2U Inc.

07/29/2021 | Press release | Distributed by Public on 07/29/2021 15:16

2U Reports Results for Second Quarter 2021 (Form 8-K)

2U Reports Results for Second Quarter 2021

Delivers revenue growth of 30%

LANHAM, Md. - July 29, 2021 - 2U, Inc. (Nasdaq: TWOU), a global leader in education technology, today reported financial and operating results for the quarter ended June 30, 2021.

Results for Second Quarter 2021 Compared to Second Quarter 2020

Revenue increased 30% to $237.2 million

Degree Program Segment revenue increased 26% to $146.2 million

Alternative Credential Segment revenue increased 36% to $91.0 million

Net loss improved $44.3 million to $21.8 million, or $0.29 per share

Non-GAAP Results for Second Quarter 2021 Compared to Second Quarter 2020

Adjusted EBITDA improved $19.2 million to $17.1 million

Adjusted net loss improved $15.0 million to $6.8 million, or $0.09 per share

'2U delivered strong results in the second quarter and we continue to see growing demand from universities for our shared success model as they look for a trusted and proven digital transformation partner to meet the evolving needs of adult learners,' said Christopher 'Chip' Paucek, Co-Founder and Chief Executive Officer of 2U. 'As we work to close our recently announced edX acquisition, we are excited and energized by the opportunities it creates to expand access to affordable, high-quality online education globally and to deliver greater value for all of our stakeholders.'

Paul Lalljie, 2U's Chief Financial Officer, added, 'Our results in the second quarter were strong, with 30% revenue growth and positive trailing twelve month free cash flow. We are seeing good momentum, particularly in the degree business, that we expect to continue into 2022, though given the near-term macroeconomic environment we are making the prudent decision to maintain our full-year guidance.'

Discussion of Second Quarter 2021 Results

Revenue totaled $237.2 million, a 30% increase from $182.7 million in the second quarter of 2020. This increase was driven by a 26% increase in Degree Program Segment revenue to $146.2 million, primarily due to growth in full course equivalent ('FCE') enrollments of 14,287, or 31%, and a 36% increase in Alternative Credential Segment revenue to $91.0 million, primarily due to growth in FCE enrollments of 3,244, or 16%. FCE enrollments increased 26% over the prior year period to 84,108.

Costs and expenses for the second quarter totaled $274.3 million, an 18% increase from $231.8 million in the second quarter of 2020. This increase was primarily driven by higher personnel and personnel-related expense, curriculum and teaching expense, and depreciation and amortization expense.

As of June 30, 2021, the company's cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash totaled $971.3 million, an increase of $452.5 million from $518.9 million as of December 31, 2020. Cash used in operations of $2.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was offset by cash provided by investing activities of $4.8 million and cash provided by financing activities of $450.6 million.

Business Outlook for Fiscal Year 2021

The company reaffirmed guidance for the full-year 2021 provided on April 28, 2021 for the following metrics:

