sales ('COS') $ 10,740 $ 7,610 $ 20,802 $ 15,840
Percent of net sales 77.3 % 91.1 % 80.7 % 87.4 %
Research and development ('R&D') expenses $ 228 $ 182 $ 422 $ 361
Percent of net sales 1.6 % 2.2 % 1.6 % 2.0 %
Selling, general and administrative ('SG&A') expenses $ 440 $ 357 $ 806 $ 691
Percent of net sales 3.2 % 4.3 % 3.1 % 3.8 %
Effective tax rate 21.3 % (18.6) % 22.3 % 80.8 %
Net income (loss) available for Dow Inc. common stockholders $ 1,901 $ (225) $ 2,892 $ 14

Selected Financial Data - TDCC Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Net sales $ 13,885 $ 8,354 $ 25,767 $ 18,124
COS $ 10,739 $ 7,608 $ 20,800 $ 15,838
Percent of net sales 77.3 % 91.1 % 80.7 % 87.4 %
R&D expenses $ 228 $ 182 $ 422 $ 361
Percent of net sales 1.6 % 2.2 % 1.6 % 2.0 %
SG&A expenses $ 440 $ 356 $ 806 $ 690
Percent of net sales 3.2 % 4.3 % 3.1 % 3.8 %
Effective tax rate 21.1 % (18.6) % 22.2 % 80.8 %
Net income (loss) available for The Dow Chemical Company common stockholder $ 1,914 $ (225) $ 2,897 $ 14


46
Table of Contents
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Net Sales
The following tables summarize net sales and sales variances by operating segment and geographic region from the prior year:

Summary of Sales Results Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Net sales $ 13,885 $ 8,354 $ 25,767 $ 18,124

Sales Variances by Operating Segment and Geographic Region
Three Months Ended Jun 30, 2021 Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Local Price & Product Mix Currency Volume Total Local Price & Product Mix Currency Volume Total
Percentage change from prior year
Packaging & Specialty Plastics 70 % 4 % 4 % 78 % 46 % 3 % 4 % 53 %
Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure 53 6 15 74 36 4 3 43
Performance Materials & Coatings 16 4 13 33 10 3 4 17
Total 53 % 4 % 9 % 66 % 34 % 4 % 4 % 42 %
Total, excluding the Hydrocarbons & Energy business 45 % 4 % 8 % 57 % 31 % 4 % 2 % 37 %
U.S. & Canada 55 % - % 12 % 67 % 36 % - % 2 % 38 %
EMEAI 63 11 14 88 38 9 7 54
Asia Pacific 28 4 (4) 28 21 4 3 28
Latin America 70 - 10 80 45 - 2 47
Total 53 % 4 % 9 % 66 % 34 % 4 % 4 % 42 %

Net sales in the second quarter of 2021 were $13.9 billion, up 66 percent from $8.4 billion in the second quarter of 2020, with local price up 53 percent, volume up 9 percent and a favorable currency impact of 4 percent. Net sales increased in all operating segments and geographic regions. Local price increased in all operating segments and geographic regions, primarily driven by tight supply and demand fundamentals across key value chains. Local price increased in Packaging & Specialty Plastics (up 70 percent), Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure (up 53 percent) and Performance Materials & Coatings (up 16 percent). Volume increased in all operating segments and geographic regions, except Asia Pacific, primarily driven by demand recovery in polyurethane and silicones applications from the impact of the pandemic in the year-ago period. Volume increased in Packaging & Specialty Plastics (up 4 percent), Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure (up 15 percent) and Performance Materials & Coatings (up 13 percent). Currency favorably impacted net sales 4 percent compared with the same period last year, driven by EMEAI (up 11 percent) and Asia Pacific (up 4 percent). Excluding the Hydrocarbons & Energy business, sales increased 57 percent.

Net sales for the first six months of 2021 were $25.8 billion, up 42 percent from $18.1 billion in the same period last year, with local price up 34 percent, volume up 4 percent and a favorable currency impact of 4 percent. Net sales increased in all operating segments and geographic regions. Local price increased in all operating segments and geographic regions, primarily reflecting price gains due to tight supply and demand fundamentals and the impact of Winter Storm Uri. Local price increased in Packaging & Specialty Plastics (up 46 percent), Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure (up 36 percent) and Performance Materials & Coatings (up 10 percent). Volume increased in all operating segments and geographic regions. Volume increased in Packaging & Specialty Plastics (up 4 percent), Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure (up 3 percent) and Performance Materials & Coatings (up 4 percent). Currency favorably impacted net sales 4 percent compared with the same period last year, driven by EMEAI (up 9 percent) and Asia Pacific (up 4 percent). Excluding the Hydrocarbons & Energy business, sales increased 37 percent.



47
Table of Contents
Cost of Sales
COS was $10.7 billion in the second quarter of 2021, up from $7.6 billion in the second quarter of 2020, primarily due to increased sales volume and higher feedstock, energy and other raw material costs. For the first six months of 2021, COS was $20.8 billion, up from $15.8 billion in the first six months of 2020, primarily due to increased sales volume, higher feedstock and energy costs and impacts from Winter Storm Uri, which included higher raw material costs and repair costs. The second quarter of 2021 included $41 million ($70 million for the first six months of 2021) of costs associated with implementing the Company's digital acceleration program (related to Corporate). COS as a percentage of net sales in the second quarter of 2021 was 77.3 percent (91.1 percent in the second quarter of 2020) and 80.7 percent for the first six months of 2021 (87.4 percent for the first six months of 2020).

Research and Development Expenses
R&D expenses totaled $228 million in the second quarter of 2021, compared with $182 million in the second quarter of 2020. R&D expenses for the first six months of 2021 were $422 million, compared with $361 million in the first six months of 2020. R&D expenses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 increased primarily due to higher performance-based compensation costs and fringe benefit expenses driven by stock market increases as compared with the same period last year.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Dow Inc.
SG&A expenses totaled $440 million in the second quarter of 2021, compared with $357 million in the second quarter of 2020. For the first six months of 2021, SG&A expenses were $806 million, compared with $691 million in the first six months of 2020. SG&A expenses increased primarily due to higher performance-based compensation costs and fringe benefit expenses driven by stock market increases as compared with the same period last year. The first quarter of 2020 was favorably impacted by the reversal of a bad debt reserve related to an arbitration judgment.

TDCC
SG&A expenses were $440 million in the second quarter of 2021, compared with $356 million in the second quarter of 2020. For the first six months of 2021, SG&A expenses were $806 million, compared with $690 million in the first six months of 2020.

Amortization of Intangibles
Amortization of intangibles was $100 million in the second quarter of 2021 and 2020. In the first six months of 2021, amortization of intangibles was $201 million, compared with $200 million in the first six months of 2020. See Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on intangible assets.

Restructuring and Asset Related Charges - Net
2020 Restructuring Program
On September 29, 2020, Dow Inc.'s Board approved restructuring actions to achieve the Company's structural cost improvement initiatives in response to the continued economic impact from the COVID-19 pandemic. The restructuring program is designed to reduce structural costs and enable the Company to further enhance competitiveness while the COVID-19 economic recovery continues. These actions are expected to be substantially complete by the end of 2021.

