11/22/2023 | Press release | Distributed by Public on 11/22/2023 08:38
The National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) is a national public health surveillance system through which FSIS partners with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and state and local public health departments. Together, NARMS partners track changes in the antimicrobial susceptibility of select foodborne bacteria found in ill people (CDC), retail meats (FDA) and food animals (FSIS). The food animal sampling at FSIS focuses on testing food products and intestinal (cecal) contents.
NARMS partners summarize the most important AMR findings for Salmonella, Campylobacter, Escherichia coli(E. coli) and Enterococcus in an Integrated Report. NARMS published the 2020 Integrated Summary in August 2023. While NARMS annually publishes findings, the publications tend to have a two- to three-year lag due to the complexity of the information summarized as well as the time needed for interagency reviews. New features of the 2020 interactive report include allowing viewers to generate on-demand, user-friendly data displays, where statistically significant AMR trends are highlighted. Key findings from the 2020 report include:
This national surveillance program helps public health agencies continually assess the nature and magnitude of bacterial AMR at different points along the farm-to-fork continuum. Through findings, they can identify new patterns of resistance, track changes over time, and understand the impact of interventions designed to limit the spread of resistance. FSIS and CDC use NARMS information on a case-by-case basis to investigate foodborne illnesses and outbreaks. FDA routinely uses NARMS data in its regulatory review and approval of new animal antimicrobial drugs, and to develop and update policies on the judicious use of antimicrobials in animals.