Revenue to range from $925.0 million to $955.0 million, or growth of 19% to 23%

Net loss to range from $175.0 million to $165.0 million

Adjusted EBITDA to range from $55.0 million to $65.0 million

Non-GAAP Measures

To provide investors and others with additional information regarding 2U's results, the company has disclosed the following non-GAAP financial measures: adjusted EBITDA (loss), unlevered free cash flow, adjusted net income (loss), and adjusted net income (loss) per share. The company has provided a reconciliation of each non-GAAP financial measure used in this earnings release to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure. The company defines adjusted EBITDA (loss) as net income or net loss, as applicable, before net interest income (expense), other income (expense), net, taxes, depreciation and amortization expense, deferred revenue fair value adjustments, transaction costs, integration costs, restructuring-related costs, stockholder activism costs, certain litigation-related costs, consisting of fees for certain non-ordinary course litigation and other proceedings, impairment charges, losses on debt extinguishment, and stock-based compensation expense. The company defines unlevered free cash flow as net cash provided by (used in) operating activities, less capital expenditures, payments to university clients, certain non-ordinary cash payments, and cash interest payments on debt. The company defines adjusted net income (loss) as net income or net loss, as applicable, before other income (expense), net, acquisition-related gains or losses, deferred revenue fair value adjustments, transaction costs, integration costs, restructuring-related costs, stockholder activism costs, certain litigation-related costs, consisting of fees for certain non-ordinary course litigation and other proceedings, impairment charges, losses on debt extinguishment, and stock-based compensation expense. Adjusted net income (loss) per share is calculated as adjusted net income (loss) divided by diluted weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding for periods that result in adjusted net income, and basic weighted-average shares outstanding for periods that result in an adjusted net loss. Some of the adjustments described in the definitions of adjusted EBITDA (loss), unlevered free cash flow, and adjusted net income (loss) may not be applicable in any given reporting period and they may vary from period to period. As of the date of this earnings release, we revised our definitions of adjusted EBITDA (loss) and adjusted net income (loss) to exclude other income (expense), net in connection with the recognition of a gain on the sale of our interest in an education technology company. We believe this change is meaningful to investors because we did not have this activity in prior periods, and as a result, excluding the impact of such a gain in 2021 facilitates a period-to-period comparison of our business.

The company's management uses these non-GAAP financial measures to understand and compare operating results across accounting periods, to understand cash that is generated by or available for operational expenses and investment in the business after capital expenditures, for internal budgeting and forecasting purposes, for short- and long-term operating plans, and to evaluate the company's financial performance. Management believes these non-GAAP financial measures reflect the company's ongoing business in a manner that allows for meaningful period-to-period comparisons and analysis of trends in the company's business as they exclude expenses that are not reflective of ongoing operating results. Management also believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide useful information to investors and others in understanding and evaluating the company's operating results and prospects in the same manner as management and in comparing financial results across accounting periods and to those of peer companies.

The use of adjusted EBITDA (loss), unlevered free cash flow, adjusted net income (loss), and adjusted net income (loss) per share measures has certain limitations, as they do not reflect all items of income and expense that affect the company's operations. The company compensates for these limitations by reconciling the non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures. These non-GAAP financial measures should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for or in isolation from, measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. Further, these non-GAAP measures may differ from the non-GAAP information used by other companies, including peer companies, and therefore comparability may be limited. Management encourages investors and others to review the company's financial information in its entirety and not rely on a single financial measure.

Conference Call Information

What: 2U's second quarter 2021 financial results conference call
When: Thursday, July 29, 2021
Time: 4:30 p.m. ET
Live Call: (833) 921-1673
Conference ID #: 6028435
Webcast: investor.2U.com

About 2U, Inc. (Nasdaq: TWOU)

Eliminating the back row in higher education is not just a metaphor-it's our mission. For more than a decade, 2U, Inc., a global leader in education technology, has been a trusted partner and brand steward of great universities. We build, deliver, and support more than 550 digital and in-person educational offerings, including undergraduate and graduate degrees, professional certificates, boot camps, and GetSmarter short courses. Together with our partners, 2U has positively transformed the lives of more than 350,000 students and lifelong learners. To learn more, visit 2U.com. #NoBackRow

Cautionary Language Concerning Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements regarding 2U, Inc.'s future business expectations, which are subject to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements other than statements of historical facts contained in this press release, including statements regarding future results of operations and financial position of 2U, including financial targets, business strategy, and plans and objectives for future operations, are forward-looking statements. 2U has based these forward-looking statements largely on its estimates of its financial results and its current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that it believes may affect its financial condition, results of operations, business strategy, short-term and long-term business operations and objectives, and financial needs as of the date of this press release. The company undertakes no obligation to update these statements as a result of new information or future events. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results predicted, including, but not limited to:

trends in the higher education market and the market for online education, and expectations for growth in those markets;

the acceptance, adoption and growth of online learning by colleges and universities, faculty, students, employers, accreditors and state and federal licensing bodies;

the impact of competition on the company's industry and innovations by competitors;

the company's ability to comply with evolving regulations and legal obligations related to data privacy, data protection and information security;

the company's expectations about the potential benefits of its cloud-based software-as-a-service technology and technology-enabled services to university clients and students;

the company's dependence on third parties to provide certain technological services or components used in its platform;