In the second quarter of 2021, the Company recorded pretax restructuring charges of $12 million for asset write-downs and write-offs and $10 million for costs associated with exit and disposal activities, impacting Packaging & Specialty Plastics ($8 million), Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure ($1 million), Performance Materials & Coatings ($10 million) and Corporate ($3 million).

DowDuPont Cost Synergy Program
In September and November 2017, DowDuPont Inc. ('DowDuPont') approved post-merger restructuring actions under the DowDuPont Cost Synergy Program (the 'Synergy Program') which was designed to integrate and optimize the organization following the merger and in preparation for the business separations. For the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recorded pretax restructuring charges of $90 million for severance and related benefit costs, related to Corporate. These were the final charges related to the Synergy Program.




48
Table of Contents
Asset Related Charges
The Company recognized pretax impairment charges of $6 million and $12 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, related to capital additions made to a bio-ethanol manufacturing facility in Santa Vitoria, Minas Gerais, Brazil, which was impaired in 2017 and divested in 2020 (related to Packaging & Specialty Plastics).

Integration and Separation Costs
Integration and separation costs, which reflect costs related to business separation activities, were $46 million in the second quarter of 2020 and $111 million for the first six months of 2020. Integration and business separation activities were completed as of December 31, 2020.Integration and separation costs are related to Corporate.

Equity in Earnings (Losses) of Nonconsolidated Affiliates
The Company's share of equity in earnings of nonconsolidated affiliates was $278 million in the second quarter of 2021, compared with equity losses of $95 million in the second quarter of 2020, driven by equity earnings at Sadara compared with equity losses in the same period last year, and higher equity earnings at the Kuwait and Thai joint ventures. Equity in earnings of nonconsolidated affiliates was $502 million in the first six months of 2021, compared with equity losses of $184 million in the first six months of 2020, driven by equity earnings at Sadara compared with equity losses in the same period last year, and higher equity earnings at the Kuwait and Thai joint ventures. See Note 9 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

Sundry Income (Expense) - Net
Sundry income (expense) - net includes a variety of income and expense items such as foreign currency exchange gains and losses, dividends from investments, gains and losses on sales of investments and assets, non-operating pension and other postretirement benefit plan credits or costs, losses on early extinguishment of debt and certain litigation matters.

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, Sundry income (expense) - net was expense of $3 million for Dow Inc. and income of $6 million for TDCC, compared with income of $53 million and $51 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The second quarter of 2021 included a $102 million loss on the early extinguishment of debt (related to Corporate) and foreign currency exchange losses. These were partially offset by non-operating pension and postretirement benefit plan credits and gains on the sale of assets and investments. In addition, Dow Inc. included a $5 million charge associated with agreements entered into with DuPont de Nemours, Inc. ('DuPont') and Corteva Inc. ('Corteva') as part of the separation and distribution (related to Corporate). The second quarter of 2020 included a $6 million gain related to the Nova Chemicals Corporation ('Nova') ethylene asset matter (related to Packaging & Specialty Plastics), non-operating pension and postretirement benefit plan credits and foreign currency exchange losses.

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, Sundry income (expense) - net was income of $125 million for Dow Inc. and TDCC, compared with expense of $28 million and $31 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The first six months of 2021 included non-operating pension and postretirement benefit plan credits and gains on the sale of assets and investments, which were partially offset by a $102 million loss on the early extinguishment of debt (related to Corporate) and foreign currency exchange losses. In addition, Dow Inc. included a $5 million charge associated with agreements entered into with DuPont and Corteva as part of the separation and distribution (related to Corporate). The first six months of 2020 included an $86 million loss on the early extinguishment of debt (related to Corporate) and foreign currency exchange losses, which were partially offset by non-operating pension and postretirement benefit plan credits and a $6 million gain related to the Nova ethylene asset matter (related to Packaging & Specialty Plastics). See Notes 6, 11, 16 and 22 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

Interest Expense and Amortization of Debt Discount
Interest expense and amortization of debt discount was $187 million in the second quarter of 2021, compared with $200 million in the second quarter of 2020. Interest expense and amortization of debt discount was $383 million in the first six months of 2021, compared with $415 million in the first six months of 2020. The decrease in interest expense is primarily due to lower coupon rates and the redemption of debt.


49
Table of Contents
Provision for Income Taxes
The Company's effective tax rate fluctuates based on, among other factors, where income is earned, the level of income relative to tax attributes and the level of equity earnings, since most earnings from the Company's equity method investments are taxed at the joint venture level. The effective tax rate for the second quarter of 2021 was 21.3 percent and 21.1 percent for Dow Inc. and TDCC, respectively, compared with negative 18.6 percent for the second quarter of 2020. For the first six months of 2021, the effective tax rate was 22.3 percent and 22.2 percent for Dow Inc. and TDCC, respectively, compared with 80.8 percent for the first six months of 2020. The tax rate in the second quarter and for the first six months of 2021 was favorably impacted by geographic mix of earnings and higher equity earnings. The tax rate in the second quarter and for the first six months of 2020 was unfavorably impacted primarily by equity losses and geographic mix of earnings and, to a lesser extent, non-deductible restructuring costs and an increase in tax reserves.

Net Income (Loss) Available for Common Stockholder(s)
Dow Inc.
Net income available for Dow Inc. common stockholders was $1,901 million, or $2.51 per share, in the second quarter of 2021, compared with a net loss of $225 million, or $0.31 per share, in the second quarter of 2020. Net income available for Dow Inc. common stockholders was $2,892 million, or $3.83 per share, in the first six months of 2021, compared with $14 million, or $0.01 per share, in the first six months of 2020. See Note 7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for details on Dow Inc.'s earnings per share calculations.

TDCC
Net income available for the TDCC common stockholder was $1,914 million in the second quarter of 2021, compared with a net loss of $225 million in the second quarter of 2020. Net income available for the TDCC common stockholder was $2,897 million in the first six months of 2021, compared with $14 million in the first six months of 2020. TDCC's common shares are owned solely by Dow Inc.

OUTLOOK
Dow's first half performance reflects the Company's agility in responding to increased customer demand despite industry supply disruptions across many value chains. The Company expects earnings momentum from additional improvements in consumer spending, international travel and industrial production. As the economic recovery broadens around the world, Dow is well positioned to continue capturing value due to its differentiated materials science portfolio and participation in fast-growing end-markets.

SEGMENT RESULTS
Dow's measure of profit/loss for segment reporting purposes is Operating EBIT as this is the manner in which the Company's chief operating decision maker ('CODM') assesses performance and allocates resources. The Company defines Operating EBIT as earnings (i.e., 'Income (loss) before income taxes') before interest, excluding the impact of significant items. Operating EBIT by segment includes all operating items relating to the businesses; items that principally apply to Dow as a whole are assigned to Corporate.

PACKAGING & SPECIALTY PLASTICS
Packaging & Specialty Plastics consists of two highly integrated global businesses: Hydrocarbons & Energy and Packaging and Specialty Plastics. The segment employs the industry's broadest polyolefin product portfolio, supported by the Company's proprietary catalyst and manufacturing process technologies, to work at the customer's design table throughout the value chain to deliver more reliable and durable, higher performing, and more sustainable plastics to customers in food and specialty packaging; industrial and consumer packaging; health and hygiene; caps, closures and pipe applications; consumer durables; mobility; and infrastructure. Ethylene is transferred to downstream derivative businesses at market-based prices, which are generally equivalent to prevailing market prices for large volume purchases. This segment also includes the results of The Kuwait Styrene Company K.S.C.C. and The SCG-Dow Group, as well as a portion of the results of EQUATE Petrochemical Company K.S.C.C. ('EQUATE'), The Kuwait Olefins Company K.S.C.C. ('TKOC'), Map Ta Phut Olefins Company Limited ('Map Ta Phut') and Sadara, all joint ventures of the Company.

The Company is currently responsible for marketing a majority of Sadara products outside of the Middle East zone through the Company's established sales channels. As part of this arrangement, the Company purchases and sells Sadara products for a marketing fee. In March 2021, Dow and the Saudi Arabian Oil Company agreed to transition the marketing rights and responsibilities for Sadara's finished products to levels more consistent with each partner's equity ownership. This transition began in July 2021 and will be implemented over the next five years.

50
Table of Contents
Packaging & Specialty Plastics Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Net sales $ 7,121 $ 4,001 $ 13,203 $ 8,610
Operating EBIT $ 2,014 $ 318 $ 3,242 $ 898
Equity earnings $ 130 $ 20 $ 236 $ 25

Packaging & Specialty Plastics Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
Percentage change from prior year Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2021
Change in Net Sales from Prior Period due to:
Local price & product mix 70 % 46 %
Currency 4 3
Volume 4 4
Total 78 % 53 %

Packaging & Specialty Plastics net sales were $7,121 million in the second quarter of 2021, up 78 percent from net sales of $4,001 million in the second quarter of 2020, with local price up 70 percent, volume up 4 percent and a favorable currency impact of 4 percent, primarily in EMEAI. Local price increased in both businesses and across all geographic regions, driven by strong supply and demand fundamentals. Local price increased in Hydrocarbons & Energy as prices for co-products are generally correlated to Brent crude oil prices, which increased 107 percent compared with the second quarter of 2020. Local price increased in Packaging and Specialty Plastics driven by strong supply and demand fundamentals, notably in industrial and consumer packaging and flexible food and beverage packaging applications. Volume increased in Hydrocarbons & Energy, primarily in the U.S. & Canada, more than offsetting decreases in Packaging and Specialty Plastics driven by supply constraints from the lingering effects of Winter Storm Uri and planned maintenance turnaround activity.

Operating EBIT was $2,014 million in the second quarter of 2021, up $1,696 million from Operating EBIT of $318 million in the second quarter of 2020. Operating EBIT increased primarily due to integrated margin expansion and increased equity earnings at Sadara and the Kuwait and Thai joint ventures.

Packaging & Specialty Plastics net sales were $13,203 million in the first six months of 2021, up 53 percent from net sales of $8,610 million in the first six months of 2020, with local price up 46 percent, volume up 4 percent and a favorable currency impact of 3 percent, primarily in EMEAI. Local price increased in both businesses and across all geographic regions, driven by strong supply and demand fundamentals. Local price increased in Hydrocarbons & Energy as prices for co-products are generally correlated to Brent crude oil prices, which, on average, increased 55 percent compared with the first six months of 2020. Local price increased in Packaging and Specialty Plastics driven by strong supply and demand fundamentals, notably in industrial and consumer packaging and flexible food and beverage packaging applications. Volume increased in Hydrocarbons & Energy, primarily in the U.S. & Canada and EMEAI, more than offsetting decreases in Asia Pacific. Volume was flat in Packaging and Specialty Plastics as increases in the U.S. & Canada and EMEAI were offset by declines in Latin America.

Operating EBIT was $3,242 million in the first six months of 2021, up $2,344 million from Operating EBIT of $898 million in the first six months of 2020. Operating EBIT increased primarily due to integrated margin expansion and increased equity earnings at Sadara and the Kuwait and Thai joint ventures.

51
Table of Contents
INDUSTRIAL INTERMEDIATES & INFRASTRUCTURE
Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure consists of two customer-centric global businesses - Industrial Solutions and Polyurethanes & Construction Chemicals - that develop important intermediate chemicals that are essential to manufacturing processes, as well as downstream, customized materials and formulations that use advanced development technologies. These businesses primarily produce and market ethylene oxide and propylene oxide derivatives that are aligned to market segments as diverse as appliances, coatings, electronics, surfactants for cleaning and sanitization, infrastructure and oil and gas. The global scale and reach of these businesses, world‑class technology and R&D capabilities and materials science expertise enable the Company to be a premier solutions provider, offering customers value-add sustainable solutions to enhance comfort, energy efficiency, product effectiveness and durability across a wide range of home comfort and appliances, building and construction, adhesives and lubricant applications, among others. This segment also includes a portion of the results of EQUATE, TKOC, Map Ta Phut and Sadara, all joint ventures of the Company.

The Company is currently responsible for marketing a majority of Sadara products outside of the Middle East zone through the Company's established sales channels. As part of this arrangement, the Company purchases and sells Sadara products for a marketing fee. In March 2021, Dow and the Saudi Arabian Oil Company agreed to transition the marketing rights and responsibilities for Sadara's finished products to levels more consistent with each partner's equity ownership. This transition began in July 2021 and will be implemented over the next five years.

Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Net sales $ 4,215 $ 2,417 $ 7,822 $ 5,462
Operating EBIT $ 648 $ (220) $ 974 $ (45)
Equity earnings (losses) $ 144 $ (113) $ 259 $ (189)

Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
Percentage change from prior year Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2021
Change in Net Sales from Prior Period due to:
Local price & product mix 53 % 36 %
Currency 6 4
Volume 15 3
Total 74 % 43 %

Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure net sales were $4,215 million in the second quarter of 2021, up 74 percent from $2,417 million in the second quarter of 2020, with local price up 53 percent, volume up 15 percent and a favorable currency impact of 6 percent. Local price increased in both businesses and in all geographic regions. Local price increased in Polyurethanes & Construction Chemicals with increases in all end-market applications, driven by tight supply and demand fundamentals. Industrial Solutions local price increased primarily in offerings for coatings, industrial and electronics end-market applications, driven by strong supply and demand fundamentals. Volume in Polyurethanes & Construction Chemicals increased in all geographic regions, except Asia Pacific, primarily due to robust consumer demand in durable goods and appliances and construction end-markets. Volume in Industrial Solutions decreased, driven by volume decreases in EMEAI and Asia Pacific, which were partially offset by volume increases in the U.S. & Canada and Latin America. Volume increases in industrial manufacturing, coatings and infrastructure end-market applications were more than offset by planned maintenance turnaround activity, third-party supply constraints and the lingering effects of Winter Storm Uri. Currency favorably impacted sales in both businesses and in EMEAI and Asia Pacific.