the company's expectations about the predictability, visibility and recurring nature of its business model;

the company's ability to meet the anticipated launch dates of its degree programs, short courses and boot camps;

the company's ability to acquire new university clients and expand its degree programs, short courses and boot camps with existing university clients;

the company's ability to consummate the edX acquisition, including its ability to obtain regulatory and governmental approvals in a timely manner or at all, and realize the anticipated benefits of the edX acquisition;

the company's ability to successfully integrate the operations of its acquisitions, including the pending edX acquisition, to achieve the expected benefits of its acquisitions and manage, expand and grow the combined company;

the company's ability to refinance its indebtedness on attractive terms, if at all, to better align with its focus on profitability;

the company's ability to service its substantial indebtedness and comply with the covenants and conversion obligations contained in the indenture governing its convertible senior notes and the term loan agreement governing its term loan facility;

the company's ability to generate sufficient future operating cash flows from recent acquisitions to ensure related goodwill is not impaired;

the company's ability to execute its growth strategy in the international, undergraduate and non-degree alternative markets;

the company's ability to continue to recruit prospective students for its offerings;

the company's ability to maintain or increase student retention rates in its degree programs;

the company's ability to attract, hire and retain qualified employees;

the company's expectations about the scalability of its cloud-based platform;

potential changes in regulations applicable to the company or its university clients;

the company's expectations regarding the amount of time its cash balances and other available financial resources will be sufficient to fund its operations;

the impact and cost of stockholder activism;

the impact of any natural disasters or public health emergencies, such as the coronavirus disease 2019 ('COVID-19') pandemic;

the company's expectations regarding the effect of the capped call transactions and regarding actions of the option counterparties and/or their respective affiliates; and

other factors beyond the company's control.

These and other potential risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from the results predicted are more fully detailed under the heading 'Risk Factors' in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, as amended and supplemented by risks and uncertainties under the heading 'Risk Factors' in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2021, and other SEC filings. Moreover, 2U operates in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for 2U management to predict all risks, nor can 2U assess the impact of all factors on its business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements 2U may make. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events and circumstances discussed in this press release may not occur and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated.

Investor Relations Contact: Ken Goff, 2U, Inc., [email protected]

Media Contact: Glenda Felden, 2U, Inc., [email protected]

2U, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

June 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
(unaudited)

Assets

Current assets

Cash and cash equivalents

$ 953,107 $ 500,629

Restricted cash

18,227 18,237

Accounts receivable, net

101,394 46,663

Prepaid expenses and other assets

62,895 39,353

Total current assets

1,135,623 604,882

Property and equipment, net

50,015 52,734

Right-of-use assets

68,150 60,785

Goodwill

417,357 415,830

Amortizable intangible assets, net

301,095 312,770

Other assets, non-current

77,017 97,263

Total assets

$ 2,049,257 $ 1,544,264

Liabilities and stockholders' equity

Current liabilities

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

$ 148,421 $ 130,674

Deferred revenue

110,323 75,493

Lease liability

10,689 10,024

Other current liabilities

22,531 21,178

Total current liabilities

291,964 237,369

Long-term debt

742,100 273,173

Deferred tax liabilities, net

2,167 2,810

Lease liability, non-current

89,057 83,228

Other liabilities, non-current

6,550 6,694

Total liabilities

1,131,838 603,274

Stockholders' equity

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized, none issued

- -

Common stock, $0.001 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized, 74,507,853 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021; 72,451,521 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2020

75 72

Additional paid-in capital

1,688,223 1,646,574

Accumulated deficit

(763,267 ) (695,872 )

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(7,612 ) (9,784 )

Total stockholders' equity

917,419 940,990

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$ 2,049,257 $ 1,544,264

2U, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

(unaudited, in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2021 2020 2021 2020

Revenue

$ 237,209 $ 182,687 $ 469,682 $ 358,166

Costs and expenses

Curriculum and teaching

34,788 26,256 67,936 46,734

Servicing and support

34,865 30,294 68,049 60,827

Technology and content development

42,509 37,307 85,433 72,817

Marketing and sales

114,644 98,341 227,881 197,556

General and administrative

47,494 39,554 94,606 83,207

Total costs and expenses

274,300 231,752 543,905 461,141

Loss from operations

(37,091 ) (49,065 ) (74,223 ) (102,975 )