Operating EBIT was $648 million in the second quarter of 2021, up $868 million from an Operating EBIT loss of $220 million in the second quarter of 2020. Operating EBIT increased primarily due to margin expansion from strong supply and demand fundamentals in both businesses and higher equity earnings at Sadara and the Kuwait joint ventures.


52
Table of Contents
Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure net sales were $7,822 million in the first six months of 2021, up 43 percent from net sales of $5,462 million in the first six months of 2020, driven by an increase in price of 36 percent, a favorable currency impact of 4 percent and volume up 3 percent. Local price increased in both businesses and in all geographic regions. Local price increased in Polyurethanes & Construction Chemicals with increases in all end-market applications, driven by tight supply and demand fundamentals. Industrial Solutions local price increased primarily in offerings for coatings, industrial and electronics end-market applications, driven by strong supply and demand fundamentals and rising energy prices. Currency favorably impacted sales in both businesses and in EMEAI and Asia Pacific. Volume in Polyurethanes & Construction Chemicals increased due to gains in Latin America and EMEAI, partially offset by decreased volume in the U.S. & Canada, and was primarily due to robust consumer demand in durable goods and appliances and industrial and construction end-markets. Volume in Industrial Solutions decreased in all geographic regions, except Latin America, and was largely driven by supply constraints in the U.S. due to Winter Storm Uri as well as planned maintenance turnaround activity.

Operating EBIT was $974 million in the first six months of 2021, up $1,019 million from an Operating EBIT loss of $45 million in the first six months of 2020. Operating EBIT increased primarily due to margin expansion from strong supply and demand fundamentals in both businesses and higher equity earnings at Sadara and the Kuwait joint ventures.

PERFORMANCE MATERIALS & COATINGS
Performance Materials & Coatings includes industry-leading franchises that deliver a wide array of solutions into consumer and infrastructure end-markets. The segment consists of two global businesses: Coatings & Performance Monomers and Consumer Solutions. These businesses primarily utilize the Company's acrylics-, cellulosics- and silicone-based technology platforms to serve the needs of the architectural and industrial coatings; home care and personal care; consumer and electronics; mobility; industrial and chemical processing; and building and infrastructure end-markets. Both businesses employ materials science capabilities, global reach and unique products and technology to combine chemistry platforms to deliver differentiated offerings to customers.

Performance Materials & Coatings Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Net sales $ 2,465 $ 1,855 $ 4,588 $ 3,920
Operating EBIT $ 225 $ 27 $ 287 $ 189
Equity earnings $ - $ 2 $ 2 $ 3

Performance Materials & Coatings Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
Percentage change from prior year Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2021
Change in Net Sales from Prior Period due to:
Local price & product mix 16 % 10 %
Currency 4 3
Volume 13 4
Total 33 % 17 %

Performance Materials & Coatings net sales were $2,465 million in the second quarter of 2021, up 33 percent from net sales of $1,855 million in the second quarter of 2020, with local price up 16 percent, volume up 13 percent and a favorable currency impact of 4 percent. Local price increased in both businesses and all geographic regions. Local price increased in Consumer Solutions primarily due to favorable supply and demand fundamentals in siloxanes. Local price increased in Coatings & Performance Monomers primarily in response to higher raw material costs and favorable supply and demand fundamentals. Volume increased in both businesses as a result of demand recovery from the impacts of the pandemic in the year-ago period. Consumer Solutions volume increase was driven by growth in mobility, electronics, and building and infrastructure end-markets. Volume increased in Coatings & Performance Monomers as growth in Asia Pacific and Latin America more than offset volume decreases in the U.S. & Canada and EMEAI as a result of limited supply availability due to lingering raw material and logistical constraints from Winter Storm Uri.


53
Table of Contents
Operating EBIT was $225 million in the second quarter of 2021, up $198 million from Operating EBIT of $27 million in the second quarter of 2020. Operating EBIT increased driven by margin expansion and higher volume, primarily in Consumer Solutions due to strong consumer and industrial demand recovery.

Performance Materials & Coatings net sales were $4,588 million in the first six months of 2021, up 17 percent from net sales of $3,920 million in the first six months of 2020, with local price up 10 percent, volume up 4 percent, and a favorable currency impact of 3 percent. Local price increased in both businesses and all geographic regions. Consumer Solutions local price increased primarily in upstream siloxanes due to favorable supply and demand fundamentals. Local price increased in Coatings & Performance Monomers primarily due to improved supply and demand fundamentals in acrylic monomers and architectural coatings. Volume increases in Asia Pacific, Latin America and EMEAI were partially offset by a decrease in volume in the U.S & Canada due to supply constraints from Winter Storm Uri and planned maintenance turnaround activity. Consumer Solutions volume increased due to higher demand in all regions which was partially offset by lower volumes in upstream siloxanes in Asia Pacific as a result of planned maintenance turnaround activity. Coatings & Performance Monomers volume decreased in the U.S & Canada and EMEAI, which was partially offset by increases in Asia Pacific and Latin America. The favorable currency impact was driven by Asia Pacific and EMEAI.

Operating EBIT was $287 million in the first six months of 2021, up $98 million from Operating EBIT of $189 million in the first sixmonths of 2020. Operating EBIT increased driven by margin expansion and higher volume in Consumer Solutions.

CORPORATE
Corporate includes certain enterprise and governance activities (including insurance operations, environmental operations, etc.); non-business aligned joint ventures; non-business aligned litigation expenses; and discontinued or non-aligned businesses.

Corporate Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
In millions Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Net sales $ 84 $ 81 $ 154 $ 132
Operating EBIT $ (59) $ (68) $ (121) $ (142)
Equity earnings (losses) $ 4 $ (4) $ 5 $ (23)

Net sales for Corporate, which primarily relate to the Company's insurance operations, were $84 million in the second quarter of 2021, an increase from net sales of $81 million in the second quarter of 2020. Net sales were $154 million in the first six months of 2021, up from net sales of $132 million in the first six months of 2020.

Operating EBIT was a loss of $59 million in the second quarter of 2021, compared with a loss of $68 million in the second quarter of 2020. Operating EBIT was a loss of $121 million in the first six months of 2021, compared with a loss of $142 million in the first six months of 2020. Operating EBIT improved primarily due to reduced equity losses.

CHANGES IN FINANCIAL CONDITION
The Company had cash and cash equivalents of $3,491 million at June 30, 2021 and $5,104 million at December 31, 2020, of which $1,838 million at June 30, 2021 and $862 million at December 31, 2020 was held by subsidiaries in foreign countries, including U.S. territories. For each of its foreign subsidiaries, Dow makes an assertion regarding the amount of earnings intended for permanent reinvestment, with the balance available to be repatriated to the United States.