Interest income

352 154 714 667

Interest expense

(8,188 ) (6,518 ) (16,069 ) (12,011 )

Loss on debt extinguishment

(1,101 ) (11,671 ) (1,101 ) (11,671 )

Other income (expense), net

24,070 570 23,155 (1,701 )

Loss before income taxes

(21,958 ) (66,530 ) (67,524 ) (127,691 )

Income tax benefit

127 363 129 1,418

Net loss

$ (21,831 ) $ (66,167 ) $ (67,395 ) $ (126,273 )

Net loss per share, basic and diluted

$ (0.29 ) $ (1.03 ) $ (0.91 ) $ (1.98 )

Weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding, basic and diluted

74,421,911 64,075,405 74,051,220 63,850,869

Other comprehensive income (loss)

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax of $0 for all periods presented

2,977 1,404 2,172 (14,711 )

Comprehensive loss

$ (18,854 ) $ (64,763 ) $ (65,223 ) $ (140,984 )

2U, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(unaudited, in thousands)

Six Months Ended
June 30,
2021 2020

Cash flows from operating activities

Net loss

$ (67,395 ) $ (126,273 )

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

Non-cash interest expense

11,447 5,675

Depreciation and amortization expense

51,409 47,470

Stock-based compensation expense

49,723 41,961

Non-cash lease expense

8,644 7,299

Provision for credit losses

3,551 1,267

Loss on debt extinguishment

1,101 11,671

Gain on sale of investment

(27,875 ) -

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of assets and liabilities acquired:

Accounts receivable, net

(58,847 ) (39,521 )

Payments to university clients

4,629 4,354

Prepaid expenses and other assets

(20,397 ) (8,774 )

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

15,888 26,989

Deferred revenue

34,697 28,843

Other liabilities, net

(10,528 ) (9,299 )

Other

1,759 1,694

Net cash used in operating activities

(2,194 ) (6,644 )

Cash flows from investing activities

Purchase of a business, net of cash acquired

- (949 )

Additions of amortizable intangible assets

(29,867 ) (32,497 )

Purchases of property and equipment

(2,452 ) (4,254 )

Purchase of investment

(1,000 ) -

Proceeds from sale of investment

37,875 -

Advances repaid by university clients

200 275

Other

56 -

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

4,812 (37,425 )

Cash flows from financing activities

Proceeds from debt

469,595 371,708

Payments on debt

(703 ) (250,409 )

Purchases of capped calls in connection with issuance of convertible senior notes

- (50,540 )

Prepayment premium on extinguishment of senior secured term loan facility

- (2,528 )

Payment of debt issuance costs

(10,258 ) (3,419 )

Tax withholding payments associated with settlement of restricted stock units

(14,114 ) (464 )

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

4,270 1,825

Proceeds from employee stock purchase plan share purchases

1,773 1,771

Net cash provided by financing activities

450,563 67,944

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

(713 ) (713 )

Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

452,468 23,162

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period

518,866 189,869

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

$ 971,334 $ 213,031

2U, Inc.

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures

(unaudited)

The following table presents a reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA (loss) to net loss for each of the periods indicated:

Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2021 2020 2021 2020
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

Net loss

$ (21,831 ) $ (66,167 ) $ (67,395 ) $ (126,273 )

Stock-based compensation expense

24,776 21,091 49,723 41,961

Other (income) expense, net

(24,070 ) (570 ) (23,155 ) 1,701

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

10,560 10,605 21,032 21,388

Income tax benefit on amortization of acquired intangible assets

(301 ) (331 ) (594 ) (710 )

Loss on debt extinguishment

1,101 11,671 1,101 11,671

Other*

3,005 1,902 3,951 7,153

Adjusted net loss

(6,760 ) (21,799 ) (15,337 ) (43,109 )

Net interest expense

7,836 6,364 15,355 11,344

Income tax expense (benefit)

174 (32 ) 465 (708 )

Depreciation and amortization expense

15,862 13,380 30,377 26,082

Adjusted EBITDA (loss)