The cash held by foreign subsidiaries for permanent reinvestment is generally used to finance the subsidiaries' operational activities and future foreign investments. Dow has the ability to repatriate additional funds to the U.S., which could result in an adjustment to the tax liability for foreign withholding taxes, foreign and/or U.S. state income taxes and the impact of foreign currency movements. At June 30, 2021, management believed that sufficient liquidity was available in the U.S. The Company has and expects to continue repatriating certain funds from its non-U.S. subsidiaries that are not needed to finance local operations; however, these particular repatriation activities have not and are not expected to result in a significant incremental tax liability to the Company.

54
Table of Contents
The Company's cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities, as reflected in the consolidated statements of cash flows, are summarized in the following table:

Cash Flow Summary Dow Inc. TDCC
Six Months Ended Six Months Ended
Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
In millions
Cash provided by (used for):
Operating activities - continuing operations $ 1,793 $ 2,835 $ 1,912 $ 2,842
Operating activities - discontinued operations (80) (6) - -
Operating activities 1,713 2,829 1,912 2,842
Investing activities (768) (534) (768) (534)
Financing activities (2,500) (879) (2,699) (892)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (12) (66) (12) (66)
Summary
Increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (1,567) 1,350 (1,567) 1,350
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period 5,108 2,380 5,108 2,380
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period $ 3,541 $ 3,730 $ 3,541 $ 3,730
Less: Restricted cash and cash equivalents, included in 'Other current assets' 50 6 50 6
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 3,491 $ 3,724 $ 3,491 $ 3,724

Cash Flows from Operating Activities
In the first six months of 2021, cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations decreased compared with the first six months of 2020. The decrease was primarily due to elective pension contributions, an increase in cash used for working capital requirements, an increase in performance-based compensation payments and the absence of cash receipts related to an advance payment from a customer and the Nova ethylene asset matter. These items were partially offset by an increase in the Company's cash earnings.

Net Working Capital Dow Inc. TDCC
Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020
In millions
Current assets $ 20,352 $ 19,084 $ 20,311 $ 18,998
Current liabilities 12,308 11,108 12,012 10,574
Net working capital $ 8,044 $ 7,976 $ 8,299 $ 8,424
Current ratio 1.65:1 1.72:1 1.69:1 1.80:1

Working Capital Metrics Three Months Ended
Jun 30, 2021 Mar 31, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Days sales outstanding in trade receivables 1
39 39 50
Days sales in inventory 2
56 53 72
Days payables outstanding 3
55 53 68
1.The decrease in days sales outstanding in trade receivables from the same period last year was primarily due to an increase in net sales, which more than offset an increase in average accounts receivables. Days sales outstanding in trade receivables was unchanged from the prior quarter.
2.The decrease in days sales in inventory from the same period last year was primarily due to an increase in COS, which more than offset an increase in average inventory. The increase in days sales in inventory from the prior quarter was primarily due to an increase in average inventory, which more than offset an increase in COS.
3.The decrease in days payables outstanding from the same period last year was primarily due to an increase in COS and an increase in the change in inventory, which more than offset an increase in average accounts payable. The increase in days payables outstanding from the prior quarter was primarily due to an increase in average accounts payable, which more than offset an increase in COS and an increase in the change in inventory.
55
Table of Contents
Cash used for operating activities from discontinued operations in the first six months of 2021 and 2020 primarily related to cash payments and receipts Dow Inc. had with DuPont and Corteva that related to certain agreements and matters related to the separation from DowDuPont. See Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

Cash Flows from Investing Activities
Cash used for investing activities in the first six months of 2021 was primarily for capital expenditures, purchases of investments and acquisitions of property and businesses, which were partially offset by proceeds from sales and maturities of investments. Cash used for investing activities in the first six months of 2020 was primarily for capital expenditures, purchases of investments and investments in and loans to nonconsolidated affiliates (related to Sadara), which were partially offset by proceeds from sales and maturities of investments, and included partial monetization of the Company's investment in company-owned life insurance policies.

The Company's capital expenditures were $622 million in the first six months of 2021, compared with $668 million in the first six months of 2020. The Company expects full year capital spending in 2021 to be approximately $1.6 billion. The Company will adjust its spending through the year as economic conditions evolve.

As a result of Sadara's debt re-profiling completed in the first quarter of 2021, the Company does not expect to provide any shareholder loans or equity contributions to Sadara in 2021. In the first six months of 2020, the Company loaned $236 million to Sadara.

Cash Flows from Financing Activities
Cash used for financing activities in the first six months of 2021 included payments on long-term debt, which was partially offset by proceeds from issuance of stock. In addition, Dow Inc. included cash outflows for dividends paid to stockholders and purchases of treasury stock and TDCC included a cash outflow for dividends paid to Dow Inc. Cash used for financing activities in the first six months of 2020 included proceeds from issuance of long-term debt and changes in short-term notes payable, which were partially offset by payments on long-term debt. In addition, Dow Inc. included cash outflows for dividends paid to common stockholders and repurchases of common stock and TDCC included cash outflows for dividends paid to Dow Inc. See Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information related to the issuance and retirement of debt.

Dow Inc. Non-GAAP Cash Flow Measures
Free Cash Flow
Dow defines free cash flow as 'Cash provided by operating activities - continuing operations,' less capital expenditures. Under this definition, free cash flow represents the cash generated by Dow from operations after investing in its asset base. Free cash flow, combined with cash balances and other sources of liquidity, represents the cash available to fund obligations and provide returns to shareholders. Free cash flow is an integral financial measure used in the Company's financial planning process.

Operating EBITDA
Dow defines Operating EBITDA as earnings (i.e., 'Income before income taxes') before interest, depreciation and amortization, excluding the impact of significant items.

Cash Flow Conversion (Operating EBITDA to Cash Flow From Operations)
Dow defines cash flow conversion (Operating EBITDA to cash flow from operations) as 'Cash provided by operating activities - continuing operations,' divided by Operating EBITDA. Management believes cash flow conversion is an important financial metric as it helps the Company determine how efficiently it is converting its earnings into cash flow.
56
Table of Contents
These financial measures are not recognized in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ('U.S. GAAP') and should not be viewed as alternatives to U.S. GAAP financial measures of performance. All companies do not calculate non-GAAP financial measures in the same manner and, accordingly, Dow's definitions may not be consistent with the methodologies used by other companies.

Reconciliation of Free Cash Flow
Six Months Ended
Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
In millions
Cash provided by operating activities - continuing operations (GAAP) $ 1,793 $ 2,835
Capital expenditures (622) (668)
Free cash flow (non-GAAP) 1
$ 1,171 $ 2,167
1.Free cash flow in the first six months of 2021 reflects a $1 billion elective pension contribution.

Reconciliation of Cash Flow Conversion (Operating EBITDA to Cash Flow from Operations)
Six Months Ended
Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
In millions
Net income (GAAP) $ 2,938 $ 41
+ Provision for income taxes 841 172
Income before income taxes $ 3,779 $ 213
- Interest income 21 21
+ Interest expense and amortization of debt discount 383 415
- Significant items ¹ (241) (293)
Operating EBIT (non-GAAP) $ 4,382 $ 900
+ Depreciation and amortization 1,462 1,424
Operating EBITDA (non-GAAP) $ 5,844 $ 2,324
Cash provided by operating activities - continuing operations (GAAP) $ 1,793 $ 2,835
Cash flow conversion (Operating EBITDA to cash flow from operations) (non-GAAP) 2
30.7 % 122.0 %
1.The six months ended June 30, 2021 includes costs associated with the Company's digital acceleration program, restructuring, implementation costs and asset related charges - net, a loss on early extinguishment of debt, and indemnification and other transaction costs. The six months ended June 30, 2020 includes integration and separation costs, restructuring, implementation costs and asset related charges - net, a loss on early extinguishment of debt and a gain related to a legal matter with Nova. See Note 22 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
2.Cash flow conversion in the first six months of 2021 reflects a $1 billion elective pension contribution.

Liquidity & Financial Flexibility
The Company's primary source of incremental liquidity is cash flows from operating activities. The generation of cash from operations and the Company's ability to access capital markets is expected to meet the Company's cash requirements for working capital, capital expenditures, debt maturities, contributions to pension plans, dividend distributions to stockholders, share repurchases and other needs. In addition to cash from operating activities, the Company's current liquidity sources also include TDCC's U.S. and Euromarket commercial paper programs, committed and uncommitted credit facilities, committed accounts receivable facilities, a U.S. retail note program ('InterNotes®') and other debt markets.

The Company continues to maintain a strong financial position with all of its committed credit facilities undrawn and fully available at June 30, 2021. Cash and committed and available forms of liquidity were $13 billion at June 30, 2021. The Company also has no substantive long-term debt maturities until the end of 2025. Additional details on sources of liquidity are as follows:

Commercial Paper
TDCC issues promissory notes under its U.S. and Euromarket commercial paper programs. TDCC had no commercial paper outstanding at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020. TDCC maintains access to the commercial paper market at competitive rates. Amounts outstanding under TDCC's commercial paper programs during the period may be greater, or less than, the amount reported at the end of the period. Subsequent to June 30, 2021, TDCC issued approximately $1.3 billion of commercial paper.


57
Table of Contents
Committed Credit Facilities
The Company also has the ability to access liquidity through TDCC's committed and available credit facilities. At June 30, 2021, TDCC had total committed and available credit facilities of $8.1 billion. See Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on committed and available credit facilities.

Committed Accounts Receivable Facilities
In addition to the above committed credit facilities, the Company maintains a committed accounts receivable facility in the U.S. where eligible trade accounts receivable, up to $900 million, may be sold at any point in time. The Company also maintains a committed accounts receivable facility in Europe where eligible trade accounts receivable, up to €400 million, may be sold at any point in time. At June 30, 2021, there were no receivables sold under the U.S. and Europe committed accounts receivable facilities. For additional information, see Note 14 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the 2020 10-K.

Company-Owned Life Insurance
The Company has investments in company-owned life insurance ('COLI') policies, which are recorded at their cash surrender value as of each balance sheet date. The Company has the ability to monetize its investment in its COLI policies as an additional source of liquidity. In the first quarter of 2021, the Company monetized $200 million of its existing COLI policies' surrender value. In the second quarter of 2021, the Company repaid the drawdown against the cash surrender value, which resulted in no monetization of its existing COLI policies' surrender value at June 30, 2021.

Uncommitted Credit Facilities
Dow has entered into various uncommitted bilateral credit arrangements as a potential source of excess liquidity. These lines can be used to support short-term liquidity needs and for general purposes, including letters of credit. Dow had no drawdowns outstanding at June 30, 2021.

Debt
As the Company continues to maintain its strong balance sheet and financial flexibility, management is focused on net debt (a non-GAAP financial measure), as the Company believes this is the best representation of its financial leverage at this point in time. As shown in the following table, net debt is equal to total gross debt minus 'Cash and cash equivalents' and 'Marketable securities.' At June 30, 2021, net debt as a percent of total capitalization decreased to 42.9 percent and 42.4 percent for Dow Inc. and TDCC, respectively, compared with 47.9 percent and 46.8 percent at December 31, 2020.

Total Debt Dow Inc. TDCC
Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020
In millions
Notes payable $ 203 $ 156 $ 203 $ 156
Long-term debt due within one year 445 460 445 460
Long-term debt 15,093 16,491 15,093 16,491
Gross debt $ 15,741 $ 17,107 $ 15,741 $ 17,107
- Cash and cash equivalents 3,491 5,104 3,491 5,104
- Marketable securities 1
105 45 105 45
Net debt $ 12,145 $ 11,958 $ 12,145 $ 11,958
Total equity $ 16,153 $ 13,005 $ 16,523 $ 13,569
Gross debt as a percent of total capitalization 49.4 % 56.8 % 48.8 % 55.8 %
Net debt as a percent of total capitalization 42.9 % 47.9 % 42.4 % 46.8 %
1.Included in 'Other current assets' in the consolidated balance sheets.

In the second quarter of 2021, the Company redeemed $208 million aggregate principal amount of 3.15 percent notes due May 2024 and $811 million aggregate principal amount of 3.50 percent notes due October 2024.

58
Table of Contents
The Company may at any time repurchase certain debt securities in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions subject to: the applicable terms under which any such debt securities were issued, certain internal approvals of the Company, and applicable laws and regulations of the relevant jurisdiction in which any such potential transactions might take place. This in no way obligates the Company to make any such repurchases nor should it be considered an offer to do so.

TDCC's public debt instruments and primary, private credit agreements contain, among other provisions, certain customary restrictive covenant and default provisions. TDCC's most significant debt covenant with regard to its financial position is the obligation to maintain the ratio of its consolidated indebtedness to consolidated capitalization at no greater than 0.65 to 1.00 at any time the aggregate outstanding amount of loans under the Five Year Competitive Advance and Revolving Credit Facility Agreement ('Revolving Credit Agreement') equals or exceeds $500 million. The ratio of TDCC's consolidated indebtedness to consolidated capitalization as defined in the Revolving Credit Agreement was 0.47 to 1.00 at June 30, 2021. Management believes TDCC was in compliance with all of its covenants and default provisions at June 30, 2021. For information on TDCC's debt covenants and default provisions, see Note 15 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the 2020 10-K. There were no material changes to the debt covenants and default provisions related to TDCC's outstanding long-term debt and primary, private credit agreements in the first six months of 2021.

While taking into consideration the current economic environment, management expects that the Company will continue to have sufficient liquidity and financial flexibility to meet all of its business obligations.

Credit Ratings
At June 30, 2021, TDCC's credit ratings were as follows:

Credit Ratings Long-Term Rating Short-Term Rating Outlook
Standard & Poor's BBB A-2 Stable
Moody's Investors Service Baa2 P-2 Stable
Fitch Ratings BBB+ F2 Stable

On April 13, 2021, Fitch Ratings reaffirmed TDCC's BBB+ and F2 rating, and revised its outlook from negative to stable. The decision was made as part of Fitch's annual review process.