$ 17,112 $ (2,087 ) $ 30,860 $ (6,391 )

Net loss per share, basic and diluted

$ (0.29 ) $ (1.03 ) $ (0.91 ) $ (1.98 )

Adjusted net loss per share, basic and diluted

$ (0.09 ) $ (0.34 ) $ (0.21 ) $ (0.68 )

Weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding, basic and diluted

74,421,911 64,075,405 74,051,220 63,850,869
*

Includes (i) transaction and integration expense of $1.7 million and $0.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $1.7 million and $1.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, (ii) restructuring-related expense of $1.3 million and $0.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $1.8 million and $0.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and (iii) stockholder activism and litigation-related expense of zero and $1.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $0.4 million and $5.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

2U, Inc.

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures

(unaudited)

The following table presents a reconciliation of unlevered free cash flow to net cash provided by operating activities for each of the twelve-month periods indicated:

Twelve Months Ended
June 30,
2021
March 31,
2021
December 31,
2020
September 30,
2020
(in thousands)

Net cash provided by operating activities

$ 34,054 $ 47,094 $ 29,604 $ 26,829

Additions to amortizable intangible assets

(60,154 ) (61,195 ) (62,784 ) (60,723 )

Purchases of property and equipment

(4,715 ) (4,919 ) (6,517 ) (7,627 )

Payments on acquisition of amortizable intangible assets

- - - (897 )

Payments to university clients

8,550 6,550 5,800 4,100

Non-ordinary cash payments*

15,739 15,530 19,379 17,153

Free cash flow

(6,526 ) 3,060 (14,518 ) (21,165 )

Cash interest payments on debt

9,075 5,923 10,785 11,270

Unlevered free cash flow

$ 2,549 $ 8,983 $ (3,733 ) $ (9,895 )
*

Includes transaction, integration, restructuring-related, stockholder activism, and litigation-related expense.

2U, Inc.

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures

(unaudited)

The following table presents a reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA guidance to net loss guidance, at the midpoint of the ranges provided by the company, for the period indicated:

Year Ending
December 31, 2021
(in millions)

Net loss

$ (170.0 )

Stock-based compensation expense

101.0

Other (income) expense, net

-

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

40.0

Income tax benefit on amortization of acquired intangible assets

-

Loss on debt extinguishment

1.0

Other

(22.0 )

Adjusted net loss

(50.0 )

Net interest expense

55.0

Income tax benefit

(4.5 )

Depreciation and amortization expense

59.5

Adjusted EBITDA

$ 60.0

2U, Inc.

Key Financial Performance Metrics

(unaudited)

Full Course Equivalent Enrollments

Degree Program Segment

The following table presents the FCE enrollments and average revenue per FCE enrollment in the company's Degree Program Segment for the last eight quarters.

Q2 '21 Q1 '21 Q4 '20 Q3 '20 Q2 '20 Q1 '20 Q4 '19 Q3 '19

Degree Program Segment FCE enrollments

60,429 60,007 58,425 47,842 46,142 45,734 41,704 40,910

Degree Program Segment average revenue per FCE enrollment

$ 2,420 $ 2,431 $ 2,234 $ 2,551 $ 2,507 $ 2,590 $ 2,595 $ 2,527

Alternative Credential Segment

The following table presents the FCE enrollments and average revenue per FCE enrollment in the company's Alternative Credential Segment for the last eight quarters.

Q2 '21 Q1 '21 Q4 '20 Q3 '20 Q2 '20 Q1 '20 Q4 '19 Q3 '19

Alternative Credential Segment FCE enrollments

23,679 21,078 22,190 23,067 20,435 15,141 14,639 14,729

Alternative Credential Segment average revenue per FCE enrollment*

$ 3,843 $ 4,108 $ 3,821 $ 3,426 $ 3,279 $ 3,766 $ 3,883 $ 3,825
*

The Trilogy acquisition was completed on May 22, 2019. Average revenue per FCE enrollment for the company's Alternative Credential Segment includes $6.0 million and $1.9 million of purchase accounting adjustments for the third and fourth quarters of 2019, respectively.