On June 10, 2021, Standard & Poor's ('S&P') announced a credit rating upgrade for TDCC from BBB- and A-3 to BBB and A-2, maintaining stable outlook. The decision from S&P reflects the expectation for an ongoing macroeconomic recovery, the Company's supportive financial policies and the strengthening of its operating performance in 2021 relative to 2020.

Dividends
Dow Inc.
On February 11, 2021, Dow Inc. announced that its Board declared a dividend of $0.70 per share, which was paid on March 12, 2021, to shareholders of record as of February 26, 2021. On April 15, 2021, Dow Inc. announced that its Board declared a dividend of $0.70 per share, which was paid on June 11, 2021, to shareholders of record as of May 28, 2021.

TDCC
TDCC has committed to fund Dow Inc.'s dividends paid to common stockholders and share repurchases, as approved by Dow Inc.'s Board from time to time, as well as certain governance expenses. Funding is accomplished through intercompany loans. TDCC's Board reviews and determines a dividend distribution to Dow Inc. to settle the intercompany loans. For the three months ended June 30, 2021, TDCC declared and paid a dividend to Dow Inc. of $739 million ($1,442 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021). At June 30, 2021, TDCC's intercompany loan balance with Dow Inc. was insignificant. See Note 21 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.


59
Table of Contents
Share Repurchase Program
On April 1, 2019, Dow Inc.'s Board ratified the share repurchase program originally approved on March 15, 2019, authorizing up to $3.0 billion to be spent on the repurchase of the Company's common stock, with no expiration date. The Company repurchased $200 million of its common stock in the second quarter of 2021 ($200 million in the first six months of 2021). At June 30, 2021, approximately $2.2 billion of the share repurchase program authorization remained available for repurchases. In the second quarter of 2021, the Company resumed the repurchase of shares to cover dilution and will continue to evaluate the repurchase of additional shares as economic conditions develop.

Pension Plans
The Company has both funded and unfunded defined benefit pension plans that cover employees in the United States and a number of other countries. The Company's funding policy is to contribute to funded plans when pension laws and/or economics either require or encourage funding.

On March 4, 2021, the Company announced changes to the design of its U.S. tax-qualified and non-qualified pension plans (collectively, the 'U.S. Plans') and, effective December 31, 2023, the Company will freeze the pensionable compensation and credited service amounts used to calculate pension benefits for employees who participate in the U.S. Plans. Additionally, the Company elected to contribute $1 billion to its U.S. tax-qualified pension plans. As a result, the Company increased its estimated global 2021 pension contributions to approximately $1,230 million, of which $1,109 million has been contributed through June 30, 2021.

In connection with the foregoing plan amendments and inclusive of the additional discretionary contributions to the U.S. tax-qualified pension plans, the Company remeasured the U.S. Plans effective February 28, 2021, which resulted in a decrease of approximately $200 million in the expected net periodic pension benefit cost for 2021, inclusive of curtailment gains of $19 million, recognized in the first quarter of 2021. The Company's total net periodic pension benefit cost is expected to be approximately $40 million in 2021, inclusive of curtailment gains and subject to foreign currency fluctuations and events or actions that may require additional plan remeasurements.

See Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements and Note 20 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the 2020 10-K for additional information related to the Company's pension plans.

Restructuring
The actions related to the 2020 Restructuring Program are expected to result in additional cash expenditures of $269 million, primarily through the first quarter of 2022, consisting of severance and related benefit costs and costs associated with exit and disposal activities, including contract cancellation penalties and environmental remediation. Restructuring implementation costs, primarily decommissioning and demolition activities related to asset actions, are expected to result in additional cash expenditures of approximately $130 million, primarily through the third quarter of 2022. Restructuring implementation costs totaled $21 million in the second quarter of 2021 ($31 million in the first six months of 2021).

The Company expects to incur additional costs in the future related to its restructuring activities, which will be recognized as incurred. The Company also expects to incur additional employee-related costs, including involuntary termination benefits related to its other optimization activities. These costs cannot be reasonably estimated at this time. See Note 5 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on the Company's restructuring activities.

Digital Acceleration
In the first quarter of 2021, Dow announced plans to further advance and expand its digitalization efforts to deliver long-term value creation, by accelerating investment in three key areas: expanding digital tools to accelerate materials science innovation; further enhancing the e-commerce buying and fulfillment experience for Dow's customers; and adopting real-time digital manufacturing insights, operational data intelligence and demand sensing to enhance the productivity and reliability of Dow's operations. The Company expects more than $300 million in incremental annual run rate Operating EBITDA generation by the end of 2025 related to digital acceleration, with an additional one-time $100 million in structural working capital efficiency gains, driven in part by enhanced planning from digital tools. The activities related to digital acceleration are expected to result in additional cash expenditures of approximately $320 million, primarily through the end of 2022. Digital acceleration expenses totaled $48 million in the second quarter of 2021 ($81 million in the first six months of 2021).

60
Table of Contents
Contractual Obligations
Information related to the Company's contractual obligations, commercial commitments and expected cash requirements for interest can be found in Notes 15, 16, 17 and 20 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the 2020 10-K. With the exception of the items noted below, there have been no material changes in the Company's contractual obligations since December 31, 2020.

Contractual Obligations at Jun 30, 2021 Payments Due In
In millions 2021 2022-2023 2024-2025 2026 and beyond Total
Long-term debt obligations 1
$ 291 $ 533 $ 694 $ 14,367 $ 15,885
Pension and other postretirement benefits $ 169 $ 655 $ 649 $ 7,573 $ 9,046
1.Excludes unamortized debt discount and issuance costs of $347 million. Includes finance lease obligations of $553 million.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
Off-balance sheet arrangements are obligations the Company has with nonconsolidated entities related to transactions, agreements or other contractual arrangements. The Company holds variable interests in joint ventures accounted for under the equity method of accounting. The Company is not the primary beneficiary of these joint ventures and therefore is not required to consolidate these entities (see Note 20 to the Consolidated Financial Statements).

Guarantees arise during the ordinary course of business from relationships with customers, committed accounts receivable facilities and nonconsolidated affiliates when the Company undertakes an obligation to guarantee the performance of others if specific triggering events occur. Additional information related to guarantees can be found in the 'Guarantees' section of Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Fair Value Measurements
See Note 19 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information concerning fair value measurements.


OTHER MATTERS
Recent Accounting Guidance
See Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for a summary of recent accounting guidance.

Critical Accounting Estimates
The preparation of financial statements and related disclosures in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ('U.S. GAAP') requires management to make judgments, assumptions and estimates that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the 2020 10-K describes the significant accounting policies and methods used in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements. The Company's accounting policies that are impacted by judgments, assumptions and estimates are described in Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in the 2020 10-K. Since December 31, 2020, there have been no material changes in the Company's accounting policies that are impacted by judgments, assumptions and estimates.

Asbestos-Related Matters of Union Carbide Corporation
Union Carbide is and has been involved in a large number of asbestos-related suits filed primarily in state courts during the past four decades. These suits principally allege personal injury resulting from exposure to asbestos‑containing products and frequently seek both actual and punitive damages. The alleged claims primarily relate to products that Union Carbide sold in the past, alleged exposure to asbestos-containing products located on Union Carbide's premises, and Union Carbide's responsibility for asbestos suits filed against a former Union Carbide subsidiary, Amchem Products, Inc. ('Amchem'). In many cases, plaintiffs are unable to demonstrate that they have suffered any compensable loss as a result of such exposure, or that injuries incurred in fact resulted from exposure to Union Carbide's products.

61
Table of Contents
The table below provides information regarding asbestos-related claims pending against Union Carbide and Amchem based on criteria developed by Union Carbide and its external consultants:

Asbestos-Related Claim Activity 2021 2020
Claims unresolved at Jan 1 9,126 11,117
Claims filed 2,081 2,194
Claims settled, dismissed or otherwise resolved (2,184) (2,488)
Claims unresolved at Jun 30 9,023 10,823
Claimants with claims against both Union Carbide and Amchem (2,498) (3,555)
Individual claimants at Jun 30 6,525 7,268

Plaintiffs' lawyers often sue numerous defendants in individual lawsuits or on behalf of numerous claimants. As a result, the damages alleged are not expressly identified as to Union Carbide, Amchem or any other particular defendant, even when specific damages are alleged with respect to a specific disease or injury. In fact, there are no personal injury cases in which only Union Carbide and/or Amchem are the sole named defendants. For these reasons and based upon Union Carbide's litigation and settlement experience, Union Carbide does not consider the damages alleged against Union Carbide and Amchem to be a meaningful factor in its determination of any potential asbestos-related liability.

For additional information, see Asbestos-Related Matters of Union Carbide Corporation in Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements and Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the 2020 10-K, and Part II, Item 1. Legal Proceedings.


ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
See Note 18 to the Consolidated Financial Statements and Part II, Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk in the combined Dow Inc. and TDCC Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, for information on the Company's utilization of financial instruments and an analysis of the sensitivity of these instruments.


ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
As of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, Dow Inc. and The Dow Chemical Company (the 'Companies') carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of the Companies' Disclosure Committee and the Companies' management, including the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Companies' disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to paragraph (b) of Exchange Act Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15. Based upon that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Companies' disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in the Companies' internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation required by paragraph (d) of Exchange Act Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 that was conducted during the last fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Companies' internal control over financial reporting.
62
Table of Contents
Dow Inc. and Subsidiaries
The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
Asbestos-Related Matters of Union Carbide Corporation
No material developments regarding this matter occurred in the first six months of 2021. For a current status of this matter, see Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Environmental Proceedings
On July 5, 2018, the Company received a draft consent decree from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ('EPA'), the U.S. Department of Justice ('DOJ') and the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality, relating to the operation of steam-assisted flares at the Company's olefins manufacturing facilities in Freeport, Texas; Plaquemine, Louisiana; and St. Charles, Louisiana. On June 2, 2020, the EPA and the DOJ added Performance Materials NA, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, as an additional signatory to the existing draft consent decree based on the operation of steam-assisted flares at the Sabine olefins manufacturing facility in Orange, Texas (the 'Orange, TX Facility'). Performance Materials NA, Inc. acquired the Orange, TX Facility in February 2019 and became a subsidiary of the Company in April 2019. On June 10, 2021, the consent decree was approved by the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana and became effective. Pursuant to the consent decree, in July 2021 the Company paid a $3 million civil penalty and $424,786 to specified local projects in Louisiana. The consent decree also requires the Company to install and operate additional air pollution control and monitoring technology on these steam-assisted flares at an estimated cost of approximately $300 million, to be completed over the next several years.

On December 18, 2020, Dow and several other parties received a complaint and proposed consent decree from the EPA relating to environmental contamination at the Gulfco Marine Maintenance Superfund Site in Freeport, Texas. The proposed consent decree included a requirement for three defendants to make a collective payment of $1.2 million for the EPA's past response costs as well as an obligation to conduct certain response actions at the site. On February 23, 2021, the consent decree was approved by the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas and became effective. Pursuant to the consent decree, payment for the EPA's past response costs was made in April 2021.

On May 17, 2021, the Company received a civil complaint from the State of Texas ('State') on behalf of the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The complaint, filed in the 250th District Court of Travis County, Texas, alleges environmental violations at the Company's Freeport, Texas, site involving 12 discrete air emissions events. The State is seeking monetary relief of no more than $1 million and injunctive relief to prevent recurrence.


ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
Since December 31, 2020, there have been no material changes to the Company's Risk Factors.


63
Table of Contents
ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
The following table provides information regarding purchases of Dow Inc. common stock by the Company during the three months ended June 30, 2021:

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities Total number of shares purchased as part of the Company's publicly announced share repurchase program
Approximate dollar value of shares that may yet be purchased under the Company's publicly announced share repurchase program 1
(In millions)
Period Total number of shares purchased Average price paid per share
April 2021 272,349 $ 62.79 272,349 $ 2,358
May 2021 1,678,603 $ 67.90 1,678,603 $ 2,244
June 2021 998,423 $ 69.03 998,423 $ 2,175
Second quarter 2021 2,949,375 $ 67.81 2,949,375 $ 2,175
1.On April 1, 2019, Dow Inc.'s Board of Directors ratified the share repurchase program originally approved on March 15, 2019, authorizing up to $3.0 billion to be spent on the repurchase of the Company's common stock, with no expiration date.


ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.


ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION
Not applicable.


ITEM 6. EXHIBITS
EXHIBIT NO. DESCRIPTION
4.3 Dow Inc. agrees to provide the SEC, on request, copies of all other such indentures and instruments that define the rights of holders of long-term debt of Dow Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, including The Dow Chemical Company, pursuant to Item 601(b)(4)(iii)(A) of Regulation S-K.
23*
Ankura Consulting Group, LLC's Consent.
31.1 *
Certification Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
31.2*
Certification Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.1*
Certification Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.2*
Certification Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INS The instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
101.SCH Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
101.CAL Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LAB Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PRE Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
104 Cover Page Interactive Data File. The cover page interactive data file does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.

* Filed herewith
64
Table of Contents
Dow Inc.
The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries
Trademark Listing

The following registered trademark of Incapital Holdings appears in this report: InterNotes®




















































® ™ Trademark of The Dow Chemical Company ('TDCC') or an affiliated company, except as otherwise specified.
65
Table of Contents
Dow Inc. and Subsidiaries
The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries
Signature

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrants have duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

DOW INC.
THE DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY

Date: July 23, 2021


/s/ RONALD C. EDMONDS
Ronald C. Edmonds
Controller and Vice President
of Controllers and Tax
(Authorized Signatory and
Principal Accounting Officer)
66